Abstract

A 10-Gb/s optical transceiver using the Yuen 2000 (Y-00) encryption protocol was developed. The key device in the transceiver, a 10-GS/s, 10-bit digital-to-analog converter (DAC) LSI, was fabricated using 0.25-$\mu$m SiGe BiCMOS technology. Circuit techniques such as segmented architecture, parasitic capacitance separation using the base-common transistor, and the usage of a common mode logic (CML) driver were employed to minimize glitches. The Y-00 transceiver equipped with the DAC LSI operated at 10 Gb/s. Moreover, a 300-km transmission experiment performed at a data rate of 10 Gb/s proved that the developed transceiver can be used in a practical application when forward error correction is applied.

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  1. C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, "Quantum cryptography: Public key distribution and coin tossing," Proc. Int. Conf. Comput., Syst., Signal Process. (1984) pp. 175-179.
  2. C. H. Bennett, "Quantum cryptography using any two nonorthogonal states," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3121-3124 (1992).
  3. K. Inoue, E. Waks, Y. Yamamoto, "Differential phase shift quantum key distribution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, (2002) Art. ID 037802.
  4. G. A. Borbosa, E. Corndorf, G. S. Kanter, P. Kumar, H. P. Yuen, "Secure communication using mesoscopic coherent state," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, (2003) Art. ID 227901.
  5. E. Corndorf, C. Liang, G. S. Kanter, P. Kumar, H. P. Yuen, "Quantum noise randomized data encryption for wavelength division multiplexed fiber optic network," Phys. Rev. A 71, (2005) Art. ID 062326.
  6. O. Hirota, M. Sohma, M. Fuse, K. Kato, "Quantum stream cipher by Yuen 2000 protocol: Design and experiment by intensity modulation scheme," Phys. Rev. A 72, (2005) Art. ID 022335.
  7. H. P. Yuen, "Key generation: Foundation and a new quantum approach," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 1630-1645 (2009).
  8. C. Liang, G. S. Kanter, E. Corndorf, P. Kumar, "Quantum noise protected data encryption in a WDM network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1573-1575 (2005).
  9. S. Akutsu, Y. Doi, T. Hosoi, M. Honda, K. Harasawa, O. Hirota, T. Katayama, "192 km relay transmission and HDTV transmission experiments by Yuen-2000 transceiver," Proc. QCMC-08, AIP Conf. (2009) pp. 331-334.
  10. K. Harasawa, O. Hirota, K. Yamashita, M. Honda, S. Akutsu, K. Hosoi, Y. Doi, K. Ohhata, T. Katayama, T. Shimizu, "Consideration of the implementation circuit of randomization for physical cipher by Yuen 2000 protocol," IEICE Trans. Electron. (Jpn. Ed.) J91-C, 399-408 (2008).
  11. H. Takakura, M. Yokoyama, A. Yamaguchi, "A 10 bit 80 MHz Glitchless CMOS D/A converter," Proc. CICC (1991) pp. 26.5.1-26.5.3.
  12. P. Schvan, D. Pollex, T. Bellingrath, "A 22 GS/s 6 b DAC with integrated digital ramp generator," IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuits Conf. Dig. Tech. Papers (2005) pp. 122-123.
  13. D. Baranauskas, D. Zelenin, "A 0.36 W 6b up to 20 GS/s DAC for UWB wave formation," IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuits Conf. Dig. Tech. Papers (2006) pp. 2380-2389.
  14. S. Halder, H. Gustat, "A 30 GS/s 4-bit binary weighted DAC in SiGe BiCMOS technology," Proc. IEEE Bipolar/BiCMOS Tech. Meeting (2007) pp. 46-49.
  15. T. Masuda, R. Takeyari, K. Washio, K. Ohhata, K. Imai, "Low transimpedance-fluctuation design for 10-GHz si-bipolar preamplifier in 10-Gb/s optical transmission systems," Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 9, 385-397 (1998).
  16. P. Holloway, M. Norton, "A high yield, second generation 10-bit monolithic DAC," IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuits Conf. Dig. Tech. Papers (1976) pp. 106-107.
  17. O. Hirota, "Practical security analysis of quantum stream cipher by Yuen 2000 protocol," Phys. Rev. A (2007).

2009 (1)

H. P. Yuen, "Key generation: Foundation and a new quantum approach," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 1630-1645 (2009).

2008 (1)

K. Harasawa, O. Hirota, K. Yamashita, M. Honda, S. Akutsu, K. Hosoi, Y. Doi, K. Ohhata, T. Katayama, T. Shimizu, "Consideration of the implementation circuit of randomization for physical cipher by Yuen 2000 protocol," IEICE Trans. Electron. (Jpn. Ed.) J91-C, 399-408 (2008).

2005 (3)

C. Liang, G. S. Kanter, E. Corndorf, P. Kumar, "Quantum noise protected data encryption in a WDM network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1573-1575 (2005).

E. Corndorf, C. Liang, G. S. Kanter, P. Kumar, H. P. Yuen, "Quantum noise randomized data encryption for wavelength division multiplexed fiber optic network," Phys. Rev. A 71, (2005) Art. ID 062326.

O. Hirota, M. Sohma, M. Fuse, K. Kato, "Quantum stream cipher by Yuen 2000 protocol: Design and experiment by intensity modulation scheme," Phys. Rev. A 72, (2005) Art. ID 022335.

2003 (1)

G. A. Borbosa, E. Corndorf, G. S. Kanter, P. Kumar, H. P. Yuen, "Secure communication using mesoscopic coherent state," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, (2003) Art. ID 227901.

2002 (1)

K. Inoue, E. Waks, Y. Yamamoto, "Differential phase shift quantum key distribution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, (2002) Art. ID 037802.

1998 (1)

T. Masuda, R. Takeyari, K. Washio, K. Ohhata, K. Imai, "Low transimpedance-fluctuation design for 10-GHz si-bipolar preamplifier in 10-Gb/s optical transmission systems," Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 9, 385-397 (1998).

1992 (1)

C. H. Bennett, "Quantum cryptography using any two nonorthogonal states," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3121-3124 (1992).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

H. P. Yuen, "Key generation: Foundation and a new quantum approach," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 1630-1645 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. Liang, G. S. Kanter, E. Corndorf, P. Kumar, "Quantum noise protected data encryption in a WDM network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1573-1575 (2005).

IEICE Trans. Electron. (Jpn. Ed.) (1)

K. Harasawa, O. Hirota, K. Yamashita, M. Honda, S. Akutsu, K. Hosoi, Y. Doi, K. Ohhata, T. Katayama, T. Shimizu, "Consideration of the implementation circuit of randomization for physical cipher by Yuen 2000 protocol," IEICE Trans. Electron. (Jpn. Ed.) J91-C, 399-408 (2008).

Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. (1)

T. Masuda, R. Takeyari, K. Washio, K. Ohhata, K. Imai, "Low transimpedance-fluctuation design for 10-GHz si-bipolar preamplifier in 10-Gb/s optical transmission systems," Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 9, 385-397 (1998).

Phys. Rev. A (2)

E. Corndorf, C. Liang, G. S. Kanter, P. Kumar, H. P. Yuen, "Quantum noise randomized data encryption for wavelength division multiplexed fiber optic network," Phys. Rev. A 71, (2005) Art. ID 062326.

O. Hirota, M. Sohma, M. Fuse, K. Kato, "Quantum stream cipher by Yuen 2000 protocol: Design and experiment by intensity modulation scheme," Phys. Rev. A 72, (2005) Art. ID 022335.

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

C. H. Bennett, "Quantum cryptography using any two nonorthogonal states," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3121-3124 (1992).

K. Inoue, E. Waks, Y. Yamamoto, "Differential phase shift quantum key distribution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, (2002) Art. ID 037802.

G. A. Borbosa, E. Corndorf, G. S. Kanter, P. Kumar, H. P. Yuen, "Secure communication using mesoscopic coherent state," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, (2003) Art. ID 227901.

Other (8)

H. Takakura, M. Yokoyama, A. Yamaguchi, "A 10 bit 80 MHz Glitchless CMOS D/A converter," Proc. CICC (1991) pp. 26.5.1-26.5.3.

P. Schvan, D. Pollex, T. Bellingrath, "A 22 GS/s 6 b DAC with integrated digital ramp generator," IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuits Conf. Dig. Tech. Papers (2005) pp. 122-123.

D. Baranauskas, D. Zelenin, "A 0.36 W 6b up to 20 GS/s DAC for UWB wave formation," IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuits Conf. Dig. Tech. Papers (2006) pp. 2380-2389.

S. Halder, H. Gustat, "A 30 GS/s 4-bit binary weighted DAC in SiGe BiCMOS technology," Proc. IEEE Bipolar/BiCMOS Tech. Meeting (2007) pp. 46-49.

P. Holloway, M. Norton, "A high yield, second generation 10-bit monolithic DAC," IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuits Conf. Dig. Tech. Papers (1976) pp. 106-107.

O. Hirota, "Practical security analysis of quantum stream cipher by Yuen 2000 protocol," Phys. Rev. A (2007).

S. Akutsu, Y. Doi, T. Hosoi, M. Honda, K. Harasawa, O. Hirota, T. Katayama, "192 km relay transmission and HDTV transmission experiments by Yuen-2000 transceiver," Proc. QCMC-08, AIP Conf. (2009) pp. 331-334.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, "Quantum cryptography: Public key distribution and coin tossing," Proc. Int. Conf. Comput., Syst., Signal Process. (1984) pp. 175-179.

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