Abstract

With the rapid deployment of optical access networks and the growing availability of mature and cost-effective opto-electronic system technologies, a unified optical feeder network could provide seamless integration of both broadband optical and wireless access networks. Radio-over-fiber transmission has been studied extensively as a way of achieving such high levels of network integration as well as simplifying wireless base-stations. Digitized radio-over-fiber has recently been reported as a possible cost-effective pathway for achieving this by taking advantage of parallel developments in electronic sampling systems and signal processing. In this paper, we present a review of recent progress in key systems and network technologies that can support the distribution of multi-band wireless signals in a converged optical wireless access network.

© 2010 IEEE

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  31. A. Nkansah, A. Das, N. J. Gomes, P. Shen, "Multilevel modulated signal transmission over serial single-mode and multimode fiber links using vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers for millimeter-wave wireless communications," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech 55, 1219-1228 (2007).
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2010 (2)

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, M. Bakaul, P. Gamage, K. L. Lee, Y. Yang, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Fiber-wireless networks and subsystem technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 390-405 (2010).

V. G. Cerf, M. P. Singh, "Internet predictions," IEEE Internet Comput. 14, 10-11 (2010).

2009 (4)

K. Ahmad, A. C. Begen, "IPTV and video networks in the 2015 timeframe: The evolution to medianets," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 68-74 (2009).

P. A. Gamage, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Experimental demonstration of the transport of digitized multiple wireless systems over fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 691-693 (2009).

P. A. Gamage, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Design and analysis of digitized RF-over-fiber links," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2052-2061 (2009).

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, J. Zhensheng, C. Hung-Chang, H. Ming-Fang, Y. Jianjun, G. Ellinas, "Key technologies of WDM-PON for future converged optical broadband access networks [invited]," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, C35-C50 (2009).

2008 (2)

M. Bakaul, N. Nadarajah, A. Nirmalathas, E. Wong, "Internetworking VCSEL-based hybrid base station towards simultaneous wireless and wired transport for converged access network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 569-571 (2008).

G.-Q. Zhang, Q.-F. Yang, S.-Q. Cheng, T. Zhou, Tao, "Evolution of the internet and its cores," New J. Phys. 10, (2008).

2007 (3)

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, K.-L. Lee, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Intermodulation distortion improvement for fiber-radio applications incorporating ${\rm OSSB}+{\rm C}$ modulation in an optical integrated-access environment," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1602-1612 (2007).

N. Nadarajah, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, "Laser-free inter-networking hybrid base stations towards convergence of wireless and wired access networks," Electron. Lett. 43, 472-474 (2007).

A. Nkansah, A. Das, N. J. Gomes, P. Shen, "Multilevel modulated signal transmission over serial single-mode and multimode fiber links using vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers for millimeter-wave wireless communications," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech 55, 1219-1228 (2007).

2006 (1)

T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 921-928 (2006).

1999 (1)

D. M. Akos, M. Stockmaster, J. B. Y. Tsui, J. A. C. Caschera, "Direct bandpass sampling of multiple distinct RF signals," IEEE Trans. Commun. 47, 983-988 (1999).

1995 (1)

W. B. Bridges, J. H. Schaffner, "Distortion in linearized electrooptic modulators," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2184-2197 (1995).

1994 (1)

G. E. Betts, "Linearized modulator for suboctave-bandpass optical analog links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 42, 2642-2649 (1994).

1991 (1)

R. G. Vaughan, N. L. Scott, D. R. White, "The theory of bandpass sampling. Signal processing," IEEE Trans. Acoustics, Speech, Signal Process. 39, 1973-1984 (1991).

Electron. Lett. (1)

N. Nadarajah, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, "Laser-free inter-networking hybrid base stations towards convergence of wireless and wired access networks," Electron. Lett. 43, 472-474 (2007).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

K. Ahmad, A. C. Begen, "IPTV and video networks in the 2015 timeframe: The evolution to medianets," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 68-74 (2009).

IEEE Internet Comput. (1)

V. G. Cerf, M. P. Singh, "Internet predictions," IEEE Internet Comput. 14, 10-11 (2010).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

P. A. Gamage, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Experimental demonstration of the transport of digitized multiple wireless systems over fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 691-693 (2009).

M. Bakaul, N. Nadarajah, A. Nirmalathas, E. Wong, "Internetworking VCSEL-based hybrid base station towards simultaneous wireless and wired transport for converged access network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 569-571 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Acoustics, Speech, Signal Process. (1)

R. G. Vaughan, N. L. Scott, D. R. White, "The theory of bandpass sampling. Signal processing," IEEE Trans. Acoustics, Speech, Signal Process. 39, 1973-1984 (1991).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

D. M. Akos, M. Stockmaster, J. B. Y. Tsui, J. A. C. Caschera, "Direct bandpass sampling of multiple distinct RF signals," IEEE Trans. Commun. 47, 983-988 (1999).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech (1)

A. Nkansah, A. Das, N. J. Gomes, P. Shen, "Multilevel modulated signal transmission over serial single-mode and multimode fiber links using vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers for millimeter-wave wireless communications," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech 55, 1219-1228 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (3)

T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 921-928 (2006).

W. B. Bridges, J. H. Schaffner, "Distortion in linearized electrooptic modulators," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2184-2197 (1995).

G. E. Betts, "Linearized modulator for suboctave-bandpass optical analog links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 42, 2642-2649 (1994).

IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, J. Zhensheng, C. Hung-Chang, H. Ming-Fang, Y. Jianjun, G. Ellinas, "Key technologies of WDM-PON for future converged optical broadband access networks [invited]," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, C35-C50 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, K.-L. Lee, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Intermodulation distortion improvement for fiber-radio applications incorporating ${\rm OSSB}+{\rm C}$ modulation in an optical integrated-access environment," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1602-1612 (2007).

P. A. Gamage, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Design and analysis of digitized RF-over-fiber links," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2052-2061 (2009).

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, M. Bakaul, P. Gamage, K. L. Lee, Y. Yang, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Fiber-wireless networks and subsystem technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 390-405 (2010).

New J. Phys. (1)

G.-Q. Zhang, Q.-F. Yang, S.-Q. Cheng, T. Zhou, Tao, "Evolution of the internet and its cores," New J. Phys. 10, (2008).

Other (16)

L. Luic, D. Glumac, "The role of ICT technology in the knowledge society," Proc. TELSIKS'09. 9th Int. Conf. Telecommun. Modern Satellite, Cable, and Broadcasting Services (2009) pp. 310-313.

R. E. Schuh, D. Wake, B. Verii, M. Mateescu, "Hybrid fiber radio access: A network operators approach and requirements," Proc. 10th Microcell Conf. (1999) pp. 211-214.

Smart 2020 Enabling the Low Carbon Economy in the Information Age http://www.gesi.org/ReportsPublications/tabid/60/Default.aspx (2008) Global e-Sustainability Initiative (GeSi) Report on.

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, C. Hung-Chang, G. Ellinas, "Architectures and technologies for very high throughput in-building wireless services using radio-over-fiber networks," Proc. IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting, LEOSST'09 (2009) pp. 37-38.

K. Kitayama, T. Kuri, J. J. V. Olmos, H. Toda, "Fiber-wireless networks and radio-over-fibre technique," Proc. CLEO/QELS 2008 (2008) pp. 1-2.

D. Wake, "Trends and prospects for radio over fibre picocells," Proc. Int. Topical Meeting Microw. Photonics (MWP 2002) (2002) pp. 21-24.

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, P. F. M. Smulders, "Impact of radio-over-fibre links on the wireless access protocols," NEFERTITI Workshop BrusselsBelgium (2005).

Y. Luo, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. A.-C. Cvijetic, "Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network," Proc. OFC'06 (2006) pp. 0-10.

P. M. Wala, "A new microcell architecture using digital optical transport," Proc. 43rd IEEE Vehicular Technology Conf. (1993) pp. 585-588.

T. Kuri, H. Toda, J. J. V. Olmos, K. Kitayama, "Fiber-wireless DWDM networks and radio-over-fiber technologies," Proc. MWP (2009) pp. 1-4.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalthas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Wavelength interleaving towards DWDM and spectral efficiency in dual-toned millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber systems [invited]," Proc. 15th Asia-Pacific Conf. Commun. (2009) pp. 575-579.

C. Ta, B. N. Wicks, F. Zhang, B. Yang, Y. Mo, K. Wang, Z. Liu, G. Felic, P. Nadagouda, T. Walsh, R. J. Evans, I. Mareels, E. Skafidas, "Issues in the implementation of a 60 GHz transceiver on CMOS," Proc. IEEE FIT (2007) pp. 135-140.

D. Wake, S. Pato, J. Pedro, E. Lopez, N. Gomes, P. Monteiro, "A comparison of remote radio head optical transmission technologies for next generation wireless systems," Proc. IEEE Photonics Society Annual Meeting (2009) pp. 442-.

T. Li, M. Crisp, R. V. Plenty, I. H. White, "Low bit rate digital radio over fibre system," Proc. Int. MWP (2009) pp. 1-4.

J. E. Mitchell, "Techniques for radio over fiber networks," Proc. LEOS (2006) pp. 346-347.

T. Jayasinghe, C. C. Joon, R. S. Tucker, A. Nirmalathas, J. H. Yoo, B. W. Kim, "Wavelength switchable ONU transmitter using a self-seeded RSOA for reconfigurable optical VPN over WDM PON," Proc. OECC/ACOFT (2008) pp. 1-2.

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