Abstract

The distribution of ultra-wideband (UWB) signals over optical fiber, or UWB over fiber (UWBoF), is proposed to extend the area of coverage and to offer the availability of undisrupted service across different networks. Various techniques have been reported recently for optical UWB pulse generation, but the study on the implementation of different modulation schemes based on these UWB pulses has just started. In addition, the influence of fiber dispersion on the power spectral density (PSD) of an UWB signal, and the bit-error-rate performance of an UWBoF system with different modulation schemes have not been systematically investigated. In this paper, we perform a comprehensive investigation of techniques to implement on–off keying (OOK), bi-phase modulation (BPM), pulse-amplitude modulation (PAM), pulse shape modulation (PSM), and pulse-position modulation (PPM) based on a phase modulator and an asymmetric Mach–Zehnder interferometer (AMZI). The AMZI is electrically reconfigurable by employing a polarization modulator (PolM). UWB signals with OOK, BPM, PAM, PSM, and PPM are realized by adjusting the polarization controllers in the AMZI and the amplitude of the electrical drive signal to the PolM. The UWB signals with OOK, BPM, PAM, and PSM are transmitted over a wired (single-mode fiber) and wireless link. Error-free operation is obtained for all the modulation schemes. The power penalties of transmission are less than 1.8 dB. The fiber dispersion on the PSD of the UWB signals is also theoretically studied and experimentally evaluated. An excellent agreement between the theoretical and the experimental results is achieved. The system is potentially integratable, which may provide a simple and cost-effective solution for UWBoF applications.

© 2010 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. G. R. Aiello, G. D. Rogerson, "Ultra-wideband wireless systems," IEEE Microw. Mag. 4, 36-47 (2003).
  2. D. Porcino, W. Hirt, "Ultra-wideband radio technology: Potential and challenges ahead," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 66-74 (2003).
  3. M. Ghavami, L. B. Michael, R. Kohno, Ultra Wideband Signals and Systems in Communication Engineering (Wiley, 2004).
  4. I. Oppermann, M. Hämäläinen, J. Iinatti, UWB Theory and Applications (Wiley, 2004).
  5. J. P. Yao, F. Zeng, Q. Wang, "Photonic generation of ultrawideband signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3219-3235 (2007).
  6. C. M. Tan, L. C. Ong, M. L. Yee, B. Luo, P. K. Tang, "Direct transmission of ultra wide band signals using single mode radio-over-fiber system," Proc. Asia-Pacific Microw. Conf. (2005) .
  7. C. S. Lim, M. L. Yee, C. S. Ong, "Performance of transmission of ultra wideband signals using radio-over-fiber system," Proc. ITS Tele. Conf. (2006) pp. 250-253.
  8. M. L. Yee, L. C. Ong, C. K. Sim, B. Luo, A. Alphones, "Low-cost radio-over-fiber in-building distribution network for WLAN, UWB and digital TV broadcasting," Proc. Asia-Pac. Microw. Conf. (2006) pp. 95-98.
  9. L. C. Ong, M. L. Yee, B. Luo, "Transmission of ultra wideband signals through radio-over-fiber systems," Proc. IEEE Lasers Electr.-Opt. Soc. (2006) pp. 522-523.
  10. R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, J. Marti, "Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 945-947 (2008).
  11. M. P. Thakur, T. J. Quinlan, C. Bock, S. D. Walker, M. Toycan, S. E. M. Dudley, D. W. Smith, A. Borghesani, D. Moodie, M. Ran, Y. Ben-Ezra, "480-Mbps, bi-directional, ultra-wideband radio-over-fiber transmission using a 1308/1564-nm reflective electro-absorption transducer and commercially available VCSELs," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 266-272 (2009).
  12. Y. Le Guennec, A. Pizzinat, S. Meyer, B. Charbonnier, P. Lombard, M. Lourdiane, B. Cabon, C. Algani, A. L. Billabert, M. Terre, C. Rumelhard, J. L. Polleux, H. Jacquinot, S. Bories, C. Sillans, "Low-cost transparent radio-over-fiber system for in-building distribution of UWB signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2649-2657 (2009).
  13. T. B. Gibbon, X. B. Yu, D. Zibar, I. T. Monroy, "Novel ultra-wideband photonic signal generation and transmission featuring digital signal processing bit error rate measurements," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2009) pp. 1-3.
  14. S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "Photonic generation and transmission of UWB signals with on-off keying and bi-phase modulation schemes," Optoelectron. Commun. Conf. Hong Kong (2009) Paper TuH2.
  15. S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "Photonic generation of chirp-free UWB signals for UWB over fiber applications," IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microw. Photon. ValenciaSpain (2009) Paper Th3.7.
  16. S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "Transmission of 1.25-Gb/s quasi-single-sideband Optical UWB signals over single-mode fiber," Proc. IEEE Radio Wireless Symp. (2010) pp. 500-503.
  17. M. Abtahi, M. Mirshafiei, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, "All-optical 500-Mb/s UWB transceiver: An experimental demonstration," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2795-2802 (2008).
  18. C. Wang, F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-fiber ultrawideband pulse generation based on spectral-shaping and dispersion-induced frequency-to-time conversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 137-139 (2007).
  19. S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "Switchable UWB pulse generation using a phase modulator and a reconfigurable asymmetric Mach–Zehnder interferometer," Opt. Lett. 34, 160-162 (2009).
  20. F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "Ultrawideband impulse radio signal generation using a high-speed electrooptic phase modulator and a fiber-Bragg-grating-based frequency discriminator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2062-2064 (2006).
  21. V. Torres-Company, K. Prince, I. T. Monroy, "Fiber transmission and generation of ultrawideband pulses by direct current modulation of semiconductor lasers and chirp-to-intensity conversion," Opt. Lett. 33, 222-224 (2008).
  22. S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "An optical UWB pulse generator for flexible modulation format," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1381-1383 (2009).
  23. J. J. Dong, X. L. Zhang, J. Xu, D. X. Huang, S. N. Fu, P. Shum, "Ultrawideband monocycle generation using cross-phase modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 1223-1225 (2007).
  24. Q. Wang, F. Zeng, S. Blais, J. P. Yao, "Optical ultrawideband monocycle pulse generation based on cross-gain modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Lett. 31, 3083-3085 (2006).
  25. Q. Wang, J. P. Yao, "Switchable optical UWB monocycle and doublet generation using a reconfigurable photonic microwave delay-line filter," Opt. Exp. 15, 14667-14672 (2007).
  26. H. Chen, M. Chen, C. Qiu, J. Zhang, S. Xie, "UWB monocycle pulse generation by optical polarisation time delay method," Electron. Lett. 43, 542-543 (2007).
  27. J. Q. Li, S. N. Fu, K. Xu, J. Wu, J. T. Lin, M. Tang, P. Shum, "Photonic ultrawideband monocycle pulse generation using a single electro-optic modulator," Opt. Lett. 33, 288-290 (2008).
  28. J. Wang, Q. Z. Sun, J. Q. Sun, W. W. Zhang, "All-optical UWB pulse generation using sum-frequency generation in a PPLN waveguide," Opt. Exp. 17, 3521-3530 (2009).
  29. G. H. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, "Overcome chromatic-dispersion effects in fiber wireless systems incorporating external modulators," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1410-1415 (1997).
  30. S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "A UWB over fiber transmitter reconfigurable for multiple modulation schemes," Proc. 35th Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) (2009) pp. 2.
  31. S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "An analysis on the transmission of UWB signals over optical fiber," IEEE J. Sel. Area Commun. 28, 899-900 (2010).
  32. J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, P. Ghanipour, "40 GHz electro-optic polarization modulator for fiber optic communication systems," Proc. SPIE (2004) pp. 133-143.
  33. C. D. Poole, R. E. Wagner, "Phenomenological approach to polarization dispersion in long single-mode fibers," Electron. Lett. 22, 1029-1030 (1986).
  34. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).
  35. U. Gliese, S. Norskov, T. N. Nielsen, "Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44, 1716-1724 (1996).

2010 (1)

S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "An analysis on the transmission of UWB signals over optical fiber," IEEE J. Sel. Area Commun. 28, 899-900 (2010).

2009 (5)

S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "An optical UWB pulse generator for flexible modulation format," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1381-1383 (2009).

J. Wang, Q. Z. Sun, J. Q. Sun, W. W. Zhang, "All-optical UWB pulse generation using sum-frequency generation in a PPLN waveguide," Opt. Exp. 17, 3521-3530 (2009).

M. P. Thakur, T. J. Quinlan, C. Bock, S. D. Walker, M. Toycan, S. E. M. Dudley, D. W. Smith, A. Borghesani, D. Moodie, M. Ran, Y. Ben-Ezra, "480-Mbps, bi-directional, ultra-wideband radio-over-fiber transmission using a 1308/1564-nm reflective electro-absorption transducer and commercially available VCSELs," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 266-272 (2009).

Y. Le Guennec, A. Pizzinat, S. Meyer, B. Charbonnier, P. Lombard, M. Lourdiane, B. Cabon, C. Algani, A. L. Billabert, M. Terre, C. Rumelhard, J. L. Polleux, H. Jacquinot, S. Bories, C. Sillans, "Low-cost transparent radio-over-fiber system for in-building distribution of UWB signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2649-2657 (2009).

S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "Switchable UWB pulse generation using a phase modulator and a reconfigurable asymmetric Mach–Zehnder interferometer," Opt. Lett. 34, 160-162 (2009).

2008 (4)

V. Torres-Company, K. Prince, I. T. Monroy, "Fiber transmission and generation of ultrawideband pulses by direct current modulation of semiconductor lasers and chirp-to-intensity conversion," Opt. Lett. 33, 222-224 (2008).

J. Q. Li, S. N. Fu, K. Xu, J. Wu, J. T. Lin, M. Tang, P. Shum, "Photonic ultrawideband monocycle pulse generation using a single electro-optic modulator," Opt. Lett. 33, 288-290 (2008).

M. Abtahi, M. Mirshafiei, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, "All-optical 500-Mb/s UWB transceiver: An experimental demonstration," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2795-2802 (2008).

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, J. Marti, "Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 945-947 (2008).

2007 (5)

J. P. Yao, F. Zeng, Q. Wang, "Photonic generation of ultrawideband signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3219-3235 (2007).

C. Wang, F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-fiber ultrawideband pulse generation based on spectral-shaping and dispersion-induced frequency-to-time conversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 137-139 (2007).

Q. Wang, J. P. Yao, "Switchable optical UWB monocycle and doublet generation using a reconfigurable photonic microwave delay-line filter," Opt. Exp. 15, 14667-14672 (2007).

H. Chen, M. Chen, C. Qiu, J. Zhang, S. Xie, "UWB monocycle pulse generation by optical polarisation time delay method," Electron. Lett. 43, 542-543 (2007).

J. J. Dong, X. L. Zhang, J. Xu, D. X. Huang, S. N. Fu, P. Shum, "Ultrawideband monocycle generation using cross-phase modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 1223-1225 (2007).

2006 (2)

Q. Wang, F. Zeng, S. Blais, J. P. Yao, "Optical ultrawideband monocycle pulse generation based on cross-gain modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Lett. 31, 3083-3085 (2006).

F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "Ultrawideband impulse radio signal generation using a high-speed electrooptic phase modulator and a fiber-Bragg-grating-based frequency discriminator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2062-2064 (2006).

2003 (2)

G. R. Aiello, G. D. Rogerson, "Ultra-wideband wireless systems," IEEE Microw. Mag. 4, 36-47 (2003).

D. Porcino, W. Hirt, "Ultra-wideband radio technology: Potential and challenges ahead," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 66-74 (2003).

1997 (1)

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, "Overcome chromatic-dispersion effects in fiber wireless systems incorporating external modulators," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1410-1415 (1997).

1996 (1)

U. Gliese, S. Norskov, T. N. Nielsen, "Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44, 1716-1724 (1996).

1986 (1)

C. D. Poole, R. E. Wagner, "Phenomenological approach to polarization dispersion in long single-mode fibers," Electron. Lett. 22, 1029-1030 (1986).

Electron. Lett. (2)

C. D. Poole, R. E. Wagner, "Phenomenological approach to polarization dispersion in long single-mode fibers," Electron. Lett. 22, 1029-1030 (1986).

H. Chen, M. Chen, C. Qiu, J. Zhang, S. Xie, "UWB monocycle pulse generation by optical polarisation time delay method," Electron. Lett. 43, 542-543 (2007).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

D. Porcino, W. Hirt, "Ultra-wideband radio technology: Potential and challenges ahead," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 66-74 (2003).

IEEE J. Sel. Area Commun. (1)

S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "An analysis on the transmission of UWB signals over optical fiber," IEEE J. Sel. Area Commun. 28, 899-900 (2010).

IEEE Microw. Mag. (1)

G. R. Aiello, G. D. Rogerson, "Ultra-wideband wireless systems," IEEE Microw. Mag. 4, 36-47 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

C. Wang, F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-fiber ultrawideband pulse generation based on spectral-shaping and dispersion-induced frequency-to-time conversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 137-139 (2007).

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, J. Marti, "Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 945-947 (2008).

F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "Ultrawideband impulse radio signal generation using a high-speed electrooptic phase modulator and a fiber-Bragg-grating-based frequency discriminator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2062-2064 (2006).

S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "An optical UWB pulse generator for flexible modulation format," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1381-1383 (2009).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (2)

U. Gliese, S. Norskov, T. N. Nielsen, "Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44, 1716-1724 (1996).

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, "Overcome chromatic-dispersion effects in fiber wireless systems incorporating external modulators," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1410-1415 (1997).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

M. Abtahi, M. Mirshafiei, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, "All-optical 500-Mb/s UWB transceiver: An experimental demonstration," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2795-2802 (2008).

M. P. Thakur, T. J. Quinlan, C. Bock, S. D. Walker, M. Toycan, S. E. M. Dudley, D. W. Smith, A. Borghesani, D. Moodie, M. Ran, Y. Ben-Ezra, "480-Mbps, bi-directional, ultra-wideband radio-over-fiber transmission using a 1308/1564-nm reflective electro-absorption transducer and commercially available VCSELs," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 266-272 (2009).

Y. Le Guennec, A. Pizzinat, S. Meyer, B. Charbonnier, P. Lombard, M. Lourdiane, B. Cabon, C. Algani, A. L. Billabert, M. Terre, C. Rumelhard, J. L. Polleux, H. Jacquinot, S. Bories, C. Sillans, "Low-cost transparent radio-over-fiber system for in-building distribution of UWB signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2649-2657 (2009).

J. P. Yao, F. Zeng, Q. Wang, "Photonic generation of ultrawideband signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3219-3235 (2007).

Opt. Exp. (2)

J. Wang, Q. Z. Sun, J. Q. Sun, W. W. Zhang, "All-optical UWB pulse generation using sum-frequency generation in a PPLN waveguide," Opt. Exp. 17, 3521-3530 (2009).

Q. Wang, J. P. Yao, "Switchable optical UWB monocycle and doublet generation using a reconfigurable photonic microwave delay-line filter," Opt. Exp. 15, 14667-14672 (2007).

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (13)

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, P. Ghanipour, "40 GHz electro-optic polarization modulator for fiber optic communication systems," Proc. SPIE (2004) pp. 133-143.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "A UWB over fiber transmitter reconfigurable for multiple modulation schemes," Proc. 35th Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) (2009) pp. 2.

M. Ghavami, L. B. Michael, R. Kohno, Ultra Wideband Signals and Systems in Communication Engineering (Wiley, 2004).

I. Oppermann, M. Hämäläinen, J. Iinatti, UWB Theory and Applications (Wiley, 2004).

C. M. Tan, L. C. Ong, M. L. Yee, B. Luo, P. K. Tang, "Direct transmission of ultra wide band signals using single mode radio-over-fiber system," Proc. Asia-Pacific Microw. Conf. (2005) .

C. S. Lim, M. L. Yee, C. S. Ong, "Performance of transmission of ultra wideband signals using radio-over-fiber system," Proc. ITS Tele. Conf. (2006) pp. 250-253.

M. L. Yee, L. C. Ong, C. K. Sim, B. Luo, A. Alphones, "Low-cost radio-over-fiber in-building distribution network for WLAN, UWB and digital TV broadcasting," Proc. Asia-Pac. Microw. Conf. (2006) pp. 95-98.

L. C. Ong, M. L. Yee, B. Luo, "Transmission of ultra wideband signals through radio-over-fiber systems," Proc. IEEE Lasers Electr.-Opt. Soc. (2006) pp. 522-523.

T. B. Gibbon, X. B. Yu, D. Zibar, I. T. Monroy, "Novel ultra-wideband photonic signal generation and transmission featuring digital signal processing bit error rate measurements," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2009) pp. 1-3.

S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "Photonic generation and transmission of UWB signals with on-off keying and bi-phase modulation schemes," Optoelectron. Commun. Conf. Hong Kong (2009) Paper TuH2.

S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "Photonic generation of chirp-free UWB signals for UWB over fiber applications," IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microw. Photon. ValenciaSpain (2009) Paper Th3.7.

S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "Transmission of 1.25-Gb/s quasi-single-sideband Optical UWB signals over single-mode fiber," Proc. IEEE Radio Wireless Symp. (2010) pp. 500-503.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.