Abstract

An ac-coupled burst-mode receiver (B-Rx) for 10-Gbit/s class PON systems that uses a novel baseline-wander common-mode-rejection (BLW-CMR) technique and an inverted distortion technique is proposed and demonstrated. The realization of 10-Gbit/s class PON systems requires the development of a B-Rx with high sensitivity, a wide dynamic range, and a fast response for handling the burst-mode data. The BLW-CMR technique can cancel out the transient responses of capacitors at an ac-coupled interface, and the inverted distortion technique can reduce the duty-cycle distortion caused by the reference voltage wandering at long consecutive identical digits (CIDs) with a fast average detector. A B-Rx using these techniques can realize high receiver sensitivity, a wide dynamic range, and an instantaneous response with a high tolerance to CIDs. We achieved a settling time of less than 150 ns, a sensitivity of ${-}29.8$ dBm, and a dynamic range of 24.8 dB at a bit error rate of $10^{- 3}$ with a $2^{31}-1$ pseudo random bit sequence for a burst-mode optical input at 10.3125 Gbit/s.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. A. Ohtaka, K. Yamaki, N. Miki, Y. Fujimoto, "STM shared access system for high-speed IP communication," Proc. NOC 2000 (2000) pp. 110-117.
  2. IEEE Standard, 802.3 ah 2004.
  3. “ITU-T Recommendation G.984.2 2003.
  4. M. Abrams, P. C. Becker, Y. Fujimoto, V. O'Byrne, D. Piehler, "FTTP deployments in the united states and japan—Equipment choices and service provider imperatives," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 236-246 (2005).
  5. A. Cauvin, A. Tofanelli, J. Lorentzen, J. Brannan, A. Templin, P. Taesang, K. Saito, "Common technical specification of the G-PON system among major worldwide access carriers," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 34-40 (2006).
  6. IEEE P802.3av TF http://www.ieee802.org/3/av/.
  7. J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, M. Campbell, R. Davey, S. Rodrigues, "Next-generation PON Part I: Technology roadmap and general requirements," IEEE Commun. 47, 43-49 (2009).
  8. F. Effenberger, H. Mukai, S. Park, T. Pfeiffer, "Next-generation PON part II: Candidate systems for next-generation PON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 50-55 (2009).
  9. J. Nakagawa, M. Nogami, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, S. Yoshida, H. Tagami, "10.3 Gb/s burst-mode 3R receiver incorporating full AGC optical receiver and 82.5 GS/s sampling CDR for 10G-EPON systems," Proc. ECOC (2009).
  10. X. Z. Qiu, C. Melange, T. De Ridder, B. Baekelandt, J. Bauwelinck, X. Yin, J. Vandewege, "Evolution of burst mode receivers," Proc. ECOC (2009).
  11. S. Nishihara, S. Kimura, T. Yoshida, M. Nakamura, J. Terada, K. Nishimura, K. Kishine, K. Kato, Y. Ohtomo, N. Yoshimoto, T. Imai, M. Tsubokawa, "A burst-mode 3R receiver for 10-Gbit/s PON systems with high sensitivity, wide dynamic range, and fast response," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 99-107 (2008).
  12. H. Nakamura, S. Kimura, K. Hara, N. Yoshimoto, M. Tsubokawa, M. Nakamura, K. Nishimura, A. Okada, Y. Ohtomo, "AC-coupled burst-mode transmitter using baseline-wander common-mode-rejection technique for 10-Gbit/s-class PON systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 336-342 (2009).
  13. M. Nogawa, K. Nishimura, J. Terada, M. Nakamura, S. Nishihara, Y. Ohtomo, "A 10-Gb/s burst-mode limiting amplifier using a two-stage active feedback circuit," Proc. Symp. VLSI Circuits (2009) pp. 18-19.
  14. P. Ossieur, D. Verhulst, Y. Martens, W. Chen, J. Bauwelinck, X. Z. Qiu, J. Vandewege, "A 1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver for GPON applications," J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1180-1189 (2005).
  15. S. Han, M. S. Lee, "Transmission performance of AC-coupled burst-mode optical receiver for Ethernet PON," Adv. Commun. Technol. 1, 450-453 (2004).
  16. S. Kozaki, "IEEE P802.3av TF," Proc. IEEE 802.3 Interim Meeting (2008).

2009 (3)

J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, M. Campbell, R. Davey, S. Rodrigues, "Next-generation PON Part I: Technology roadmap and general requirements," IEEE Commun. 47, 43-49 (2009).

F. Effenberger, H. Mukai, S. Park, T. Pfeiffer, "Next-generation PON part II: Candidate systems for next-generation PON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 50-55 (2009).

H. Nakamura, S. Kimura, K. Hara, N. Yoshimoto, M. Tsubokawa, M. Nakamura, K. Nishimura, A. Okada, Y. Ohtomo, "AC-coupled burst-mode transmitter using baseline-wander common-mode-rejection technique for 10-Gbit/s-class PON systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 336-342 (2009).

2008 (1)

S. Nishihara, S. Kimura, T. Yoshida, M. Nakamura, J. Terada, K. Nishimura, K. Kishine, K. Kato, Y. Ohtomo, N. Yoshimoto, T. Imai, M. Tsubokawa, "A burst-mode 3R receiver for 10-Gbit/s PON systems with high sensitivity, wide dynamic range, and fast response," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 99-107 (2008).

2006 (1)

A. Cauvin, A. Tofanelli, J. Lorentzen, J. Brannan, A. Templin, P. Taesang, K. Saito, "Common technical specification of the G-PON system among major worldwide access carriers," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 34-40 (2006).

2005 (2)

M. Abrams, P. C. Becker, Y. Fujimoto, V. O'Byrne, D. Piehler, "FTTP deployments in the united states and japan—Equipment choices and service provider imperatives," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 236-246 (2005).

P. Ossieur, D. Verhulst, Y. Martens, W. Chen, J. Bauwelinck, X. Z. Qiu, J. Vandewege, "A 1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver for GPON applications," J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1180-1189 (2005).

2004 (1)

S. Han, M. S. Lee, "Transmission performance of AC-coupled burst-mode optical receiver for Ethernet PON," Adv. Commun. Technol. 1, 450-453 (2004).

Adv. Commun. Technol. (1)

S. Han, M. S. Lee, "Transmission performance of AC-coupled burst-mode optical receiver for Ethernet PON," Adv. Commun. Technol. 1, 450-453 (2004).

IEEE Commun. (1)

J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, M. Campbell, R. Davey, S. Rodrigues, "Next-generation PON Part I: Technology roadmap and general requirements," IEEE Commun. 47, 43-49 (2009).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

F. Effenberger, H. Mukai, S. Park, T. Pfeiffer, "Next-generation PON part II: Candidate systems for next-generation PON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 50-55 (2009).

A. Cauvin, A. Tofanelli, J. Lorentzen, J. Brannan, A. Templin, P. Taesang, K. Saito, "Common technical specification of the G-PON system among major worldwide access carriers," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 34-40 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

S. Nishihara, S. Kimura, T. Yoshida, M. Nakamura, J. Terada, K. Nishimura, K. Kishine, K. Kato, Y. Ohtomo, N. Yoshimoto, T. Imai, M. Tsubokawa, "A burst-mode 3R receiver for 10-Gbit/s PON systems with high sensitivity, wide dynamic range, and fast response," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 99-107 (2008).

H. Nakamura, S. Kimura, K. Hara, N. Yoshimoto, M. Tsubokawa, M. Nakamura, K. Nishimura, A. Okada, Y. Ohtomo, "AC-coupled burst-mode transmitter using baseline-wander common-mode-rejection technique for 10-Gbit/s-class PON systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 336-342 (2009).

M. Abrams, P. C. Becker, Y. Fujimoto, V. O'Byrne, D. Piehler, "FTTP deployments in the united states and japan—Equipment choices and service provider imperatives," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 236-246 (2005).

J. Solid-State Circuits (1)

P. Ossieur, D. Verhulst, Y. Martens, W. Chen, J. Bauwelinck, X. Z. Qiu, J. Vandewege, "A 1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver for GPON applications," J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1180-1189 (2005).

Other (8)

M. Nogawa, K. Nishimura, J. Terada, M. Nakamura, S. Nishihara, Y. Ohtomo, "A 10-Gb/s burst-mode limiting amplifier using a two-stage active feedback circuit," Proc. Symp. VLSI Circuits (2009) pp. 18-19.

S. Kozaki, "IEEE P802.3av TF," Proc. IEEE 802.3 Interim Meeting (2008).

IEEE P802.3av TF http://www.ieee802.org/3/av/.

A. Ohtaka, K. Yamaki, N. Miki, Y. Fujimoto, "STM shared access system for high-speed IP communication," Proc. NOC 2000 (2000) pp. 110-117.

IEEE Standard, 802.3 ah 2004.

“ITU-T Recommendation G.984.2 2003.

J. Nakagawa, M. Nogami, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, S. Yoshida, H. Tagami, "10.3 Gb/s burst-mode 3R receiver incorporating full AGC optical receiver and 82.5 GS/s sampling CDR for 10G-EPON systems," Proc. ECOC (2009).

X. Z. Qiu, C. Melange, T. De Ridder, B. Baekelandt, J. Bauwelinck, X. Yin, J. Vandewege, "Evolution of burst mode receivers," Proc. ECOC (2009).

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