Abstract

Field experiments of 42.7/128.1 Gb/s wavelength-division multiplexed, optical time-division multiplexed (WDM-OTDM) transmultiplexing and all-optical dual-wavelength regeneration at the OTDM rate are presented in this paper. By using the asynchronous retiming scheme, we achieve error-free bufferless data grooming with time-slot interchange capability for OTDM meshed networking. We demonstrate excellent performance from the system, discuss scalability, applicability, and the potential reach of the asynchronous retiming scheme for transparent OTDM-domain interconnection.

© 2010 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. P. J. Winzer, R. J. Essiambre, "Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4711-4728 (2006).
  2. G. Charlet, "Progress in optical modulation formats for high-bit rate WDM transmissions," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 469-483 (2006).
  3. J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 189-204 (2009).
  4. Q. Yang, Y. Tang, Y. Ma, W. Shieh, "Experimental demonstration and numerical simulation of 107-Gb/s high spectral efficiency coherent optical OFDM," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 168-176 (2009).
  5. D. A. B. Miller, "Recent advances in germanium quantum well structures—A new modulation mechanism for silicon-compatible optics," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2007) Paper OTuD4.
  6. A. A. M. Saleh, J. M. Simmons, "Evolution toward the next-generation core optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3303-3321 (2006).
  7. B. Pratt, "Multi-layer switching in packet optical transport systems," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) San DiegoCA (2008) Paper NWF2.
  8. T. Bonald, S. Oueslati-Boulahia, J. Roberts, "IP traffic and QoS control: The need for a flow aware architecture," World Telecommun. Congr. ParisFrance (2002).
  9. H. G. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4616-4627 (2006).
  10. C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, D.-D. Groß, L. Molle, M. Seimetz, R. Freund, C. Schubert, "Generation and coherent time-division demultiplexing of up to 5.1 Tb/s single-channel 8-PSK and 16-QAM signals," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2009) Paper PDPC6.
  11. M. Nakazawa, T. Hirooka, "Terabit OTDM transmission—Key challenges," Proc. 2007 Dig. IEEE, LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (2007) pp. 230-231.
  12. H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).
  13. R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, G. Zarris, Y. Qin, E. Escalona, M. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidou, "Multigranular optical router for future networks," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 7, 914-927 (2008).
  14. J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, G. Lehmann, H. Rohde, W. Schairer, Y. R. Zhou, E. S. R. Sikora, A. Lord, D. B. Payne, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "160 Gb/s OTDM networking using deployed fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 225-235 (2005).
  15. S. Spaelter, M. Heid, S. L. Jansen, G. Lehmann, E. Meissner, B. Lankl, "Ultra fast switching in OTDM networks," 28th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) CopenhagenDenmark (2002)4 Paper 11.4.1.
  16. G. Zarris, L. M. Sadeghioon, C. G. Leburn, H.-D. Jung, K. M. Guild, D. Simeonidou, M. O'Mahony, "Applications of ultra-short pulse sources in OTDM networks," Int. Conf. Photon. Switching HeraklionCrete (2006) Paper O 9.1.
  17. A. D. Ellis, D. Cotter, S. Ibrahim, R. Weerasuriya, C. W. Chow, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, S. Sygletos, P. Vorreau, R. Bonk, D. Hillerkuss, I. Tomkos, A. Tzanakaki, C. Kouloumentas, D. J. Richardson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, G. Zarris, D. Simeonidou, "Optical interconnection of core and metro networks," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 7, 928-935 (2008).
  18. D. Cotter, A. D. Ellis, "Asynchronous digital optical regeneration and networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2068-2080 (1998).
  19. I. D. Phillips, P. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, D. Cotter, "10-Gb/s asynchronous digital optical regenerator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 892-894 (1999).
  20. D. Norte, A. E. Willner, "All-optical data format conversions and reconversions between the wavelength and time domains for dynamically reconfigurable WDM networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 1170-1182 (1996).
  21. P. Vorreau, D. Hillerkuss, F. Parmigiani, S. Sygletos, R. Bonk, P. Petropoulos, D. Richardson, G. Zarris, D. Simeonidou, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, R. Weerasuriya, S. Ibrahim, A. Ellis, R. Morais, P. Monteiro, S. Ben Ezra, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "2R/3R optical grooming switch with time-slot interchange," Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (ECOC) BrusselsBelgium (2008) Paper PDP Th.3.F.4.
  22. P. Vorreau, S. Sygletos, F. Parmigiani, D. Hillerkuss, R. Bonk, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, G. Zarris, D. Simeonidou, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, R. Weerasuriya, S. Ibrahim, A. D. Ellis, D. Cotter, R. Morais, P. Monteiro, S. Ben Ezra, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "Optical grooming switch with regenerative functionality for transparent interconnection of networks," OSA Opt. Exp. 17, 15173-15185 (2009).
  23. S. K. Ibrahim, D. Hillerkuss, R. Weerasuriya, G. Zarris, D. Simeonidou, J. Leuthold, A. D. Ellis, "Novel 42.65 Gbit/s dual gate asynchronous digital optical regenerator using a single MZM," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) BrusselsBelgium (2008) Paper Tu.4.D.3.
  24. R. Weerasuriya, S. K. Ibrahim, G. Zarris, D. Simeonidou, A. D. Ellis, D. Cotter, "Performance characterization of a 42.65 Gbit/s dual gate asynchronous digital optical regenerator using a single MZM," Electron. Lett. 45, 642-643 (2009).
  25. G. Zarris, P. Vorreau, D. Hillerkuss, S. K. Ibrahim, R. Weerasuriya, A. D. Ellis, J. Leuthold, D. Simeonidou, "WDM-to-OTDM traffic grooming by means of asynchronous retiming," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2009) Paper OThJ6.
  26. P. V. Mamyshev, "All-optical data regeneration based on self-phase modulation effect," Proc. 24th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) (1998) pp. 475-476.
  27. R. Morais, R. Meleiro, P. Monteiro, P. Marques, "OTDM-to-WDM conversion based on wavelength conversion and time gating in a single optical gate," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2008) Paper OTuD5.
  28. H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, "Photonic gateway: TDM-to-WDM-to-TDM conversion and reconversion at 40 Gbit/s (4 channels$\,\times\,$10 Gbit/s)," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 19, 2810-2816 (2002).
  29. C.-S. Brès, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, J. M. Chavez-Boggio, C. F. Marki, N. Alic, S. Radic, "Single-gate 320-to-8$\,\times\,$40 Gb/s demultiplexing," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2009) Paper PDPA4.
  30. F. Cisternino, R. Girardi, S. Romisch, R. Calvani, E. Riccardi, P. Garino, "A novel approach to pre-scaled clock recovery in OTDM systems," 24th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) (1998) pp. 477-478.
  31. J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Tang, P. Kumar, "Ultralow timing jitter 40-Gb/s clock recovery using a self-starting optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 263-265 (2004).
  32. F. Parmigiani, P. Vorreau, L. Provost, K. Mukasa, M. Takahashi, M. Tadakuma, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "2R regeneration of two 130 Gbit/s channels within a single fiber," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2009) Paper JThA56.
  33. L. Provost, C. Finot, K. Mukasa, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "Design scaling rules for 2R-optical self-phase modulation-based regenerators," OSA Opt. Exp. 15, 5100-5113 (2007).
  34. J. F. DeNatale, R. L. Borwick, C. Tsai, P. A. Stupar, Y. Lin, R. A. Newgard, R. W. Berquist, M. Zhu, "Compact, low-power chip-scale atomic clock," Proc. IEEE/ION, Position, Location, Navigation Symp. (2008) pp. 67-70.
  35. M. Sexton, A. Reid, Transmission Networking: SONET and the SDH (Artech House, 1992).
  36. G. Zarris, F. Parmigiani, E. Hugues-Salas, R. Weerasuriya, D. Hillerkuss, N. Amaya-Gonzalez, M. Spyropoulou, P. Vorreau, R. Morais, S. K. Ibrahim, D. Klonidis, P. Petropoulos, A. D. Ellis, P. Monteiro, A. Tzanakaki, D. Richardson, I. Tomkos, R. Bonk, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, D. Simeonidou, "Field trial of WDM-OTDM transmultiplexing employing photonic switch fabric-based buffer-less bit-interleaved data grooming and all-optical regeneration," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2009) Paper PDPC10.
  37. L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "Investigation of timing jitter reduction in a bidirectional 2R all-optical mamyshev regenerator," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2008) Paper OThJ4.
  38. T. Ohara, H. Takara, I. Shake, T. Yamada, M. Ishii, I. Ogawa, M. Okamoto, S. Kawanishi, "Highly stable 160-Gb/s OTDM technologies based on integrated MUX/DEMUX and drift-free PLL-type clock recovery," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 40-48 (2007).
  39. B.-E. Olsson, L. Rau, D. J. Blumenthal, "WDM to OTDM multiplexing using an ultrafast all-optical wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1005-1007 (2001).
  40. M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, "320 Gbit/s simultaneous clock recovery and channel identification," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) BerlinGermany (2007) Paper 5.3.2.
  41. F. Parmigiani, L. Provost, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "Multi-wavelength all-optical regeneration techniques," Proc. IEEE/LEOS Summer Topicals Newport BeachCA (2009) (Invited).

2009 (4)

J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 189-204 (2009).

Q. Yang, Y. Tang, Y. Ma, W. Shieh, "Experimental demonstration and numerical simulation of 107-Gb/s high spectral efficiency coherent optical OFDM," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 168-176 (2009).

P. Vorreau, S. Sygletos, F. Parmigiani, D. Hillerkuss, R. Bonk, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, G. Zarris, D. Simeonidou, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, R. Weerasuriya, S. Ibrahim, A. D. Ellis, D. Cotter, R. Morais, P. Monteiro, S. Ben Ezra, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "Optical grooming switch with regenerative functionality for transparent interconnection of networks," OSA Opt. Exp. 17, 15173-15185 (2009).

R. Weerasuriya, S. K. Ibrahim, G. Zarris, D. Simeonidou, A. D. Ellis, D. Cotter, "Performance characterization of a 42.65 Gbit/s dual gate asynchronous digital optical regenerator using a single MZM," Electron. Lett. 45, 642-643 (2009).

2008 (2)

A. D. Ellis, D. Cotter, S. Ibrahim, R. Weerasuriya, C. W. Chow, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, S. Sygletos, P. Vorreau, R. Bonk, D. Hillerkuss, I. Tomkos, A. Tzanakaki, C. Kouloumentas, D. J. Richardson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, G. Zarris, D. Simeonidou, "Optical interconnection of core and metro networks," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 7, 928-935 (2008).

R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, G. Zarris, Y. Qin, E. Escalona, M. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidou, "Multigranular optical router for future networks," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 7, 914-927 (2008).

2007 (2)

L. Provost, C. Finot, K. Mukasa, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "Design scaling rules for 2R-optical self-phase modulation-based regenerators," OSA Opt. Exp. 15, 5100-5113 (2007).

T. Ohara, H. Takara, I. Shake, T. Yamada, M. Ishii, I. Ogawa, M. Okamoto, S. Kawanishi, "Highly stable 160-Gb/s OTDM technologies based on integrated MUX/DEMUX and drift-free PLL-type clock recovery," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 40-48 (2007).

2006 (5)

P. J. Winzer, R. J. Essiambre, "Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4711-4728 (2006).

G. Charlet, "Progress in optical modulation formats for high-bit rate WDM transmissions," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 469-483 (2006).

A. A. M. Saleh, J. M. Simmons, "Evolution toward the next-generation core optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3303-3321 (2006).

H. G. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4616-4627 (2006).

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).

2005 (1)

J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, G. Lehmann, H. Rohde, W. Schairer, Y. R. Zhou, E. S. R. Sikora, A. Lord, D. B. Payne, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "160 Gb/s OTDM networking using deployed fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 225-235 (2005).

2004 (1)

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Tang, P. Kumar, "Ultralow timing jitter 40-Gb/s clock recovery using a self-starting optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 263-265 (2004).

2002 (1)

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, "Photonic gateway: TDM-to-WDM-to-TDM conversion and reconversion at 40 Gbit/s (4 channels$\,\times\,$10 Gbit/s)," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 19, 2810-2816 (2002).

2001 (1)

B.-E. Olsson, L. Rau, D. J. Blumenthal, "WDM to OTDM multiplexing using an ultrafast all-optical wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1005-1007 (2001).

1999 (1)

I. D. Phillips, P. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, D. Cotter, "10-Gb/s asynchronous digital optical regenerator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 892-894 (1999).

1998 (1)

D. Cotter, A. D. Ellis, "Asynchronous digital optical regeneration and networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2068-2080 (1998).

1996 (1)

D. Norte, A. E. Willner, "All-optical data format conversions and reconversions between the wavelength and time domains for dynamically reconfigurable WDM networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 1170-1182 (1996).

Electron. Lett. (2)

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).

R. Weerasuriya, S. K. Ibrahim, G. Zarris, D. Simeonidou, A. D. Ellis, D. Cotter, "Performance characterization of a 42.65 Gbit/s dual gate asynchronous digital optical regenerator using a single MZM," Electron. Lett. 45, 642-643 (2009).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (2)

T. Ohara, H. Takara, I. Shake, T. Yamada, M. Ishii, I. Ogawa, M. Okamoto, S. Kawanishi, "Highly stable 160-Gb/s OTDM technologies based on integrated MUX/DEMUX and drift-free PLL-type clock recovery," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 40-48 (2007).

G. Charlet, "Progress in optical modulation formats for high-bit rate WDM transmissions," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 469-483 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

I. D. Phillips, P. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, D. Cotter, "10-Gb/s asynchronous digital optical regenerator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 892-894 (1999).

B.-E. Olsson, L. Rau, D. J. Blumenthal, "WDM to OTDM multiplexing using an ultrafast all-optical wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1005-1007 (2001).

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Tang, P. Kumar, "Ultralow timing jitter 40-Gb/s clock recovery using a self-starting optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 263-265 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (8)

D. Cotter, A. D. Ellis, "Asynchronous digital optical regeneration and networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2068-2080 (1998).

D. Norte, A. E. Willner, "All-optical data format conversions and reconversions between the wavelength and time domains for dynamically reconfigurable WDM networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 1170-1182 (1996).

P. J. Winzer, R. J. Essiambre, "Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4711-4728 (2006).

J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, G. Lehmann, H. Rohde, W. Schairer, Y. R. Zhou, E. S. R. Sikora, A. Lord, D. B. Payne, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "160 Gb/s OTDM networking using deployed fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 225-235 (2005).

J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 189-204 (2009).

Q. Yang, Y. Tang, Y. Ma, W. Shieh, "Experimental demonstration and numerical simulation of 107-Gb/s high spectral efficiency coherent optical OFDM," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 168-176 (2009).

A. A. M. Saleh, J. M. Simmons, "Evolution toward the next-generation core optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3303-3321 (2006).

H. G. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4616-4627 (2006).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. (1)

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, "Photonic gateway: TDM-to-WDM-to-TDM conversion and reconversion at 40 Gbit/s (4 channels$\,\times\,$10 Gbit/s)," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 19, 2810-2816 (2002).

OSA J. Opt. Netw. (2)

R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, G. Zarris, Y. Qin, E. Escalona, M. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidou, "Multigranular optical router for future networks," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 7, 914-927 (2008).

A. D. Ellis, D. Cotter, S. Ibrahim, R. Weerasuriya, C. W. Chow, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, S. Sygletos, P. Vorreau, R. Bonk, D. Hillerkuss, I. Tomkos, A. Tzanakaki, C. Kouloumentas, D. J. Richardson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, G. Zarris, D. Simeonidou, "Optical interconnection of core and metro networks," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 7, 928-935 (2008).

OSA Opt. Exp. (2)

P. Vorreau, S. Sygletos, F. Parmigiani, D. Hillerkuss, R. Bonk, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, G. Zarris, D. Simeonidou, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, R. Weerasuriya, S. Ibrahim, A. D. Ellis, D. Cotter, R. Morais, P. Monteiro, S. Ben Ezra, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "Optical grooming switch with regenerative functionality for transparent interconnection of networks," OSA Opt. Exp. 17, 15173-15185 (2009).

L. Provost, C. Finot, K. Mukasa, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "Design scaling rules for 2R-optical self-phase modulation-based regenerators," OSA Opt. Exp. 15, 5100-5113 (2007).

Other (21)

J. F. DeNatale, R. L. Borwick, C. Tsai, P. A. Stupar, Y. Lin, R. A. Newgard, R. W. Berquist, M. Zhu, "Compact, low-power chip-scale atomic clock," Proc. IEEE/ION, Position, Location, Navigation Symp. (2008) pp. 67-70.

M. Sexton, A. Reid, Transmission Networking: SONET and the SDH (Artech House, 1992).

G. Zarris, F. Parmigiani, E. Hugues-Salas, R. Weerasuriya, D. Hillerkuss, N. Amaya-Gonzalez, M. Spyropoulou, P. Vorreau, R. Morais, S. K. Ibrahim, D. Klonidis, P. Petropoulos, A. D. Ellis, P. Monteiro, A. Tzanakaki, D. Richardson, I. Tomkos, R. Bonk, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, D. Simeonidou, "Field trial of WDM-OTDM transmultiplexing employing photonic switch fabric-based buffer-less bit-interleaved data grooming and all-optical regeneration," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2009) Paper PDPC10.

L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "Investigation of timing jitter reduction in a bidirectional 2R all-optical mamyshev regenerator," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2008) Paper OThJ4.

M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, "320 Gbit/s simultaneous clock recovery and channel identification," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) BerlinGermany (2007) Paper 5.3.2.

F. Parmigiani, L. Provost, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "Multi-wavelength all-optical regeneration techniques," Proc. IEEE/LEOS Summer Topicals Newport BeachCA (2009) (Invited).

S. K. Ibrahim, D. Hillerkuss, R. Weerasuriya, G. Zarris, D. Simeonidou, J. Leuthold, A. D. Ellis, "Novel 42.65 Gbit/s dual gate asynchronous digital optical regenerator using a single MZM," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) BrusselsBelgium (2008) Paper Tu.4.D.3.

C.-S. Brès, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, J. M. Chavez-Boggio, C. F. Marki, N. Alic, S. Radic, "Single-gate 320-to-8$\,\times\,$40 Gb/s demultiplexing," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2009) Paper PDPA4.

F. Cisternino, R. Girardi, S. Romisch, R. Calvani, E. Riccardi, P. Garino, "A novel approach to pre-scaled clock recovery in OTDM systems," 24th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) (1998) pp. 477-478.

G. Zarris, P. Vorreau, D. Hillerkuss, S. K. Ibrahim, R. Weerasuriya, A. D. Ellis, J. Leuthold, D. Simeonidou, "WDM-to-OTDM traffic grooming by means of asynchronous retiming," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2009) Paper OThJ6.

P. V. Mamyshev, "All-optical data regeneration based on self-phase modulation effect," Proc. 24th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) (1998) pp. 475-476.

R. Morais, R. Meleiro, P. Monteiro, P. Marques, "OTDM-to-WDM conversion based on wavelength conversion and time gating in a single optical gate," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2008) Paper OTuD5.

P. Vorreau, D. Hillerkuss, F. Parmigiani, S. Sygletos, R. Bonk, P. Petropoulos, D. Richardson, G. Zarris, D. Simeonidou, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, R. Weerasuriya, S. Ibrahim, A. Ellis, R. Morais, P. Monteiro, S. Ben Ezra, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "2R/3R optical grooming switch with time-slot interchange," Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (ECOC) BrusselsBelgium (2008) Paper PDP Th.3.F.4.

S. Spaelter, M. Heid, S. L. Jansen, G. Lehmann, E. Meissner, B. Lankl, "Ultra fast switching in OTDM networks," 28th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) CopenhagenDenmark (2002)4 Paper 11.4.1.

G. Zarris, L. M. Sadeghioon, C. G. Leburn, H.-D. Jung, K. M. Guild, D. Simeonidou, M. O'Mahony, "Applications of ultra-short pulse sources in OTDM networks," Int. Conf. Photon. Switching HeraklionCrete (2006) Paper O 9.1.

C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, D.-D. Groß, L. Molle, M. Seimetz, R. Freund, C. Schubert, "Generation and coherent time-division demultiplexing of up to 5.1 Tb/s single-channel 8-PSK and 16-QAM signals," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2009) Paper PDPC6.

M. Nakazawa, T. Hirooka, "Terabit OTDM transmission—Key challenges," Proc. 2007 Dig. IEEE, LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (2007) pp. 230-231.

B. Pratt, "Multi-layer switching in packet optical transport systems," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) San DiegoCA (2008) Paper NWF2.

T. Bonald, S. Oueslati-Boulahia, J. Roberts, "IP traffic and QoS control: The need for a flow aware architecture," World Telecommun. Congr. ParisFrance (2002).

D. A. B. Miller, "Recent advances in germanium quantum well structures—A new modulation mechanism for silicon-compatible optics," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2007) Paper OTuD4.

F. Parmigiani, P. Vorreau, L. Provost, K. Mukasa, M. Takahashi, M. Tadakuma, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "2R regeneration of two 130 Gbit/s channels within a single fiber," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2009) Paper JThA56.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.