Abstract

We have characterized the performance of a single-ended intradyne receiver when multiple wavelength-division multiplexed (WDM) channels are incident. Detection of a single 40 Gb/s dual-polarization QPSK channel is achieved within a band of up to 17 WDM channels using a receiver with real-time digital signal processing and without optical demultiplexing. Measurements are presented of the performance in a back-to-back configuration as well as after transmission over 400 km of standard single-mode fiber. The dependence of the coincident channels' interference on various parameters, such as the net chromatic dispersion and the orientation of the coincident channels' polarization tributaries relative to the receiver polarizer, is explored. We also investigate using a single interfering channel with its power appropriately scaled to represent multiple interfering channels as an alternative configuration for evaluating receiver performance. The single-interferer approach has significant disadvantages including increased polarization sensitivity and different scaling of the interference term arising from the channel-channel beating compared to true multi-channel interference.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. M. D. Feuer, D. C. Kilper, S. L. Woodward, Opt. Fiber Telecommun. Volume B: Syst. Netw (Elsevier, 2008) pp. 293-344.
  2. E. J. Bachus, R.-P. Braun, C. Caspar, E. Grossman, H. Foisel, K. Heimes, H. Lamping, B. Strebel, F.-J. Westphal, "Ten-channel coherent optical fibre transmission," Electron. Lett. 22, 1002-1003 (1986).
  3. L. Kazovsky, "Multichannel coherent optical communications systems," J. Lightw. Technology 5, 1095-1102 (1987).
  4. D. W. Smith, "Techniques for multigigabit coherent optical transmission," J. Lightw. Technology 5, 1466-1478 (1987).
  5. B. Glance, K. Pollack, C. A. Burrus, B. L. Kasper, G. Eisenstein, L. W. Stulz, "WDM coherent optical star network," J. Lightw. Technology 6, 67-72 (1988).
  6. G. D. Khoe, G. Heydt, I. Borges, P. Demeester, A. Ebberg, A. Labrujere, J. Rawsthorne, "Coherent multicarrier technology for implementation in the customer access," J. Lightw. Technology 11, 695-713 (1993).
  7. S. Ryu, S. Akiba, "Eight-wavelength, densely-spaced coherent WDM recirculating-loop experiments at 2.5 Gbit/s over 600 km," Electron. Lett. 30, 1613-1615 (1994).
  8. S. Camatel, V. Ferrero, "2.5-Gb/s BPSK ultradense WDM homodyne coherent detection using a subcarrier-based optical phase-locked loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1919-1921 (2006).
  9. S. Narikawa, N. Sakurai, K. Kumozaki, T. Imai, "Coherent WDM-PON based on heterodyne detection with digital signal processing for simple ONU structure," Proc. ECOC 2006 (2006).
  10. H. Sun, K.-T. Wu, K. Roberts, "Real-time measurements of a 40 Gb/s coherent system," Opt. Exp. 16, 873-879 (2008).
  11. L. E. Nelson, S. L. Woodward, P. D. Magill, S. Foo, M. Moyer, M. O'Sullivan, "Real-time detection of a 40 Gbps intradyne channel in the presence of multiple received WDM channels," Proc. OFC-NFOEC 2010 (2010).
  12. L. E. Nelson, S. L. Woodward, S. Foo, X. Zhou, M. D. Feuer, D. Hanson, D. McGhan, H. Sun, M. Moyer, M. O. Sullivan, P. D. Magill, "Performance of a 46-Gbps dual-polarization QPSK transceiver with real-time coherent equalization over high PMD fiber," J. Lightw. Technology 27, 158-169 (2009).
  13. S. L. Woodward, L. E. Nelson, M. D. Feuer, X. Zhou, P. D. Magill, S. Foo, D. Hanson, D. McGhan, H. Sun, M. Moyer, M. O'Sullivan, "Characterization of real-time PMD and chromatic dispersion monitoring in a high-PMD 46-Gbps transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2048-2050 (2008).
  14. S. L. Woodward, L. E. Nelson, P. D. Magill, S. Foo, M. Moyer, M. O'Sullivan, "A shared PMD and chromatic dispersion monitor based on a coherent receiver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 22, 706-708 (2010).

2010

S. L. Woodward, L. E. Nelson, P. D. Magill, S. Foo, M. Moyer, M. O'Sullivan, "A shared PMD and chromatic dispersion monitor based on a coherent receiver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 22, 706-708 (2010).

2009

L. E. Nelson, S. L. Woodward, S. Foo, X. Zhou, M. D. Feuer, D. Hanson, D. McGhan, H. Sun, M. Moyer, M. O. Sullivan, P. D. Magill, "Performance of a 46-Gbps dual-polarization QPSK transceiver with real-time coherent equalization over high PMD fiber," J. Lightw. Technology 27, 158-169 (2009).

2008

S. L. Woodward, L. E. Nelson, M. D. Feuer, X. Zhou, P. D. Magill, S. Foo, D. Hanson, D. McGhan, H. Sun, M. Moyer, M. O'Sullivan, "Characterization of real-time PMD and chromatic dispersion monitoring in a high-PMD 46-Gbps transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2048-2050 (2008).

H. Sun, K.-T. Wu, K. Roberts, "Real-time measurements of a 40 Gb/s coherent system," Opt. Exp. 16, 873-879 (2008).

2006

S. Camatel, V. Ferrero, "2.5-Gb/s BPSK ultradense WDM homodyne coherent detection using a subcarrier-based optical phase-locked loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1919-1921 (2006).

1994

S. Ryu, S. Akiba, "Eight-wavelength, densely-spaced coherent WDM recirculating-loop experiments at 2.5 Gbit/s over 600 km," Electron. Lett. 30, 1613-1615 (1994).

1993

G. D. Khoe, G. Heydt, I. Borges, P. Demeester, A. Ebberg, A. Labrujere, J. Rawsthorne, "Coherent multicarrier technology for implementation in the customer access," J. Lightw. Technology 11, 695-713 (1993).

1988

B. Glance, K. Pollack, C. A. Burrus, B. L. Kasper, G. Eisenstein, L. W. Stulz, "WDM coherent optical star network," J. Lightw. Technology 6, 67-72 (1988).

1987

L. Kazovsky, "Multichannel coherent optical communications systems," J. Lightw. Technology 5, 1095-1102 (1987).

D. W. Smith, "Techniques for multigigabit coherent optical transmission," J. Lightw. Technology 5, 1466-1478 (1987).

1986

E. J. Bachus, R.-P. Braun, C. Caspar, E. Grossman, H. Foisel, K. Heimes, H. Lamping, B. Strebel, F.-J. Westphal, "Ten-channel coherent optical fibre transmission," Electron. Lett. 22, 1002-1003 (1986).

Electron. Lett.

E. J. Bachus, R.-P. Braun, C. Caspar, E. Grossman, H. Foisel, K. Heimes, H. Lamping, B. Strebel, F.-J. Westphal, "Ten-channel coherent optical fibre transmission," Electron. Lett. 22, 1002-1003 (1986).

S. Ryu, S. Akiba, "Eight-wavelength, densely-spaced coherent WDM recirculating-loop experiments at 2.5 Gbit/s over 600 km," Electron. Lett. 30, 1613-1615 (1994).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett

S. L. Woodward, L. E. Nelson, P. D. Magill, S. Foo, M. Moyer, M. O'Sullivan, "A shared PMD and chromatic dispersion monitor based on a coherent receiver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 22, 706-708 (2010).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

S. L. Woodward, L. E. Nelson, M. D. Feuer, X. Zhou, P. D. Magill, S. Foo, D. Hanson, D. McGhan, H. Sun, M. Moyer, M. O'Sullivan, "Characterization of real-time PMD and chromatic dispersion monitoring in a high-PMD 46-Gbps transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2048-2050 (2008).

S. Camatel, V. Ferrero, "2.5-Gb/s BPSK ultradense WDM homodyne coherent detection using a subcarrier-based optical phase-locked loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1919-1921 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technology

L. Kazovsky, "Multichannel coherent optical communications systems," J. Lightw. Technology 5, 1095-1102 (1987).

D. W. Smith, "Techniques for multigigabit coherent optical transmission," J. Lightw. Technology 5, 1466-1478 (1987).

B. Glance, K. Pollack, C. A. Burrus, B. L. Kasper, G. Eisenstein, L. W. Stulz, "WDM coherent optical star network," J. Lightw. Technology 6, 67-72 (1988).

G. D. Khoe, G. Heydt, I. Borges, P. Demeester, A. Ebberg, A. Labrujere, J. Rawsthorne, "Coherent multicarrier technology for implementation in the customer access," J. Lightw. Technology 11, 695-713 (1993).

L. E. Nelson, S. L. Woodward, S. Foo, X. Zhou, M. D. Feuer, D. Hanson, D. McGhan, H. Sun, M. Moyer, M. O. Sullivan, P. D. Magill, "Performance of a 46-Gbps dual-polarization QPSK transceiver with real-time coherent equalization over high PMD fiber," J. Lightw. Technology 27, 158-169 (2009).

Opt. Exp.

H. Sun, K.-T. Wu, K. Roberts, "Real-time measurements of a 40 Gb/s coherent system," Opt. Exp. 16, 873-879 (2008).

Other

L. E. Nelson, S. L. Woodward, P. D. Magill, S. Foo, M. Moyer, M. O'Sullivan, "Real-time detection of a 40 Gbps intradyne channel in the presence of multiple received WDM channels," Proc. OFC-NFOEC 2010 (2010).

S. Narikawa, N. Sakurai, K. Kumozaki, T. Imai, "Coherent WDM-PON based on heterodyne detection with digital signal processing for simple ONU structure," Proc. ECOC 2006 (2006).

M. D. Feuer, D. C. Kilper, S. L. Woodward, Opt. Fiber Telecommun. Volume B: Syst. Netw (Elsevier, 2008) pp. 293-344.

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