Abstract

In this paper, we propose and experimentally demonstrate the first single-$\lambda$ 40 Gb/s and 108 Gb/s multiple-input multiple-output orthogonal frequency-division multiple access (OFDMA) passive optical networks (PON) architecture for next-generation PON systems based on OFDM, polarization multiplexing (POLMUX), and direct detection. Superior performance was exhibited after 20 km SSMF transmission and a 1:32 optical split. The novel POLMUX approach greatly simplified receiver-end hardware compared to coherent detectors, while increasing spectral efficiency to enable $40^{+}$ Gb/s data rates. Moreover, the proposed solution achieved the highest single-wavelength downstream transmission reported to date in any PON system. As such, the introduced architecture may be viewed as a highly attractive candidate for next-generation optical access.

© 2010 IEEE

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  2. D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, L. Zong, L. Xu, T. Wang, "8$\,\times\,$11.5 Gbps OFDM transmission over 1000 km SSMF using conventional DFB lasers and direct-detection," IEEE Electron. Lett. 44, 223-225 (2008).
  3. P. Chanclou, J.-P. Lanquetin, S. Durel, F. Saliou, B. Landousies, N. Genay, Z. Belfqih, "Investigation into optical technologies for access evolution," Proc. 2008 IEEE/OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) pp. 1-3.
  4. J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 189-204 (2009).
  5. S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, H. Tanaka, "121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 2-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1000 km of SSMF," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 177-188 (2009).
  6. A. Lowery, J. Armstrong, "Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for dispersion compensation of long-haul optical systems," OSA Opt. Exp. 14, 2079-2084 (2006).
  7. N. Cvijetic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Adaptive PMD compensation using OFDM in long-haul 10 Gb/s DWDM systems," Proc. 2007 IEEE/OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) pp. 1-3.
  8. I. B. Djordjevic, B. Vasic, "Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for high-speed optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 14, 3767-3775 (2006).
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  11. T. Duong, N. Genay, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Pizzinat, R. Brenot, "Experimental demonstration of 10 Gbit/s upstream transmission by remote modulation of 1 GHz RSOA using adaptively modulated optical OFDM for WDM-PON single fiber architecture," Proc. 2008 Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) pp. 1-2.
  12. C. T. Lin, "Experimental demonstration of optical colorless direct-detection OFDM signals with 16- and 64-QAM formats beyond 15 Gb/s," Proc. 2008 Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) .
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  14. B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, J. Armstrong, "Experimental demonstrations of 20 Gb/s direct-detection optical OFDM and 12 Gb/s with a colorless transmitter," Proc. 2007 IEEE/OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) .
  15. D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, L. Zong, L. Xu, T. Wang, "8$\,\times\,$11.5 Gbps OFDM transmission over 1000 km SSMF using conventional DFB lasers and direct-detection," Proc. 2007 IEEE/OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) .
  16. D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, T. Wang, "11.5-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 640 km SSMF using directly modulated laser," Proc. 2008 Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) pp. 1-2.
  17. W. Shieh, C. Athaudage, "Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing," Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).
  18. A. Sano, "13.4-Tb/s (134$\,\times\,$111-Gb/s/ch) no-guard-interval coherent OFDM transmission over 3 600 km of SMF with 19-ps average PMD," Proc. 2008 Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) pp. 1-2.
  19. S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "16$\,\times\,$52.5-Gb/s, 50-GHz spaced, POLMUX-CO-OFDM transmission over 4 160 km of SSMF enabled by MIMO processing," Proc. 2007 Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) pp. 1-2.
  20. W. Shieh, H. Bao, Y. Tang, "Coherent optical OFDM: Theory and design," Opt. Exp. 16, 841-859 (2008).
  21. H. Takahashi, A. Al Amin, S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "DWDM transmission with 7.0-bits/s/Hz spectral efficiency using 8$\,\times\,$65.1-Gb/s coherent PDM-OFDM signals," Proc. 2009 IEEE/OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) pp. 1-3.
  22. D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, T. Wang, "22.4-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 1000 km SSMF polarization multiplexing direct detection," Proc. 2009 IEEE/OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) pp. 1-2.
  23. D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, T. Wang, "40 Gb/s MIMO-OFDM PON using polarization multiplexing and direct detection," Proc. 2009 IEEE/OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) pp. 1-2.
  24. D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, T. Wang, "108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection," Proc. 2009 IEEE/OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) pp. 1-2.
  25. W. Peng, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, "Direct-detected polarization division multiplexed OFDM systems with self-polarization diversity," Proc. IEEE/LEOS 21st Annu. Meeting (2008) pp. 1-2.
  26. B. J. Schmidt, Z. Zan, L. B. Du, A. J. Lowery, "100 Gbit/s transmission using single-band direct-detection optical OFDM," Proc. 2009 IEEE/OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) pp. 1-3.
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2009 (2)

J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 189-204 (2009).

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, H. Tanaka, "121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 2-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1000 km of SSMF," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 177-188 (2009).

2008 (3)

N. Cvijetic, S. G. Wilson, D. Qian, "System outage probability due to PMD in high-speed optical OFDM transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2118-2127 (2008).

W. Shieh, H. Bao, Y. Tang, "Coherent optical OFDM: Theory and design," Opt. Exp. 16, 841-859 (2008).

D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, L. Zong, L. Xu, T. Wang, "8$\,\times\,$11.5 Gbps OFDM transmission over 1000 km SSMF using conventional DFB lasers and direct-detection," IEEE Electron. Lett. 44, 223-225 (2008).

2006 (3)

W. Shieh, C. Athaudage, "Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing," Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).

A. Lowery, J. Armstrong, "Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for dispersion compensation of long-haul optical systems," OSA Opt. Exp. 14, 2079-2084 (2006).

I. B. Djordjevic, B. Vasic, "Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for high-speed optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 14, 3767-3775 (2006).

1998 (1)

G. J. Foschini, M. J. Gans, "On limits of wireless communications in a fading environment when using multiple antennas," Wireless Personal Commun. 6, 311-335 (1998).

Electron. Lett. (1)

W. Shieh, C. Athaudage, "Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing," Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).

IEEE Electron. Lett. (1)

D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, L. Zong, L. Xu, T. Wang, "8$\,\times\,$11.5 Gbps OFDM transmission over 1000 km SSMF using conventional DFB lasers and direct-detection," IEEE Electron. Lett. 44, 223-225 (2008).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

N. Cvijetic, S. G. Wilson, D. Qian, "System outage probability due to PMD in high-speed optical OFDM transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2118-2127 (2008).

J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 189-204 (2009).

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, H. Tanaka, "121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 2-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1000 km of SSMF," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 177-188 (2009).

Opt. Exp. (2)

I. B. Djordjevic, B. Vasic, "Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for high-speed optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 14, 3767-3775 (2006).

W. Shieh, H. Bao, Y. Tang, "Coherent optical OFDM: Theory and design," Opt. Exp. 16, 841-859 (2008).

OSA Opt. Exp. (1)

A. Lowery, J. Armstrong, "Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for dispersion compensation of long-haul optical systems," OSA Opt. Exp. 14, 2079-2084 (2006).

Wireless Personal Commun. (1)

G. J. Foschini, M. J. Gans, "On limits of wireless communications in a fading environment when using multiple antennas," Wireless Personal Commun. 6, 311-335 (1998).

Other (18)

T. Koonen, "Trends in optical access and in building networks," Proc. 2008 Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) pp. 1-31.

H. Takahashi, A. Al Amin, S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "DWDM transmission with 7.0-bits/s/Hz spectral efficiency using 8$\,\times\,$65.1-Gb/s coherent PDM-OFDM signals," Proc. 2009 IEEE/OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) pp. 1-3.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, T. Wang, "22.4-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 1000 km SSMF polarization multiplexing direct detection," Proc. 2009 IEEE/OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) pp. 1-2.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, T. Wang, "40 Gb/s MIMO-OFDM PON using polarization multiplexing and direct detection," Proc. 2009 IEEE/OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) pp. 1-2.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, T. Wang, "108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection," Proc. 2009 IEEE/OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) pp. 1-2.

W. Peng, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, "Direct-detected polarization division multiplexed OFDM systems with self-polarization diversity," Proc. IEEE/LEOS 21st Annu. Meeting (2008) pp. 1-2.

B. J. Schmidt, Z. Zan, L. B. Du, A. J. Lowery, "100 Gbit/s transmission using single-band direct-detection optical OFDM," Proc. 2009 IEEE/OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) pp. 1-3.

N. Cvijetic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Adaptive PMD compensation using OFDM in long-haul 10 Gb/s DWDM systems," Proc. 2007 IEEE/OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) pp. 1-3.

D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. N. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, T. Kusano, "Experimental demonstration of a novel OFDMA-based 10 Gb/s PON architecture," Proc. 2007 Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) .

D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. N. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, "10 Gb/s OFDMA PON for delivery of heterogeneous services," Proc. 2008 IEEE/OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) pp. 1-2.

T. Duong, N. Genay, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Pizzinat, R. Brenot, "Experimental demonstration of 10 Gbit/s upstream transmission by remote modulation of 1 GHz RSOA using adaptively modulated optical OFDM for WDM-PON single fiber architecture," Proc. 2008 Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) pp. 1-2.

C. T. Lin, "Experimental demonstration of optical colorless direct-detection OFDM signals with 16- and 64-QAM formats beyond 15 Gb/s," Proc. 2008 Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) .

B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, J. Armstrong, "Experimental demonstrations of 20 Gb/s direct-detection optical OFDM and 12 Gb/s with a colorless transmitter," Proc. 2007 IEEE/OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) .

D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, L. Zong, L. Xu, T. Wang, "8$\,\times\,$11.5 Gbps OFDM transmission over 1000 km SSMF using conventional DFB lasers and direct-detection," Proc. 2007 IEEE/OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) .

D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, T. Wang, "11.5-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 640 km SSMF using directly modulated laser," Proc. 2008 Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) pp. 1-2.

P. Chanclou, J.-P. Lanquetin, S. Durel, F. Saliou, B. Landousies, N. Genay, Z. Belfqih, "Investigation into optical technologies for access evolution," Proc. 2008 IEEE/OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) pp. 1-3.

A. Sano, "13.4-Tb/s (134$\,\times\,$111-Gb/s/ch) no-guard-interval coherent OFDM transmission over 3 600 km of SMF with 19-ps average PMD," Proc. 2008 Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) pp. 1-2.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "16$\,\times\,$52.5-Gb/s, 50-GHz spaced, POLMUX-CO-OFDM transmission over 4 160 km of SSMF enabled by MIMO processing," Proc. 2007 Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) pp. 1-2.

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