Abstract

The behavior of a 2R optical regenerator in a link limited by amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) noise and polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) is investigated in detail in this paper. 2R regeneration techniques are well known for combating the accumulation ASE noise in an optical signal, but their behavior in the presence of PMD is mostly unknown. Here, we propose a general method to calculate the total outage probability in a link including a cascade of optical regenerators. Through the use of semianalytical models, we study the ability of 2R optical regenerators to combat at the same time PMD distortions and ASE noise accumulation in an optical signal, and show their interesting potential to counter independently both detrimental effects.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. B.-E. Olsson, D. J. Blumenthal, "Pulse restoration by filtering of self-phase modulation broadened optical spectrum," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1113-1117 (2002).
  2. M. Matsumoto, "Polarization mode dispersion mitigation by a fiber-based 2R regenerator combined with synchronous modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 290-292 (2004).
  3. M. Karlsson, H. Sunnerud, B.-E. Olsson, "PMD compensation using 2R and 3R regenerators," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. StockholmSweden (2004) Paper We1.4.2.
  4. H. Bülow, "System outage probability due to first- and second-order PMD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 696-698 (1998).
  5. H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, L. E. Nelson, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB (Academic, 2002) pp. 788-791.
  6. D. Marcuse, "Derivation of analytical expressions for the bit-error probability in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1816-1823 (1990).
  7. C. D. Poole, R. E. Wagner, "Phenomenological approach to polarization dispersion in long single mode fibres," Electron. Lett. 22, 1029-1030 (1986).
  8. C. J. Anderson, J. A. Lyle, "Technique for evaluating system performance using Q in numerical simulations exhibiting intersymbol interference," Electron. Lett. 30, 71-72 (1994).
  9. B. Charbonnier, N. El Dahdah, M. Joindot, "OSNR margin brought by nonlinear regenerators in optical communication links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 475-477 (2006).

2006 (1)

B. Charbonnier, N. El Dahdah, M. Joindot, "OSNR margin brought by nonlinear regenerators in optical communication links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 475-477 (2006).

2004 (1)

M. Matsumoto, "Polarization mode dispersion mitigation by a fiber-based 2R regenerator combined with synchronous modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 290-292 (2004).

2002 (1)

B.-E. Olsson, D. J. Blumenthal, "Pulse restoration by filtering of self-phase modulation broadened optical spectrum," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1113-1117 (2002).

1998 (1)

H. Bülow, "System outage probability due to first- and second-order PMD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 696-698 (1998).

1994 (1)

C. J. Anderson, J. A. Lyle, "Technique for evaluating system performance using Q in numerical simulations exhibiting intersymbol interference," Electron. Lett. 30, 71-72 (1994).

1990 (1)

D. Marcuse, "Derivation of analytical expressions for the bit-error probability in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1816-1823 (1990).

1986 (1)

C. D. Poole, R. E. Wagner, "Phenomenological approach to polarization dispersion in long single mode fibres," Electron. Lett. 22, 1029-1030 (1986).

Electron. Lett. (2)

C. D. Poole, R. E. Wagner, "Phenomenological approach to polarization dispersion in long single mode fibres," Electron. Lett. 22, 1029-1030 (1986).

C. J. Anderson, J. A. Lyle, "Technique for evaluating system performance using Q in numerical simulations exhibiting intersymbol interference," Electron. Lett. 30, 71-72 (1994).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

B. Charbonnier, N. El Dahdah, M. Joindot, "OSNR margin brought by nonlinear regenerators in optical communication links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 475-477 (2006).

M. Matsumoto, "Polarization mode dispersion mitigation by a fiber-based 2R regenerator combined with synchronous modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 290-292 (2004).

H. Bülow, "System outage probability due to first- and second-order PMD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 696-698 (1998).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

B.-E. Olsson, D. J. Blumenthal, "Pulse restoration by filtering of self-phase modulation broadened optical spectrum," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1113-1117 (2002).

D. Marcuse, "Derivation of analytical expressions for the bit-error probability in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1816-1823 (1990).

Other (2)

H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, L. E. Nelson, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB (Academic, 2002) pp. 788-791.

M. Karlsson, H. Sunnerud, B.-E. Olsson, "PMD compensation using 2R and 3R regenerators," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. StockholmSweden (2004) Paper We1.4.2.

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