Abstract

Polarization-insensitive 640 Gbit/s demultiplexing for OTDM data signals is demonstrated using a 100 m polarization-maintaining highly non-linear fibre. The scheme is based on four wave mixing (FWM) in a polarization-maintaining fibre loop (PMFL) with bidirectional operation. Less than 0.2 dB polarization dependence is obtained. The FWM efficiency is about ${-}6$ dB if the passive loss of the PMFL is not included. The flatness characteristic of the FWM efficiencies allows for the OTDM demultiplexing of a high speed signal with a bandwidth of 1.2 THz. Error free performance with low penalty for the demultiplexed 10 Gbit/s signal is achieved for the polarization scrambled 640 Gbit/s data signal. BER measurements and eye-diagrams show that the demultiplexed 10 Gbit/s signals with and without polarization scrambling have almost identical performance.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. S. Hamilton, B. Robinson, T. Murphy, S. Savage, E. Ippen, "100 Gb/s optical time-division multiplexed networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 2086-2100 (2002).
  2. X. Ma, G.-S. Kuo, "Optical switching technology comparison: Optical MEMS versus other technologies," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, S16-S23 (2003).
  3. S. Jansen, R. Derksen, C. Schubert, X. Zhou, M. Birk, C. Weiske, M. Bohn, D. van den Borne, P. Krummrich, M. Moller, F. Horst, B. Offrein, H. de Waardt, G. Khoe, A. Kirstadter, "107-Gb/s full-ETDM transmission over field installed fiber using vestigial sideband modulation," Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2007 (2007) Paper OWE3.
  4. R. Derksen, G. Lehmann, C. Weiske, C. Schubert, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Moller, J. Lutz, "Integrated 100 Gbit/s ETDM receiver in a transmission experiment over 480 km DMF," OFC 2006 (2006) Post-Deadline Paper, PDP37.
  5. C. Schubert, R. H. Derksen, M. Möller, R. Ludwig, C. Weiske, J. Lutz, S. Ferber, A. Kirstädter, G. Lehmann, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, "Integrated 100-Gb/s ETDM receiver," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 122-130 (2007).
  6. T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, M. Nakazawa, "Ultrafast nonlinear optical loop mirror for demultiplexing 640 Gbit/s TDM signals," Electron. Lett. 34, 1013-1014 (1998).
  7. M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, K. Tamura, "1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator," Electron. Lett. 36, 2027-2029 (2000).
  8. H. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4616-4627 (2006).
  9. C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, D. Gross, L. Molle, M. Seimetz, R. Freund, C. Schubert, "Generation and coherent time-division demultiplexing of up to 5.1 Tb/s single-channel 8-PSK and 16-QAM signals," Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2009 (2009) Post-Deadline Paper, PDPC6.
  10. H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, P. Jeppesen, "1.28 Tbit/s single-polarization serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing," Electron. Lett. 45, 280-281 (2009).
  11. H. C. Hansen Mulvad, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, H. Hu, A. T. Clausen, J. B. Jensen, C. Peucheret, P. Jeppesen, "Error-free 5.1 Tbit/s data on a single-wavelength channel using a 1.28 Tbaud symbol rate," 22nd Annual Meeting of the IEEE Photonics Society (Formerly LEOS) Belek-AntalyaTurkey (2009) Paper PD 1.2.
  12. H. Hu, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, A. T. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, P. Jeppesen, "Polarization-insensitive 640 Gbit/s demultiplexing using a polarization maintaining highly non-linear fibre," Photonics in Switching PisaItaly (2009) paper FrI1-2.
  13. M. Galili, J. Xu, H. C. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, B. Luther-Davis, S. Madden, A. Rode, D. Y. Choi, "Breakthrough switching speed with an all-optical chalcogenide glass chip: 640 Gbit/s demultiplexing," Opt. Exp. 17, 2182-2187 (2009).
  14. E. Tangdiongga, Y. Liu, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, H. J. S. Dorren, X. Shu, I. Bennion, "All-optical demultiplexing of 640 to 40 Gbits/s using filtered chirp of a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 835-837 (2007).
  15. C. Zhang, Y. Mori, K. Igarashi, K. Katoh, K. Kikuchi, "Demodulation of 1.28-Tbit/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM signals on a single carrier with digital coherent receiver," Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2009 (2009) Paper OTuG3.
  16. T. Tanemura, K. Kikuchi, "Circular-birefringence fiber for nonlinear optical signal processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4108-4119 (2006).
  17. Y. Liang, J. W. Lou, J. K. Andersen, J. C. Stocker, O. Boyraz, M. N. Islam, D. A. Nolan, "Polarization-insensitive nonlinear optical loop mirror demultiplexer with twisted fiber," Opt. Lett. 24, 726-728 (1999).
  18. J. Lou, K. Jepsen, D. Nolan, S. Tarcza, W. Bouton, A. Evans, M. Islam, "80 Gb/s to 10 Gb/s polarization-insensitive demultiplexing with circularly polarized spun fiber in a two-wavelength nonlinear optical loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1701-1703 (2000).
  19. J. Lou, J. Andersen, J. Stocker, M. Islam, D. Nolan, "Polarization insensitive demultiplexing of 100-Gb/s words using a twisted fiber nonlinear optical loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1602-1604 (1999).
  20. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, L. Oxenlowe, A. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, P. Jeppesen, "Polarization-independent high-speed switching in a standard non-linear optical loop mirror," Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OFC/NFOEC 2008 (2008) Paper OMN3.
  21. R. Salem, A. Lenihan, G. Carter, T. Murphy, "160-Gb/s polarization-independent optical demultiplexing in 2-m nonlinear fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2245-2247 (2006).
  22. T. K. Liang, H. Tsang, C. Wong, C. Shu, "All-optical time-division demultiplexing with polarization-diversity nonlinear loop interferometer," Opt. Exp. 11, 2047-2052 (2003).
  23. Z. Wang, L. Huo, C. Lin, C.-K. Chan, "Polarization-independent OTDM demultiplexer based on NOLM with a polarization diversity loop," Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OFC 2006 (2006) Paper OWI14..
  24. T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, M. Saruwatari, "Polarisation-independent 100 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer using four-wave mixing in a polarization-maintaining fibre loop," Electron. Lett. 30, 591-592 (1994).
  25. T. Sakamoto, H. C. Lim, K. Kikuchi, "All-optical polarization-insensitive time-division demultiplexer using a nonlinear optical loop mirror with a pair of short polarization-maintaining fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1737-1739 (2002).
  26. J. Li, A. Berntson, G. Jacobsen, "Polarization-independent optical demultiplexing using XPM-induced wavelength shifting in highly nonlinear fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 691-693 (2008).
  27. T. Sakamoto, K. Seo, K. Taira, N. S. Moon, K. Kikuchi, "Polarization-insensitive all-optical time-division demultiplexing using a fiber four-wave mixer with a peak-holding optical phase-locked loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 563-565 (2004).
  28. C. Porzi, A. Bogoni, L. Poti, G. Contestabile, "Polarization and wavelength-independent time-division demultiplexing based on copolarized-pumps FWM in an SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 633-635 (2005).
  29. C. S. Wong, H. K. Tsang, "Polarization-independent time-division demultiplexing using orthogonal-pumps four-wave mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 129-131 (2003).
  30. A. Tersigni, V. Calle, A. Clausen, L. Oxenlowe, J. Mork, P. Jeppesen, "Polarisation independent optical sampling using four-wave mixing," Proc. CLEO'03. (2003) pp. 254-256.

2009 (2)

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, P. Jeppesen, "1.28 Tbit/s single-polarization serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing," Electron. Lett. 45, 280-281 (2009).

M. Galili, J. Xu, H. C. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, B. Luther-Davis, S. Madden, A. Rode, D. Y. Choi, "Breakthrough switching speed with an all-optical chalcogenide glass chip: 640 Gbit/s demultiplexing," Opt. Exp. 17, 2182-2187 (2009).

2008 (1)

J. Li, A. Berntson, G. Jacobsen, "Polarization-independent optical demultiplexing using XPM-induced wavelength shifting in highly nonlinear fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 691-693 (2008).

2007 (2)

E. Tangdiongga, Y. Liu, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, H. J. S. Dorren, X. Shu, I. Bennion, "All-optical demultiplexing of 640 to 40 Gbits/s using filtered chirp of a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 835-837 (2007).

C. Schubert, R. H. Derksen, M. Möller, R. Ludwig, C. Weiske, J. Lutz, S. Ferber, A. Kirstädter, G. Lehmann, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, "Integrated 100-Gb/s ETDM receiver," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 122-130 (2007).

2006 (3)

T. Tanemura, K. Kikuchi, "Circular-birefringence fiber for nonlinear optical signal processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4108-4119 (2006).

R. Salem, A. Lenihan, G. Carter, T. Murphy, "160-Gb/s polarization-independent optical demultiplexing in 2-m nonlinear fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2245-2247 (2006).

H. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4616-4627 (2006).

2005 (1)

C. Porzi, A. Bogoni, L. Poti, G. Contestabile, "Polarization and wavelength-independent time-division demultiplexing based on copolarized-pumps FWM in an SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 633-635 (2005).

2004 (1)

T. Sakamoto, K. Seo, K. Taira, N. S. Moon, K. Kikuchi, "Polarization-insensitive all-optical time-division demultiplexing using a fiber four-wave mixer with a peak-holding optical phase-locked loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 563-565 (2004).

2003 (3)

T. K. Liang, H. Tsang, C. Wong, C. Shu, "All-optical time-division demultiplexing with polarization-diversity nonlinear loop interferometer," Opt. Exp. 11, 2047-2052 (2003).

X. Ma, G.-S. Kuo, "Optical switching technology comparison: Optical MEMS versus other technologies," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, S16-S23 (2003).

C. S. Wong, H. K. Tsang, "Polarization-independent time-division demultiplexing using orthogonal-pumps four-wave mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 129-131 (2003).

2002 (2)

T. Sakamoto, H. C. Lim, K. Kikuchi, "All-optical polarization-insensitive time-division demultiplexer using a nonlinear optical loop mirror with a pair of short polarization-maintaining fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1737-1739 (2002).

S. Hamilton, B. Robinson, T. Murphy, S. Savage, E. Ippen, "100 Gb/s optical time-division multiplexed networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 2086-2100 (2002).

2000 (2)

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, K. Tamura, "1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator," Electron. Lett. 36, 2027-2029 (2000).

J. Lou, K. Jepsen, D. Nolan, S. Tarcza, W. Bouton, A. Evans, M. Islam, "80 Gb/s to 10 Gb/s polarization-insensitive demultiplexing with circularly polarized spun fiber in a two-wavelength nonlinear optical loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1701-1703 (2000).

1999 (2)

J. Lou, J. Andersen, J. Stocker, M. Islam, D. Nolan, "Polarization insensitive demultiplexing of 100-Gb/s words using a twisted fiber nonlinear optical loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1602-1604 (1999).

Y. Liang, J. W. Lou, J. K. Andersen, J. C. Stocker, O. Boyraz, M. N. Islam, D. A. Nolan, "Polarization-insensitive nonlinear optical loop mirror demultiplexer with twisted fiber," Opt. Lett. 24, 726-728 (1999).

1998 (1)

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, M. Nakazawa, "Ultrafast nonlinear optical loop mirror for demultiplexing 640 Gbit/s TDM signals," Electron. Lett. 34, 1013-1014 (1998).

1994 (1)

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, M. Saruwatari, "Polarisation-independent 100 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer using four-wave mixing in a polarization-maintaining fibre loop," Electron. Lett. 30, 591-592 (1994).

Electron. Lett. (4)

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, M. Nakazawa, "Ultrafast nonlinear optical loop mirror for demultiplexing 640 Gbit/s TDM signals," Electron. Lett. 34, 1013-1014 (1998).

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, K. Tamura, "1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator," Electron. Lett. 36, 2027-2029 (2000).

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, P. Jeppesen, "1.28 Tbit/s single-polarization serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing," Electron. Lett. 45, 280-281 (2009).

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, M. Saruwatari, "Polarisation-independent 100 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer using four-wave mixing in a polarization-maintaining fibre loop," Electron. Lett. 30, 591-592 (1994).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

X. Ma, G.-S. Kuo, "Optical switching technology comparison: Optical MEMS versus other technologies," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, S16-S23 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (8)

J. Lou, K. Jepsen, D. Nolan, S. Tarcza, W. Bouton, A. Evans, M. Islam, "80 Gb/s to 10 Gb/s polarization-insensitive demultiplexing with circularly polarized spun fiber in a two-wavelength nonlinear optical loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1701-1703 (2000).

J. Lou, J. Andersen, J. Stocker, M. Islam, D. Nolan, "Polarization insensitive demultiplexing of 100-Gb/s words using a twisted fiber nonlinear optical loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1602-1604 (1999).

T. Sakamoto, H. C. Lim, K. Kikuchi, "All-optical polarization-insensitive time-division demultiplexer using a nonlinear optical loop mirror with a pair of short polarization-maintaining fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1737-1739 (2002).

J. Li, A. Berntson, G. Jacobsen, "Polarization-independent optical demultiplexing using XPM-induced wavelength shifting in highly nonlinear fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 691-693 (2008).

T. Sakamoto, K. Seo, K. Taira, N. S. Moon, K. Kikuchi, "Polarization-insensitive all-optical time-division demultiplexing using a fiber four-wave mixer with a peak-holding optical phase-locked loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 563-565 (2004).

C. Porzi, A. Bogoni, L. Poti, G. Contestabile, "Polarization and wavelength-independent time-division demultiplexing based on copolarized-pumps FWM in an SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 633-635 (2005).

C. S. Wong, H. K. Tsang, "Polarization-independent time-division demultiplexing using orthogonal-pumps four-wave mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 129-131 (2003).

R. Salem, A. Lenihan, G. Carter, T. Murphy, "160-Gb/s polarization-independent optical demultiplexing in 2-m nonlinear fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2245-2247 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

T. Tanemura, K. Kikuchi, "Circular-birefringence fiber for nonlinear optical signal processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4108-4119 (2006).

S. Hamilton, B. Robinson, T. Murphy, S. Savage, E. Ippen, "100 Gb/s optical time-division multiplexed networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 2086-2100 (2002).

C. Schubert, R. H. Derksen, M. Möller, R. Ludwig, C. Weiske, J. Lutz, S. Ferber, A. Kirstädter, G. Lehmann, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, "Integrated 100-Gb/s ETDM receiver," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 122-130 (2007).

H. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4616-4627 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (2)

M. Galili, J. Xu, H. C. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, B. Luther-Davis, S. Madden, A. Rode, D. Y. Choi, "Breakthrough switching speed with an all-optical chalcogenide glass chip: 640 Gbit/s demultiplexing," Opt. Exp. 17, 2182-2187 (2009).

T. K. Liang, H. Tsang, C. Wong, C. Shu, "All-optical time-division demultiplexing with polarization-diversity nonlinear loop interferometer," Opt. Exp. 11, 2047-2052 (2003).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (9)

H. Mulvad, M. Galili, L. Oxenlowe, A. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, P. Jeppesen, "Polarization-independent high-speed switching in a standard non-linear optical loop mirror," Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OFC/NFOEC 2008 (2008) Paper OMN3.

C. Zhang, Y. Mori, K. Igarashi, K. Katoh, K. Kikuchi, "Demodulation of 1.28-Tbit/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM signals on a single carrier with digital coherent receiver," Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2009 (2009) Paper OTuG3.

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, H. Hu, A. T. Clausen, J. B. Jensen, C. Peucheret, P. Jeppesen, "Error-free 5.1 Tbit/s data on a single-wavelength channel using a 1.28 Tbaud symbol rate," 22nd Annual Meeting of the IEEE Photonics Society (Formerly LEOS) Belek-AntalyaTurkey (2009) Paper PD 1.2.

H. Hu, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, A. T. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, P. Jeppesen, "Polarization-insensitive 640 Gbit/s demultiplexing using a polarization maintaining highly non-linear fibre," Photonics in Switching PisaItaly (2009) paper FrI1-2.

C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, D. Gross, L. Molle, M. Seimetz, R. Freund, C. Schubert, "Generation and coherent time-division demultiplexing of up to 5.1 Tb/s single-channel 8-PSK and 16-QAM signals," Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2009 (2009) Post-Deadline Paper, PDPC6.

S. Jansen, R. Derksen, C. Schubert, X. Zhou, M. Birk, C. Weiske, M. Bohn, D. van den Borne, P. Krummrich, M. Moller, F. Horst, B. Offrein, H. de Waardt, G. Khoe, A. Kirstadter, "107-Gb/s full-ETDM transmission over field installed fiber using vestigial sideband modulation," Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2007 (2007) Paper OWE3.

R. Derksen, G. Lehmann, C. Weiske, C. Schubert, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Moller, J. Lutz, "Integrated 100 Gbit/s ETDM receiver in a transmission experiment over 480 km DMF," OFC 2006 (2006) Post-Deadline Paper, PDP37.

Z. Wang, L. Huo, C. Lin, C.-K. Chan, "Polarization-independent OTDM demultiplexer based on NOLM with a polarization diversity loop," Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OFC 2006 (2006) Paper OWI14..

A. Tersigni, V. Calle, A. Clausen, L. Oxenlowe, J. Mork, P. Jeppesen, "Polarisation independent optical sampling using four-wave mixing," Proc. CLEO'03. (2003) pp. 254-256.

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