Abstract

We propose a dynamic compensation scheme of counter-propagating effect using PM-NOLM, and demonstrate a truly dynamic 8-period input/output optical transfer function, usable for 5-bit quantizing and encoding, a crucial number for the front-end of DSP. We investigate the effective resolution with the nonlinear error and the limitation of sampling rate, and numerical simulation will show the feasibility of sampling rate up to 50 GSample/s.

© 2010 IEEE

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References

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  1. H. F. Haunstein, S.-G. Wolfqanq, A. Dittrich, K. Sticht, R. Urbansky, "Principles for electronic equalization of polarization-mode dispersion," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1169-1182 (2004).
  2. T. Foggi, E. Forestieri, G. Colavolpe, G. Prati, "Maximum-likelihood sequence detection with closed-form metrics in OOK optical systems impaired by GVD and PMD," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3073-3087 (2006).
  3. G. C. Valley, "Photonic analog-to-digital converters," Opt. Exp. 15, 1955-1982 (2007).
  4. Y. Miyoshi, S. Takagi, H. Nagaeda, S. Namiki, K. Kitayama, "Toward tera-sample/s 5-bit all-optical analog-to-digital conversion," Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Expo. (OFC 2009), OMI 4 (2009).
  5. K. Ikeda, J. M. Abdul, H. Tobioka, S. Namiki, K. Kitayama, "Design considerations of all-optical A/D conversion: Nonlinear fiber-optic sagnac loop interferometer-based optical quantizing and coding," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2618-2628 (2006).
  6. A. Bogoni, M. Scaffardi, P. Ghelfi, L. Poti, "Nonlinear optical loop mirrors: Investigation solution and experimental validation for undesirable counterpropagating effects in all-optical signal processing," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1115-1123 (2004).
  7. T. Sakamoto, K. Kikuchi, "Nonlinear optical loop mirror with an optical bias controller for achieving full-swing operation of gate switching," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 545-547 (2004).
  8. S. Arahira, Y. Ogawa, "160-gb/s OTDM signal source with 3R function utilizing ultrafast mode-locked laser diodes and modified NOLM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 992-994 (2005).
  9. Y. Miyoshi, "Ultrafast all-optical A/D conversion using NOLMs with multiperiod transfer functions," Proc. LEOS Winter Topicals 2009 (2009).
  10. R. H. Walden, "Analog-to-digital converter survey and analysis," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 17, 539-550 (1999).
  11. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2006).
  12. M. Westlund, "High-performance optical-fiber-nonlinearity-based optical waveform monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2012-2022 (2005).
  13. S. Gee, "Attosecond timing jitter actively modelocked semiconductor fiber ring laser with normal net cavity dispersion," Proc. CLEO 2007 (2007).

2007 (1)

G. C. Valley, "Photonic analog-to-digital converters," Opt. Exp. 15, 1955-1982 (2007).

2006 (2)

K. Ikeda, J. M. Abdul, H. Tobioka, S. Namiki, K. Kitayama, "Design considerations of all-optical A/D conversion: Nonlinear fiber-optic sagnac loop interferometer-based optical quantizing and coding," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2618-2628 (2006).

T. Foggi, E. Forestieri, G. Colavolpe, G. Prati, "Maximum-likelihood sequence detection with closed-form metrics in OOK optical systems impaired by GVD and PMD," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3073-3087 (2006).

2005 (2)

S. Arahira, Y. Ogawa, "160-gb/s OTDM signal source with 3R function utilizing ultrafast mode-locked laser diodes and modified NOLM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 992-994 (2005).

M. Westlund, "High-performance optical-fiber-nonlinearity-based optical waveform monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2012-2022 (2005).

2004 (3)

H. F. Haunstein, S.-G. Wolfqanq, A. Dittrich, K. Sticht, R. Urbansky, "Principles for electronic equalization of polarization-mode dispersion," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1169-1182 (2004).

A. Bogoni, M. Scaffardi, P. Ghelfi, L. Poti, "Nonlinear optical loop mirrors: Investigation solution and experimental validation for undesirable counterpropagating effects in all-optical signal processing," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1115-1123 (2004).

T. Sakamoto, K. Kikuchi, "Nonlinear optical loop mirror with an optical bias controller for achieving full-swing operation of gate switching," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 545-547 (2004).

1999 (1)

R. H. Walden, "Analog-to-digital converter survey and analysis," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 17, 539-550 (1999).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Bogoni, M. Scaffardi, P. Ghelfi, L. Poti, "Nonlinear optical loop mirrors: Investigation solution and experimental validation for undesirable counterpropagating effects in all-optical signal processing," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1115-1123 (2004).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

R. H. Walden, "Analog-to-digital converter survey and analysis," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 17, 539-550 (1999).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

T. Sakamoto, K. Kikuchi, "Nonlinear optical loop mirror with an optical bias controller for achieving full-swing operation of gate switching," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 545-547 (2004).

S. Arahira, Y. Ogawa, "160-gb/s OTDM signal source with 3R function utilizing ultrafast mode-locked laser diodes and modified NOLM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 992-994 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

H. F. Haunstein, S.-G. Wolfqanq, A. Dittrich, K. Sticht, R. Urbansky, "Principles for electronic equalization of polarization-mode dispersion," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1169-1182 (2004).

T. Foggi, E. Forestieri, G. Colavolpe, G. Prati, "Maximum-likelihood sequence detection with closed-form metrics in OOK optical systems impaired by GVD and PMD," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3073-3087 (2006).

M. Westlund, "High-performance optical-fiber-nonlinearity-based optical waveform monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2012-2022 (2005).

K. Ikeda, J. M. Abdul, H. Tobioka, S. Namiki, K. Kitayama, "Design considerations of all-optical A/D conversion: Nonlinear fiber-optic sagnac loop interferometer-based optical quantizing and coding," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2618-2628 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (1)

G. C. Valley, "Photonic analog-to-digital converters," Opt. Exp. 15, 1955-1982 (2007).

Other (4)

Y. Miyoshi, S. Takagi, H. Nagaeda, S. Namiki, K. Kitayama, "Toward tera-sample/s 5-bit all-optical analog-to-digital conversion," Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Expo. (OFC 2009), OMI 4 (2009).

Y. Miyoshi, "Ultrafast all-optical A/D conversion using NOLMs with multiperiod transfer functions," Proc. LEOS Winter Topicals 2009 (2009).

S. Gee, "Attosecond timing jitter actively modelocked semiconductor fiber ring laser with normal net cavity dispersion," Proc. CLEO 2007 (2007).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2006).

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