Abstract

Coupling between a single-mode ring resonator and a two-mode bus waveguide is investigated theoretically and experimentally to achieve sharp resonant lineshape slopes of the difference of the two mode power transmissions. Fano-shaped output lineshapes are shown to depend on the coupling coefficients, relative power distribution, and relative phase difference of the two input modes. A device is fabricated in a polymer and silicon dioxide material system by a photolithographic process. The transmissions of the two modes are measured via on-chip add-drop mode filters. Measurements of the two-mode-coupled resonator device result in a lineshape slope of 27.1 nm$^{-1}$. The technique exploits spatial mode orthogonality to realize co-located coupling ports to the resonator. Photonic circuit layouts are simplified and the number of waveguide crossings are reduced in applications utilizing a dense array of resonators producing sharp asymmetrical Fano-shaped resonance transmissions.

© 2010 IEEE

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  5. C.-Y. Chao, L. J. Guo, "Biochemical sensors based on polymer microrings with sharp asymmetrical resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1527-1529 (2003).
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2009 (2)

A. C. Ruege, R. M. Reano, "Multimode waveguides coupled to single mode ring resonators," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2035-2043 (2009).

F. Wang, X. Wang, H. Zhou, Q. Zhou, Y. Hao, X. Jiang, M. Wang, J. Yang, "Fano-resonance-based Mach–Zehnder optical switch employing dual-bus coupled ring resonator as two-beam interferometer," Opt. Exp. 17, 7708-7716 (2009).

2008 (2)

L. Li, X. Zhang, L. Chen, "Optical bistability and Fano-like resonance transmission in a ring cavity-coupled Michelson interferometer," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 075305 (2008).

F. Xu, A. W. Poon, "Silicon cross-connect filters using microring resonator coupled multimode-interference-based waveguide crossings," Opt. Exp. 16, 8649-8657 (2008).

2007 (3)

E. J. Klein, P. Urban, G. Sengo, L. T. H. Hilderink, M. Hoekman, R. Pellens, P. van Dijk, A. Driessen, "Densely integrated microring resonator based photonic devices for use in access networks," Opt. Exp. 15, 10346-10355 (2007).

L. Zhou, A. W. Poon, "Fano resonance-based electrically reconfigurable add-drop filters in silicon microring resonator-coupled Mach–Zehnder interferometers," Opt. Lett. 32, 781-783 (2007).

M. Sumetsky, "Optimization of optical ring resonator devices for sensing applications," Opt. Lett. 32, 2577-2579 (2007).

2006 (1)

L. Y. Mario, S. Darmawan, M. K. Chin, "Asymmetric Fano resonance and bistability for high extinction ratio, large modulation depth, and low power switching," Opt. Exp. 14, 12770-12781 (2006).

2005 (1)

M. Greenberg, M. Orenstein, "Multimode add-drop multiplexing by adiabatic linearly tapered coupling," Opt. Exp. 13, 9381-9387 (2005).

2004 (1)

Y. Hatakeyama, T. Hanai, S. Suzuki, Y. Kokubun, "Loss-less multilevel crossing of busline waveguide in vertically coupled microring resonator filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 473-475 (2004).

2003 (2)

C.-Y. Chao, L. J. Guo, "Biochemical sensors based on polymer microrings with sharp asymmetrical resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1527-1529 (2003).

S. Fan, W. Suh, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Temporal coupled-mode theory for the Fano resonance in optical resonators," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 20, 569-572 (2003).

2000 (1)

A. Yariv, "Universal relations for coupling of optical power between microresonators and dielectric waveguides," Electron. Lett. 36, 321-322 (2000).

1989 (1)

J. Pietzsch, "Scattering matrix analysis of 3$\,\times\,$3 fiber couplers," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 303-307 (1989).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C.-Y. Chao, L. J. Guo, "Biochemical sensors based on polymer microrings with sharp asymmetrical resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1527-1529 (2003).

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Yariv, "Universal relations for coupling of optical power between microresonators and dielectric waveguides," Electron. Lett. 36, 321-322 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Hatakeyama, T. Hanai, S. Suzuki, Y. Kokubun, "Loss-less multilevel crossing of busline waveguide in vertically coupled microring resonator filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 473-475 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

A. C. Ruege, R. M. Reano, "Multimode waveguides coupled to single mode ring resonators," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2035-2043 (2009).

J. Pietzsch, "Scattering matrix analysis of 3$\,\times\,$3 fiber couplers," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 303-307 (1989).

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

L. Li, X. Zhang, L. Chen, "Optical bistability and Fano-like resonance transmission in a ring cavity-coupled Michelson interferometer," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 075305 (2008).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A (1)

S. Fan, W. Suh, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Temporal coupled-mode theory for the Fano resonance in optical resonators," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 20, 569-572 (2003).

Opt. Exp. (5)

E. J. Klein, P. Urban, G. Sengo, L. T. H. Hilderink, M. Hoekman, R. Pellens, P. van Dijk, A. Driessen, "Densely integrated microring resonator based photonic devices for use in access networks," Opt. Exp. 15, 10346-10355 (2007).

F. Xu, A. W. Poon, "Silicon cross-connect filters using microring resonator coupled multimode-interference-based waveguide crossings," Opt. Exp. 16, 8649-8657 (2008).

F. Wang, X. Wang, H. Zhou, Q. Zhou, Y. Hao, X. Jiang, M. Wang, J. Yang, "Fano-resonance-based Mach–Zehnder optical switch employing dual-bus coupled ring resonator as two-beam interferometer," Opt. Exp. 17, 7708-7716 (2009).

L. Y. Mario, S. Darmawan, M. K. Chin, "Asymmetric Fano resonance and bistability for high extinction ratio, large modulation depth, and low power switching," Opt. Exp. 14, 12770-12781 (2006).

M. Greenberg, M. Orenstein, "Multimode add-drop multiplexing by adiabatic linearly tapered coupling," Opt. Exp. 13, 9381-9387 (2005).

Opt. Lett. (2)

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