Abstract

A method for rendering bundle beams by utilizing the destructive interference effects of beams from multiple subwavelength slits surrounded by dielectric surface gratings is proposed. With oblique incident light on the multiple slits, it is possible to control the phases of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) induced in the slits. When these phases have a certain relationship, beams from the SPPs excited on the corrugated surface render separated beams or bundle beams, as interfering destructively. Because of the destructive interference, separation between the beams is clear. In addition, the beam width of the bundle beams is narrow, in a degree of several wavelengths of the light.

© 2010 IEEE

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  16. H. Shi, C. Wang, C. Du, X. Luo, X. Dong, H. Gao, "Beam manipulating by metallic nano-slits with variant widths," Opt. Expr. 13, 6815-6820 (2005).
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  23. E. Silberstein, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, Q. Cao, "Use of grating theories in integrated optics," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 18, 2865-2875 (2001).
  24. H. Kim, I.-M. Lee, B. Lee, "Extended scattering-matrix method for efficient full parallel implementation of rigorous coupled-wave analysis," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 24, 2313-2327 (2007).
  25. Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, H. Lee, X. Zhang, "Tuning the focus of a plasmonic lens by the incident angle," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 171108-1-171108-3 (2006).
  26. A. Imre, V. K. V.-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, U. Welp, "Multiplexing surface plasmon polaritons on nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 083115-1-083115-3 (2007).
  27. H. Kim, B. Lee, "Unidirectional surface plasmon polariton excitation on single slit with oblique backside illumination," Plasmonics 4, 153-159 (2009).
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  29. X. Shi, L. Hesselink, "Design of a C aperture to achieve $\lambda /10$ resolution and resonant transmission," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 21, 1305-1317 (2004).
  30. J. Xu, T. Xu, J. Wang, Q. Tian, "Design tips of nanoapertures with strong field enhancement and proposal of novel L-shaped aperture," Opt. Eng. 44, 018001 (2005).

2010

B. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, "The use of plasmonics in light beaming and focusing," Prog. Quant. Electron. 34, 47-87 (2010).

Y. Lim, J. Hahn, S. Kim, J. Park, H. Kim, B. Lee, "Plasmonic light beaming manipulation and its detection using holographic microscopy," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 300-305 (2010).

D. Choi, Y. Lim, S. Roh, I.-M. Lee, J. Jung, B. Lee, "Optical beam focusing with a metal slit array arranged along a semicircular surface and its optimization by genetic algorithm," Appl. Opt. 49, A30-A35 (2010).

2009

H. Kim, B. Lee, "Unidirectional surface plasmon polariton excitation on single slit with oblique backside illumination," Plasmonics 4, 153-159 (2009).

H. Kim, J. Park, B. Lee, "Tunable directional beaming from subwavelength metal slits with metal-dielectric composite surface gratings," Opt. Lett. 34, 2569-2571 (2009).

H. Kim, J. Park, B. Lee, "Finite-size nondiffracting beam from a subwavelength metallic hole with concentric dielectric gratings," Appl. Opt. 48, G68-G72 (2009).

H. Caglayan, I. Bulu, E. Ozbay, "Observation of off axis directional beaming via subwavelength asymmetric metallic gratings," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42, 045105-1-045105-4 (2009).

S. Kawata, Y. Inouye, P. Verma, "Plasmonics for near-field nano-imaging and superlensing," Nat. Photon. 3, 388-394 (2009).

F. M. Huang, N. I. Zheludev, "Super-resolution without evanescent waves," Nano. Lett. 9, 1249-1254 (2009).

2008

T. Xu, C. T. Wang, C. L. Du, X. G. Luo, "Plasmonic beam deflector," Opt. Expr. 16, 4753-4759 (2008).

S. Kim, Y. Lim, H. Kim, J. Park, B. Lee, "Optical beam focusing by a single subwavelength metal slit surrounded by chirped dielectric surface gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013103-1-013103-3 (2008).

H. Caglayan, I. Bulu, E. Ozbay, "Off axis directional beaming via photonic crystal surface modes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 092114-1-092114-3 (2008).

2007

S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, B. Lee, "Off axis directional beaming of optical field diffracted by a single subwavelength metal slit with asymmetric dielectric surface gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051113-1-051113-3 (2007).

H. Kim, I.-M. Lee, B. Lee, "Extended scattering-matrix method for efficient full parallel implementation of rigorous coupled-wave analysis," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 24, 2313-2327 (2007).

A. Imre, V. K. V.-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, U. Welp, "Multiplexing surface plasmon polaritons on nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 083115-1-083115-3 (2007).

2006

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, H. Lee, X. Zhang, "Tuning the focus of a plasmonic lens by the incident angle," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 171108-1-171108-3 (2006).

D. Z. Lin, C. K. Chang, Y. C. Chen, D. L. Yang, M. W. Lin, J. T. Yeh, J. M. Liu, C. H. Kuan, C. S. Yeh, C. K. Lee, "Beaming light from a subwavelength metal slit surrounded by dielectric surface gratings," Opt. Exp. 14, 3503-3511 (2006).

2005

H. Shi, C. Wang, C. Du, X. Luo, X. Dong, H. Gao, "Beam manipulating by metallic nano-slits with variant widths," Opt. Expr. 13, 6815-6820 (2005).

L. B. Yu, D. Z. Lin, Y. C. Chen, Y. C. Chang, K. T. Huang, J. W. Liaw, J. T. Yeh, J. M. Liu, C. S. Yeh, C. K. Lee, "Physical origin of directional beaming emitted from a subwavelength slit," Phys. Rev. B 71, 041405-1-041405-5 (2005).

J. Xu, T. Xu, J. Wang, Q. Tian, "Design tips of nanoapertures with strong field enhancement and proposal of novel L-shaped aperture," Opt. Eng. 44, 018001 (2005).

2004

X. Shi, L. Hesselink, "Design of a C aperture to achieve $\lambda /10$ resolution and resonant transmission," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 21, 1305-1317 (2004).

2002

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).

2001

E. Silberstein, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, Q. Cao, "Use of grating theories in integrated optics," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 18, 2865-2875 (2001).

2000

1998

T. W. Ebbessen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).

1997

1996

P. Lalanne, G. M. Morris, "Highly improved convergence of the coupled-wave method for TM polarization," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 13, 779-784 (1996).

1995

M. G. Moharam, E. B. Grann, D. A. Pommet, T. K. Gaylord, "Formulation for stable and efficient implementation of the rigorous coupled-wave analysis of binary gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 12, 1068-1076 (1995).

M. G. Moharam, D. A. Pommet, E. B. Grann, T. K. Gaylord, "Stable implementation of the rigorous coupled-wave analysis for surface-relief gratings: Enhanced transmittance matrix approach," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 12, 1077-1086 (1995).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, H. Lee, X. Zhang, "Tuning the focus of a plasmonic lens by the incident angle," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 171108-1-171108-3 (2006).

A. Imre, V. K. V.-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, U. Welp, "Multiplexing surface plasmon polaritons on nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 083115-1-083115-3 (2007).

H. Caglayan, I. Bulu, E. Ozbay, "Off axis directional beaming via photonic crystal surface modes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 092114-1-092114-3 (2008).

S. Kim, Y. Lim, H. Kim, J. Park, B. Lee, "Optical beam focusing by a single subwavelength metal slit surrounded by chirped dielectric surface gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013103-1-013103-3 (2008).

S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, B. Lee, "Off axis directional beaming of optical field diffracted by a single subwavelength metal slit with asymmetric dielectric surface gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051113-1-051113-3 (2007).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Y. Lim, J. Hahn, S. Kim, J. Park, H. Kim, B. Lee, "Plasmonic light beaming manipulation and its detection using holographic microscopy," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 300-305 (2010).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A

E. Silberstein, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, Q. Cao, "Use of grating theories in integrated optics," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 18, 2865-2875 (2001).

H. Kim, I.-M. Lee, B. Lee, "Extended scattering-matrix method for efficient full parallel implementation of rigorous coupled-wave analysis," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 24, 2313-2327 (2007).

M. G. Moharam, E. B. Grann, D. A. Pommet, T. K. Gaylord, "Formulation for stable and efficient implementation of the rigorous coupled-wave analysis of binary gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 12, 1068-1076 (1995).

M. G. Moharam, D. A. Pommet, E. B. Grann, T. K. Gaylord, "Stable implementation of the rigorous coupled-wave analysis for surface-relief gratings: Enhanced transmittance matrix approach," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 12, 1077-1086 (1995).

P. Lalanne, G. M. Morris, "Highly improved convergence of the coupled-wave method for TM polarization," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 13, 779-784 (1996).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B

X. Shi, L. Hesselink, "Design of a C aperture to achieve $\lambda /10$ resolution and resonant transmission," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 21, 1305-1317 (2004).

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys.

H. Caglayan, I. Bulu, E. Ozbay, "Observation of off axis directional beaming via subwavelength asymmetric metallic gratings," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42, 045105-1-045105-4 (2009).

Nano. Lett.

F. M. Huang, N. I. Zheludev, "Super-resolution without evanescent waves," Nano. Lett. 9, 1249-1254 (2009).

Nat. Photon.

S. Kawata, Y. Inouye, P. Verma, "Plasmonics for near-field nano-imaging and superlensing," Nat. Photon. 3, 388-394 (2009).

Nature

T. W. Ebbessen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).

Opt. Eng.

J. Xu, T. Xu, J. Wang, Q. Tian, "Design tips of nanoapertures with strong field enhancement and proposal of novel L-shaped aperture," Opt. Eng. 44, 018001 (2005).

Opt. Exp.

D. Z. Lin, C. K. Chang, Y. C. Chen, D. L. Yang, M. W. Lin, J. T. Yeh, J. M. Liu, C. H. Kuan, C. S. Yeh, C. K. Lee, "Beaming light from a subwavelength metal slit surrounded by dielectric surface gratings," Opt. Exp. 14, 3503-3511 (2006).

Opt. Expr.

H. Shi, C. Wang, C. Du, X. Luo, X. Dong, H. Gao, "Beam manipulating by metallic nano-slits with variant widths," Opt. Expr. 13, 6815-6820 (2005).

T. Xu, C. T. Wang, C. L. Du, X. G. Luo, "Plasmonic beam deflector," Opt. Expr. 16, 4753-4759 (2008).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

L. B. Yu, D. Z. Lin, Y. C. Chen, Y. C. Chang, K. T. Huang, J. W. Liaw, J. T. Yeh, J. M. Liu, C. S. Yeh, C. K. Lee, "Physical origin of directional beaming emitted from a subwavelength slit," Phys. Rev. B 71, 041405-1-041405-5 (2005).

Plasmonics

H. Kim, B. Lee, "Unidirectional surface plasmon polariton excitation on single slit with oblique backside illumination," Plasmonics 4, 153-159 (2009).

Prog. Quant. Electron.

B. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, "The use of plasmonics in light beaming and focusing," Prog. Quant. Electron. 34, 47-87 (2010).

Science

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).

Other

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solid (Academic, 1998).

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