Abstract

An optically powered communication system with distributed amplification is demonstrated using either distributed parametric amplification (DPA) or distributed Raman amplification (DRA) within the dispersion-shifted fiber (DSF) and single-mode fiber (SMF). At the fiber output the residual pump after the distributed amplification is recycled to power the receiver component. Our scheme is also a potential candidate for the ‘last mile’ transmission. Based on our scheme, 4 channels of 10 Gb/s WDM signals are used to obtain practical performance evaluation. In the presence of 10-dB gain for signals, the power penalties of <1.35-dB at the BER of 10<sup>-9</sup> are achieved for DPA in DSF, and as the comparing counterpart of DPA, counter-pumping DRA induce approximately the same level of power penalty (<1.55-dB) in DSF and <1.96-dB in SMF. Co-pumping DRA are also tested in both kind of fibers. Finally, the energy-efficiency issue for different pumping schemes is analyzed.

© 2010 IEEE

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2010 (1)

X. Xu, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, Y. Liang, T. I. Yuk, K. K. Y. Wong, "Optically powered WDM signal transmission system with distributed parametric amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1232-1234 (2010).

2008 (2)

D. Wake, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, C. Lethien, C. Sion, J. P. Vilcot, "Optically powered remote units for radio-over-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2484-2491 (2008).

G. Bottger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Hubner, M. Rger, A. W. Bett, T. Kueng, J. Becker, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "An optically powered video camera link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 39-41 (2008).

2006 (3)

S. Namiki, S. Koji, N. Tsukiji, S. Shikii, "Challenges of Raman amplification," Proc. IEEE 94, 1024-1035 (2006).

P. Serena, A. Orlandini, A. Bononi, "Parametric-gain approach to the analysis of single-channel DPSK/DQPSK systems with nonlinear phase noise," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2026-2037 (2006).

S. Namiki, S. Koji, N. Tsukiji, S. Shikii, "Challenges of Raman amplification," Proc. IEEE 94, 1024-1035 (2006).

2005 (3)

G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, "Transmission of optical communication signals by distributed parametric amplification," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2945-2953 (2005).

C. McKinstrie, M. Yu, M. G. Raymer, S. Radic, "Quantum noise properties of parametric processes," Opt. Exp. 13, 4986-5012 (2005).

M. Vasilyev, "Distributed phase-sensitive amplification," Opt. Exp. 13, 7563-7571 (2005).

2004 (3)

J. Bromage, "Raman amplification for fiber communications systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 79-93 (2004).

J. Bromage, "Raman amplification for fiber communications systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 79-93 (2004).

H. Miyakawa, Y. Tanaka, T. Kurokawa, "Design approaches to power-over-optical local-area-network systems," Appl. Opt. 43, 1379-1389 (2004).

2003 (3)

T. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, P. A. Andrekson, "Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1061-1063 (2003).

C. R. S. Fludger, V. Handerek, R. J. Mears, "Pump to signal RIN transfer in Raman fiber amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1061-1063 (2003).

I. Nasieva, J. D. Ania-Castanon, S. K. Turitsyn, "Nonlinearity management in fibre links with distributed amplification," IEEE Electron. Lett. 39, 856-857 (2003).

2002 (2)

Jr. P. E. Green, "Paving the last mile with glass," IEEE Spectrum 39, 13-14 (2002).

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P. O. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).

2001 (2)

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, S. Benedetto, "A novel analytical approach to the evaluation of the impact of fiber parametric gain on the bit error rate," IEEE Trans. Commun. 49, 2154-2163 (2001).

J. M. C. Boggio, S. Tenenbaum, H. L. Fragnito, "Amplification of broadband noise pumped by two lasers in optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 18, 1428-1435 (2001).

1999 (1)

1993 (3)

N. Henmi, Y. Aoki, T. Ogata, T. Saito, S. Nakaya, "A new design arrangement of transmission fiber dispersion for suppressing nonlinear degradation in long-distance optical transmission systems with optical repeater amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 1615-1621 (1993).

T. C. Banwell, R. C. Estes, L. A. Reith, Jr.P. W. Shumate, E. M. Vogel, "Powering the fiber loop optically—A cost analysis," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 481-494 (1993).

D. E. A. Clarke, T. Kanada, "Broadband: The last mile," IEEE Commun. Mag. 31, 94-100 (1993).

1989 (1)

H. Kirkham, A. R. Johnston, "Optically powered data link for power system applications," IEEE Trans. Power Delivery 4, 1997-2004 (1989).

1979 (1)

R. C. Miller, B. C. DeLoach, "Optically powered speech communication over a fiber lightguide," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 58, 1735-1741 (1979).

1978 (2)

B. C. DeLoach, "Sound alerter powered over an optical fiber," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 3309-3316 (1978).

S. J. Pemper, "A multiplexed network of optically powered, addressed and interrogated hybrid resonant sensors," Sens. Actuators A 47, 474-477 (1978).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (2)

B. C. DeLoach, "Sound alerter powered over an optical fiber," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 3309-3316 (1978).

R. C. Miller, B. C. DeLoach, "Optically powered speech communication over a fiber lightguide," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 58, 1735-1741 (1979).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

D. E. A. Clarke, T. Kanada, "Broadband: The last mile," IEEE Commun. Mag. 31, 94-100 (1993).

IEEE Electron. Lett. (1)

I. Nasieva, J. D. Ania-Castanon, S. K. Turitsyn, "Nonlinearity management in fibre links with distributed amplification," IEEE Electron. Lett. 39, 856-857 (2003).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P. O. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

T. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, P. A. Andrekson, "Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1061-1063 (2003).

G. Bottger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Hubner, M. Rger, A. W. Bett, T. Kueng, J. Becker, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "An optically powered video camera link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 39-41 (2008).

X. Xu, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, Y. Liang, T. I. Yuk, K. K. Y. Wong, "Optically powered WDM signal transmission system with distributed parametric amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1232-1234 (2010).

IEEE Spectrum (1)

Jr. P. E. Green, "Paving the last mile with glass," IEEE Spectrum 39, 13-14 (2002).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, S. Benedetto, "A novel analytical approach to the evaluation of the impact of fiber parametric gain on the bit error rate," IEEE Trans. Commun. 49, 2154-2163 (2001).

IEEE Trans. Power Delivery (1)

H. Kirkham, A. R. Johnston, "Optically powered data link for power system applications," IEEE Trans. Power Delivery 4, 1997-2004 (1989).

J. Lightw. Technol. (8)

D. Wake, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, C. Lethien, C. Sion, J. P. Vilcot, "Optically powered remote units for radio-over-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2484-2491 (2008).

T. C. Banwell, R. C. Estes, L. A. Reith, Jr.P. W. Shumate, E. M. Vogel, "Powering the fiber loop optically—A cost analysis," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 481-494 (1993).

P. Serena, A. Orlandini, A. Bononi, "Parametric-gain approach to the analysis of single-channel DPSK/DQPSK systems with nonlinear phase noise," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2026-2037 (2006).

N. Henmi, Y. Aoki, T. Ogata, T. Saito, S. Nakaya, "A new design arrangement of transmission fiber dispersion for suppressing nonlinear degradation in long-distance optical transmission systems with optical repeater amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 1615-1621 (1993).

G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, "Transmission of optical communication signals by distributed parametric amplification," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2945-2953 (2005).

C. R. S. Fludger, V. Handerek, R. J. Mears, "Pump to signal RIN transfer in Raman fiber amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1061-1063 (2003).

J. Bromage, "Raman amplification for fiber communications systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 79-93 (2004).

J. Bromage, "Raman amplification for fiber communications systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 79-93 (2004).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

J. M. C. Boggio, S. Tenenbaum, H. L. Fragnito, "Amplification of broadband noise pumped by two lasers in optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 18, 1428-1435 (2001).

Opt. Exp. (2)

C. McKinstrie, M. Yu, M. G. Raymer, S. Radic, "Quantum noise properties of parametric processes," Opt. Exp. 13, 4986-5012 (2005).

M. Vasilyev, "Distributed phase-sensitive amplification," Opt. Exp. 13, 7563-7571 (2005).

Proc. IEEE (2)

S. Namiki, S. Koji, N. Tsukiji, S. Shikii, "Challenges of Raman amplification," Proc. IEEE 94, 1024-1035 (2006).

S. Namiki, S. Koji, N. Tsukiji, S. Shikii, "Challenges of Raman amplification," Proc. IEEE 94, 1024-1035 (2006).

Sens. Actuators A (1)

S. J. Pemper, "A multiplexed network of optically powered, addressed and interrogated hybrid resonant sensors," Sens. Actuators A 47, 474-477 (1978).

Other (8)

M. Vasilyev, "Raman-assisted transmission: Toward ideal distributed amplification," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2003) pp. 303-305.

E. Leitgeb, J. Bregenzer, P. Fasser, M. Gebhart, "Free space optics—Extension to fiber-networks for the “last mile”," Proc. IEEE 15th LEOS (2002) pp. 459-460.

E. Leitgeb, M. Loschnigg, U. Birnbacher, G. Schwarz, A. Merdonig, "High reliable optical wireless links for the last mile access," Proc. 10th Anniv. Int. Conf. Transparent Opt. Netw. (2008) pp. 178-183.

V. Andreev, V. Khvostikov, V. Kalinovsky, V. Lantratov, V. Grilikhes, V. Rumyantsev, M. Shvarts, M. Fokanov, A. Pavlov, "High current density GaAs and GaSb photovoltaic cells for laser power beaming," Proc. 3rd World Conf. PV Energy Conv. (2003) pp. 761-764.

D. Krut, R. Sudharsanan, T. Isshiki, R. King, N. H. Karam, "A 53% high efficiency GaAs vertically integrated multi-junction laser power converter," Proc. Device Res. Conf. (2007) pp. 123-124.

C. Headley, G. P. Agrawal, Raman Amplification in Fiber Optical Communication Systems (Academic, 2005).

H. Miyakawa, Y. Tanaka, T. Kurokawa, "Optical power and signal transmission with WDM single mode fiber optic systems," Proc. Renewable Energy (2006) pp. 317-320.

M. E. Marhic, Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers, Oscillators and Related Devices (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2007).

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