Abstract

We show that a controlled intentional mode coupling induced via scattering from core inclusions can substantially improve the bandwidth of graded index multimode fibers with centerline defect. We present a comprehensive analysis of the impact of the dielectric constant, size, density, and location of micrometer size inclusions on the bandwidth and attenuation of these fibers. We show that using a proper design, the bandwidth of a 1-km-long fiber can improve from 693-MHz to more than 2.5-GHz with less than 1-dB additional power loss. We also show that in practice, it is possible to obtain the desired level of mode coupling by exposing the photosensitive core of the fiber to a UV laser, therefore creating the micrometer size inclusions after the draw process.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. R. Bouille, J. R. Andrews, "Measurements of broadening of pulses in glass fibers," Electron. Lett. 8, 309-310 (1972).
  2. D. Gloge, E. L. Chinnock, K. Koizumi, "Study of pulse distortion in selfoc fibres," Electron. Lett. 8, 526-527 (1972).
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  13. K. O. Hill, G. Meltz, "Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1263-1276 (1997).
  14. P. Pepeljugoski, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar, A. Risteski, "Modeling and simulation of next-generation multimode fiber links," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1242-1255 (2003).

2005 (1)

P. Bell, T. Wiggs, "Multimode fiber and the vapor deposition manufacturing process: Outside vapor deposition versus inside vapor deposition," Corning Opt. Fiber Guidelines 10, 1-20 (2005).

2003 (2)

P. Pepeljugoski, M. J. Hackert, J. S. Abbott, S. E. Swanson, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar, Y. C. Chen, P. Pleunis, "Development of system specification for laser-optimized 50-Âμm multimode fiber for multigigabit short-wavelength LANs," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1256-1277 (2003).

P. Pepeljugoski, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar, A. Risteski, "Modeling and simulation of next-generation multimode fiber links," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1242-1255 (2003).

1997 (2)

K. O. Hill, G. Meltz, "Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1263-1276 (1997).

R. F. Shi, C. Koeppen, G. Jiang, J. Wang, A. F. Garito, "Origin of high bandwidth performance of graded-index plastic optical fibers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3625-3627 (1997).

1983 (1)

T. A. Lenahan, "Calculation of modes in an optical fiber using the finite element method and EISPACK," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 62, 2663-2694 (1983).

1975 (1)

1974 (1)

1973 (1)

E. L. Chinnock, L. G. Cohen, W. S. Holden, R. D. Standley, D. B. Keck, "The length dependence of pulse spreading in the CGW-Bell-10 optical fiber," Proc. IEEE (Lett.) 61, 1499-1500 (1973).

1972 (3)

D. Marcuse, "Derivation of coupled power equations," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 51, 229-237 (1972).

R. Bouille, J. R. Andrews, "Measurements of broadening of pulses in glass fibers," Electron. Lett. 8, 309-310 (1972).

D. Gloge, E. L. Chinnock, K. Koizumi, "Study of pulse distortion in selfoc fibres," Electron. Lett. 8, 526-527 (1972).

1971 (1)

S. D. Personick, "Time dispersion in dielectric waveguides," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 50, 843-859 (1971).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. F. Shi, C. Koeppen, G. Jiang, J. Wang, A. F. Garito, "Origin of high bandwidth performance of graded-index plastic optical fibers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3625-3627 (1997).

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (3)

T. A. Lenahan, "Calculation of modes in an optical fiber using the finite element method and EISPACK," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 62, 2663-2694 (1983).

S. D. Personick, "Time dispersion in dielectric waveguides," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 50, 843-859 (1971).

D. Marcuse, "Derivation of coupled power equations," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 51, 229-237 (1972).

Corning Opt. Fiber Guidelines (1)

P. Bell, T. Wiggs, "Multimode fiber and the vapor deposition manufacturing process: Outside vapor deposition versus inside vapor deposition," Corning Opt. Fiber Guidelines 10, 1-20 (2005).

Electron. Lett. (2)

R. Bouille, J. R. Andrews, "Measurements of broadening of pulses in glass fibers," Electron. Lett. 8, 309-310 (1972).

D. Gloge, E. L. Chinnock, K. Koizumi, "Study of pulse distortion in selfoc fibres," Electron. Lett. 8, 526-527 (1972).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

P. Pepeljugoski, M. J. Hackert, J. S. Abbott, S. E. Swanson, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar, Y. C. Chen, P. Pleunis, "Development of system specification for laser-optimized 50-Âμm multimode fiber for multigigabit short-wavelength LANs," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1256-1277 (2003).

K. O. Hill, G. Meltz, "Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1263-1276 (1997).

P. Pepeljugoski, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar, A. Risteski, "Modeling and simulation of next-generation multimode fiber links," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1242-1255 (2003).

Proc. IEEE (Lett.) (1)

E. L. Chinnock, L. G. Cohen, W. S. Holden, R. D. Standley, D. B. Keck, "The length dependence of pulse spreading in the CGW-Bell-10 optical fiber," Proc. IEEE (Lett.) 61, 1499-1500 (1973).

Other (1)

W. White, Multimode optical fiber having reduced intermodal dispersion U.S. Patent 6 775 449 (2004).

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