Abstract

A multi-Gb/s 60 GHz radio over fiber (RoF) system employing direct modulation of an optically injection locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser is successfully demonstrated. Experimental results show that the RoF system is tolerant to fiber chromatic dispersion due to inherent single-sideband modulation produced by injection locking. A simple carrier-to-sideband equalization method is used to substantially improve the sensitivity of the RoF system by 18 dB, enabling both successful wireless signal transmission and multilevel signal modulation formats such as quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK). At least 3 Gb/s ASK-modulated data and 2 Gb/s QPSK-modulated data is transported over up to 20 km standard single-mode fiber and 3 m wireless distance with no penalty.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. J. Wells, "Faster than fiber: The future of multi-Gb/s wireless," IEEE Microw. Mag. 10, 104-112 (2009).
  2. B. Razavi, "Gadgets gab at 60 GHz," IEEE Spectr. 45, 46-58 (2008).
  3. C. Park, T. S. Rappaport, "Short-range wireless communications for next-generation networks: UWB, 60 GHz millimeter-wave WPAN, and ZigBee," IEEE Wireless Commun. 14, 70-78 (2007).
  4. P. Smulders, "Exploiting the 60 GHz band for local wireless multimedia access: Prospects and future directions," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 140-147 (2002).
  5. M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, J. George, "Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3301-3320 (2007).
  6. A. Ng'oma, M. Sauer, "Radio-over-fiber technologies for high data rate wireless applications," Proc. IEEE Sarnoff Symp. (2009) pp. 1-6.
  7. A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, Y.-T. Hsueh, G.-K. Chang, "Advanced system technologies and filed demonstration for in-building optical-wireless network with integrated broadband services," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1920-1927 (2009).
  8. C. T. Lin, E. Z. Wong, W. J. Jiang, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, S. Chi, "28-Gb/s 16-QAM OFDM radio-over-fiber system within 7 GHz license-free band at 60 GHz employing alloptical up-conversion," Proc. CLEO (2009).
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  14. L. Chrostowski, X. Zhao, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Microwave performance of optically injection-locked VCSELs," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 788-796 (2006).
  15. H.-K. Sung, E. K. Lau, M. C. Wu, "Near-single sideband modulation in strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers," Proc. OFC (2006).
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  17. F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, "Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 1937-1940 (1993).
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  19. C. Lim, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Analysis of optical carrier-to-sideband ratio for improving transmission performance in fiber-radio links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 2181-2187 (2006).
  20. X. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, F. Koyama, A. E. Willner, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Greatly increased fiber transmission distance with an optically injection-locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser," Opt. Exp. 17, 13785-13791 (2009).
  21. M. Attygalle, C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, "Extending optical transmission distance in fiber wireless links using passive filtering in conjunction with optimized modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1703-1709 (2006).
  22. X. Zhao, K. Hasebe, T. Sakaguchi, F. Koyama, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, C.-E. Zah, "Tunable optical equalizer using diffraction grating filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1590-1592 (2008).
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2009 (5)

J. Wells, "Faster than fiber: The future of multi-Gb/s wireless," IEEE Microw. Mag. 10, 104-112 (2009).

X. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, F. Koyama, A. E. Willner, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Greatly increased fiber transmission distance with an optically injection-locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser," Opt. Exp. 17, 13785-13791 (2009).

A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, Y.-T. Hsueh, G.-K. Chang, "Advanced system technologies and filed demonstration for in-building optical-wireless network with integrated broadband services," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1920-1927 (2009).

W. Hofmann, M. Müller, A. Nadtochiy, C. Meltzer, A. Mutig, G. Böhm, J. Rosskopf, D. Bimberg, M.-C. Amann, C. Chang-Hasnain, "22-Gb/s long wavelength VCSELs," Opt. Exp. 17, 17547-17554 (2009).

X. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, F. Koyama, A. E. Willner, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Greatly increased fiber transmission distance with an optically injection-locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser," Opt. Exp. 17, 13785-13791 (2009).

2008 (5)

X. Zhao, K. Hasebe, T. Sakaguchi, F. Koyama, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, C.-E. Zah, "Tunable optical equalizer using diffraction grating filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1590-1592 (2008).

D. Parekh, X. Zhao, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, L. A. Zenteno, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Greatly enhanced modulation response of injection-locked multimode VCSELs," Opt. Exp. 16, 21582-21586 (2008).

M. Weiss, M. Huchard, A. Stohr, B. Charbonnier, S. Fedderwitz, D. S. Jager, "60-GHz photonic millimeter-wave link for short- to medium-range wireless transmission up to 12.5 Gb/s," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2424-2429 (2008).

E. K. Lau, X. Zhao, H.-K. Sung, D. Parekh, C. Chang-Hasnain, M. C. Wu, "Strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers demonstrating $> $100-GHz resonance frequencies and 80-GHz intrinsic bandwidths," Opt. Exp. 16, 6609-6618 (2008).

B. Razavi, "Gadgets gab at 60 GHz," IEEE Spectr. 45, 46-58 (2008).

2007 (2)

C. Park, T. S. Rappaport, "Short-range wireless communications for next-generation networks: UWB, 60 GHz millimeter-wave WPAN, and ZigBee," IEEE Wireless Commun. 14, 70-78 (2007).

M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, J. George, "Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3301-3320 (2007).

2006 (3)

L. Chrostowski, X. Zhao, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Microwave performance of optically injection-locked VCSELs," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 788-796 (2006).

C. Lim, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Analysis of optical carrier-to-sideband ratio for improving transmission performance in fiber-radio links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 2181-2187 (2006).

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, "Extending optical transmission distance in fiber wireless links using passive filtering in conjunction with optimized modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1703-1709 (2006).

2002 (1)

P. Smulders, "Exploiting the 60 GHz band for local wireless multimedia access: Prospects and future directions," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 140-147 (2002).

1994 (1)

B. Wedding, "Analysis of fibre transfer function and determination of receiver frequency response for dispersion supported transmission," Electron. Lett. 30, 58-59 (1994).

1993 (1)

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, "Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 1937-1940 (1993).

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. Wedding, "Analysis of fibre transfer function and determination of receiver frequency response for dispersion supported transmission," Electron. Lett. 30, 58-59 (1994).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

P. Smulders, "Exploiting the 60 GHz band for local wireless multimedia access: Prospects and future directions," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 140-147 (2002).

IEEE Microw. Mag. (1)

J. Wells, "Faster than fiber: The future of multi-Gb/s wireless," IEEE Microw. Mag. 10, 104-112 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

X. Zhao, K. Hasebe, T. Sakaguchi, F. Koyama, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, C.-E. Zah, "Tunable optical equalizer using diffraction grating filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1590-1592 (2008).

IEEE Spectr. (1)

B. Razavi, "Gadgets gab at 60 GHz," IEEE Spectr. 45, 46-58 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (2)

C. Lim, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Analysis of optical carrier-to-sideband ratio for improving transmission performance in fiber-radio links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 2181-2187 (2006).

L. Chrostowski, X. Zhao, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Microwave performance of optically injection-locked VCSELs," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 788-796 (2006).

IEEE Wireless Commun. (1)

C. Park, T. S. Rappaport, "Short-range wireless communications for next-generation networks: UWB, 60 GHz millimeter-wave WPAN, and ZigBee," IEEE Wireless Commun. 14, 70-78 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, J. George, "Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3301-3320 (2007).

A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, Y.-T. Hsueh, G.-K. Chang, "Advanced system technologies and filed demonstration for in-building optical-wireless network with integrated broadband services," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1920-1927 (2009).

M. Weiss, M. Huchard, A. Stohr, B. Charbonnier, S. Fedderwitz, D. S. Jager, "60-GHz photonic millimeter-wave link for short- to medium-range wireless transmission up to 12.5 Gb/s," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2424-2429 (2008).

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, "Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 1937-1940 (1993).

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, "Extending optical transmission distance in fiber wireless links using passive filtering in conjunction with optimized modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1703-1709 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (5)

D. Parekh, X. Zhao, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, L. A. Zenteno, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Greatly enhanced modulation response of injection-locked multimode VCSELs," Opt. Exp. 16, 21582-21586 (2008).

W. Hofmann, M. Müller, A. Nadtochiy, C. Meltzer, A. Mutig, G. Böhm, J. Rosskopf, D. Bimberg, M.-C. Amann, C. Chang-Hasnain, "22-Gb/s long wavelength VCSELs," Opt. Exp. 17, 17547-17554 (2009).

X. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, F. Koyama, A. E. Willner, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Greatly increased fiber transmission distance with an optically injection-locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser," Opt. Exp. 17, 13785-13791 (2009).

E. K. Lau, X. Zhao, H.-K. Sung, D. Parekh, C. Chang-Hasnain, M. C. Wu, "Strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers demonstrating $> $100-GHz resonance frequencies and 80-GHz intrinsic bandwidths," Opt. Exp. 16, 6609-6618 (2008).

X. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, F. Koyama, A. E. Willner, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Greatly increased fiber transmission distance with an optically injection-locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser," Opt. Exp. 17, 13785-13791 (2009).

Other (5)

D. Parekh, B. Zhang, X. Zhao, Y. Yu, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, A. E. Willner, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "90-km single-mode fiber transmission of 10-Gb/s multimode VCSELs under optical injection locking," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. (OFC 2009) San DiegoCA () Paper OTuK7.

H.-K. Sung, E. K. Lau, M. C. Wu, "Near-single sideband modulation in strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers," Proc. OFC (2006).

A. Ng'oma, M. Sauer, F. Annunziata, W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, J. Chen, P.-T. Shi, S. Chi, "Simple multi-Gb/s 60 GHz radio-over-fiber links employing optical and electrical data up-conversion and feed-forward equalization," OFC Conf. San DiegoCA (2009) Paper OWF2.

C. T. Lin, E. Z. Wong, W. J. Jiang, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, S. Chi, "28-Gb/s 16-QAM OFDM radio-over-fiber system within 7 GHz license-free band at 60 GHz employing alloptical up-conversion," Proc. CLEO (2009).

A. Ng'oma, M. Sauer, "Radio-over-fiber technologies for high data rate wireless applications," Proc. IEEE Sarnoff Symp. (2009) pp. 1-6.

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