Abstract

In this paper, we demonstrate the full-duplex radio-over-fiber (RoF) system operating in the 60 GHz band and gigabit Ethernet services in the integrated RoF/optical network architecture. The proposed full-duplex 60 GHz RoF system incorporates the centralized photonic upconversion, using the fiber-optic wavelength conversion technique and the envelope detection/direct optical modulation techniques in the 60 GHz band. The RoF system comprises physical link of a 34 km fiber between the central station and the base stations (BSs) with the 5 m aerial distance between the BS and the customer unit for end-user access. The analog performance of the photonic upconversion function are measured and characterized to map the ranges of optical conditions for stable operation, the modulations depth and the spurious-free dynamic range (SFDR). The SFDR above 80.0 dB.Hz$^{2/3}$ is obtained for the probe wavelength ranged from 1540 to 1555 nm at the bias voltage of ${-}0.8$ V. The optimum modulation depth is shifted from ${-}1.0$ to ${-}0.5$ V correspond to the probe wavelength from 1560 to 1530nm. The downlink bit-error-rate performance shows direct relationship with its modulation efficiency changes for bias voltages and pump wavelengths.

© 2010 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Sakar, S. Dixit, B. Mukherjee, "Hybrid wireless-optical broadband-access network (WOBAN): A review of relevant challenges," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3329-3340 (2007).
  2. J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Liu, Z. Jia, G.-K. Chang, "Seamless integration of an 8$\,\times\,$2.5 Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on raman-assisted FWM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1986-1988 (2005).
  3. J. J. V. Olmos, T. Kuri, T. Sono, K. Tamura, H. Toda, K.-I. Kitayama, "Reconfigurable 2.5-Gb/s baseband and 60-GHz (155-Mb/s) millimeter-waveband radio-over-fiber (interleaving) access network," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2506-2512 (2008).
  4. J. Capmany, D. Novak, "Microwave photonics combines two worlds," Nat. Photon. 1, 319-330 (2007).
  5. L. A. Johansson, A. J. Seeds, "36-GHz 140-Mb/s radio-over-fiber transmission using an optical injection phase-lock loop source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 893-895 (2001).
  6. C. S. Park, C. K. Oh, C. G. Lee, D.-H. Kim, C.-S. Park, "A photonic up-converter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).
  7. T. Kuri, H. Toda, K.-I. Kitayama, "Dense wavelength-division multiplexing millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber signal transmission with photonic downconversion," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1510-1517 (2003).
  8. Z. Jia, J. Yu, Y.-T. Hsueh, A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, J. A. Buck, G.-K. Chang, "Multiband signal generation and dispersion-tolerant transmission based on photonic frequency tripling technology for 60-GHz radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1470-1472 (2008).
  9. P. Smulders, "Exploiting the 60 GHz band for local wireless multimedia access: Prospects and future directions," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 140-147 (2002).
  10. M. Huchard, M. Weiss, A. Pizzinat, S. Meyer, P. Guignard, B. Charbonnier, "Ultra-broadband wireless home network based on 60-GHz WPAN cells interconnected via RoF," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2364-2372 (2008).
  11. C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y.-K. Yeo, Y. Wang, L. C. Ong, S. Kato, "Fiber-optic 60-GHz wireless downlink using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 557-559 (2008).
  12. L. Zhou, X. Shao, T. Y. Chai, C. B. Saradhi, Y. Wang, "iOPEN netowork: operation mechanisms and experimental study," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. (2007) pp. 2146-2150.
  13. X. Shao, L. Zhou, Y.-K. Yeo, T. Y. Chai, L. H. Ngoh, W. Rong, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Y. Liaw, J. Samsudin, "Differentiated quality of protection (QOP) and cross-layer protection for survivable hybrid packet/WDM networks," Proc. OFC (2009) pp. 1-3.
  14. H. Kiuchi, T. Kawanishi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, M. Izutsu, "High extinction ratio Mach–Zehnder modulator applied to a highly stable optical signal generator," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 55, 1964-1972 (2007).
  15. K. Kojucharow, M. Sauer, J. Kaluzni, D. Sommer, F. Poegel, W. Nowak, A. Finger, D. Ferling, "Simultaneous electrooptical upconversion, remote oscillator generation, and air transmission of multiple optical WDM channels for a 60-GHz high-capacity indoor system," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 2249-2256 (1999).
  16. G. Grosskopf, D. Rohde, R. Eggemann, S. Bauer, C. Bornholdt, M. Mohrle, S. Sartorius, "Optical millimeter-wave generation and wireless data transmission using a dual-mode laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1692-1694 (2000).
  17. T. Otani, T. Miyazaki, S. Yamamoto, "40-Gb/s optical 3R regenerator using electroabsorption modulators for optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 195-200 (2002).
  18. T. H. Wood, J. Z. Pastalan, C. A. Burrus Jr., B. C. Johnson, B. I. Miller, J. L. deMiguel, U. Koren, M. G. Young, "Electric field screening by photogenerated holes in multiple quantum wells: A new mechanism for absorption saturation," Appl. Phy. Lett. 57, 1081-1083 (1990).
  19. B. Liu, J. Shim, Y.-J. Chiu, A. Keating, J. Piprek, J. E. Bowers, "Analog characterization of low-voltage MQW traveling-wave electroabsorption modulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3011-3019 (2003).
  20. C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y.-K. Yeo, L. C. Ong, Y. Wang, R. Miura, "Modulation characteristics of the photonic upconversion based on crossabsorption modulation in the MQW-EAM for 60 GHz applications," Proc. Radio Wireless Symp. (RWS) (2008) pp. 443-446.
  21. N. Cheng, J. C. Cartledge, "Measurement-based model for cross-absorption modulation in an MQW electroabsorption modulator," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1805-1810 (2004).
  22. J. Kim, Y.-D. Chung, K.-S. Choi, D.-S. Shin, J.-S. Sim, H.-K. Yu, "60 GHz system-on-packaging transmitter for radio-over-fiber application," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2379-2387 (2008).

2008 (5)

J. J. V. Olmos, T. Kuri, T. Sono, K. Tamura, H. Toda, K.-I. Kitayama, "Reconfigurable 2.5-Gb/s baseband and 60-GHz (155-Mb/s) millimeter-waveband radio-over-fiber (interleaving) access network," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2506-2512 (2008).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, Y.-T. Hsueh, A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, J. A. Buck, G.-K. Chang, "Multiband signal generation and dispersion-tolerant transmission based on photonic frequency tripling technology for 60-GHz radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1470-1472 (2008).

M. Huchard, M. Weiss, A. Pizzinat, S. Meyer, P. Guignard, B. Charbonnier, "Ultra-broadband wireless home network based on 60-GHz WPAN cells interconnected via RoF," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2364-2372 (2008).

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y.-K. Yeo, Y. Wang, L. C. Ong, S. Kato, "Fiber-optic 60-GHz wireless downlink using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 557-559 (2008).

J. Kim, Y.-D. Chung, K.-S. Choi, D.-S. Shin, J.-S. Sim, H.-K. Yu, "60 GHz system-on-packaging transmitter for radio-over-fiber application," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2379-2387 (2008).

2007 (3)

H. Kiuchi, T. Kawanishi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, M. Izutsu, "High extinction ratio Mach–Zehnder modulator applied to a highly stable optical signal generator," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 55, 1964-1972 (2007).

J. Capmany, D. Novak, "Microwave photonics combines two worlds," Nat. Photon. 1, 319-330 (2007).

S. Sakar, S. Dixit, B. Mukherjee, "Hybrid wireless-optical broadband-access network (WOBAN): A review of relevant challenges," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3329-3340 (2007).

2005 (2)

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Liu, Z. Jia, G.-K. Chang, "Seamless integration of an 8$\,\times\,$2.5 Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on raman-assisted FWM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1986-1988 (2005).

C. S. Park, C. K. Oh, C. G. Lee, D.-H. Kim, C.-S. Park, "A photonic up-converter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).

2004 (1)

N. Cheng, J. C. Cartledge, "Measurement-based model for cross-absorption modulation in an MQW electroabsorption modulator," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1805-1810 (2004).

2003 (2)

T. Kuri, H. Toda, K.-I. Kitayama, "Dense wavelength-division multiplexing millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber signal transmission with photonic downconversion," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1510-1517 (2003).

B. Liu, J. Shim, Y.-J. Chiu, A. Keating, J. Piprek, J. E. Bowers, "Analog characterization of low-voltage MQW traveling-wave electroabsorption modulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3011-3019 (2003).

2002 (2)

T. Otani, T. Miyazaki, S. Yamamoto, "40-Gb/s optical 3R regenerator using electroabsorption modulators for optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 195-200 (2002).

P. Smulders, "Exploiting the 60 GHz band for local wireless multimedia access: Prospects and future directions," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 140-147 (2002).

2001 (1)

L. A. Johansson, A. J. Seeds, "36-GHz 140-Mb/s radio-over-fiber transmission using an optical injection phase-lock loop source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 893-895 (2001).

2000 (1)

G. Grosskopf, D. Rohde, R. Eggemann, S. Bauer, C. Bornholdt, M. Mohrle, S. Sartorius, "Optical millimeter-wave generation and wireless data transmission using a dual-mode laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1692-1694 (2000).

1999 (1)

K. Kojucharow, M. Sauer, J. Kaluzni, D. Sommer, F. Poegel, W. Nowak, A. Finger, D. Ferling, "Simultaneous electrooptical upconversion, remote oscillator generation, and air transmission of multiple optical WDM channels for a 60-GHz high-capacity indoor system," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 2249-2256 (1999).

1990 (1)

T. H. Wood, J. Z. Pastalan, C. A. Burrus Jr., B. C. Johnson, B. I. Miller, J. L. deMiguel, U. Koren, M. G. Young, "Electric field screening by photogenerated holes in multiple quantum wells: A new mechanism for absorption saturation," Appl. Phy. Lett. 57, 1081-1083 (1990).

Appl. Phy. Lett. (1)

T. H. Wood, J. Z. Pastalan, C. A. Burrus Jr., B. C. Johnson, B. I. Miller, J. L. deMiguel, U. Koren, M. G. Young, "Electric field screening by photogenerated holes in multiple quantum wells: A new mechanism for absorption saturation," Appl. Phy. Lett. 57, 1081-1083 (1990).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

P. Smulders, "Exploiting the 60 GHz band for local wireless multimedia access: Prospects and future directions," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 140-147 (2002).

IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. (1)

C. S. Park, C. K. Oh, C. G. Lee, D.-H. Kim, C.-S. Park, "A photonic up-converter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Liu, Z. Jia, G.-K. Chang, "Seamless integration of an 8$\,\times\,$2.5 Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on raman-assisted FWM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1986-1988 (2005).

L. A. Johansson, A. J. Seeds, "36-GHz 140-Mb/s radio-over-fiber transmission using an optical injection phase-lock loop source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 893-895 (2001).

G. Grosskopf, D. Rohde, R. Eggemann, S. Bauer, C. Bornholdt, M. Mohrle, S. Sartorius, "Optical millimeter-wave generation and wireless data transmission using a dual-mode laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1692-1694 (2000).

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y.-K. Yeo, Y. Wang, L. C. Ong, S. Kato, "Fiber-optic 60-GHz wireless downlink using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 557-559 (2008).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, Y.-T. Hsueh, A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, J. A. Buck, G.-K. Chang, "Multiband signal generation and dispersion-tolerant transmission based on photonic frequency tripling technology for 60-GHz radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1470-1472 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (2)

H. Kiuchi, T. Kawanishi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, M. Izutsu, "High extinction ratio Mach–Zehnder modulator applied to a highly stable optical signal generator," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 55, 1964-1972 (2007).

K. Kojucharow, M. Sauer, J. Kaluzni, D. Sommer, F. Poegel, W. Nowak, A. Finger, D. Ferling, "Simultaneous electrooptical upconversion, remote oscillator generation, and air transmission of multiple optical WDM channels for a 60-GHz high-capacity indoor system," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 2249-2256 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol. (8)

T. Otani, T. Miyazaki, S. Yamamoto, "40-Gb/s optical 3R regenerator using electroabsorption modulators for optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 195-200 (2002).

B. Liu, J. Shim, Y.-J. Chiu, A. Keating, J. Piprek, J. E. Bowers, "Analog characterization of low-voltage MQW traveling-wave electroabsorption modulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3011-3019 (2003).

S. Sakar, S. Dixit, B. Mukherjee, "Hybrid wireless-optical broadband-access network (WOBAN): A review of relevant challenges," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3329-3340 (2007).

J. J. V. Olmos, T. Kuri, T. Sono, K. Tamura, H. Toda, K.-I. Kitayama, "Reconfigurable 2.5-Gb/s baseband and 60-GHz (155-Mb/s) millimeter-waveband radio-over-fiber (interleaving) access network," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2506-2512 (2008).

T. Kuri, H. Toda, K.-I. Kitayama, "Dense wavelength-division multiplexing millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber signal transmission with photonic downconversion," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1510-1517 (2003).

M. Huchard, M. Weiss, A. Pizzinat, S. Meyer, P. Guignard, B. Charbonnier, "Ultra-broadband wireless home network based on 60-GHz WPAN cells interconnected via RoF," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2364-2372 (2008).

N. Cheng, J. C. Cartledge, "Measurement-based model for cross-absorption modulation in an MQW electroabsorption modulator," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1805-1810 (2004).

J. Kim, Y.-D. Chung, K.-S. Choi, D.-S. Shin, J.-S. Sim, H.-K. Yu, "60 GHz system-on-packaging transmitter for radio-over-fiber application," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2379-2387 (2008).

Nat. Photon. (1)

J. Capmany, D. Novak, "Microwave photonics combines two worlds," Nat. Photon. 1, 319-330 (2007).

Other (3)

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y.-K. Yeo, L. C. Ong, Y. Wang, R. Miura, "Modulation characteristics of the photonic upconversion based on crossabsorption modulation in the MQW-EAM for 60 GHz applications," Proc. Radio Wireless Symp. (RWS) (2008) pp. 443-446.

L. Zhou, X. Shao, T. Y. Chai, C. B. Saradhi, Y. Wang, "iOPEN netowork: operation mechanisms and experimental study," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. (2007) pp. 2146-2150.

X. Shao, L. Zhou, Y.-K. Yeo, T. Y. Chai, L. H. Ngoh, W. Rong, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Y. Liaw, J. Samsudin, "Differentiated quality of protection (QOP) and cross-layer protection for survivable hybrid packet/WDM networks," Proc. OFC (2009) pp. 1-3.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.