Abstract

Hybrid fiber-wireless networks incorporating WDM technology for fixed wireless access operating in the sub-millimeter-wave and millimeter-wave (mm-wave) frequency regions are being actively pursued to provide untethered connectivity for ultrahigh bandwidth communications. The architecture of such radio networks requires a large number of antenna base-stations with high throughput to be deployed to maximize the geographical coverage with the main switching and routing functionalities located in a centralized location. The transportation of mm-wave wireless signals within the hybrid network is subject to several impairments including low opto-electronic conversion efficiency, fiber chromatic dispersion and also degradation due to nonlinearities along the link. One of the major technical challenges in implementing such networks lies in the mitigation of these various optical impairments that the wireless signals experience within the hybrid network. In this paper, we present an overview of different techniques to optically transport mm-wave wireless signals and to overcome impairments associated with the transport of the wireless signals. We also review the different designs of subsystems for integrating fiber-wireless technology onto existing optical infrastructure.

© 2010 IEEE

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2008 (1)

Z. Jia, J. Yu, Y. Hsueh, A. Chowdhury, H. Chien, J. A. Buck, G.-K. Chang, "Multiband signal generation and dispersion-tolerant transmission based on photonic frequency tripling technology for 60-GHz radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1470-1472 (2008).

2007 (5)

H. Kosek, Y. He, X. Gu, X. N. Fernando, "All-optical demultiplexing of WLAN and cellular CDMA radio signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1401-1409 (2007).

T. Ismail, C.-P. Liu, J. E. Mitchell, A. J. Seeds, "High-dynamic-range wireless-over-fiber link using feedforward linearization," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3274-3282 (2007).

G. C. Valley, "Photonic analog-to-digital converters," Opt. Exp. 15, 1955-1982 (2007).

M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, J. George, "Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3301-3320 (2007).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G.-K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 140-142 (2007).

2006 (8)

T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 921-928 (2006).

L. Chen, H. Wen, S. Wen, "A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2056-2058 (2006).

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, "Extending optical transmission distance in fiber wireless links using passive filtering in conjunction with optimized modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1703-1709 (2006).

C. Lim, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Optical modulation depth analysis for improving transmission performance in fiber-radio links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 2181-2187 (2006).

R. Soref, "The past, present, and future of silicon photonics," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 1678-1687 (2006).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, "Simultaneous multiplexing and demultiplexing of wavelength-interleaved channels in DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3341-3352 (2006).

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2311-2313 (2006).

2005 (6)

C. Lethien, C. Loyez, J.-P. Vilcot, "Potentials of radio over multimode fiber systems for the in-buildings coverage of mobile and wireless LAN applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2793-2795 (2005).

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, "Multifunctional WDM optical interface for millimeter-wave fiber-radio antenna base station," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1210-1218 (2005).

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, "Efficient multiplexing scheme for wavelength-interleaved DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2718-2720 (2005).

S.-H. Park, Y.-W. Choi, "Significant suppression of the third intermodulation distortion in transmission system with optical feedback forward linearized transmitter," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 1280-1282 (2005).

A. R. Shah, B. Jalali, "Adaptive equalisation for broadband predistortion linearisation of optical transmitters," IEE Proc. Optoelectronics 152, 16-32 (2005).

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, G. J. Pendock, A. Nirmalathas, G. Edvell, "Transmission improvement in fiber wireless links using fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 190-192 (2005).

2004 (2)

W. H. Chen, W. I. Way, "Multichannel single-sideband SCM/DWDM transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1679-1693 (2004).

C. Carlsson, A. Larsson, A. Alping, "RF transmission over multimode fibers using VCSELs—Comparing standard and high-bandwidth multimode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1694-1700 (2004).

2003 (6)

K. Ikeda, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Simultaneous three-band modulation and fiber-optic transmission of 2.5-Gb/s baseband, microwave- and 60-GHz-band signals on a single wavelength," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3194-3202 (2003).

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, M. Attygalle, D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, "On the merging of millimeter-wave fiber-radio backbone with 25 GHz WDM ring networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2203-2210 (2003).

L. Roselli, V. Borgioni, F. Zepparelli, F. Ambrosi, M. Comez, P. Faccin, A. Cassini, "Analog laser predistortion for multiservice radio-over-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1211-1223 (2003).

H. Toda, T. Yamashita, T. Kuri, K. I. Kitayama, "Demultiplexing using an arrayed-waveguide grating for frequency-interleaved DWDM millimeter-wave radio-on-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1735-1741 (2003).

M. Y. W. Chia, B. Luo, M. L. Yee, E. J. Z. Hao, "Radio over multimode fibre transmission for wireless LAN using VCSELs," Electron. Lett. 39, 1143-1144 (2003).

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, "Capacity analysis for WDM fiber-radio backbones with star-tree and ring architecture incorporating wavelength interleaving," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3308-3315 (2003).

2002 (1)

E. Vourch, D. Le Berre, D. Herve, "Lightwave single sideband wavelength self-tunable filter using InP:Fe crystal for fiber-wireless systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 194-196 (2002).

2001 (4)

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. S. Tucker, R. B. Waterhouse, "Technique for increasing optical spectral efficiency in millimeter-wave WDM fiber-radio," Electron. Lett. 37, 1043-1045 (2001).

A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, C. Lim, R. B. Waterhouse, "Wavelength re-use in the WDM optical interface of a millimeter-wave fiber wireless antenna base-station," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 2006-2012 (2001).

X. N. Fernando, A. B. Sesay, "Fibre-wireless channel estimation using correlation properties of PN sequences," Can. J. Elect. Comp. Eng. 43-47 (2001).

A. Martinez, V. Polo, J. Marti, "Simultaneous baseband and RF optical modulation scheme for feeding wireless and wireline heterogeneous access networks," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 2018-2024 (2001).

2000 (2)

S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, G. Charlet, J. Chazelas, "Stimulated brillouin scattering for microwave signal modulation depth increase in optical links," Electron. Lett. 36, 944-946 (2000).

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, G. Yoffe, "Millimeter-wave broadband fiber-wireless system incorporating baseband data transmission over fiber and remote LO delivery," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1355-1363 (2000).

1999 (3)

F. Ramos, J. Marti, V. Polo, "Compensation of chromatic dispersion effects in microwave/millimeter-wave optical systems using four-wave-mixing induced in dispersion-shifted fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1171-1173 (1999).

A. Stohr, K. Kitayama, D. Jager, "Full-duplex fiber-optic RF subcarrier transmission using a dual-function modulator/photodetector," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1338-1341 (1999).

D. M. Akos, M. Stockmaster, J. B. Y. Tsui, J. Caschera, "Direct bandpass sampling of multiple distinct RF signals," IEEE Trans. Commun. 47, 983-988 (1999).

1998 (1)

F. Ramos, J. Marti, V. Polo, J. M. Fuster, "On the use of fiber-induced self-phase modulation to reduce chromatic dispersion effects in microwave/millimeter-wave optical systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1473-1475 (1998).

1997 (6)

J. M. Fuster, J. Marti, J. L. Corral, "Chromatic dispersion effects in electro-optical upconverted millimetre-wave fibre optic links," Electron. Lett. 33, 1969-1970 (1997).

J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, R. I. Laming, "Experimental reduction of chromatic dispersion effects in lightwave microwave/millimetre-wave transmissions using tapered linearly chirped fibre gratings," Electron. Lett. 33, 1170-1171 (1997).

J. Park, W. V. Sorin, K. Y. Lau, "Elimination of the fibre chromatic dispersion penalty on 1550 nm millimetre-wave optical transmission," Electron. Lett. 33, 512-513 (1997).

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, "Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome dispersion penalties in fibre-radio systems," Electron. Lett. 33, 74-75 (1997).

D. Wake, D. Johansson, D. G. Moodie, "Passive pico-cell—New in wireless network infrastructure," Electron. Lett. 33, 404-406 (1997).

J. Marti, F. Ramos, "Compensation for dispersion-induced nonlinear distortion in subcarrier systems using optical-phase conjugation," Electron. Lett. 33, 792-794 (1997).

1996 (2)

R. A. Griffin, P. M. Lane, J. J. O'Reilly, "Dispersion-tolerant subcarrier data modulation of optical millimetre-wave signals," Electron. Lett. 32, 2258-2260 (1996).

U. Gliese, S. Norskov, T. N. Nielsen, "Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44, 1716-1724 (1996).

1995 (3)

H. Schmuck, "Comparison of optical millimeter-wave system concepts with regard to chromatic dispersion," Electron. Lett. 31, 1848-1849 (1995).

R. Hofstetter, H. Schmuck, R. Heidemann, "Dispersion effects in optical millimeter-wave systems using self-heterodyne method for transport and generation," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2263-2269 (1995).

R. D. Esman, K. J. Williams, "Wideband efficiency improvement of fiber optic systems by carrier subtraction," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 218-220 (1995).

1994 (2)

M. J. LaGasse, W. Charczenko, M. C. Hamilton, S. Thaniyavarn, "Optical carrier filtering for high dynamic range fibre optic links," Electron. Lett. 30, 2157-2158 (1994).

K. J. Williams, R. D. Esman, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering for improvement of microwave fibre-optic link efficiency," Electron. Lett. 30, 1965-1966 (1994).

1993 (2)

S. Levy, R. Nagarajan, R. J. Helkey, P. Humphrey, J. E. Bowers, "Millimetre-wave fibre-optic PSK subcarrier transmission at 35 GHz over 6.3 km using a grating external cavity semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 29, 690-691 (1993).

K. Yonenaga, N. Takachio, "A fiber chromatic dispersion compensation technique with an optical SSB transmission in optical homodyne detection systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 949-951 (1993).

1992 (2)

J. J. O'Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann, R. Hofstetter, "Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimetre wave signals," Electron. Lett. 28, 2309-2311 (1992).

A. Djupsjobacka, "A linearization concept for integrated-optic modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 869-872 (1992).

1991 (2)

H. Skeie, R. Johnson, "Linearization of electro-optic modulators by a cascade coupling of phase modulating electrodes," Proc. SPIE-Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 1583, 153-164 (1991).

L. S. Fock, R. S. Tucker, "Simultaneous reduction of intensity noise and distortion in semiconductor lasers by feed-forward compensation," Eletron. Lett. 27, 1297-1299 (1991).

1990 (1)

S. Korotky, R. DeRidder, "Dual parallel modulation schemes for low-distortion analog optical transmission," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1377-1381 (1990).

1984 (1)

G. J. Meslener, "Chromatic dispersion induced distortion of modulated monochromatic light employing direct detection," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1208-1216 (1984).

Can. J. Elect. Comp. Eng. (1)

X. N. Fernando, A. B. Sesay, "Fibre-wireless channel estimation using correlation properties of PN sequences," Can. J. Elect. Comp. Eng. 43-47 (2001).

Electron. Lett. (15)

D. Wake, D. Johansson, D. G. Moodie, "Passive pico-cell—New in wireless network infrastructure," Electron. Lett. 33, 404-406 (1997).

M. Y. W. Chia, B. Luo, M. L. Yee, E. J. Z. Hao, "Radio over multimode fibre transmission for wireless LAN using VCSELs," Electron. Lett. 39, 1143-1144 (2003).

J. J. O'Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann, R. Hofstetter, "Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimetre wave signals," Electron. Lett. 28, 2309-2311 (1992).

S. Levy, R. Nagarajan, R. J. Helkey, P. Humphrey, J. E. Bowers, "Millimetre-wave fibre-optic PSK subcarrier transmission at 35 GHz over 6.3 km using a grating external cavity semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 29, 690-691 (1993).

H. Schmuck, "Comparison of optical millimeter-wave system concepts with regard to chromatic dispersion," Electron. Lett. 31, 1848-1849 (1995).

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, "Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome dispersion penalties in fibre-radio systems," Electron. Lett. 33, 74-75 (1997).

R. A. Griffin, P. M. Lane, J. J. O'Reilly, "Dispersion-tolerant subcarrier data modulation of optical millimetre-wave signals," Electron. Lett. 32, 2258-2260 (1996).

J. M. Fuster, J. Marti, J. L. Corral, "Chromatic dispersion effects in electro-optical upconverted millimetre-wave fibre optic links," Electron. Lett. 33, 1969-1970 (1997).

J. Park, W. V. Sorin, K. Y. Lau, "Elimination of the fibre chromatic dispersion penalty on 1550 nm millimetre-wave optical transmission," Electron. Lett. 33, 512-513 (1997).

J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, R. I. Laming, "Experimental reduction of chromatic dispersion effects in lightwave microwave/millimetre-wave transmissions using tapered linearly chirped fibre gratings," Electron. Lett. 33, 1170-1171 (1997).

K. J. Williams, R. D. Esman, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering for improvement of microwave fibre-optic link efficiency," Electron. Lett. 30, 1965-1966 (1994).

S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, G. Charlet, J. Chazelas, "Stimulated brillouin scattering for microwave signal modulation depth increase in optical links," Electron. Lett. 36, 944-946 (2000).

M. J. LaGasse, W. Charczenko, M. C. Hamilton, S. Thaniyavarn, "Optical carrier filtering for high dynamic range fibre optic links," Electron. Lett. 30, 2157-2158 (1994).

J. Marti, F. Ramos, "Compensation for dispersion-induced nonlinear distortion in subcarrier systems using optical-phase conjugation," Electron. Lett. 33, 792-794 (1997).

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. S. Tucker, R. B. Waterhouse, "Technique for increasing optical spectral efficiency in millimeter-wave WDM fiber-radio," Electron. Lett. 37, 1043-1045 (2001).

Eletron. Lett. (1)

L. S. Fock, R. S. Tucker, "Simultaneous reduction of intensity noise and distortion in semiconductor lasers by feed-forward compensation," Eletron. Lett. 27, 1297-1299 (1991).

IEE Proc. Optoelectronics (1)

A. R. Shah, B. Jalali, "Adaptive equalisation for broadband predistortion linearisation of optical transmitters," IEE Proc. Optoelectronics 152, 16-32 (2005).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. J. Meslener, "Chromatic dispersion induced distortion of modulated monochromatic light employing direct detection," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1208-1216 (1984).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

S. Korotky, R. DeRidder, "Dual parallel modulation schemes for low-distortion analog optical transmission," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1377-1381 (1990).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Soref, "The past, present, and future of silicon photonics," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 1678-1687 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (13)

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).

R. D. Esman, K. J. Williams, "Wideband efficiency improvement of fiber optic systems by carrier subtraction," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 218-220 (1995).

F. Ramos, J. Marti, V. Polo, J. M. Fuster, "On the use of fiber-induced self-phase modulation to reduce chromatic dispersion effects in microwave/millimeter-wave optical systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1473-1475 (1998).

F. Ramos, J. Marti, V. Polo, "Compensation of chromatic dispersion effects in microwave/millimeter-wave optical systems using four-wave-mixing induced in dispersion-shifted fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1171-1173 (1999).

K. Yonenaga, N. Takachio, "A fiber chromatic dispersion compensation technique with an optical SSB transmission in optical homodyne detection systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 949-951 (1993).

E. Vourch, D. Le Berre, D. Herve, "Lightwave single sideband wavelength self-tunable filter using InP:Fe crystal for fiber-wireless systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 194-196 (2002).

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, "Efficient multiplexing scheme for wavelength-interleaved DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2718-2720 (2005).

C. Lethien, C. Loyez, J.-P. Vilcot, "Potentials of radio over multimode fiber systems for the in-buildings coverage of mobile and wireless LAN applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2793-2795 (2005).

A. Djupsjobacka, "A linearization concept for integrated-optic modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 869-872 (1992).

L. Chen, H. Wen, S. Wen, "A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2056-2058 (2006).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G.-K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 140-142 (2007).

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2311-2313 (2006).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, Y. Hsueh, A. Chowdhury, H. Chien, J. A. Buck, G.-K. Chang, "Multiband signal generation and dispersion-tolerant transmission based on photonic frequency tripling technology for 60-GHz radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1470-1472 (2008).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

S.-H. Park, Y.-W. Choi, "Significant suppression of the third intermodulation distortion in transmission system with optical feedback forward linearized transmitter," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 1280-1282 (2005).

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, G. J. Pendock, A. Nirmalathas, G. Edvell, "Transmission improvement in fiber wireless links using fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 190-192 (2005).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

D. M. Akos, M. Stockmaster, J. B. Y. Tsui, J. Caschera, "Direct bandpass sampling of multiple distinct RF signals," IEEE Trans. Commun. 47, 983-988 (1999).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (7)

T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 921-928 (2006).

A. Stohr, K. Kitayama, D. Jager, "Full-duplex fiber-optic RF subcarrier transmission using a dual-function modulator/photodetector," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1338-1341 (1999).

A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, C. Lim, R. B. Waterhouse, "Wavelength re-use in the WDM optical interface of a millimeter-wave fiber wireless antenna base-station," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 2006-2012 (2001).

C. Lim, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Optical modulation depth analysis for improving transmission performance in fiber-radio links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 2181-2187 (2006).

R. Hofstetter, H. Schmuck, R. Heidemann, "Dispersion effects in optical millimeter-wave systems using self-heterodyne method for transport and generation," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2263-2269 (1995).

U. Gliese, S. Norskov, T. N. Nielsen, "Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44, 1716-1724 (1996).

A. Martinez, V. Polo, J. Marti, "Simultaneous baseband and RF optical modulation scheme for feeding wireless and wireline heterogeneous access networks," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 2018-2024 (2001).

J. Lightw. Technol. (14)

K. Ikeda, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Simultaneous three-band modulation and fiber-optic transmission of 2.5-Gb/s baseband, microwave- and 60-GHz-band signals on a single wavelength," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3194-3202 (2003).

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, M. Attygalle, D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, "On the merging of millimeter-wave fiber-radio backbone with 25 GHz WDM ring networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2203-2210 (2003).

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, G. Yoffe, "Millimeter-wave broadband fiber-wireless system incorporating baseband data transmission over fiber and remote LO delivery," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1355-1363 (2000).

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, "Extending optical transmission distance in fiber wireless links using passive filtering in conjunction with optimized modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1703-1709 (2006).

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, "Capacity analysis for WDM fiber-radio backbones with star-tree and ring architecture incorporating wavelength interleaving," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3308-3315 (2003).

W. H. Chen, W. I. Way, "Multichannel single-sideband SCM/DWDM transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1679-1693 (2004).

T. Ismail, C.-P. Liu, J. E. Mitchell, A. J. Seeds, "High-dynamic-range wireless-over-fiber link using feedforward linearization," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3274-3282 (2007).

L. Roselli, V. Borgioni, F. Zepparelli, F. Ambrosi, M. Comez, P. Faccin, A. Cassini, "Analog laser predistortion for multiservice radio-over-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1211-1223 (2003).

H. Toda, T. Yamashita, T. Kuri, K. I. Kitayama, "Demultiplexing using an arrayed-waveguide grating for frequency-interleaved DWDM millimeter-wave radio-on-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1735-1741 (2003).

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, "Simultaneous multiplexing and demultiplexing of wavelength-interleaved channels in DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3341-3352 (2006).

M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, J. George, "Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3301-3320 (2007).

H. Kosek, Y. He, X. Gu, X. N. Fernando, "All-optical demultiplexing of WLAN and cellular CDMA radio signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1401-1409 (2007).

C. Carlsson, A. Larsson, A. Alping, "RF transmission over multimode fibers using VCSELs—Comparing standard and high-bandwidth multimode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1694-1700 (2004).

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, "Multifunctional WDM optical interface for millimeter-wave fiber-radio antenna base station," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1210-1218 (2005).

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P. A. Gamage, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, E. Wong, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Experimental demonstration of digitized RF transport over optical fiber links," Proc. 2008 IEEE Int. Topical Meeting MWP2008/APMP2008 (2008) pp. 15-18.

Y. Yang, C. Lim, P. Gamage, A. Nirmalathas, "Demonstration and performance analysis of an uplink based on digitized RF-over-fiber signal transport," Proc. APMP2009 (2009).

H. Toda, T. Yamashita, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "25-GHz channel spacing DWDM multiplexing using an arrayed waveguide grating for 60-GHz band radio-on-fiber systems," Proc. Microw. Photon. (MWP) (2003) pp. 287-290.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Simplified multiplexing scheme for wavelength-interleaved DWDM millimetre-wave fiber-radio systems," Proc. ECOC 2005 (2005).

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J. Capmany, D. Pastor, P. Munoz, S. Sales, B. Ortega, A. Martinez, "WDM-SSB generation and dispersion mitigation in radio over fiber systems with improved performance using an AWG multiplexer with flat top resonances," Proc. Microw. Photon. (2003) pp. 39-42.

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