Abstract

A novel adaptive optical splitter structure employing an Opto-VLSI processor and 4-f imaging system is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. By driving the Opto-VLSI processor with computer generated multicasting phase holograms, an input optical signal launched into an input optical fiber port can be split and coupled into many output optical fiber ports with arbitrary splitting ratios. A proof-of-principle 1$\,\times\,$2 adaptive optical splitter structure driven by optimized multicasting phase holograms uploaded onto the Opto-VLSI processor is developed, demonstrating an arbitrary splitting ratio over a wavelength range exceeding 50 nm.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. G. A. Queller, "Dynamic power distribution in PON/FTTP networks," Lightwave 21, (2004) http://www.lightwaveonline.com/about-us/lightwave-issue-archives/issue/dynamic-power-distribution-in-ponfttp-networks-53906787.html.
  2. M. D. Vaughn, D. Kozischek, D. Meis, A. Boskovic, R. E. Wagner, "Value of reach-and-split ratio increase in FTTH access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2617-2622 (2004).
  3. J. Shi, J. P. Fonseka, "Hierarchical self-healing rings," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3, 690-697 (1995).
  4. D. Griffith, S. Lee, "A 1 + 1 protection architecture for optical burst switched networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1384-1398 (2003).
  5. Z. Yun, L. Wen, C. Long, L. Yong, X. Qingming, "A 1$\,\times\,$2 variable optical splitter development," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1566-1570 (2006).
  6. T. J. Wang, C. F. Huang, W. S. Wang, "Wide-angle 1$\,\times\,$3 optical power divider in LiNbO3 for variable power splitting," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1401-1403 (2003).
  7. K. B. Chung, J. S. Yoon, "Properties of a 1$\,\times\,$4 optical power splitter made of photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 959-966 (2003).
  8. A. Ghaffari, M. Djavid, M. S. Abrishmian, "Power splitters with different output power levels based on directional coupling," Appl. Opt. 48, 1606-1609 (2009).
  9. I. Park, H. S. Lee, H. J. Kim, K. M. Moon, S. G. Lee, B. H. O, S. G. Park, E. H. Lee, "Photonics crystal power-splitter based on directional coupling," Opt. Exp. 12, 3599-3604 (2004).
  10. Y. Zhang, L. Liu, X. Wu, L. Xu, "Splitting-on-demand optical power splitters using multimode interference (MMI) waveguide with programmed modulations," Opt. Commun. 281, 426-432 (2008).
  11. F. Ratovelomanana, N. Vodjdani, A. Enard, G. Glasere, D. Rondi, R. Blondeau, "Active lossless monolithic one-by-four splitters/combiners using optical gates on InP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 511-513 (1995).
  12. S. S. Choi, J. P. Donnelly, S. H. Groves, R. E. Reeder, R. J. Bailey, P. J. Taylor, A. Napoleone, W. D. Goodhue, "All-active InGaAsP-InP optical tapered-amplifier 1$\,\times\,$N power splitters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 974-976 (2000).
  13. X. Zhao, S. Jose, Dynamic Power Optical Splitter U.S. Patent 7 068 939 B2 (2006).
  14. R. Zheng, Z. Wang, K. E. Alameh, W. A. Crossland, "An opto-VLSI reconfigurable broadband optical splitter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 339-341 (2000).
  15. F. Xiao, B. Juswardy, K. Alameh, "Novel broadband reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer employing custom fiber arrays and opto-VLSI processors," Opt. Exp. 16, 11703-11708 (2008).
  16. F. Xiao, K. Alameh, T. T. Lee, "Opto-VLSI-based tunable single-mode fiber," Opt. Exp. 17, 18676-18680 (2009).
  17. S. T. Ahderom, M. Raisi, K. Alameh, K. Eshraghian, "Testing and analysis of computer generated holograms for microphotonics devices," Proc. 2nd IEEE Int. Workshop Electron. Design, Test Appl. (DELTA) (2004) pp. 47-52.

2009 (2)

A. Ghaffari, M. Djavid, M. S. Abrishmian, "Power splitters with different output power levels based on directional coupling," Appl. Opt. 48, 1606-1609 (2009).

F. Xiao, K. Alameh, T. T. Lee, "Opto-VLSI-based tunable single-mode fiber," Opt. Exp. 17, 18676-18680 (2009).

2008 (2)

F. Xiao, B. Juswardy, K. Alameh, "Novel broadband reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer employing custom fiber arrays and opto-VLSI processors," Opt. Exp. 16, 11703-11708 (2008).

Y. Zhang, L. Liu, X. Wu, L. Xu, "Splitting-on-demand optical power splitters using multimode interference (MMI) waveguide with programmed modulations," Opt. Commun. 281, 426-432 (2008).

2006 (1)

Z. Yun, L. Wen, C. Long, L. Yong, X. Qingming, "A 1$\,\times\,$2 variable optical splitter development," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1566-1570 (2006).

2004 (3)

G. A. Queller, "Dynamic power distribution in PON/FTTP networks," Lightwave 21, (2004) http://www.lightwaveonline.com/about-us/lightwave-issue-archives/issue/dynamic-power-distribution-in-ponfttp-networks-53906787.html.

M. D. Vaughn, D. Kozischek, D. Meis, A. Boskovic, R. E. Wagner, "Value of reach-and-split ratio increase in FTTH access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2617-2622 (2004).

I. Park, H. S. Lee, H. J. Kim, K. M. Moon, S. G. Lee, B. H. O, S. G. Park, E. H. Lee, "Photonics crystal power-splitter based on directional coupling," Opt. Exp. 12, 3599-3604 (2004).

2003 (3)

T. J. Wang, C. F. Huang, W. S. Wang, "Wide-angle 1$\,\times\,$3 optical power divider in LiNbO3 for variable power splitting," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1401-1403 (2003).

K. B. Chung, J. S. Yoon, "Properties of a 1$\,\times\,$4 optical power splitter made of photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 959-966 (2003).

D. Griffith, S. Lee, "A 1 + 1 protection architecture for optical burst switched networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1384-1398 (2003).

2000 (2)

S. S. Choi, J. P. Donnelly, S. H. Groves, R. E. Reeder, R. J. Bailey, P. J. Taylor, A. Napoleone, W. D. Goodhue, "All-active InGaAsP-InP optical tapered-amplifier 1$\,\times\,$N power splitters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 974-976 (2000).

R. Zheng, Z. Wang, K. E. Alameh, W. A. Crossland, "An opto-VLSI reconfigurable broadband optical splitter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 339-341 (2000).

1995 (2)

J. Shi, J. P. Fonseka, "Hierarchical self-healing rings," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3, 690-697 (1995).

F. Ratovelomanana, N. Vodjdani, A. Enard, G. Glasere, D. Rondi, R. Blondeau, "Active lossless monolithic one-by-four splitters/combiners using optical gates on InP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 511-513 (1995).

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

D. Griffith, S. Lee, "A 1 + 1 protection architecture for optical burst switched networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1384-1398 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

T. J. Wang, C. F. Huang, W. S. Wang, "Wide-angle 1$\,\times\,$3 optical power divider in LiNbO3 for variable power splitting," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1401-1403 (2003).

F. Ratovelomanana, N. Vodjdani, A. Enard, G. Glasere, D. Rondi, R. Blondeau, "Active lossless monolithic one-by-four splitters/combiners using optical gates on InP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 511-513 (1995).

S. S. Choi, J. P. Donnelly, S. H. Groves, R. E. Reeder, R. J. Bailey, P. J. Taylor, A. Napoleone, W. D. Goodhue, "All-active InGaAsP-InP optical tapered-amplifier 1$\,\times\,$N power splitters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 974-976 (2000).

R. Zheng, Z. Wang, K. E. Alameh, W. A. Crossland, "An opto-VLSI reconfigurable broadband optical splitter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 339-341 (2000).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

J. Shi, J. P. Fonseka, "Hierarchical self-healing rings," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3, 690-697 (1995).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

Z. Yun, L. Wen, C. Long, L. Yong, X. Qingming, "A 1$\,\times\,$2 variable optical splitter development," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1566-1570 (2006).

M. D. Vaughn, D. Kozischek, D. Meis, A. Boskovic, R. E. Wagner, "Value of reach-and-split ratio increase in FTTH access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2617-2622 (2004).

Lightwave (1)

G. A. Queller, "Dynamic power distribution in PON/FTTP networks," Lightwave 21, (2004) http://www.lightwaveonline.com/about-us/lightwave-issue-archives/issue/dynamic-power-distribution-in-ponfttp-networks-53906787.html.

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Zhang, L. Liu, X. Wu, L. Xu, "Splitting-on-demand optical power splitters using multimode interference (MMI) waveguide with programmed modulations," Opt. Commun. 281, 426-432 (2008).

Opt. Exp. (3)

F. Xiao, B. Juswardy, K. Alameh, "Novel broadband reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer employing custom fiber arrays and opto-VLSI processors," Opt. Exp. 16, 11703-11708 (2008).

F. Xiao, K. Alameh, T. T. Lee, "Opto-VLSI-based tunable single-mode fiber," Opt. Exp. 17, 18676-18680 (2009).

I. Park, H. S. Lee, H. J. Kim, K. M. Moon, S. G. Lee, B. H. O, S. G. Park, E. H. Lee, "Photonics crystal power-splitter based on directional coupling," Opt. Exp. 12, 3599-3604 (2004).

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. B. Chung, J. S. Yoon, "Properties of a 1$\,\times\,$4 optical power splitter made of photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 959-966 (2003).

Other (2)

S. T. Ahderom, M. Raisi, K. Alameh, K. Eshraghian, "Testing and analysis of computer generated holograms for microphotonics devices," Proc. 2nd IEEE Int. Workshop Electron. Design, Test Appl. (DELTA) (2004) pp. 47-52.

X. Zhao, S. Jose, Dynamic Power Optical Splitter U.S. Patent 7 068 939 B2 (2006).

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