Abstract

Colorless gigabit wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM)/time-division-multiplexing (TDM) hybrid passive optical network (PON) using a remote protocol terminator is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The system consists of reflective semiconductor optical amplifier-based WDM-PON and a legacy TDM-PON, combined with a simple and efficient remote node structure in order to provide high-speed fiber-to-the-home service to a large area with a high population density. The demonstrated system can support 512 subscribers with a single feeder fiber. The performance and feasibility of the system were evaluated by transmitting gigabit per second data including the effects of Rayleigh backscattering and 20 km attenuation. The system has been used by Korea Telecom to provide commercial services in Gwangju, Korea, since March 2009, after successfully passing through the benchmark test. This is the first commercial deployment of a WDM/TDM hybrid PON. It can accommodate field-deployed TDM-PON link without any modification and extend the maximum total reach of PON link by the use of remote protocol termination. Number of subscribers and the allocated bandwidth to the subscribers can be designed by simply changing the splitting ratio.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. K. Iwatsuki, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, "Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2623-2630 (2004).
  2. S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2623-2630 (2004).
  3. M. Nakamura, H. Ueda, S. Makino, T. Yokotani, K. Oshima, "Proposal of networking by PON technologies for full and ethernet services in FTTx," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2623-2630 (2004).
  4. C.-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 45683-4583 (2006).
  5. M. D. Vaughn, D. Kozischek, D. Meis, A. Boskovic, R. E. Wagner, "Value of reach-and-split ratio increase in FTTH access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2617-2622 (2004).
  6. D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).
  7. F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, T. Soret, N. Genay, R. Brenot, "Demonstration of a RSOA-based wavelength remodulation scheme in 1.25 Gbit/s bidirectional hybrid WDM-TDM PON," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. (OFC) Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (NFOEC) AnaheimCA (2006) Technical Digest (CD), Paper OTuC4.
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  9. E. Trojer, S. Dahlfort, D. Hood, H. Mickelsson, "Current and next-generation PONs: A technical overview of present and future PON technology," Ericsson Rev. No. 2 64-69 (2008).
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  12. J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, C.-H. Lee, "Effects of back-reflection in WDM-PONs based on seed light injection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2045-2047 (2007).
  13. W. Lee, S. H. Cho, M. Y. Park, J. H. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Optical transceiver employing an RSOA with feed-forward current injection," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. (OFC) Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (NFOEC), Tech. Digest (CD) AnaheimCA (2007) Paper OTuH1.
  14. S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, M. Y. Park, B. Kim, "Reducing the back reflection-induced penalty by using a receiver with an optimized decision level in a $\lambda$ -reuse single fiber bidirectional WDM-PON," Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., Tech. Digest (CD) BerlinGermany (2007) Paper P124.
  15. K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1286-1295 (2009).
  16. M. Fujiwara, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, "Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 740-746 (2006).

2009 (1)

K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1286-1295 (2009).

2008 (1)

E. Trojer, S. Dahlfort, D. Hood, H. Mickelsson, "Current and next-generation PONs: A technical overview of present and future PON technology," Ericsson Rev. No. 2 64-69 (2008).

2007 (2)

J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, C.-H. Lee, "Effects of back-reflection in WDM-PONs based on seed light injection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2045-2047 (2007).

J.-H. Yu, N. Kim, B. W. Kim, "Remodulation schemes with reflective SOA for colorless DWDM PON," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 1041-1054 (2007).

2006 (2)

M. Fujiwara, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, "Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 740-746 (2006).

C.-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 45683-4583 (2006).

2005 (1)

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).

2004 (4)

M. D. Vaughn, D. Kozischek, D. Meis, A. Boskovic, R. E. Wagner, "Value of reach-and-split ratio increase in FTTH access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2617-2622 (2004).

K. Iwatsuki, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, "Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2623-2630 (2004).

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2623-2630 (2004).

M. Nakamura, H. Ueda, S. Makino, T. Yokotani, K. Oshima, "Proposal of networking by PON technologies for full and ethernet services in FTTx," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2623-2630 (2004).

Ericsson Rev. No. 2 (1)

E. Trojer, S. Dahlfort, D. Hood, H. Mickelsson, "Current and next-generation PONs: A technical overview of present and future PON technology," Ericsson Rev. No. 2 64-69 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, C.-H. Lee, "Effects of back-reflection in WDM-PONs based on seed light injection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2045-2047 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (8)

K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1286-1295 (2009).

M. Fujiwara, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, "Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 740-746 (2006).

K. Iwatsuki, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, "Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2623-2630 (2004).

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2623-2630 (2004).

M. Nakamura, H. Ueda, S. Makino, T. Yokotani, K. Oshima, "Proposal of networking by PON technologies for full and ethernet services in FTTx," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2623-2630 (2004).

C.-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 45683-4583 (2006).

M. D. Vaughn, D. Kozischek, D. Meis, A. Boskovic, R. E. Wagner, "Value of reach-and-split ratio increase in FTTH access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2617-2622 (2004).

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Other (5)

W. Lee, S. H. Cho, M. Y. Park, J. H. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Optical transceiver employing an RSOA with feed-forward current injection," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. (OFC) Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (NFOEC), Tech. Digest (CD) AnaheimCA (2007) Paper OTuH1.

S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, M. Y. Park, B. Kim, "Reducing the back reflection-induced penalty by using a receiver with an optimized decision level in a $\lambda$ -reuse single fiber bidirectional WDM-PON," Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., Tech. Digest (CD) BerlinGermany (2007) Paper P124.

H.-H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, J.-H. Lee, E.-S. Jung, J.-H. Yu, B.-W. Kim, S.-S. Lee, S.-H. Lee, J.-S. Koh, B.-H. Sung, S.-J. Kang, J.-H. Kim, K.-T. Jeong, "First commercial service of a colorless gigabit WDM/TDM hybrid PON system," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. (OFC) Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (NFOEC), Tech. Digest (CD) AnaheimCA (2009) Paper PDPD9.

F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, T. Soret, N. Genay, R. Brenot, "Demonstration of a RSOA-based wavelength remodulation scheme in 1.25 Gbit/s bidirectional hybrid WDM-TDM PON," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. (OFC) Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (NFOEC) AnaheimCA (2006) Technical Digest (CD), Paper OTuC4.

B. Kim, B.-W. Kim, "WDM-PON development and deployment as a present optical access solution," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. (OFC) Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (NFOEC), Tech. Digest (CD) San DiegoCA (2007) Paper OThP5.

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