Abstract

Physical layer impairments accumulate as light propagates through a lightpath in the transparent optical networks. Therefore, it is possible to provision a lightpath, while its quality of transmission (QoT) does not meet the required threshold. Considering the physical layer impairments in the network planning phase gives rise to a set of offline Impairments Aware Routing and Wavelength Assignment (IA-RWA) algorithms. There are very few offline IA-RWA algorithms that consider dedicated path protection demands. In this work we propose a novel offline IA-RWA algorithm, called Rahyab and perform a comparative performance evaluation study, which considers two enhanced algorithms from the literature. Simulation results indicates that demand pre-processing, diverse routing, and adaptive wavelength assignment are the main reasons of lower blocking rate of Rahyab algorithm compared to the selected algorithms.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. S. Azodolmolky, Y. Pointurier, M. Angelou, J. Solé-Pareta, I. Tomkos, "An offline impairment aware RWA algorithm with dedicated path protection consideration," Proc. IEEE/OSA OFC (2009).
  2. J. Berthold, A. A. M. Saleh, L. Blair, J. M. Simmons, "Optical networking: Past, present, and future," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1104-1118 (2008).
  3. S. Sygletos, I. Tomkos, J. Leuthold, "Technological challenges on the road toward transparent networking," J. Opt. Netw. 7, 321-350 (2008).
  4. S. Azodolmolky, "A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 38-47 (2009).
  5. R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, "Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 5, 489-500 (1995).
  6. H. Zang, J. P. Jue, B. Mukherjee, "A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical {WDM} networks," Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 47-60 (2000).
  7. S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, I. Tomkos, "A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks," Elsevier Comput. Netw. 53, 926-944 (2009).
  8. P. Kulkarni, A. Tzanakaki, C. Mas Machuka, I. Tomkos, "Benefits of $Q$-factor based routing in WDM metro networks," Proc. ECOC (2005) pp. 981-982.
  9. K. Manousakis, K. Christodoulopoulos, E. Varvarigos, "Impairment-aware offline rwa for transparent optical networks," Proc. INFOCOM 1557-1565 (2009).
  10. K. Manousakis, K. Christodoulopoulos, E. Kamitsas, I. Tomkos, E. A. Varvarigos, "Offline impairment-aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in translucent WDM optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1866-1877 (2009).
  11. X. Yang, L. Shen, B. Ramamurthy, "Survivable lightpath provisioning in WDM mesh networks under shared path protection and signal quality constraints," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1556-1567 (2005).
  12. D. Staessens, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, "Path protection in WSXC switched networks," Proc. ECOC (2008) pp. 1-2.
  13. M. Ali Ezzahdi, S. Al Zahr, M. Koubaa, N. Puech, M. Gagnaire, "LERP: A quality of transmission dependent heuristic for routing and wavelength assignment in hybrid WDM networks," Proc. ICCCN (2006) pp. 125-136.
  14. J. M. Simmons, Optical Network Design and Planning (Springer, 2008).
  15. I. Tomkos, D. Vogiatzis, C. Mas, I. Zacharopoulos, A. Tzanakaki, E. Varvarigos, "Performance engineering of metropolitan area optical networks through impairment constraint routing," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, S40-S47 (2004).
  16. G. Markidis, S. Sygletos, A. Tzanakaki, I. Tomkos, "Impairment aware based routing and wavelength assignment in transparent long haul networks," Proc. IFIP ONDM (2007) pp. 48-57.
  17. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communications Systems (Wiley, 2002).
  18. S. Norimatsu, M. Maruoka, "Accurate $Q$-factor estimation of optically amplified systems in the presence of waveform distortion," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 19-27 (2002).
  19. C. D. Cantrell, "Transparent optical metropolitan-area networks," Proc. IEEE LEOS (2003) pp. 608-609.
  20. B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. P. Heritage, B. Mukherjee, "Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1713-1723 (1999).
  21. V. T. Cartaxo, "Cross-phase modulation in intensity modulation-direct detection WDM systems with multiple optical amplifiers and dispersion compensators," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 178-190 (1999).
  22. W. Zeiler, F. Di Pasquale, P. Bayvel, J. E. Midwinter, "Modelling of four-wave mixing and gain peaking in amplified WDM optical communication systems and networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 1933-1942 (1996).
  23. K. Inoue, K. Nakanishi, K. Oda, "Crosstalk and power penalty due to fiber four-wave mixing in multichannels transmissions," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1423-1439 (1996).
  24. J. He, M. Brandt-Pearce, Y. Pointurier, S. Subramaniam, "Adaptive wavelength assignment using wavelength spectrum separation for distributed optical networks," Proc. ICC (2007) pp. 2406-2411.
  25. R. Bhandari, Survivable Networks: Algorithms for Diverse Routing (Kluwer, 1999).
  26. A. Mokhtar, M. Azizoĝlu, "Adaptive wavelength routing in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 6, 197-206 (1998).
  27. D. Staessens, "Definition of dynamic optical network architectures," DICONET Deliverable D2.1 (2008) http://www.diconet.eu/deliverables.asp.

2009 (4)

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, I. Tomkos, "A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks," Elsevier Comput. Netw. 53, 926-944 (2009).

K. Manousakis, K. Christodoulopoulos, E. Varvarigos, "Impairment-aware offline rwa for transparent optical networks," Proc. INFOCOM 1557-1565 (2009).

K. Manousakis, K. Christodoulopoulos, E. Kamitsas, I. Tomkos, E. A. Varvarigos, "Offline impairment-aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in translucent WDM optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1866-1877 (2009).

S. Azodolmolky, "A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 38-47 (2009).

2008 (3)

D. Staessens, "Definition of dynamic optical network architectures," DICONET Deliverable D2.1 (2008) http://www.diconet.eu/deliverables.asp.

J. Berthold, A. A. M. Saleh, L. Blair, J. M. Simmons, "Optical networking: Past, present, and future," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1104-1118 (2008).

S. Sygletos, I. Tomkos, J. Leuthold, "Technological challenges on the road toward transparent networking," J. Opt. Netw. 7, 321-350 (2008).

2005 (1)

X. Yang, L. Shen, B. Ramamurthy, "Survivable lightpath provisioning in WDM mesh networks under shared path protection and signal quality constraints," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1556-1567 (2005).

2004 (1)

I. Tomkos, D. Vogiatzis, C. Mas, I. Zacharopoulos, A. Tzanakaki, E. Varvarigos, "Performance engineering of metropolitan area optical networks through impairment constraint routing," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, S40-S47 (2004).

2002 (1)

S. Norimatsu, M. Maruoka, "Accurate $Q$-factor estimation of optically amplified systems in the presence of waveform distortion," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 19-27 (2002).

2000 (1)

H. Zang, J. P. Jue, B. Mukherjee, "A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical {WDM} networks," Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 47-60 (2000).

1999 (2)

B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. P. Heritage, B. Mukherjee, "Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1713-1723 (1999).

V. T. Cartaxo, "Cross-phase modulation in intensity modulation-direct detection WDM systems with multiple optical amplifiers and dispersion compensators," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 178-190 (1999).

1998 (1)

A. Mokhtar, M. Azizoĝlu, "Adaptive wavelength routing in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 6, 197-206 (1998).

1996 (2)

W. Zeiler, F. Di Pasquale, P. Bayvel, J. E. Midwinter, "Modelling of four-wave mixing and gain peaking in amplified WDM optical communication systems and networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 1933-1942 (1996).

K. Inoue, K. Nakanishi, K. Oda, "Crosstalk and power penalty due to fiber four-wave mixing in multichannels transmissions," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1423-1439 (1996).

1995 (1)

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, "Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 5, 489-500 (1995).

DICONET Deliverable D2.1 (1)

D. Staessens, "Definition of dynamic optical network architectures," DICONET Deliverable D2.1 (2008) http://www.diconet.eu/deliverables.asp.

Elsevier Comput. Netw. (1)

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, I. Tomkos, "A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks," Elsevier Comput. Netw. 53, 926-944 (2009).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

S. Azodolmolky, "A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 38-47 (2009).

I. Tomkos, D. Vogiatzis, C. Mas, I. Zacharopoulos, A. Tzanakaki, E. Varvarigos, "Performance engineering of metropolitan area optical networks through impairment constraint routing," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, S40-S47 (2004).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (2)

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, "Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 5, 489-500 (1995).

A. Mokhtar, M. Azizoĝlu, "Adaptive wavelength routing in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 6, 197-206 (1998).

J. Lightw. Technol. (8)

J. Berthold, A. A. M. Saleh, L. Blair, J. M. Simmons, "Optical networking: Past, present, and future," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1104-1118 (2008).

K. Manousakis, K. Christodoulopoulos, E. Kamitsas, I. Tomkos, E. A. Varvarigos, "Offline impairment-aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in translucent WDM optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1866-1877 (2009).

X. Yang, L. Shen, B. Ramamurthy, "Survivable lightpath provisioning in WDM mesh networks under shared path protection and signal quality constraints," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1556-1567 (2005).

S. Norimatsu, M. Maruoka, "Accurate $Q$-factor estimation of optically amplified systems in the presence of waveform distortion," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 19-27 (2002).

B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. P. Heritage, B. Mukherjee, "Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1713-1723 (1999).

V. T. Cartaxo, "Cross-phase modulation in intensity modulation-direct detection WDM systems with multiple optical amplifiers and dispersion compensators," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 178-190 (1999).

W. Zeiler, F. Di Pasquale, P. Bayvel, J. E. Midwinter, "Modelling of four-wave mixing and gain peaking in amplified WDM optical communication systems and networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 1933-1942 (1996).

K. Inoue, K. Nakanishi, K. Oda, "Crosstalk and power penalty due to fiber four-wave mixing in multichannels transmissions," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1423-1439 (1996).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Opt. Netw. Mag. (1)

H. Zang, J. P. Jue, B. Mukherjee, "A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical {WDM} networks," Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 47-60 (2000).

Proc. INFOCOM (1)

K. Manousakis, K. Christodoulopoulos, E. Varvarigos, "Impairment-aware offline rwa for transparent optical networks," Proc. INFOCOM 1557-1565 (2009).

Other (10)

S. Azodolmolky, Y. Pointurier, M. Angelou, J. Solé-Pareta, I. Tomkos, "An offline impairment aware RWA algorithm with dedicated path protection consideration," Proc. IEEE/OSA OFC (2009).

P. Kulkarni, A. Tzanakaki, C. Mas Machuka, I. Tomkos, "Benefits of $Q$-factor based routing in WDM metro networks," Proc. ECOC (2005) pp. 981-982.

D. Staessens, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, "Path protection in WSXC switched networks," Proc. ECOC (2008) pp. 1-2.

M. Ali Ezzahdi, S. Al Zahr, M. Koubaa, N. Puech, M. Gagnaire, "LERP: A quality of transmission dependent heuristic for routing and wavelength assignment in hybrid WDM networks," Proc. ICCCN (2006) pp. 125-136.

J. M. Simmons, Optical Network Design and Planning (Springer, 2008).

J. He, M. Brandt-Pearce, Y. Pointurier, S. Subramaniam, "Adaptive wavelength assignment using wavelength spectrum separation for distributed optical networks," Proc. ICC (2007) pp. 2406-2411.

R. Bhandari, Survivable Networks: Algorithms for Diverse Routing (Kluwer, 1999).

C. D. Cantrell, "Transparent optical metropolitan-area networks," Proc. IEEE LEOS (2003) pp. 608-609.

G. Markidis, S. Sygletos, A. Tzanakaki, I. Tomkos, "Impairment aware based routing and wavelength assignment in transparent long haul networks," Proc. IFIP ONDM (2007) pp. 48-57.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communications Systems (Wiley, 2002).

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