Abstract

Tunable lasers are potential upstream optical light generators for wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM) passive optical network (PON), which is a promising solution for next-generation broad-band optical access. The wavelength provisioning flexibility of tunable lasers can increase the admissible traffic in the network as compared to wavelength-specific lasers. Generally, the broader the lasers' tuning ranges, the more the traffic can be admitted to the network. However, broad tuning range requires sophisticated technology, and probably high cost. To achieve the optimal tradeoff between the admissible traffic and the cost, we investigate the relationship between lasers' tuning ranges and the network's admissible traffic and then design WDM PON by selecting lasers with proper tuning ranges for the upstream data transmission. Specifically, we focus on addressing two issues under three scenarios. The two issues are: how to admit the largest traffic by properly selecting lasers, and how to admit given upstream traffic using lasers with tuning ranges as narrow as possible. The three scenarios are: full-range tunable and wavelength-specific lasers are available, limited-range tunable lasers are available, and the exact number of lasers with specific tuning ranges are given.

© 2010 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: A review," J. Opt. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).
  2. K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, "PON} in adolescence: From TDMA to WDM-PON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 46, 26-34 (2008).
  3. J. Zhang, N. Ansari, Y. Luo, F. Effenberger, F. Ye, "Next-generation PONs: A performance investigation of candidate architectures for next-generation access stage 1," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 49-57 (2009).
  4. Y. Luo, N. Ansari, "Bandwidth allocation for multiservice access on EPONs," IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, S16-S21 (2005).
  5. J. Angelopoulos, H.-C. Leligou, T. Argyriou, S. Zontos, E. Ringoot, T. Van Caenegem, "Efficient transport of packets with QoS in an FSAN-aligned GPON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 92-98 (2004).
  6. N. Frigo, P. Iannone, P. Magill, T. Darcie, M. Downs, B. Desai, U. Koren, T. Koch, C. Dragone, H. Presby, G. Bodeep, "A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).
  7. G. Maier, M. Martinelli, A. Pattavina, E. Salvadori, "Design and cost performance of the multistage WDM-PON access networks," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 125-143 (2000).
  8. J.-S. Baik, C.-H. Lee, "Hybrid WDM/SCMA-PON using wavelength-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Techonol. Lett. 18, 1585-1587 (2006).
  9. K. Iwatsuki, J.-I. Kani, "Applications and technical issues of wavelength-division multiplexing passive optical networks with colorless optical network units," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, C17-C24 (2009).
  10. W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
  11. J.-M. Kang, S.-K. Han, "A novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up- and down-link using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 502-504 (2006).
  12. M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, "Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 740-746 (2006).
  13. F. Ponzini, F. Cavaliere, G. Berrettini, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, N. Calabretta, A. Bogoni, "Evolution scenario toward WDM-PON," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, C25-C34 (2009).
  14. C.-H. Lee, S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, J.-H. Moon, S.-G. Mun, K.-T. Jeong, J. H. Kim, B. Kim, "WDM-PON experiences in korea," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 451-464 (2007).
  15. L. Coldren, G. Fish, Y. Akulova, J. Barton, L. Johansson, C. Coldren, "Tunable semiconductor lasers: A tutorial," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 193-202 (2004).
  16. J. Buus, E. J. Murphy, "Tunable lasers in optical networks," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 5-11 (2006).
  17. J. Zhang, N. Ansari, "On analyzing the capacity of WDM PONs," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM (2009).
  18. M. Garey, D. Johnson, Computers and Intractability: A Guide to the Theory of NP-Completeness (Freeman, 1979).

2009 (3)

J. Zhang, N. Ansari, Y. Luo, F. Effenberger, F. Ye, "Next-generation PONs: A performance investigation of candidate architectures for next-generation access stage 1," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 49-57 (2009).

K. Iwatsuki, J.-I. Kani, "Applications and technical issues of wavelength-division multiplexing passive optical networks with colorless optical network units," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, C17-C24 (2009).

F. Ponzini, F. Cavaliere, G. Berrettini, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, N. Calabretta, A. Bogoni, "Evolution scenario toward WDM-PON," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, C25-C34 (2009).

2008 (1)

K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, "PON} in adolescence: From TDMA to WDM-PON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 46, 26-34 (2008).

2007 (1)

2006 (4)

J.-S. Baik, C.-H. Lee, "Hybrid WDM/SCMA-PON using wavelength-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Techonol. Lett. 18, 1585-1587 (2006).

J. Buus, E. J. Murphy, "Tunable lasers in optical networks," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 5-11 (2006).

J.-M. Kang, S.-K. Han, "A novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up- and down-link using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 502-504 (2006).

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, "Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 740-746 (2006).

2005 (3)

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: A review," J. Opt. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

Y. Luo, N. Ansari, "Bandwidth allocation for multiservice access on EPONs," IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, S16-S21 (2005).

2004 (2)

J. Angelopoulos, H.-C. Leligou, T. Argyriou, S. Zontos, E. Ringoot, T. Van Caenegem, "Efficient transport of packets with QoS in an FSAN-aligned GPON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 92-98 (2004).

L. Coldren, G. Fish, Y. Akulova, J. Barton, L. Johansson, C. Coldren, "Tunable semiconductor lasers: A tutorial," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 193-202 (2004).

2000 (1)

G. Maier, M. Martinelli, A. Pattavina, E. Salvadori, "Design and cost performance of the multistage WDM-PON access networks," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 125-143 (2000).

1994 (1)

N. Frigo, P. Iannone, P. Magill, T. Darcie, M. Downs, B. Desai, U. Koren, T. Koch, C. Dragone, H. Presby, G. Bodeep, "A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (4)

K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, "PON} in adolescence: From TDMA to WDM-PON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 46, 26-34 (2008).

J. Zhang, N. Ansari, Y. Luo, F. Effenberger, F. Ye, "Next-generation PONs: A performance investigation of candidate architectures for next-generation access stage 1," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 49-57 (2009).

Y. Luo, N. Ansari, "Bandwidth allocation for multiservice access on EPONs," IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, S16-S21 (2005).

J. Angelopoulos, H.-C. Leligou, T. Argyriou, S. Zontos, E. Ringoot, T. Van Caenegem, "Efficient transport of packets with QoS in an FSAN-aligned GPON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 92-98 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

N. Frigo, P. Iannone, P. Magill, T. Darcie, M. Downs, B. Desai, U. Koren, T. Koch, C. Dragone, H. Presby, G. Bodeep, "A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

J.-M. Kang, S.-K. Han, "A novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up- and down-link using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 502-504 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Techonol. Lett. (1)

J.-S. Baik, C.-H. Lee, "Hybrid WDM/SCMA-PON using wavelength-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Techonol. Lett. 18, 1585-1587 (2006).

IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

L. Coldren, G. Fish, Y. Akulova, J. Barton, L. Johansson, C. Coldren, "Tunable semiconductor lasers: A tutorial," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 193-202 (2004).

J. Buus, E. J. Murphy, "Tunable lasers in optical networks," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 5-11 (2006).

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, "Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 740-746 (2006).

G. Maier, M. Martinelli, A. Pattavina, E. Salvadori, "Design and cost performance of the multistage WDM-PON access networks," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 125-143 (2000).

IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (2)

F. Ponzini, F. Cavaliere, G. Berrettini, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, N. Calabretta, A. Bogoni, "Evolution scenario toward WDM-PON," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, C25-C34 (2009).

K. Iwatsuki, J.-I. Kani, "Applications and technical issues of wavelength-division multiplexing passive optical networks with colorless optical network units," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, C17-C24 (2009).

J. Opt. Netw. (2)

Other (2)

J. Zhang, N. Ansari, "On analyzing the capacity of WDM PONs," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM (2009).

M. Garey, D. Johnson, Computers and Intractability: A Guide to the Theory of NP-Completeness (Freeman, 1979).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.