Abstract

A prism coupling based Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) technique, assembled in the laboratory, has been employed to study the optical properties of highly (006) oriented LiNbO$_{3}$ thin film in Kretschmann-Reather configuration. A (006) oriented LiNbO$_{3}$ film with c axis normal to the substrate surface is deposited at a substrate temperature of 500$^{\circ}$C on the face of BK7 glass prism using (002) ZnO buffer layer. The SPR data on oriented LiNbO$_{3}$ thin film is measured over a wide range of temperature (300 to 573 K) at 633 nm wavelength. No report is available in the literature on the temperature dependent optical and dielectric properties of c axis oriented LiNbO$_{3}$ thin film at optical frequency. Complex dielectric constant of the film is obtained in the present study by fitting the experimental SPR data with theory. The linear change in the refractive index and dielectric constant of the as grown (006) LiNbO$_{3}$ thin film with temperature (300–573 K) indicates the importance of SPR technique in probing temperature dependent optical properties of a thin film and shows the promising application of prepared multi-layered structure on prism as effective temperature sensor.

© 2010 IEEE

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  3. S. Shandilya, K. Sreenivas, V. Gupta, "Acousto-optical and SAW propagation characteristics of temperature stable multilayered structures based on LiNbO$_{3}$ and diamond," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 025108 (2008).
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2009 (2)

S. Saha, N. Mehan, K. Sreenivas, V. Gupta, "Temperature dependent optical properties of (002) oriented ZnO thin film using surface plasmon resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 071106 (2009).

S. Shandilya, M. Tomar, K. Sreenivas, V. Gupta, "Structural and interfacial defects in $c$ axis oriented LiNbO$_{3}$ thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition on Si using Al : ZnO conducting layer," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42, 095303 (2009).

2008 (2)

L. Pierno, M. Dispenza, A. Secchi, A. Fiorello, V. Foglietti, "A lithium niobate electro-optic tunable Bragg filter fabricated by electron beam lithography," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 064017 (2008).

S. Shandilya, K. Sreenivas, V. Gupta, "Acousto-optical and SAW propagation characteristics of temperature stable multilayered structures based on LiNbO$_{3}$ and diamond," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 025108 (2008).

2007 (1)

S. Zhang, L. Berguiga, J. Elezgaray, T. Roland, C. F. Moskalenko, F. Argoul, "Surface plasmon resonance characterization of thermally evaporated thin gold films," Surf. Sci. 601, 5445-5458 (2007).

2006 (2)

M. Skorobogatiya, A. V. Kabashin, "Photon crystal waveguide-based surface plasmon resonance biosensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 143518 (2006).

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, I.-B. Sohn, S.-C. Choi, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, W.-S. Yang, H.-M. Lee, W.-K. Kim, H.-Y. Lee, "Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171103 (2006).

2004 (2)

V. Gupta, P. Bhattacharya, Yu. I. Yuzyuk, R. S. Katiyar, M. Tomar, K. Sreenivas, "Growth and characterization of c axis oriented LiNbO$_{3}$ film on a transparent conducting Al:ZnO inter-layer on Si," J. Mater. Res. 19, 2235-2239 (2004).

N. Mehan, V. Gupta, K. Sreenivas, A. Mansingh, "Effect of annealing on refractive indexes of radio-frequency magnetron sputtered wave guiding zinc oxide films on glass," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3134-3139 (2004).

2002 (1)

D. Xue, N. Iyi, K. Kitamura, "Predicting temperature dependence of the refractive index and nonlinear optical coefficients in lithium niobate," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 4638-4643 (2002).

2001 (3)

D. Xue, K. Betzler, H. Hesse, "Second order nonlinear optical properties of In-doped lithium niobate," J. Appl. Phys. 89, 849-854 (2001).

M. Tomar, V. Gupta, A. Mansingh, K. Sreenivas, "Temperature stability of $c$ axis oriented LiNbO$_{3}$/SiO $_{2}$/Si thin film layered structures," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 34, 2267-2273 (2001).

C. W. Lin, Y. T. Liou, C. Y. Huang, J. P. Chiu, T. S. Kou, "A dual mode fiber optical SPR chemical microsensor," Proc. SPIE Biophotonics Instrumentation and Analysis, 4597, 151-156 (2001).

2000 (1)

N. G. R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhauss, D. J. Richardson, D. C. Hanna, "Hexagonally poled lithium niobate: A two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4345-4348 (2000).

1996 (3)

V. Gupta, A. Mansingh, "Influence of post deposition annealing on the structural and optical properties of sputtered zinc oxide film," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 1063-1073 (1996).

S. Tan, G. T. Hung, C.-Y. , T. E. Schlesinger, "Sputter deposited $c$-oriented LiNbO$_{3}$ thin films on SiO$_{2}$," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3548-3553 (1996).

S. Tan, T. Gilbert, C. Y. Hung, T. E. Schlesinger, "Sputter deposited $c$ -oriented LiNbO$_{3}$ thin films on SiO$_{2}$," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3548-3553 (1996).

1993 (2)

A. M. Marsh, S. D. Harkness, F. Qian, R. K. Singh, "Pulsed laser deposition of high quality LiNbO$_{3}$ films on sapphire," Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 952-954 (1993).

M. Shimizu, Y. Furushima, T. Nishida, T. Shiosaki, "Preparation and optical waveguide properties of LiNbO$_{3}$ thin films by RF magnetron sputtering," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, 4111-4114 (1993).

1985 (2)

Y. Levy, M. Jurich, J. D. Swalen, "Optical properties of thin layers of SiO$_{x}$," J. Appl. Phys. 57, 2601-2605 (1985).

A. Mansingh, A. Dhar, "The AC conductivity and dielectric constant of lithium niobate single crystals," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 18, 2059-2071 (1985).

1981 (1)

1974 (1)

D. Kalymniost, M. T. V. Scibor-Rylskit, "An LiNbO$_{3}$ TIR modulator as $Q$-switch," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 7, L79-L89 (1974).

1966 (1)

M. V. Hobden, J. Warner, "The temperature dependence of the refractive indexes of pure lithium niobate," Phys. Lett. 22, 243-244 (1966).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, I.-B. Sohn, S.-C. Choi, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, W.-S. Yang, H.-M. Lee, W.-K. Kim, H.-Y. Lee, "Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171103 (2006).

A. M. Marsh, S. D. Harkness, F. Qian, R. K. Singh, "Pulsed laser deposition of high quality LiNbO$_{3}$ films on sapphire," Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 952-954 (1993).

M. Skorobogatiya, A. V. Kabashin, "Photon crystal waveguide-based surface plasmon resonance biosensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 143518 (2006).

S. Saha, N. Mehan, K. Sreenivas, V. Gupta, "Temperature dependent optical properties of (002) oriented ZnO thin film using surface plasmon resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 071106 (2009).

J. Appl. Phys. (7)

Y. Levy, M. Jurich, J. D. Swalen, "Optical properties of thin layers of SiO$_{x}$," J. Appl. Phys. 57, 2601-2605 (1985).

S. Tan, T. Gilbert, C. Y. Hung, T. E. Schlesinger, "Sputter deposited $c$ -oriented LiNbO$_{3}$ thin films on SiO$_{2}$," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3548-3553 (1996).

D. Xue, K. Betzler, H. Hesse, "Second order nonlinear optical properties of In-doped lithium niobate," J. Appl. Phys. 89, 849-854 (2001).

S. Tan, G. T. Hung, C.-Y. , T. E. Schlesinger, "Sputter deposited $c$-oriented LiNbO$_{3}$ thin films on SiO$_{2}$," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3548-3553 (1996).

V. Gupta, A. Mansingh, "Influence of post deposition annealing on the structural and optical properties of sputtered zinc oxide film," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 1063-1073 (1996).

N. Mehan, V. Gupta, K. Sreenivas, A. Mansingh, "Effect of annealing on refractive indexes of radio-frequency magnetron sputtered wave guiding zinc oxide films on glass," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3134-3139 (2004).

D. Xue, N. Iyi, K. Kitamura, "Predicting temperature dependence of the refractive index and nonlinear optical coefficients in lithium niobate," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 4638-4643 (2002).

J. Mater. Res. (1)

V. Gupta, P. Bhattacharya, Yu. I. Yuzyuk, R. S. Katiyar, M. Tomar, K. Sreenivas, "Growth and characterization of c axis oriented LiNbO$_{3}$ film on a transparent conducting Al:ZnO inter-layer on Si," J. Mater. Res. 19, 2235-2239 (2004).

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

L. Pierno, M. Dispenza, A. Secchi, A. Fiorello, V. Foglietti, "A lithium niobate electro-optic tunable Bragg filter fabricated by electron beam lithography," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 064017 (2008).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (5)

A. Mansingh, A. Dhar, "The AC conductivity and dielectric constant of lithium niobate single crystals," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 18, 2059-2071 (1985).

M. Tomar, V. Gupta, A. Mansingh, K. Sreenivas, "Temperature stability of $c$ axis oriented LiNbO$_{3}$/SiO $_{2}$/Si thin film layered structures," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 34, 2267-2273 (2001).

S. Shandilya, K. Sreenivas, V. Gupta, "Acousto-optical and SAW propagation characteristics of temperature stable multilayered structures based on LiNbO$_{3}$ and diamond," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 025108 (2008).

D. Kalymniost, M. T. V. Scibor-Rylskit, "An LiNbO$_{3}$ TIR modulator as $Q$-switch," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 7, L79-L89 (1974).

S. Shandilya, M. Tomar, K. Sreenivas, V. Gupta, "Structural and interfacial defects in $c$ axis oriented LiNbO$_{3}$ thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition on Si using Al : ZnO conducting layer," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42, 095303 (2009).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Shimizu, Y. Furushima, T. Nishida, T. Shiosaki, "Preparation and optical waveguide properties of LiNbO$_{3}$ thin films by RF magnetron sputtering," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, 4111-4114 (1993).

Phys. Lett. (1)

M. V. Hobden, J. Warner, "The temperature dependence of the refractive indexes of pure lithium niobate," Phys. Lett. 22, 243-244 (1966).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

N. G. R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhauss, D. J. Richardson, D. C. Hanna, "Hexagonally poled lithium niobate: A two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4345-4348 (2000).

Proc. SPIE Biophotonics Instrumentation and Analysis, (1)

C. W. Lin, Y. T. Liou, C. Y. Huang, J. P. Chiu, T. S. Kou, "A dual mode fiber optical SPR chemical microsensor," Proc. SPIE Biophotonics Instrumentation and Analysis, 4597, 151-156 (2001).

Surf. Sci. (1)

S. Zhang, L. Berguiga, J. Elezgaray, T. Roland, C. F. Moskalenko, F. Argoul, "Surface plasmon resonance characterization of thermally evaporated thin gold films," Surf. Sci. 601, 5445-5458 (2007).

Other (3)

O. S. Heavens, Optical Properties of Thin Solid Films (Butterworths Scientific, 1955).

Y. W. Shin, O. Eknoyan, C. K. Madsen, H. F. Taylor, "Rapidly tunable optical add drop multiplexer in Ti:LiNbO$_{3}$ utilizing non-polarizing beam splitters," Proc. OFC (2008) pp. 1.

D. Xue, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, "Linear and second-order nonlinear optical dielectric behaviors of lithium niobate single crystals at high temperatures," Pro. 13th IEEE Int. Symp. Volume, App. Ferroelectr. (2002) pp. 399402 .

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