Abstract

We have evaluated leakage losses of one-dimensional photonic crystal coupled resonator optical waveguides (1-D PC-CROW) by using three-dimensional finite element method (3-D FEM). We propose structure of 1-D PC-CROW with shifted position of air-hole, changed size of air-hole, and changed air-hole depth. We have also proposed air-bridge 1-D PC-CROW and evaluated group velocity and leakage losses of these CROWs. Our numerical results show that 1-D PC-CROW has large leakage losses, especially for vertical direction, and the proposed structure can reduce leakage losses. Leakage loss of 1-D PC-CROW with changed air-hole depth is two order of magnitude lower compared with normal structure.

© 2010 IEEE

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  29. K. C. Huang, E. Lidorikis, X. Jiang, J. D. Joannopoulos, K. A. Nelson, "Nature of lossy bloch states in polaritonic photonic crystals," Phys. Rev.B 69, 195111-1-195111-10 (2004).

2010 (1)

A. Melloni, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, L. O'Faolain, T. F. Krauss, R. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, "Tunable delay lines in silicon photonics: Coupled resonators and photonic crystals, a comparison," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 181-194 (2010).

2009 (1)

A. R. Md Zain, N. P. Johnson, M. Sorel, R. M. De La Rue, "High quality-factor 1-D-suspended photonic crystal/photonic wire silicon waveguide mico-cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1789-1791 (2009).

2008 (2)

Y. Kawaguchi, N. Kono, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Loss reduction mechanism for coupled cavity waveguides in one-dimensional photonic crystals," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3461-3467 (2008).

E. Kuramochi, T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, "Large-scale arrays of ultrahigh-$Q$ coupled nanocavities," Nat. Photon. 2, 741-747 (2008).

2007 (2)

P. Velha, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, J. Rodier, P. Lalanne, D. Peyrade, "Ultra-high Q/V-Fabry-Perot microcavity on SOI substrate," Opt. Exp. 15, 16090-16096 (2007).

A. Martinez, J. Garcia, P. Sanchis, F. C. Soto, J. Blasco, J. Marti, "Intrinsic losses of coupled-cavity waveguides in planar-photonic crystals," Opt. Lett. 32, 635-637 (2007).

2006 (3)

M. L. Povinelli, S. Fan, "Radiation loss of coupled-resonator optical waveguides in photonic-crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191114-191116 (2006).

J. K. Poon, L. Zhu, G. A. Derose, A. Yariv, "Transmission and group delay of microring coupled-resonator optical waveguides," Opt. Lett. 31, 456-458 (2006).

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, M. O'Boyle, Y. Vlasov, "Coupled resonator optical waveguides based on silicon-on-insulator photonic wires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041122-041124 (2006).

2005 (1)

N. Kono, M. Koshiba, "Three-dimensional finite element analysis of nonreciprocal phase shifts in magneto-photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Exp. 13, 9155-9166 (2005).

2004 (3)

K. C. Huang, E. Lidorikis, X. Jiang, J. D. Joannopoulos, K. A. Nelson, "Nature of lossy bloch states in polaritonic photonic crystals," Phys. Rev.B 69, 195111-1-195111-10 (2004).

T. J. Karle, Y. J. Chai, C. N. Morgan, I. H. White, T. F. Krauss, "Observation of pulse compression in photonic crystal coupled cavity waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 514-519 (2004).

J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, Y. Xu, A. Yariv, "Designing coupled-resonator optical waveguide delay lines," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1665-1673 (2004).

2003 (2)

W. J. Kim, W. Kuang, J. O'Brien, "Dispersion characteristics of photonic crystal coupled resonator optical waveguides," Opt. Exp. 11, 3431-3437 (2003).

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, "Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2-12 (2003).

2002 (6)

T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, M. Hirayama, Y. Sasaki, O. Moriwaki, I. Ogawa, R. Sato, K. Noguchi, M. Matsuoka, "Optical packet synchronizer using wavelength and space switching," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1360-1362 (2002).

S. Lan, S. Nishikawa, H. Ishikawa, O. Wada, "Engineering photonic crystal impurity bands for waveguides, all-optical switches and optical delay lines," IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 181-189 (2002).

S. Mookherjea, A. Yariv, "Coupled-resonator optical waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 448-456 (2002).

T. J. Karle, D. H. Brown, R. Wilson, M. Steer, T. F. Krauss, "Planar photonic crystal coupled cavity waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 909-918 (2002).

Y. Sugimoto, S. Lan, S. Nishikawa, N. Ikeda, H. Ishikawa, K. Asakawa, "Design and fabrication of impurity band-based photonic crystal waveguides for optical delay lines," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1946-1948 (2002).

S. Nishikawa, S. Lan, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, H. Ishikawa, K. Asakawa, "Optical characterization of photonic crystal delay lines based on one-dimensional coupled defects," Opt. Lett. 27, 2079-2081 (2002).

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, "Propagaion and second-harmonic generation of electromagnetic waves in a coupled-resonator optical waveguide," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 17, 387-400 (2000).

M. Bayindit, B. Temelkuran, E. Ozbay, "Propagation of photons by hopping: A waveguiding mechanism through localized coupled cavities in three-dimensional photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 61, R11855-R11857 (2000).

1999 (3)

A. Yariv, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, "Coupled-resonator optical waveguide: A proposal and analysis," Opt. Lett. 24, 711-713 (1999).

J. Leuthold, P. A. Besse, E. Gamper, M. Dulk, S. Fischer, G. Guekos, H. Melchior, "All-optical Mach-Zender interferometer wavelength converters and switches with integrated data- and control-signal separation scheme," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1056-1066 (1999).

J. Company, J. Cascon, D. Peter, B. Ortega, "Reconfigurable fiber-optic delay line filters incorporating electrooptic and electroabsorption modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1174-1176 (1999).

1998 (1)

N. Stefanou, A. Modinos, "Impurity bands in photonic insulators," Phys. Rev. B 57, 12127-12133 (1998).

1991 (1)

O. Schenk, K. Gatrner, "Solving unsymmetric sparse systems of linear equations with PARDISO," J. Fut. Gen. Comput. Syst. 27, 4032-4035 (1991).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, M. O'Boyle, Y. Vlasov, "Coupled resonator optical waveguides based on silicon-on-insulator photonic wires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041122-041124 (2006).

M. L. Povinelli, S. Fan, "Radiation loss of coupled-resonator optical waveguides in photonic-crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191114-191116 (2006).

Y. Sugimoto, S. Lan, S. Nishikawa, N. Ikeda, H. Ishikawa, K. Asakawa, "Design and fabrication of impurity band-based photonic crystal waveguides for optical delay lines," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1946-1948 (2002).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Mookherjea, A. Yariv, "Coupled-resonator optical waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 448-456 (2002).

T. J. Karle, D. H. Brown, R. Wilson, M. Steer, T. F. Krauss, "Planar photonic crystal coupled cavity waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 909-918 (2002).

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

A. Melloni, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, L. O'Faolain, T. F. Krauss, R. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, "Tunable delay lines in silicon photonics: Coupled resonators and photonic crystals, a comparison," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 181-194 (2010).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, M. Hirayama, Y. Sasaki, O. Moriwaki, I. Ogawa, R. Sato, K. Noguchi, M. Matsuoka, "Optical packet synchronizer using wavelength and space switching," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1360-1362 (2002).

J. Company, J. Cascon, D. Peter, B. Ortega, "Reconfigurable fiber-optic delay line filters incorporating electrooptic and electroabsorption modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1174-1176 (1999).

A. R. Md Zain, N. P. Johnson, M. Sorel, R. M. De La Rue, "High quality-factor 1-D-suspended photonic crystal/photonic wire silicon waveguide mico-cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1789-1791 (2009).

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

S. Lan, S. Nishikawa, H. Ishikawa, O. Wada, "Engineering photonic crystal impurity bands for waveguides, all-optical switches and optical delay lines," IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 181-189 (2002).

J. Fut. Gen. Comput. Syst. (1)

O. Schenk, K. Gatrner, "Solving unsymmetric sparse systems of linear equations with PARDISO," J. Fut. Gen. Comput. Syst. 27, 4032-4035 (1991).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

Y. Kawaguchi, N. Kono, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Loss reduction mechanism for coupled cavity waveguides in one-dimensional photonic crystals," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3461-3467 (2008).

T. J. Karle, Y. J. Chai, C. N. Morgan, I. H. White, T. F. Krauss, "Observation of pulse compression in photonic crystal coupled cavity waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 514-519 (2004).

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, "Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2-12 (2003).

J. Leuthold, P. A. Besse, E. Gamper, M. Dulk, S. Fischer, G. Guekos, H. Melchior, "All-optical Mach-Zender interferometer wavelength converters and switches with integrated data- and control-signal separation scheme," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1056-1066 (1999).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, "Propagaion and second-harmonic generation of electromagnetic waves in a coupled-resonator optical waveguide," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 17, 387-400 (2000).

Nat. Photon. (1)

E. Kuramochi, T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, "Large-scale arrays of ultrahigh-$Q$ coupled nanocavities," Nat. Photon. 2, 741-747 (2008).

Opt. Exp. (3)

W. J. Kim, W. Kuang, J. O'Brien, "Dispersion characteristics of photonic crystal coupled resonator optical waveguides," Opt. Exp. 11, 3431-3437 (2003).

N. Kono, M. Koshiba, "Three-dimensional finite element analysis of nonreciprocal phase shifts in magneto-photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Exp. 13, 9155-9166 (2005).

P. Velha, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, J. Rodier, P. Lalanne, D. Peyrade, "Ultra-high Q/V-Fabry-Perot microcavity on SOI substrate," Opt. Exp. 15, 16090-16096 (2007).

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

M. Bayindit, B. Temelkuran, E. Ozbay, "Propagation of photons by hopping: A waveguiding mechanism through localized coupled cavities in three-dimensional photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 61, R11855-R11857 (2000).

N. Stefanou, A. Modinos, "Impurity bands in photonic insulators," Phys. Rev. B 57, 12127-12133 (1998).

Phys. Rev.B (1)

K. C. Huang, E. Lidorikis, X. Jiang, J. D. Joannopoulos, K. A. Nelson, "Nature of lossy bloch states in polaritonic photonic crystals," Phys. Rev.B 69, 195111-1-195111-10 (2004).

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