Abstract

We simulate the injection-locking performance of a 1% antireflection coated Fabry–Perot laser amplifier (AR-FPLA) and demonstrate the 2.5-Gbit/s DWDM-PON application with the directly modulated AR-FPLA based ONU transmitter under side-mode injection-locking condition. The effect of the AR-FPLA front-facet reflectivity on the injection locking range detuning and the $Q$-factor are interpreted from theoretical simulations and are experimentally characterized. A 25-channel locking capacity is reported for such a side-mode injection-locked AR-FPLA with corresponding wavelength locking range of 30 nm, the minimal requested power of ${-}7$ dBm and gain extinction ratio of $<7$ dB by reducing its front-facet reflectivity to 1%. At bit rate of 2.5 Gbit/s, the BER of $10^{-12}$ is achievable for the nearest 17 channels of AR-FPLA at receiving power of $- 21$ dBm, and all of the 25 injection-locked channels with SMSR of $> 35$ dB can guarantee the BER of $< 10^{-9}$ with their worst receiving sensitivity degrading to $- 19$ dBm.

© 2010 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Pérot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
  2. K. Lee, J.-H. Song, H.-K. Lee, W.-V. Sorin, "Multistage access network for bidirectional DWDM transmission using ASE-injected FPLD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 761-763 (2006).
  3. W. Lee, M.-Y. Park, S.-H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B.-W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
  4. P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 5, 1181-1182 (2001).
  5. K.-M. Choi, J.-S. Baik, C.-H. Lee, "Color-free operation of dense WDM-PON based on the wavelength-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes injecting a low-noise BLS," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1167-1169 (2006).
  6. H.-C. Kwon, S.-K. Han, "Performance analysis of a wavelength-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode by light injection of an external spectrally sliced Fabry–Perot laser diode," Appl. Opt. 45, 6175-6179 (2006).
  7. D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection free transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).
  8. X. J. Meng, T. Chau, M. C. Wu, "Improved intrinsic dynamic distortions in directly modulated semiconductor lasers by optical injection locking," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1172-1176 (1999).
  9. G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, Y.-C. Chang, "Theory and experiments of a mode-beating noise-suppressed and mutually injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diode and erbium-doped fiber amplifier link," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1014-1022 (2004).
  10. S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, C.-H. Lee, "Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1579-1581 (2005).
  11. Z. Xu, Y.-J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, C.-J. Chae, X.-F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, J. Shankar, "High-speed WDM-PON using CW injectionlocked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," Opt. Exp. 15, 2953-2962 (2007).
  12. K.-Y. Park, S.-G. Mun, K.-M. Choi, C.-H. Lee, "A theoretical model of a wavelength-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diode to the externally injected narrowband ASE," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1797-1799 (2005).
  13. G.-R. Lin, Y.-S. Liao, G.-Q. Xia, "Dynamics of optical backward-injection-induced gain-depletion modulation and mode locking in semiconductor optical amplifier fiber lasers," Opt. Exp. 12, 2017-2026 (2004).
  14. P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).
  15. N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 304-306 (1992).
  16. Y.-C. Chang, Y.-H. Lin, J. Chen, G.-R. Lin, "All-optical NRZ-to-PRZ format transformer with an injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode at unlasing condition," Opt. Exp. 12, 4449-4456 (2004).

2007 (1)

Z. Xu, Y.-J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, C.-J. Chae, X.-F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, J. Shankar, "High-speed WDM-PON using CW injectionlocked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," Opt. Exp. 15, 2953-2962 (2007).

2006 (3)

K.-M. Choi, J.-S. Baik, C.-H. Lee, "Color-free operation of dense WDM-PON based on the wavelength-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes injecting a low-noise BLS," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1167-1169 (2006).

H.-C. Kwon, S.-K. Han, "Performance analysis of a wavelength-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode by light injection of an external spectrally sliced Fabry–Perot laser diode," Appl. Opt. 45, 6175-6179 (2006).

K. Lee, J.-H. Song, H.-K. Lee, W.-V. Sorin, "Multistage access network for bidirectional DWDM transmission using ASE-injected FPLD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 761-763 (2006).

2005 (4)

W. Lee, M.-Y. Park, S.-H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B.-W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection free transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).

K.-Y. Park, S.-G. Mun, K.-M. Choi, C.-H. Lee, "A theoretical model of a wavelength-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diode to the externally injected narrowband ASE," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1797-1799 (2005).

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, C.-H. Lee, "Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1579-1581 (2005).

2004 (3)

Y.-C. Chang, Y.-H. Lin, J. Chen, G.-R. Lin, "All-optical NRZ-to-PRZ format transformer with an injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode at unlasing condition," Opt. Exp. 12, 4449-4456 (2004).

G.-R. Lin, Y.-S. Liao, G.-Q. Xia, "Dynamics of optical backward-injection-induced gain-depletion modulation and mode locking in semiconductor optical amplifier fiber lasers," Opt. Exp. 12, 2017-2026 (2004).

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, Y.-C. Chang, "Theory and experiments of a mode-beating noise-suppressed and mutually injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diode and erbium-doped fiber amplifier link," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1014-1022 (2004).

2001 (2)

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 5, 1181-1182 (2001).

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).

2000 (1)

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Pérot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).

1999 (1)

X. J. Meng, T. Chau, M. C. Wu, "Improved intrinsic dynamic distortions in directly modulated semiconductor lasers by optical injection locking," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1172-1176 (1999).

1992 (1)

N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 304-306 (1992).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (2)

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 5, 1181-1182 (2001).

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, Y.-C. Chang, "Theory and experiments of a mode-beating noise-suppressed and mutually injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diode and erbium-doped fiber amplifier link," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1014-1022 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (7)

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, C.-H. Lee, "Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1579-1581 (2005).

K.-M. Choi, J.-S. Baik, C.-H. Lee, "Color-free operation of dense WDM-PON based on the wavelength-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes injecting a low-noise BLS," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1167-1169 (2006).

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Pérot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).

K. Lee, J.-H. Song, H.-K. Lee, W.-V. Sorin, "Multistage access network for bidirectional DWDM transmission using ASE-injected FPLD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 761-763 (2006).

W. Lee, M.-Y. Park, S.-H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B.-W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 304-306 (1992).

K.-Y. Park, S.-G. Mun, K.-M. Choi, C.-H. Lee, "A theoretical model of a wavelength-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diode to the externally injected narrowband ASE," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1797-1799 (2005).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

X. J. Meng, T. Chau, M. C. Wu, "Improved intrinsic dynamic distortions in directly modulated semiconductor lasers by optical injection locking," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1172-1176 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection free transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).

Opt. Exp. (3)

Z. Xu, Y.-J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, C.-J. Chae, X.-F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, J. Shankar, "High-speed WDM-PON using CW injectionlocked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," Opt. Exp. 15, 2953-2962 (2007).

G.-R. Lin, Y.-S. Liao, G.-Q. Xia, "Dynamics of optical backward-injection-induced gain-depletion modulation and mode locking in semiconductor optical amplifier fiber lasers," Opt. Exp. 12, 2017-2026 (2004).

Y.-C. Chang, Y.-H. Lin, J. Chen, G.-R. Lin, "All-optical NRZ-to-PRZ format transformer with an injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode at unlasing condition," Opt. Exp. 12, 4449-4456 (2004).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.