Abstract

Modern optical networks are adopting advanced modulation formats. Future dynamic optical networks will benefit from all-optical wavelength conversion and signal regeneration techniques in support of multiple modulation formats. This paper presents a concept for a modulation-format-independent wavelength conversion technique based on an optical hybrid and an in-phase/quadrature (IQ) wavelength converter. This technique has the potential for wavelength conversion and signal regeneration of multiple modulation formats. This paper also discusses the signal distortions and noises in the semiconductor optical amplifier based IQ wavelength converter. A proof-of-principle experiment shows the wavelength conversion results of multiple modulation formats. Further, this paper presents the signal regeneration of a return-to-zero quadrature-phase-shifted-keying signal through simulation.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. S. J. B. Yoo, "Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).
  2. A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).
  3. J. Yu, M. F. Huang, G. K. Chang, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4$\,\times\,$112 Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals," Opt. Exp. 16, 21161-21169 (2008).
  4. M. Galili, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, A. Gual i Coca, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, "320 Gbit/s DQPSK all-optical wavelength conversion using four wave mixing," Proc. OFC (2007) pp. 1-3.
  5. M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, S. B. Christman, "1.5-m-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653-655 (1999).
  6. S. J. B. Yoo, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, A. Rajhel, N. Antoniades, "Wavelength conversion by difference frequency generation in AlGaAs waveguides with periodic domain inversion achieved by wafer bonding," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2609-2611 (1996).
  7. R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, "Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip," Nature Photon. 2, 35-38 (2008).
  8. X. Yi, R. Yu, J. Kurumida, S. J. B. Yoo, "Modulation-format-independent wavelength conversion," Proc. OFC (2009) pp. 1-3.
  9. T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All optical wavelength conversion by SOA's in a Mach–Zehnder configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 53-55 (1994).
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  13. R. C. Jones, "A new calculus for the treatment of optical systems," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 31, 488-493 (1941).
  14. Z. Zhu, M. Funabashi, Z. Pan, L. Paraschis, D. L. Harris, S. J. B. Yoo, "High-performance optical 3R regeneration for scalable fiber transmission system applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 504-511 (2007).
  15. P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).
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  17. M. L. Masanovic, V. Lal, J. A. Summers, J. S. Barton, E. J. Skogen, L. G. Rau, L. A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, "Widely tunable monolithically integrated all-optical wavelength converters in InP," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1350-1362 (2005).
  18. M. J. Connelly, "Wideband semiconductor optical amplifier steady-state numerical model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 439-447 (2001).
  19. N. Storkfelt, B. Mikkelsen, D. S. Olesen, M. Yamaguchi, K. E. Stubkjaer, "Measurement of carrier lifetime and linewidth enhancement factor for 1.5-mu m ridge-waveguide laser amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 632-634 (1991).
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2008 (2)

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, G. K. Chang, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4$\,\times\,$112 Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals," Opt. Exp. 16, 21161-21169 (2008).

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, "Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip," Nature Photon. 2, 35-38 (2008).

2007 (3)

K. Mishina, S. M. Nissanka, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, K. Kitayama, "All-optical modulation format conversion from NRZ-OOK to RZ-QPSK using parallel SOA-MZI OOK/BPSK converters," Opt. Exp. 15, 7774-7785 (2007).

Z. Zhu, M. Funabashi, Z. Pan, L. Paraschis, D. L. Harris, S. J. B. Yoo, "High-performance optical 3R regeneration for scalable fiber transmission system applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 504-511 (2007).

T. Akiyama, M. Sugawara, Y. Arakawa, "Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers," Proc. IEEE 95, 1757-1766 (2007).

2006 (2)

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).

E. Ciaramella, A. D'Errico, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, "WDM-POLSK transmission systems by using semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4039-4046 (2006).

2005 (2)

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).

M. L. Masanovic, V. Lal, J. A. Summers, J. S. Barton, E. J. Skogen, L. G. Rau, L. A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, "Widely tunable monolithically integrated all-optical wavelength converters in InP," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1350-1362 (2005).

2001 (1)

M. J. Connelly, "Wideband semiconductor optical amplifier steady-state numerical model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 439-447 (2001).

1999 (1)

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, S. B. Christman, "1.5-m-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653-655 (1999).

1996 (2)

S. J. B. Yoo, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, A. Rajhel, N. Antoniades, "Wavelength conversion by difference frequency generation in AlGaAs waveguides with periodic domain inversion achieved by wafer bonding," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2609-2611 (1996).

S. J. B. Yoo, "Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).

1994 (1)

T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All optical wavelength conversion by SOA's in a Mach–Zehnder configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 53-55 (1994).

1991 (1)

N. Storkfelt, B. Mikkelsen, D. S. Olesen, M. Yamaguchi, K. E. Stubkjaer, "Measurement of carrier lifetime and linewidth enhancement factor for 1.5-mu m ridge-waveguide laser amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 632-634 (1991).

1981 (1)

M. Izutsu, S. Shikama, T. Sueta, "Integrated optical SSB modulator/frequency shifter," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 2225-2227 (1981).

1941 (1)

R. C. Jones, "A new calculus for the treatment of optical systems," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 31, 488-493 (1941).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. J. B. Yoo, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, A. Rajhel, N. Antoniades, "Wavelength conversion by difference frequency generation in AlGaAs waveguides with periodic domain inversion achieved by wafer bonding," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2609-2611 (1996).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Izutsu, S. Shikama, T. Sueta, "Integrated optical SSB modulator/frequency shifter," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 2225-2227 (1981).

M. J. Connelly, "Wideband semiconductor optical amplifier steady-state numerical model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 439-447 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

N. Storkfelt, B. Mikkelsen, D. S. Olesen, M. Yamaguchi, K. E. Stubkjaer, "Measurement of carrier lifetime and linewidth enhancement factor for 1.5-mu m ridge-waveguide laser amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 632-634 (1991).

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, S. B. Christman, "1.5-m-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653-655 (1999).

T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All optical wavelength conversion by SOA's in a Mach–Zehnder configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 53-55 (1994).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

S. J. B. Yoo, "Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).

Z. Zhu, M. Funabashi, Z. Pan, L. Paraschis, D. L. Harris, S. J. B. Yoo, "High-performance optical 3R regeneration for scalable fiber transmission system applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 504-511 (2007).

M. L. Masanovic, V. Lal, J. A. Summers, J. S. Barton, E. J. Skogen, L. G. Rau, L. A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, "Widely tunable monolithically integrated all-optical wavelength converters in InP," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1350-1362 (2005).

E. Ciaramella, A. D'Errico, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, "WDM-POLSK transmission systems by using semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4039-4046 (2006).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. (1)

R. C. Jones, "A new calculus for the treatment of optical systems," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 31, 488-493 (1941).

Nature Photon. (1)

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, "Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip," Nature Photon. 2, 35-38 (2008).

Opt. Exp. (2)

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, G. K. Chang, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4$\,\times\,$112 Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals," Opt. Exp. 16, 21161-21169 (2008).

K. Mishina, S. M. Nissanka, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, K. Kitayama, "All-optical modulation format conversion from NRZ-OOK to RZ-QPSK using parallel SOA-MZI OOK/BPSK converters," Opt. Exp. 15, 7774-7785 (2007).

Proc. IEEE (1)

T. Akiyama, M. Sugawara, Y. Arakawa, "Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers," Proc. IEEE 95, 1757-1766 (2007).

Other (3)

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, Coherent Optical Fiber Communications (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

M. Galili, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, A. Gual i Coca, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, "320 Gbit/s DQPSK all-optical wavelength conversion using four wave mixing," Proc. OFC (2007) pp. 1-3.

X. Yi, R. Yu, J. Kurumida, S. J. B. Yoo, "Modulation-format-independent wavelength conversion," Proc. OFC (2009) pp. 1-3.

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