Abstract

This paper discusses the realization of terabit per second high speed and high spectral-efficiency optical transmissions using much lower speed electronics and optoelectronics through parallel processing of coherent optical frequency combs at both the transmitter and receiver. The coherent and parallel processing enables electrical-to-optical and optical-to-electrical (E/O and O/E) conversion of wide-bandwidth optical signals which would otherwise exceeds the capability of conventional optoelectronics. In the first experiment, an optical frequency comb (OFC) generator provides 32 comb lines with less than 5-dB power variation. Subsequently, 1.008-Tb/s modulation capability is realized on 32$\,\times\,$106 OFDM subcarriers with 16-QAM modulation in a 318-GHz seamless optical bandwidth. It demonstrates an effective way to generate an optical OFDM signal with tens of times wider optical bandwidth than that of analog-to-digital converters and digital-to-analog converters (ADC/DAC). The second experiment demonstrates simultaneous detection of multiple OFDM bands from a 32-band coherent optical OFDM signal using another optical frequency comb, a silica planar lightwave circuit (PLC) that implemented the major optical devices, and two pairs of balanced photodiodes. The experimental results indicate prospects for an optically integrated coherent optical OFDM system on a chip-scale platform.

© 2010 IEEE

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  2. D. J. Geisler, N. K. Fontaine, T. He, R. P. Scott, L. Paraschis, J. P. Heritage, S. J. B. Yoo, "Modulation-format agile, reconfigurable Tb/s transmitter based on optical arbitrary waveform generation," Opt. Exp. 17, 15911-15925 (2009).
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  27. E. Mateo, L. Zhu, G. Li, "Impact of XPM and FWM on the digital implementation of impairment compensation for WDM transmission using backward propagation," Opt. Exp. 16, 16124-16137 (2008).
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2010 (1)

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, L. Zhou, F. M. Soares, J. P. Heritage, S. J. B. Yoo, "Real-time full-field arbitrary optical waveform measurement," Nature Photon. 4, 248-254 (2010).

2009 (1)

D. J. Geisler, N. K. Fontaine, T. He, R. P. Scott, L. Paraschis, J. P. Heritage, S. J. B. Yoo, "Modulation-format agile, reconfigurable Tb/s transmitter based on optical arbitrary waveform generation," Opt. Exp. 17, 15911-15925 (2009).

2008 (5)

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, N. Takeda, H. Tanaka, "Coherent optical 25.8-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4160-km SSMF," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 6-15 (2008).

X. Yi, W. Shieh, Y. Ma, "Phase noise effects on high spectral efficiency coherent optical OFDM transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1309-1316 (2008).

W. Shieh, Q. Yang, Y. Ma, "107 Gb/s coherent optical OFDM transmission over 1000-km SSMF fiber using orthogonal band multiplexing," Opt. Exp. 16, 6378-6386 (2008).

X. Li, X. Chen, G. Goldfarb, E. Mateo, I. Kim, F. Yaman, G. Li, "Electronic post-compensation of WDM transmission impairments using coherent detection and digital signal processing," Opt. Exp. 16, 880-888 (2008).

E. Mateo, L. Zhu, G. Li, "Impact of XPM and FWM on the digital implementation of impairment compensation for WDM transmission using backward propagation," Opt. Exp. 16, 16124-16137 (2008).

2007 (3)

G. C. Valley, "Photonic analog-to-digital converters," Opt. Exp. 15, 1955-1982 (2007).

X. Yi, W. Shieh, Y. Tang, "Phase estimation for coherent optical OFDM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 919- (2007).

W. Shieh, R. S. Tucker, W. Chen, X. Yi, G. Pendock, "Optical performance monitoring in coherent optical OFDM systems," Opt. Exp. 15, 350-356 (2007).

2006 (2)

P. J. Delfyett, S. Gee, M. T. Choi, H. Izadpanah, W. Lee, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, T. Yilmaz, "Optical frequency combs from semiconductor lasers and applications in ultrawideband signal processing and communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2701-2719 (2006).

W. Shieh, C. Athaudage, "Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing," Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).

2005 (1)

A. D. Ellis, F. C. G. Gunning, "Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 504-506 (2005).

1971 (1)

S. Weinstein, P. Ebert, "Data transmission by frequency-division multiplexing using the discrete Fourier transform," IEEE Trans. Commun. Tech. COMM-19, 628-634 (1971).

Electron. Lett. (1)

W. Shieh, C. Athaudage, "Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing," Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

A. D. Ellis, F. C. G. Gunning, "Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 504-506 (2005).

X. Yi, W. Shieh, Y. Tang, "Phase estimation for coherent optical OFDM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 919- (2007).

IEEE Trans. Commun. Tech. (1)

S. Weinstein, P. Ebert, "Data transmission by frequency-division multiplexing using the discrete Fourier transform," IEEE Trans. Commun. Tech. COMM-19, 628-634 (1971).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, N. Takeda, H. Tanaka, "Coherent optical 25.8-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4160-km SSMF," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 6-15 (2008).

X. Yi, W. Shieh, Y. Ma, "Phase noise effects on high spectral efficiency coherent optical OFDM transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1309-1316 (2008).

P. J. Delfyett, S. Gee, M. T. Choi, H. Izadpanah, W. Lee, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, T. Yilmaz, "Optical frequency combs from semiconductor lasers and applications in ultrawideband signal processing and communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2701-2719 (2006).

Nature Photon. (1)

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, L. Zhou, F. M. Soares, J. P. Heritage, S. J. B. Yoo, "Real-time full-field arbitrary optical waveform measurement," Nature Photon. 4, 248-254 (2010).

Opt. Exp. (6)

G. C. Valley, "Photonic analog-to-digital converters," Opt. Exp. 15, 1955-1982 (2007).

D. J. Geisler, N. K. Fontaine, T. He, R. P. Scott, L. Paraschis, J. P. Heritage, S. J. B. Yoo, "Modulation-format agile, reconfigurable Tb/s transmitter based on optical arbitrary waveform generation," Opt. Exp. 17, 15911-15925 (2009).

W. Shieh, Q. Yang, Y. Ma, "107 Gb/s coherent optical OFDM transmission over 1000-km SSMF fiber using orthogonal band multiplexing," Opt. Exp. 16, 6378-6386 (2008).

W. Shieh, R. S. Tucker, W. Chen, X. Yi, G. Pendock, "Optical performance monitoring in coherent optical OFDM systems," Opt. Exp. 15, 350-356 (2007).

X. Li, X. Chen, G. Goldfarb, E. Mateo, I. Kim, F. Yaman, G. Li, "Electronic post-compensation of WDM transmission impairments using coherent detection and digital signal processing," Opt. Exp. 16, 880-888 (2008).

E. Mateo, L. Zhu, G. Li, "Impact of XPM and FWM on the digital implementation of impairment compensation for WDM transmission using backward propagation," Opt. Exp. 16, 16124-16137 (2008).

Other (14)

R. Weidenfeld, M. Nazarathy, R. Noe, I. Shpantzer, "Volterra nonlinear compensation of 100G coherent OFDM with baud-rate ADC, tolerable complexity and low intra-channel FWM/XPM error propagation," Proc. OFC (2010) pp. Paper OtuE3.

M. Sliskovic, "Sampling frequency offset estimation and correction in OFDM systems," The 8th IEEE ICECS (2001) pp. 437-440.

Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, W. Shieh, "1-Tb/s per channel coherent optical OFDM transmission with subwavelength bandwidth access," Proc. OFC (2009).

D. Hillerkuss, T. Schellinger, R. Schmogrow, M. Winter, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. B. Ezra, N. N. B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Möller, M. Hübner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "Single source optical OFDM transmitter and optical FFT receiver demonstrated at line rates of 5.4 and 10.8 Tbit/s," Proc. OFC (2010).

C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, D. D. Gro, L. Molle, M. Seimetz, R. Freund, C. Schubert, "Generation and coherent time-division demultiplexing of up to 5.1 Tb/s single-channel 8-PSK and 16-QAM signals," Proc. OFC (2009).

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "10$\,\times\,$121. 9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM Transmission with 2-b/s/Hz Spectral Efficiency over 1 000 km of SSMF," Proc. OFC (2008).

R. Dischler, F. Buchali, "Transmission of 1.2 Tb/s continuous waveband PDM-OFDM-FDM signal with spectral efficiency of 3.3 bit/s/Hz over 400 km of SSMF," Proc. OFC (2009).

S. J. B. Yoo, "Monolithically integrated optical arbitrary waveform generators by line-by-line amplitude and phase modulation," Proc. 21st Annual Meeting IEEE LEOS (2008) pp. 425-426.

F. M. Soares, J. H. Baek, N. K. Fontaine, X. Zhou, Y. Wang, R. P. Scott, J. P. Heritage, C. Junesand, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, R. A. Hamm, W. Wang, B. Patel, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, S. J. B. Yoo, "Monolithically integrated InP wafer-scale 100-channel$\,\times\,$10-GHz AWG and michelson interferometers for 1-THz-bandwidth optical arbitrary waveform generation," Proc. OFC (2010).

R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, L. Zhou, J. P. Heritage, S. J. B. Yoo, "Continuous, real-time, full-field waveform measurements via spectral slicing and parallel digital coherent detection," Proc. OFC (2010).

G. Ding, C. Dehollain, M. Declercq, K. Azadet, "Frequency-interleaving technique for high-speed A/D conversion," Proc. IEEE Symp. Circuits Syst. (ISCAS) (2003) pp. 857-860.

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, S. J. Yoo, T. Sakamoto, "Characterization of dual-electrode mach-zehnder modulator based optical frequency comb generator in two regimes," Proc. 21st Annual Meeting IEEE LEOS (2008) pp. 186-187.

R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, J. P. Heritage, B. H. Kolner, S. J. B. Yoo, "3.5-THz wide, 175 mode optical comb source," Proc. OFC (2007).

L. Hanzo, T. Keller, OFDM and MC-CDMA: A Primer (Wiley, 2006).

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