Abstract

High spatial $({\sim} {\hbox {cm}})$ and spectral $({\sim} {\hbox {MHz}})$ resolution Brillouin sensing is realized with enhanced signal to noise ratio using a pre-activated acoustic field and an optical phase control over the interrogating pulse. Pre-activation of the acoustic field preserves the Brillouin natural linewidth and a differential gain technique extends the method to long ranges. Experimentally, fully resolved measurements of the Brillouin frequency shift of a 5 cm spot perturbation at the far end of a 5 km fiber have been performed with a frequency resolution of 3 MHz $(2\sigma)$, using a 500 ps (5 cm) $\pi$ phase shift pulse.

© 2010 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Kurashima, T. Horuguchi, M. Tateda, "Distributed-temperature sensing using stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical silica fibers," Opt. Lett. 15, 1038-1040 (1990).
  2. X. Bao, D. J. Webb, D. A. Jackson, "32-Km distributed temperature sensor using Brillouin loss in optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 18, 1561-1563 (1993).
  3. M. Nikles, L. Thévenaz, P. A. Robert, "Simple distributed fiber sensor based on Brillouin gain spectrum analysis," Opt Lett. 21, (1996).
  4. T. Kurashima, T. Horiguchi, H. Izumita, S. Furukawa, Y. Koyamada, "Brillouin optical fiber time domain reflectometry," IEICE Trans. Commun. E76-B, 382-390 (2008).
  5. A. Fellay, L. Thévenaz, M. Facchini, M. Nikles, P. Robert, "Distributed sensing using stimulated Brillouin scattering: Towards ultimate resolution," Proc. 12th Int. Conf. Opt. Fiber Sensors (1997) pp. 324-327.
  6. G. Agrawal, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 2008).
  7. D. Garus, T. Gogolla, K. Krebber, F. Schliep, "Brillouin opticalfiber frequency-domain analysis for distributed temperature and strain measurements," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 654-662 (1997).
  8. K. Hotate, M. Tanaka, "Distributed fiber Brillouin strain sensing with 1-cm spatial resolution by correlation-based continuous-wave technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 179-181 (2002).
  9. X. Bao, A. Brown, M. DeMerchant, J. Smith, "Characterization of the Brillouin-loss spectrum of single-mode fibers by use of very short (10-ns) pulses," Opt. Lett. 24, 510-512 (1999).
  10. V. Lecoeuche, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, "Transient response in high-resolution Brillouin-based distributed sensing using probe pulses shorter than the acoustic relaxation time," Opt. Lett. 25, 156-158 (2000).
  11. L. Zou, X. Bao, Y. Wan, L. Chen, "Coherent probe-pump-based Brillouin sensor for centimeter-crack detection," Opt. Lett. 30, 370-372 (2005).
  12. A. W. Brown, B. G. Colpitts, "Dark-Pulse Brillouin optical time-domain sensor with 20-mm spatial resolution," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 381-386 (2007).
  13. K. Kishida, C.-H. Li, Structural Health Monitoring and Intelligent Infrastructure (Taylor & Francis, 2006) pp. 471-477.
  14. L. Thévenaz, S. M. Foaleng, "Distributed fiber sensing using Brillouin echoes," Proc. 19th Int. Conf. Opt. Fiber Sensors (2008) pp. 70043N-70044.
  15. S. M. Foaleng, J.-C. Beugnot, L. Thévenaz, "Optimized configuration for high resolution distributed sensing using Brillouin echoes," Proc. 20th Int. Conf. Opt. Fiber Sens. (2009) pp. 75032C-4.
  16. W. Li, X. Bao, Y. Li, L. Chen, "Differential pulse-width pair BOTDA for high spatial resolution sensing," Opt. Exp. 16, 21616-21625 (2008).
  17. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 2008).
  18. L. Thévenaz, J.-C. Beugnot, "General analytical model for distributed Brillouin sensors with sub-meter spatial resolution," Pro. 20th Int. Conf. Optical Fiber Sens. SPIE (2009) pp. 7503.
  19. S. Diaz, S. M. Foaleng, M. Lopez-Amo, L. Thévenaz, "A high-performance optical time-domain Brillouin distributed fiber sensor," IEEE Sensors J. 8, 1268-1272 (2008).
  20. M. Niklès, L. Thévenaz, P. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).
  21. T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, Y. Koyamada, "Development of a distributed sensing technique using Brillouin scattering," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 1296-1302 (1995).
  22. E. Geinitz, S. Jetschke, U. Röpke, S. Schröter, R. Willsch, H. Bartelt, "The influence of pulse amplification on distributed fiber-optic Brillouin sensing and a method to compensate for systematic errors," Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 112-116 (1999).
  23. R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, "Fiber Brillouin amplifiers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 21, 105-112 (1989).
  24. N. A. Olsson, J. P. Van Der Ziel, "Characteristics of a semiconductor laser pumped Brillouin amplifier with electronically controlled bandwidth," J. Lightw. Technol. 1, 147-150 (1987).

2008 (3)

T. Kurashima, T. Horiguchi, H. Izumita, S. Furukawa, Y. Koyamada, "Brillouin optical fiber time domain reflectometry," IEICE Trans. Commun. E76-B, 382-390 (2008).

W. Li, X. Bao, Y. Li, L. Chen, "Differential pulse-width pair BOTDA for high spatial resolution sensing," Opt. Exp. 16, 21616-21625 (2008).

S. Diaz, S. M. Foaleng, M. Lopez-Amo, L. Thévenaz, "A high-performance optical time-domain Brillouin distributed fiber sensor," IEEE Sensors J. 8, 1268-1272 (2008).

2007 (1)

A. W. Brown, B. G. Colpitts, "Dark-Pulse Brillouin optical time-domain sensor with 20-mm spatial resolution," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 381-386 (2007).

2005 (1)

2002 (1)

K. Hotate, M. Tanaka, "Distributed fiber Brillouin strain sensing with 1-cm spatial resolution by correlation-based continuous-wave technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 179-181 (2002).

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

E. Geinitz, S. Jetschke, U. Röpke, S. Schröter, R. Willsch, H. Bartelt, "The influence of pulse amplification on distributed fiber-optic Brillouin sensing and a method to compensate for systematic errors," Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 112-116 (1999).

X. Bao, A. Brown, M. DeMerchant, J. Smith, "Characterization of the Brillouin-loss spectrum of single-mode fibers by use of very short (10-ns) pulses," Opt. Lett. 24, 510-512 (1999).

1997 (2)

D. Garus, T. Gogolla, K. Krebber, F. Schliep, "Brillouin opticalfiber frequency-domain analysis for distributed temperature and strain measurements," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 654-662 (1997).

M. Niklès, L. Thévenaz, P. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).

1996 (1)

M. Nikles, L. Thévenaz, P. A. Robert, "Simple distributed fiber sensor based on Brillouin gain spectrum analysis," Opt Lett. 21, (1996).

1995 (1)

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, Y. Koyamada, "Development of a distributed sensing technique using Brillouin scattering," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 1296-1302 (1995).

1993 (1)

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, "Fiber Brillouin amplifiers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 21, 105-112 (1989).

1987 (1)

N. A. Olsson, J. P. Van Der Ziel, "Characteristics of a semiconductor laser pumped Brillouin amplifier with electronically controlled bandwidth," J. Lightw. Technol. 1, 147-150 (1987).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Hotate, M. Tanaka, "Distributed fiber Brillouin strain sensing with 1-cm spatial resolution by correlation-based continuous-wave technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 179-181 (2002).

IEEE Sensors J. (1)

S. Diaz, S. M. Foaleng, M. Lopez-Amo, L. Thévenaz, "A high-performance optical time-domain Brillouin distributed fiber sensor," IEEE Sensors J. 8, 1268-1272 (2008).

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

T. Kurashima, T. Horiguchi, H. Izumita, S. Furukawa, Y. Koyamada, "Brillouin optical fiber time domain reflectometry," IEICE Trans. Commun. E76-B, 382-390 (2008).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

D. Garus, T. Gogolla, K. Krebber, F. Schliep, "Brillouin opticalfiber frequency-domain analysis for distributed temperature and strain measurements," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 654-662 (1997).

A. W. Brown, B. G. Colpitts, "Dark-Pulse Brillouin optical time-domain sensor with 20-mm spatial resolution," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 381-386 (2007).

M. Niklès, L. Thévenaz, P. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, Y. Koyamada, "Development of a distributed sensing technique using Brillouin scattering," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 1296-1302 (1995).

N. A. Olsson, J. P. Van Der Ziel, "Characteristics of a semiconductor laser pumped Brillouin amplifier with electronically controlled bandwidth," J. Lightw. Technol. 1, 147-150 (1987).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

E. Geinitz, S. Jetschke, U. Röpke, S. Schröter, R. Willsch, H. Bartelt, "The influence of pulse amplification on distributed fiber-optic Brillouin sensing and a method to compensate for systematic errors," Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 112-116 (1999).

Opt Lett. (1)

M. Nikles, L. Thévenaz, P. A. Robert, "Simple distributed fiber sensor based on Brillouin gain spectrum analysis," Opt Lett. 21, (1996).

Opt. Exp. (1)

W. Li, X. Bao, Y. Li, L. Chen, "Differential pulse-width pair BOTDA for high spatial resolution sensing," Opt. Exp. 16, 21616-21625 (2008).

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, "Fiber Brillouin amplifiers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 21, 105-112 (1989).

Other (7)

A. Fellay, L. Thévenaz, M. Facchini, M. Nikles, P. Robert, "Distributed sensing using stimulated Brillouin scattering: Towards ultimate resolution," Proc. 12th Int. Conf. Opt. Fiber Sensors (1997) pp. 324-327.

G. Agrawal, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 2008).

K. Kishida, C.-H. Li, Structural Health Monitoring and Intelligent Infrastructure (Taylor & Francis, 2006) pp. 471-477.

L. Thévenaz, S. M. Foaleng, "Distributed fiber sensing using Brillouin echoes," Proc. 19th Int. Conf. Opt. Fiber Sensors (2008) pp. 70043N-70044.

S. M. Foaleng, J.-C. Beugnot, L. Thévenaz, "Optimized configuration for high resolution distributed sensing using Brillouin echoes," Proc. 20th Int. Conf. Opt. Fiber Sens. (2009) pp. 75032C-4.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 2008).

L. Thévenaz, J.-C. Beugnot, "General analytical model for distributed Brillouin sensors with sub-meter spatial resolution," Pro. 20th Int. Conf. Optical Fiber Sens. SPIE (2009) pp. 7503.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.