Abstract

A versatile technique is demonstrated to fill selectively a fluid into desired air holes in a microstructured optical fibers (MOFs). A fan-shaped groove is carved on the fiber surface to expose selected air holes to atmosphere by a micromachining system consisting of a femtosecond IR laser and a microscope. Then a fluid is filled into the exposed air holes through the carved groove with the well-known capillarity action. Such a technique can be used to fill selectively several different types of fluid samples into desired air holes in an MOF by means of carving fan-shaped grooves on different orientations of the fiber surface.

© 2010 IEEE

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  28. Y. Wang, X. Tan, W. Jin, S. Liu, D. Ying, Y. L. Hoo, "Improved bending property of half-filled photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Exp. 18, 12197-12202 (2010).
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  30. Y. P. Wang, Y. J. Rao, "Long period fibre grating torsion sensor measuring twist rate and determining twist direction simultaneously," Electron. Lett. 40, 164-166 (2004).

2010 (4)

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, H. Lehmann, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, R. Spittel, L. Shan, S. Brueckner, W. Jin, X. Tan, L. Jin, "Thermo-optic switching effect based on fluid-filled photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 22, 164-166 (2010).

S. Liu, L. Jin, W. Jin, D. Wang, C. Liao, Y. Wang, "Structural long period gratings made by drilling micro-holes in photonic crystal fibers with a femtosecond infrared laser," Opt. Exp. 18, 5496-5503 (2010).

Y. Wang, X. Tan, W. Jin, S. Liu, D. Ying, Y. L. Hoo, "Improved bending property of half-filled photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Exp. 18, 12197-12202 (2010).

Y. Wang, X. Tan, W. Jin, D. Ying, Y. L. Hoo, S. Liu, "Temperature-controlled transformation in fiber types of fluid-filled photonic crystal fibers and applications," Opt. Lett. 35, 88-90 (2010).

2009 (3)

2008 (4)

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, S. Brueckner, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, K. Mörl, W. Ecke, R. Willsch, "Splicing Ge-doped photonic crystal fibers using commercial fusion splicer with default discharge parameters," Opt. Exp. 16, 7258-7263 (2008).

Y. Wang, W. Jin, J. Ju, H. Xuan, H. L. Ho, L. Xiao, D. Wang, "Long period gratings in air-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 2784-2790 (2008).

J. Canning, M. Stevenson, T. K. Yip, S. K. Lim, C. Martelli, "White light sources based on multiple precision selective micro-filling of structured optical waveguides," Opt. Exp. 16, 15700-15708 (2008).

C.-P. Yu, J.-H. Liou, S.-S. Huang, H.-C. Chang, "Tunable dual-core liquid-filled photonic crystal fibers for dispersion compensation," Opt. Exp. 16, 4443-4451 (2008).

2007 (1)

2006 (5)

P. Steinvurzel, E. D. Moore, E. C. Magi, B. J. Eggleton, "Tuning properties of long period gratings in photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Lett. 31, 2103-2105 (2006).

C. M. B. Cordeiro, E. M. dos Santos, C. H. Brito Cruz, C. J. de Matos, D. S. Ferreiira, "Lateral access to the holes of photonic crystal fibers—Selective filling and sensing applications," Opt. Exp. 14, 8403-8412 (2006).

J. Lægsgaard, T. T. Alkeskjold, "Designing a photonic bandgap fiber for thermo-optic switching," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 23, 951-957 (2006).

T. B. Iredale, P. Steinvurzel, B. J. Eggleton, "Electric-arc-induced long-period gratings in fluid-filled photonic bandgap fibre," Electron. Lett. 42, 739-740 (2006).

R. Guobin, S. Ping, Z. Liren, Y. Min, Y. Xia, T. Weijun, L. Jie, "Design of all-solid bandgap fiber with improved confinement and bend losses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2560-2562 (2006).

2005 (5)

L. Xiao, W. Jin, M. Demokan, H. Ho, Y. Hoo, C. Zhao, "Fabrication of selective injection microstructured optical fibers with a conventional fusion splicer," Opt. Exp. 13, 9014-9022 (2005).

C. Martelli, J. Canning, K. Lyytikainen, N. Groothoff, "Water-core Fresnel fiber," Opt. Exp. 13, 3890-3895 (2005).

A. Sharkawy, D. Pustai, S. Shi, D. Prather, S. McBride, P. Zanzucchi, "Modulating dispersion properties of low index photonic crystal structures using microfluidics," Opt. Exp. 13, 2814-2827 (2005).

K. Nielsen, D. Noordegraaf, T. Sorensen, A. Bjarklev, T. P. Hansen, "Selective filling of photonic crystal fibres," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7, L13-L20 (2005).

Y.-P. Wang, Y.-J. Rao, "A novel long period fiber grating sensor measuring curvature and determining bend-direction simultaneously," IEEE Sens. J. 5, 839-843 (2005).

2004 (2)

Y. P. Wang, Y. J. Rao, "Long period fibre grating torsion sensor measuring twist rate and determining twist direction simultaneously," Electron. Lett. 40, 164-166 (2004).

Y. Huang, Y. Xu, A. Yariv, "Fabrication of functional microstructured optical fibers through a selective-filling technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5182-5184 (2004).

2003 (1)

T. Larsen, A. Bjarklev, D. Hermann, J. Broeng, "Optical devices based on liquid crystal photonic bandgap fibres," Opt. Exp. 11, 2589-2596 (2003).

2002 (1)

2001 (2)

C. Kerbage, A. Hale, A. Yablon, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, "Integrated all-fiber variable attenuator based on hybrid microstructure fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3191-3193 (2001).

B. J. Eggleton, C. Kerbage, P. S. Westbrook, R. S. Windeler, A. Hale, "Microstructured optical fiber devices," Opt. Expr. 9, 698-713 (2001).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

C. Kerbage, A. Hale, A. Yablon, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, "Integrated all-fiber variable attenuator based on hybrid microstructure fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3191-3193 (2001).

Y. Huang, Y. Xu, A. Yariv, "Fabrication of functional microstructured optical fibers through a selective-filling technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5182-5184 (2004).

Electron. Lett. (2)

T. B. Iredale, P. Steinvurzel, B. J. Eggleton, "Electric-arc-induced long-period gratings in fluid-filled photonic bandgap fibre," Electron. Lett. 42, 739-740 (2006).

Y. P. Wang, Y. J. Rao, "Long period fibre grating torsion sensor measuring twist rate and determining twist direction simultaneously," Electron. Lett. 40, 164-166 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. Guobin, S. Ping, Z. Liren, Y. Min, Y. Xia, T. Weijun, L. Jie, "Design of all-solid bandgap fiber with improved confinement and bend losses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2560-2562 (2006).

IEEE Photonics Technology Letters (1)

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, H. Lehmann, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, R. Spittel, L. Shan, S. Brueckner, W. Jin, X. Tan, L. Jin, "Thermo-optic switching effect based on fluid-filled photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 22, 164-166 (2010).

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

Y.-P. Wang, Y.-J. Rao, "A novel long period fiber grating sensor measuring curvature and determining bend-direction simultaneously," IEEE Sens. J. 5, 839-843 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

B. T. Kuhlmey, B. J. Eggleton, D. K. C. Wu, "Fluid-filled solid-core photonic bandgap fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1617-1630 (2009).

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

K. Nielsen, D. Noordegraaf, T. Sorensen, A. Bjarklev, T. P. Hansen, "Selective filling of photonic crystal fibres," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7, L13-L20 (2005).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

J. Lægsgaard, T. T. Alkeskjold, "Designing a photonic bandgap fiber for thermo-optic switching," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 23, 951-957 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (11)

T. Larsen, A. Bjarklev, D. Hermann, J. Broeng, "Optical devices based on liquid crystal photonic bandgap fibres," Opt. Exp. 11, 2589-2596 (2003).

C.-P. Yu, J.-H. Liou, S.-S. Huang, H.-C. Chang, "Tunable dual-core liquid-filled photonic crystal fibers for dispersion compensation," Opt. Exp. 16, 4443-4451 (2008).

A. Sharkawy, D. Pustai, S. Shi, D. Prather, S. McBride, P. Zanzucchi, "Modulating dispersion properties of low index photonic crystal structures using microfluidics," Opt. Exp. 13, 2814-2827 (2005).

Y. Wang, X. Tan, W. Jin, S. Liu, D. Ying, Y. L. Hoo, "Improved bending property of half-filled photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Exp. 18, 12197-12202 (2010).

C. Martelli, J. Canning, K. Lyytikainen, N. Groothoff, "Water-core Fresnel fiber," Opt. Exp. 13, 3890-3895 (2005).

J. Canning, M. Stevenson, T. K. Yip, S. K. Lim, C. Martelli, "White light sources based on multiple precision selective micro-filling of structured optical waveguides," Opt. Exp. 16, 15700-15708 (2008).

L. Xiao, W. Jin, M. Demokan, H. Ho, Y. Hoo, C. Zhao, "Fabrication of selective injection microstructured optical fibers with a conventional fusion splicer," Opt. Exp. 13, 9014-9022 (2005).

C. M. B. Cordeiro, E. M. dos Santos, C. H. Brito Cruz, C. J. de Matos, D. S. Ferreiira, "Lateral access to the holes of photonic crystal fibers—Selective filling and sensing applications," Opt. Exp. 14, 8403-8412 (2006).

S. Liu, L. Jin, W. Jin, D. Wang, C. Liao, Y. Wang, "Structural long period gratings made by drilling micro-holes in photonic crystal fibers with a femtosecond infrared laser," Opt. Exp. 18, 5496-5503 (2010).

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, S. Brueckner, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, K. Mörl, W. Ecke, R. Willsch, "Splicing Ge-doped photonic crystal fibers using commercial fusion splicer with default discharge parameters," Opt. Exp. 16, 7258-7263 (2008).

Y. Wang, W. Jin, J. Ju, H. Xuan, H. L. Ho, L. Xiao, D. Wang, "Long period gratings in air-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 2784-2790 (2008).

Opt. Expr. (1)

B. J. Eggleton, C. Kerbage, P. S. Westbrook, R. S. Windeler, A. Hale, "Microstructured optical fiber devices," Opt. Expr. 9, 698-713 (2001).

Opt. Lett. (6)

Other (2)

H. Lehmann, S. Brueckner, J. Kobelke, G. Schwotzer, K. Schuster, R. Willsch, "Toward photonic crystal fiber based distributed chemosensors," Proc. SPIE (2005) pp. 419.

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kerbage, B. J. Eggleton, D. J. Trevor, "Tunable photonic band gap fiber," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhibit, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends Opt. Photon. (Opt. Soc. Amer., Washington, D.C., 2002) (2002) pp. 466-468.

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