Abstract

We propose, characterise and demonstrate a photonic multistage switching circuit operating at 160 Gb/s serial line rates. The circuit is realised on a re-grown active-passive wafer exploiting multiple stages of loss-compensating semiconductor optical amplifier crossbar switch elements. Excellent 40 dB crosstalk extinction is achieved, with signal to noise ratios of up to 39 dB/0.06 nm. Low loss circuit operation is presented, with the prospect of gain if antireflection coatings are applied at the input and output facet.Bit error rate studies show only modest levels of signal degradation under both static and dynamic operation. For static operation, power penalties of 0.6 dB and 1.2 dB are measured for two and four switch stages respectively. Dynamic switching is demonstrated with a power penalty of order 2.2 dB.The combined demonstration of a multistage monolithic photonic circuit and high line rate signal processing represents an important milestone towards ultrahigh data density optoelectronic signal processing.

© 2010 IEEE

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  30. Avtech Electrosystems Ottawa www.avtechpulse.com.

2009 (3)

I. H. White, E. T. Aw, K. Williams, H. Wang, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, "Scalable optical switches for computing applications," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 8, 215-224 (2009).

A. Albores-Mejia, K. A. Williams, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, M. K. Smit, R. Notzel, "Integrated 2$\,\times\,$2 quantum dot optical crossbar switch in 1.55 $\mu$m wavelength range," IET Electron. Lett. 45, 313-314 (2009).

M. J. R. Heck, A. La Porta, X. J. M. Leijtens, L. M. Augustin, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, R. Nötzel, R. Gaudino, D. J. Robbins, M. K. Smit, "Monolithic AWG-based discretely tunable laser diode with nanosecond switching speed," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 905-907 (2009).

2008 (2)

O. Liboiron-Ladoucceur, A. Shacham, B. A. Small, B. G. Lee, H. Wang, C. P. Lai, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, "The data vortex optical packet switched interconnection network," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1777-1789 (2008).

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, M. T. Hill, J. H. C. van Zantvoort, J. H. den Besten, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, Y.-S. Oei, X. J. M. Leijtens, M. K. Smit, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, "Ultrafast all-optical wavelength routing of data packets utilizing an SOA-based wavelength converter and a monolithically integrated optical Flip–Flop," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 801-807 (2008).

2007 (3)

M. Scaffardi, N. Andriolli, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Fresi, P. Castoldi, L. Poti, A. Bogoni, "Photonic combinatorial network for contention management in 160 Gb/s interconnection networks based on all-optical 2$\,\times\,$2 switching elements," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 1531-1539 (2007).

T. Lin, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Glick, "Capacity scaling in a multi-host wavelength striped SOA-based switch fabric," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 655-663 (2007).

K. A. Williams, "Integrated semiconductor optical amplifier-based switch fabrics for high capacity interconnects," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 6, 189-199 (2007).

2005 (1)

A. Shacham, B. G. Lee, K. Bergman, "A wideband nonblocking 2$\,\times\,$2 switching node for a Spin network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2742-2744 (2005).

2004 (1)

R. Varrazza, I. B. Djordjevic, S. Yu, "Active vertical-coupler-based optical crosspoint switch matrix for optical packet-switching applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2034-2042 (2004).

2000 (1)

K. E. Stubkjaer, "Semiconductor optical amplifier-based all-optical gates for high-speed optical processing," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 1428-1425 (2000).

1999 (1)

J. D. Thomson, H. D. Summers, P. J. Hulyer, P. M. Smowton, P. Blood, "Determination of single-pass optical gain and internal loss using a multisection device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2527-2529 (1999).

1998 (2)

G. A. Fish, B. Mason, L. A. Coldren, S. P. Den Baars, "Compact 4${\_}$4 InGaAsP–InP optical crossconnect with a scaleable architecture," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1256-1258 (1998).

J. Sasaki, H. Hatakeyama, T. Tamanuki, S. Kitamura, M. Yamaguchi, N. Kitamura, T. Shimoda, M. Kitamura, T. Kato, M. Itoh, "Hybrid integrated 4${\_}$4 optical matrix switch using self-aligned semiconductor optical amplifier gate arrays and silica planar lightwave circuit," Electron. Lett. 34, 986-987 (1998).

1996 (2)

M. Renaud, M. Bachmann, M. Erman, "Semiconductor optical space switches," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 277-288 (1996).

E. Almström, C. P. Larsen, L. Gillner, W. H. van Berlo, M. Gustavsson, E. Berglind, "Experimental and analytical evaluation of packaged 4$\_$4 InGaAsP/InP semiconductor optical amplifier gate switch matrices for optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 996-1004 (1996).

1991 (1)

M. G. Hluchyj, M. J. Karol, "ShuffleNet: An application of generalised perfect shuffles to multihop lightwave networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1386-1397 (1991).

1987 (1)

1980 (1)

C. Wu, T. Feng, "On a Class of Multistage Interconnection Networks," IEEE Trans. Comput. C-29, 694-702 (1980).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. D. Thomson, H. D. Summers, P. J. Hulyer, P. M. Smowton, P. Blood, "Determination of single-pass optical gain and internal loss using a multisection device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2527-2529 (1999).

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. Sasaki, H. Hatakeyama, T. Tamanuki, S. Kitamura, M. Yamaguchi, N. Kitamura, T. Shimoda, M. Kitamura, T. Kato, M. Itoh, "Hybrid integrated 4${\_}$4 optical matrix switch using self-aligned semiconductor optical amplifier gate arrays and silica planar lightwave circuit," Electron. Lett. 34, 986-987 (1998).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (4)

M. Renaud, M. Bachmann, M. Erman, "Semiconductor optical space switches," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 277-288 (1996).

K. E. Stubkjaer, "Semiconductor optical amplifier-based all-optical gates for high-speed optical processing," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 1428-1425 (2000).

M. Scaffardi, N. Andriolli, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Fresi, P. Castoldi, L. Poti, A. Bogoni, "Photonic combinatorial network for contention management in 160 Gb/s interconnection networks based on all-optical 2$\,\times\,$2 switching elements," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 1531-1539 (2007).

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, M. T. Hill, J. H. C. van Zantvoort, J. H. den Besten, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, Y.-S. Oei, X. J. M. Leijtens, M. K. Smit, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, "Ultrafast all-optical wavelength routing of data packets utilizing an SOA-based wavelength converter and a monolithically integrated optical Flip–Flop," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 801-807 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

A. Shacham, B. G. Lee, K. Bergman, "A wideband nonblocking 2$\,\times\,$2 switching node for a Spin network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2742-2744 (2005).

G. A. Fish, B. Mason, L. A. Coldren, S. P. Den Baars, "Compact 4${\_}$4 InGaAsP–InP optical crossconnect with a scaleable architecture," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1256-1258 (1998).

M. J. R. Heck, A. La Porta, X. J. M. Leijtens, L. M. Augustin, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, R. Nötzel, R. Gaudino, D. J. Robbins, M. K. Smit, "Monolithic AWG-based discretely tunable laser diode with nanosecond switching speed," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 905-907 (2009).

IEEE Trans. Comput. (1)

C. Wu, T. Feng, "On a Class of Multistage Interconnection Networks," IEEE Trans. Comput. C-29, 694-702 (1980).

IET Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Albores-Mejia, K. A. Williams, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, M. K. Smit, R. Notzel, "Integrated 2$\,\times\,$2 quantum dot optical crossbar switch in 1.55 $\mu$m wavelength range," IET Electron. Lett. 45, 313-314 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

M. G. Hluchyj, M. J. Karol, "ShuffleNet: An application of generalised perfect shuffles to multihop lightwave networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1386-1397 (1991).

R. Varrazza, I. B. Djordjevic, S. Yu, "Active vertical-coupler-based optical crosspoint switch matrix for optical packet-switching applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2034-2042 (2004).

E. Almström, C. P. Larsen, L. Gillner, W. H. van Berlo, M. Gustavsson, E. Berglind, "Experimental and analytical evaluation of packaged 4$\_$4 InGaAsP/InP semiconductor optical amplifier gate switch matrices for optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 996-1004 (1996).

O. Liboiron-Ladoucceur, A. Shacham, B. A. Small, B. G. Lee, H. Wang, C. P. Lai, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, "The data vortex optical packet switched interconnection network," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1777-1789 (2008).

T. Lin, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Glick, "Capacity scaling in a multi-host wavelength striped SOA-based switch fabric," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 655-663 (2007).

OSA J. Opt. Netw. (2)

I. H. White, E. T. Aw, K. Williams, H. Wang, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, "Scalable optical switches for computing applications," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 8, 215-224 (2009).

K. A. Williams, "Integrated semiconductor optical amplifier-based switch fabrics for high capacity interconnects," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 6, 189-199 (2007).

Other (11)

R. Luijtens, R. Grzybowski, "The OSMOSIS optical packet switch for supercomputers," Optical Fiber Communications Conference (2009).

N. Sahri, D. Prieto, S. Silvestre, D. Keller, F. Pommerau, M. Renaud, O. Rofidal, A. Dupas, F. Dorgeuille, D. Chiaroni, "A highly integrated 32-SOA gates optoelectronic module suitable for IP multi-Terabit optical packet routers," Proc. OFC (2001) pp. PD32-1-PD32-3.

H. Onaka, Y. Aoki, K. Sone, G. Kakawaga, Y. Kai, S. Yoshida, Y. Takita, K. Morito, S. Tanaka, S. Kinoshita, "WDM optical packet interconnection using multi-gate SOA switch architecture for peta-flops ultra-high-performance computing systems," Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhibition Opt. Commun. (2006).

Y. Kai, K. Sone, S. Yoshida, Y. Aoki, G. Nakagawa, S. Kinoshita, "A compact and lossless 8$\,\times\,$8 SOA gate switch subsystem for WDM optical packet interconnections," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2008).

H. Wang, A. Wonfor, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, I. H. White , "Demonstration of a lossless monolithic 16$\,\times\,$16 QW SOA switch," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2009).

A. Shacham, H. Wang, K. Bergman, "Experimental demonstration of a complete SPINet optical packet switched interconnection network," Proc. OFC (2007).

W. J. Dally, B. Townes, Principles and Practices in Interconnection Networks (Elsevier, 2003).

W. Kabacinski, Nonblocking Electronic and Photonic Switching Fabrics (Springer, 2005).

A. Albores-Mejia, K. A. Williams, F. Gomez-Agis, S. Zhang, H. J. S. Dorren, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, Y. S. Oei, M. J. R. Heck, R. Notzel, D. J. Robbins, M. K. Smit, "160 Gb/s serial line rates in a monolithic optoelectronic multistage interconnection network," Proc. 17th IEEE Symp. High Perf. Interconnects (2009) pp. 157-162.

S. Randel, B. Konrad, A. Hodzic, K. Petermann, "Influence of bitwise phase changes in the performance of 160 Gbit/s transmission systems," Proc. OFC (2002).

Avtech Electrosystems Ottawa www.avtechpulse.com.

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