Abstract

We compare the applicability of different methods for the calculation of first order polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) outage probabilities under the Maxwellian probability density assumption for the differential group delay. Results based on measured outage maps are contrasted with outage predictions using various simplifying approximations. We present a comprehensive data set of measured PMD outage maps at 10.7Gb/s using non return-to-zero and return-to-zero on-off keying in combination with both standard threshold detection and maximum likelihood sequence estimation, with and without residual chromatic dispersion.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. H. Sun, K.-T. Wu, K. Roberts, "Real-time measurements of a 40 Gb/s coherent system," Opt. Exp. 16, 873-879 (2008).
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  3. H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, L. E. Nelson, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IV-B (Academic, 2002).
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  12. A. Faerbert, "Application of digital equalization in optical transmission systems," Proc. OFC 2006 (2006).
  13. T. Kupfer, C. Dorschky, M. Ene, S. Langenbach, "Measurement of the performance of 16-states MLSE digital equalizer with different optical modulation formats," Proc. OFC (2008).
  14. H.-M. Bae, J. B. Ashbrook, J. Park, N. R. Shanbhag, A. C. Singer, S. Chopra, "An MLSE receiver for electronic dispersion compensation of OC-192 fiber links," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 41, 2541-2554 (2006).
  15. G. Bosco, P. Poggiolini, M. Visintin, "Performance analysis of MLSE receivers based on the square-root metric," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2098-2109 (2008).
  16. F. Buchali, T. Thielecke, H. Bulow, "Viterbi equalizer for mitigation of distortions from chromatic dispersion and PMD at 10 Gb/s," Proc. OFC (2004).
  17. K. E. Cornick, M. Brodsky, M. Birk, M. D. Feuer, "MLSE receiver tolerance to all-order polarization mode dispersion," Opt. Exp. 15, 15999-16004 (2007).
  18. T. Foggi, E. Forestieri, G. Colavolpe, G. Prati, "Maximum-likelihood sequence detection with closed-form metrics in OOK optical systems impaired by GVD and PMD," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3073- (2006).
  19. J. M. Gené, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, H. Kogelnik, "Simultaneous compensation of polarization mode dispersion and chromatic dispersion using electronic signal processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1735-1741 (2007).
  20. P. J. Winzer, H. Kogelnik, C.-H. Kim, H. Kim, R. M. Jopson, L. E. Nelson, K. Ramanan, "Receiver impact on first-order PMD outage," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1482-1484 (2003).
  21. P. J. Winzer, H. Kogelnik, K. Ramanan, "Precise outage specifications for first-order PMD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 449-451 (2004).
  22. J. Li, G. Biondini, H. Kogelnik, P. J. Winzer, "Noncompliant capacity ratio for systems with an arbitrary number of polarization hinges," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2110-2117 (2008).
  23. H. Kogelnik, P. J. Winzer, L. E. Nelson, R. M. Jopson, M. Boroditsky, M. Brodsky, "First-order PMD outage for the hinge model," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1208-1210 (2005).
  24. T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, K. Motoshima, "Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
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2008 (3)

H. Sun, K.-T. Wu, K. Roberts, "Real-time measurements of a 40 Gb/s coherent system," Opt. Exp. 16, 873-879 (2008).

G. Bosco, P. Poggiolini, M. Visintin, "Performance analysis of MLSE receivers based on the square-root metric," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2098-2109 (2008).

J. Li, G. Biondini, H. Kogelnik, P. J. Winzer, "Noncompliant capacity ratio for systems with an arbitrary number of polarization hinges," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2110-2117 (2008).

2007 (2)

K. E. Cornick, M. Brodsky, M. Birk, M. D. Feuer, "MLSE receiver tolerance to all-order polarization mode dispersion," Opt. Exp. 15, 15999-16004 (2007).

J. M. Gené, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, H. Kogelnik, "Simultaneous compensation of polarization mode dispersion and chromatic dispersion using electronic signal processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1735-1741 (2007).

2006 (2)

T. Foggi, E. Forestieri, G. Colavolpe, G. Prati, "Maximum-likelihood sequence detection with closed-form metrics in OOK optical systems impaired by GVD and PMD," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3073- (2006).

H.-M. Bae, J. B. Ashbrook, J. Park, N. R. Shanbhag, A. C. Singer, S. Chopra, "An MLSE receiver for electronic dispersion compensation of OC-192 fiber links," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 41, 2541-2554 (2006).

2005 (2)

H. Kogelnik, P. J. Winzer, L. E. Nelson, R. M. Jopson, M. Boroditsky, M. Brodsky, "First-order PMD outage for the hinge model," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1208-1210 (2005).

T. Nielsen, S. Chandrasekhar, "OFC 2004: Workshop on optical and electronic mitigation of impairments," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 131-142 (2005).

2004 (4)

H. Haunstein, W. Sauer-Greff, A. Dittrich, K. Sticht, R. Urbansky, "Principles of electronic equalization of polarization mode dispersion," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1169-1182 (2004).

A. Mecozzi, C. Antonelli, M. Boroditsky, M. Brodsky, "Characterization of the time dependence of polarization mode dispersion," Opt. Lett. 29, 2599-2601 (2004).

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, K. Motoshima, "Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

P. J. Winzer, H. Kogelnik, K. Ramanan, "Precise outage specifications for first-order PMD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 449-451 (2004).

2003 (1)

P. J. Winzer, H. Kogelnik, C.-H. Kim, H. Kim, R. M. Jopson, L. E. Nelson, K. Ramanan, "Receiver impact on first-order PMD outage," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1482-1484 (2003).

1990 (1)

J. S. Sadowsky, J. A. Bucklew, "On large deviations theory and asymptotically efficient Monte Carlo estimation," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 36, 579-588 (1990).

1972 (1)

G. Jr. Forney, "Maximum-likelihood sequence estimation of digital sequences in the presence of intersymbol interference," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 18, 363-378 (1972).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, K. Motoshima, "Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits (1)

H.-M. Bae, J. B. Ashbrook, J. Park, N. R. Shanbhag, A. C. Singer, S. Chopra, "An MLSE receiver for electronic dispersion compensation of OC-192 fiber links," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 41, 2541-2554 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

P. J. Winzer, H. Kogelnik, C.-H. Kim, H. Kim, R. M. Jopson, L. E. Nelson, K. Ramanan, "Receiver impact on first-order PMD outage," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1482-1484 (2003).

P. J. Winzer, H. Kogelnik, K. Ramanan, "Precise outage specifications for first-order PMD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 449-451 (2004).

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory (2)

G. Jr. Forney, "Maximum-likelihood sequence estimation of digital sequences in the presence of intersymbol interference," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 18, 363-378 (1972).

J. S. Sadowsky, J. A. Bucklew, "On large deviations theory and asymptotically efficient Monte Carlo estimation," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 36, 579-588 (1990).

J. Lightw. Technol. (6)

T. Foggi, E. Forestieri, G. Colavolpe, G. Prati, "Maximum-likelihood sequence detection with closed-form metrics in OOK optical systems impaired by GVD and PMD," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3073- (2006).

J. M. Gené, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, H. Kogelnik, "Simultaneous compensation of polarization mode dispersion and chromatic dispersion using electronic signal processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1735-1741 (2007).

J. Li, G. Biondini, H. Kogelnik, P. J. Winzer, "Noncompliant capacity ratio for systems with an arbitrary number of polarization hinges," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2110-2117 (2008).

G. Bosco, P. Poggiolini, M. Visintin, "Performance analysis of MLSE receivers based on the square-root metric," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2098-2109 (2008).

T. Nielsen, S. Chandrasekhar, "OFC 2004: Workshop on optical and electronic mitigation of impairments," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 131-142 (2005).

H. Haunstein, W. Sauer-Greff, A. Dittrich, K. Sticht, R. Urbansky, "Principles of electronic equalization of polarization mode dispersion," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1169-1182 (2004).

Opt. Exp. (2)

H. Sun, K.-T. Wu, K. Roberts, "Real-time measurements of a 40 Gb/s coherent system," Opt. Exp. 16, 873-879 (2008).

K. E. Cornick, M. Brodsky, M. Birk, M. D. Feuer, "MLSE receiver tolerance to all-order polarization mode dispersion," Opt. Exp. 15, 15999-16004 (2007).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Kogelnik, P. J. Winzer, L. E. Nelson, R. M. Jopson, M. Boroditsky, M. Brodsky, "First-order PMD outage for the hinge model," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1208-1210 (2005).

Other (9)

A. Klekamp, B. Franz, H. Bulow, "Benefit by combination of optical PMD compensation and adaptive receiver on PMD tolerance for 43 Gb/s DPSK," Proc. OFC (2008).

F. Buchali, T. Thielecke, H. Bulow, "Viterbi equalizer for mitigation of distortions from chromatic dispersion and PMD at 10 Gb/s," Proc. OFC (2004).

M. Brodsky, N. J. Frigo, M. Tur, Optical Fiber Telecommunications V-A (Academic, 2008).

C. D. Poole, J. Nagel, Optical Fiber Telecommunications III-A (Academic, 1997).

H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, L. E. Nelson, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IV-B (Academic, 2002).

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 2000).

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschky, T. Kupfer, C. Schulien, J.-P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, C. Glingener, "Performance of a 10.7 Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation," Proc. ECOC (2004).

A. Faerbert, "Application of digital equalization in optical transmission systems," Proc. OFC 2006 (2006).

T. Kupfer, C. Dorschky, M. Ene, S. Langenbach, "Measurement of the performance of 16-states MLSE digital equalizer with different optical modulation formats," Proc. OFC (2008).

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