Abstract

Theoretical and experimental results on the use of intensity- and phase-modulated pump in single-mode optical fibers for Brillouin-based distributed sensing are reported. A simple analytic solution is found for both types of modulation in sinusoidal regime, permitting to gain physical insight into the mechanisms involved in stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) interaction. Experimental results on SBS excited by a phase-modulated pump in sinusoidal regime are reported for the first time.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).
  2. A. R. Chraplyvy, "Limitations on lightwave communications imposed by optical-fiber nonlinearities," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1548-1557 (1990).
  3. M. Niklès, L. Thevenaz, P. A. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).
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  6. R. Bernini, A. Minardo, L. Zeni, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering frequency-domain analysis in a single-mode optical fiber for distributed sensing," Opt. Lett. 29, 1977-1979 (2004).
  7. R. Bernini, A. Minardo, L. Zeni, "An accurate high-resolution technique for distributed sensing based on frequency-domain Brillouin scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 280-282 (2006).
  8. R. Bernini, A. Minardo, L. Zeni, "Accurate high-resolution fiber-optic distributed strain measurements for structural health monitoring," Sens. Actuators A 134, 389-395 (2007).
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  10. X. Bao, Q. Yu, V. P. Kalosha, L. Chen, "Influence of transient phonon relaxation on the Brillouin loss spectrum of nanosecond pulses," Opt. Lett. 31, 888-890 (2006).
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  15. L. Thevenaz, S. F. Mafang, "Distributed fiber sensing using Brillouin echoes," Proc. SPIE (2008) pp. 70043N-1-70043N-4.

2009 (1)

2007 (2)

R. Bernini, A. Minardo, L. Zeni, "Accurate high-resolution fiber-optic distributed strain measurements for structural health monitoring," Sens. Actuators A 134, 389-395 (2007).

A. Minardo, R. Bernini, L. Zeni, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering modeling for high-resolution, time-domain distributed sensing," Opt. Exp. 15, 10397-10407 (2007).

2006 (3)

V. P. Kalosha, E. Ponomarev, L. Chen, X. Bao, "How to obtain high spectral resolution of SBS-based distributed sensing by using nanosecond pulses," Opt. Exp. 14, 2071-2078 (2006).

R. Bernini, A. Minardo, L. Zeni, "An accurate high-resolution technique for distributed sensing based on frequency-domain Brillouin scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 280-282 (2006).

X. Bao, Q. Yu, V. P. Kalosha, L. Chen, "Influence of transient phonon relaxation on the Brillouin loss spectrum of nanosecond pulses," Opt. Lett. 31, 888-890 (2006).

2004 (1)

1998 (1)

X. S. Yao, "Phase-to-amplitude modulation conversion using Brillouin selective sideband amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 264-266 (1998).

1997 (1)

M. Niklès, L. Thevenaz, P. A. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).

1996 (1)

1990 (1)

A. R. Chraplyvy, "Limitations on lightwave communications imposed by optical-fiber nonlinearities," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1548-1557 (1990).

1989 (2)

E. Licthman, R. G. Waarts, A. A. Friesem, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering excited by a modulated pump wave in single-mode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 171-174 (1989).

N. Shibata, K. Okamoto, Y. Azuma, "Longitudinal acoustic modes and Brillouin-gain spectra for GeO$_2$-doped-core single-mode fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B., Opt. Phys. 6, 1167-1174 (1989).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

R. Bernini, A. Minardo, L. Zeni, "An accurate high-resolution technique for distributed sensing based on frequency-domain Brillouin scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 280-282 (2006).

X. S. Yao, "Phase-to-amplitude modulation conversion using Brillouin selective sideband amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 264-266 (1998).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

A. R. Chraplyvy, "Limitations on lightwave communications imposed by optical-fiber nonlinearities," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1548-1557 (1990).

M. Niklès, L. Thevenaz, P. A. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).

E. Licthman, R. G. Waarts, A. A. Friesem, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering excited by a modulated pump wave in single-mode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 171-174 (1989).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B., Opt. Phys. (1)

N. Shibata, K. Okamoto, Y. Azuma, "Longitudinal acoustic modes and Brillouin-gain spectra for GeO$_2$-doped-core single-mode fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B., Opt. Phys. 6, 1167-1174 (1989).

Opt. Exp. (2)

A. Minardo, R. Bernini, L. Zeni, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering modeling for high-resolution, time-domain distributed sensing," Opt. Exp. 15, 10397-10407 (2007).

V. P. Kalosha, E. Ponomarev, L. Chen, X. Bao, "How to obtain high spectral resolution of SBS-based distributed sensing by using nanosecond pulses," Opt. Exp. 14, 2071-2078 (2006).

Opt. Lett. (4)

Sens. Actuators A (1)

R. Bernini, A. Minardo, L. Zeni, "Accurate high-resolution fiber-optic distributed strain measurements for structural health monitoring," Sens. Actuators A 134, 389-395 (2007).

Other (2)

L. Thevenaz, S. F. Mafang, "Distributed fiber sensing using Brillouin echoes," Proc. SPIE (2008) pp. 70043N-1-70043N-4.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

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