Abstract

This paper demonstrates the feasibility of a simple multigigabit-per-second (Gbps) radio-over-fiber (RoF) system employing multilevel orthogonal frequency-division-multiplexing (OFDM) signal modulation at 60 GHz and a single-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator (MZM). In this paper, the impact of fiber chromatic dispersion and OFDM beat noise on the performance of the RoF system are investigated by theoretical analysis, VPI WDM-TransmissionMaker simulation and experimental demonstration. A 13.875-Gb/s QPSK OFDM signal occupying the full 7-GHz license-free band at 60 GHz with frequency multiplication for the RoF link is demonstrated. After 3 km of standard single-mode fiber transmission with no dispersion compensation, the power penalty is less than 3 dB.

© 2010 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Wells, "Faster than fiber: The future of multi-Gb/s wireless," IEEE Microwave Magn. 10, 104-112 (2009).
  2. P. F. M. Smulders, "60 GHZ radio: Prospects and future directions," Proc. IEEE Benelux Chapter Commun. Veh. Technol. (2003) pp. 1-8.
  3. R. Emrick, S. Franson, J. Holmes, B. Bosco, S. Rockwell, "Technology for emerging commercial applications at millimeter-wave frequencies," Proc. IEEE/ACES Int. Conf. Wireless Commun. Appl. Comput. Electromagn. (2005) pp. 425-429.
  4. B. Razavi, "Gadgets gab at 60 GHZ," IEEE Spectrum 45, 46-58 (2008).
  5. C. Park, T. S. Rappaport, "Short-range wireless communications for next-generation networks: UWB, 60 GHZ millimeter-wave WPAN, and ZigBee," IEEE Wireless Commun. 14, 70-78 (2007).
  6. P. Smulders, "Exploiting the 60 GHZ band for local wireless multimedia access: Prospects and future directions," IEEE Comm. Magn. 40, 140-146 (2002).
  7. M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, J. George, "Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3301-3320 (2007).
  8. J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
  9. Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Chowdhury, G. Ellinas, G. K. Chang, "Simultaneous generation of independent wired and wireless services using a single modulator in millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1691-1693 (2007).
  10. A. M. J. Koonen, M. García Larrodé, "Radio-over-MMF techniques—Part II: Microwave to millimeter-wave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2396-2408 (2008).
  11. A. Ng'oma, M. Sauer, F. Annunziata, W. J. Jiang, C. T. Lin, J. Chen, P. T. Shi, S. Chi, "Simple multi-Gbps 60 GHZ radio-over-fiber links employing optical and electrical data up-conversion and feed-forward equalization," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2009 San DiegoCA () Paper OWF2.
  12. M. Weiß, M. Huchard, A. Stöhr, B. Charbonnier, S. Fedderwitz, D. S. Jäger, "60 GHZ photonic millimeter-wave link for short- to mediumrange wireless transmission up to 12.5 Gb/s," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2424-2429 (2008).
  13. C. T. Lin, E. Z. Wong, W. J. Jiang, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, S. Chi, "28- Gb/s 16- QAM OFDM radio- over- fiber system within 7- GHz license- free band at 60 GHZ employing all-optical up-conversion," CLEO 2009 BaltimoreMD (2009) Paper CPDA8.
  14. P. Lombard, Y. L. Guennec, G. Maury, E. Novakov, B. Cabon, "Optical distribution and upconversion of MB-OFDM in ultrawide-band-over-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1072-1078 (2009).
  15. G. H. Nguyen, B. Cabon, Y. L. Guennec, "Generation of 60 GHZ MB-OFDM signal-over-fiber by up-conversion using cascaded external modulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1496-1502 (2009).
  16. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 2002).
  17. A. Flatman, "In-premises optical fibre installed base analysis to 2007," IEEE 802.3 Gigabit Ethernet Over FDDI-Grade Fiber Study Group OrlandoFLUSA (2004).
  18. A. Ng'oma, M. Sauer, F. Annunziata, W. J. Jiang, C. T. Lin, J. Chen, P. T. Shi, S. Chi, "14 Gbps 60 GHZ RoF link employing a simple system architecture and OFDM modulation," IEEE Microwave Photonics 2009 Conf. ValenciaSpain ().
  19. Agilent 8 Hints for Making and Interpreting EVM Measurements, Agilent Technologies (2005) http://cp.literature.agilent.com/litweb/pdf/5989-3144EN.pdf.
  20. F. Xiong, Digital Modulation Techniques (Artech House, 2006).

2009

J. Wells, "Faster than fiber: The future of multi-Gb/s wireless," IEEE Microwave Magn. 10, 104-112 (2009).

P. Lombard, Y. L. Guennec, G. Maury, E. Novakov, B. Cabon, "Optical distribution and upconversion of MB-OFDM in ultrawide-band-over-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1072-1078 (2009).

G. H. Nguyen, B. Cabon, Y. L. Guennec, "Generation of 60 GHZ MB-OFDM signal-over-fiber by up-conversion using cascaded external modulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1496-1502 (2009).

2008

B. Razavi, "Gadgets gab at 60 GHZ," IEEE Spectrum 45, 46-58 (2008).

A. M. J. Koonen, M. García Larrodé, "Radio-over-MMF techniques—Part II: Microwave to millimeter-wave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2396-2408 (2008).

M. Weiß, M. Huchard, A. Stöhr, B. Charbonnier, S. Fedderwitz, D. S. Jäger, "60 GHZ photonic millimeter-wave link for short- to mediumrange wireless transmission up to 12.5 Gb/s," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2424-2429 (2008).

2007

M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, J. George, "Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3301-3320 (2007).

C. Park, T. S. Rappaport, "Short-range wireless communications for next-generation networks: UWB, 60 GHZ millimeter-wave WPAN, and ZigBee," IEEE Wireless Commun. 14, 70-78 (2007).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Chowdhury, G. Ellinas, G. K. Chang, "Simultaneous generation of independent wired and wireless services using a single modulator in millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1691-1693 (2007).

2006

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).

2002

P. Smulders, "Exploiting the 60 GHZ band for local wireless multimedia access: Prospects and future directions," IEEE Comm. Magn. 40, 140-146 (2002).

IEEE Comm. Magn.

P. Smulders, "Exploiting the 60 GHZ band for local wireless multimedia access: Prospects and future directions," IEEE Comm. Magn. 40, 140-146 (2002).

IEEE Microwave Magn.

J. Wells, "Faster than fiber: The future of multi-Gb/s wireless," IEEE Microwave Magn. 10, 104-112 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Chowdhury, G. Ellinas, G. K. Chang, "Simultaneous generation of independent wired and wireless services using a single modulator in millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1691-1693 (2007).

IEEE Spectrum

B. Razavi, "Gadgets gab at 60 GHZ," IEEE Spectrum 45, 46-58 (2008).

IEEE Wireless Commun.

C. Park, T. S. Rappaport, "Short-range wireless communications for next-generation networks: UWB, 60 GHZ millimeter-wave WPAN, and ZigBee," IEEE Wireless Commun. 14, 70-78 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol.

A. M. J. Koonen, M. García Larrodé, "Radio-over-MMF techniques—Part II: Microwave to millimeter-wave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2396-2408 (2008).

M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, J. George, "Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3301-3320 (2007).

M. Weiß, M. Huchard, A. Stöhr, B. Charbonnier, S. Fedderwitz, D. S. Jäger, "60 GHZ photonic millimeter-wave link for short- to mediumrange wireless transmission up to 12.5 Gb/s," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2424-2429 (2008).

P. Lombard, Y. L. Guennec, G. Maury, E. Novakov, B. Cabon, "Optical distribution and upconversion of MB-OFDM in ultrawide-band-over-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1072-1078 (2009).

G. H. Nguyen, B. Cabon, Y. L. Guennec, "Generation of 60 GHZ MB-OFDM signal-over-fiber by up-conversion using cascaded external modulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1496-1502 (2009).

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 2002).

A. Flatman, "In-premises optical fibre installed base analysis to 2007," IEEE 802.3 Gigabit Ethernet Over FDDI-Grade Fiber Study Group OrlandoFLUSA (2004).

A. Ng'oma, M. Sauer, F. Annunziata, W. J. Jiang, C. T. Lin, J. Chen, P. T. Shi, S. Chi, "14 Gbps 60 GHZ RoF link employing a simple system architecture and OFDM modulation," IEEE Microwave Photonics 2009 Conf. ValenciaSpain ().

Agilent 8 Hints for Making and Interpreting EVM Measurements, Agilent Technologies (2005) http://cp.literature.agilent.com/litweb/pdf/5989-3144EN.pdf.

F. Xiong, Digital Modulation Techniques (Artech House, 2006).

C. T. Lin, E. Z. Wong, W. J. Jiang, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, S. Chi, "28- Gb/s 16- QAM OFDM radio- over- fiber system within 7- GHz license- free band at 60 GHZ employing all-optical up-conversion," CLEO 2009 BaltimoreMD (2009) Paper CPDA8.

A. Ng'oma, M. Sauer, F. Annunziata, W. J. Jiang, C. T. Lin, J. Chen, P. T. Shi, S. Chi, "Simple multi-Gbps 60 GHZ radio-over-fiber links employing optical and electrical data up-conversion and feed-forward equalization," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2009 San DiegoCA () Paper OWF2.

P. F. M. Smulders, "60 GHZ radio: Prospects and future directions," Proc. IEEE Benelux Chapter Commun. Veh. Technol. (2003) pp. 1-8.

R. Emrick, S. Franson, J. Holmes, B. Bosco, S. Rockwell, "Technology for emerging commercial applications at millimeter-wave frequencies," Proc. IEEE/ACES Int. Conf. Wireless Commun. Appl. Comput. Electromagn. (2005) pp. 425-429.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.