Abstract

We propose a hybrid passive optical network (PON) architecture supporting time-division multiplexing (TDM) and dense spectrum-sliced wavelength-division multiplexing (SS-WDM) over the legacy PON infrastructure. We use a fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-based self-seeded reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA) transmitter in conjunction with a recently proposed balanced receiver (BR); identical transceiver pairs are placed at the central office and customer side. Self-seeded RSOAs obviate the need for centralized sources, providing a high power, directly modulated source. Intensity noise mitigation of this thermal source is investigated by operating the RSOA in saturation and employing the recently proposed BR. We study the optimal reflectivity for seeding that balances signal power and noise cleaning to achieve the best bit error rate (BER) possible; channel widths are comparable with dense WDM when using coherent sources.We experimentally demonstrate a symmetrical 1.25 Gb/s dense SS-WDM transmission over the legacy PON infrastructure using our optimized self-seeded RSOA transmitter and the BR. Using a reflective $(18 \pm 2\hbox{\%})$ FBG for self-seeding, we achieve up to 4.5 dBm of output power within a 25 GHz channel. Error free transmission $({\rm BER} < 10^{-10})$ is achieved over a 20 km feeder. We investigate the possibility of colorless ONU operation. The power budget allows 32 users (64 users with reasonable OLT amplification) to be supported over the existing PON infrastructure. Simulations show capacity increases to 128 users when a Reed–Solomon RS(255, 239) forward error correcting code is used.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. S. Kaneko, J.-I. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, A. Ohki, M. Sugo, S. Kamei, "Scalability of spectrum-sliced DWDM transmission and its expansion using forward error correction," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1295-1301 (2006).
  2. A. Girard, FTTx PON Technology and Testing Electro-Optical Engineering Inc.Quebec CityCanada (2005) ISBN 1-55342-006-3.
  3. P. W. Shumate, "Fiber-to-the-home: 1977-2007," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1093-1103 (2008).
  4. C.-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).
  5. K. Cho, K. Fukuda, H. Esaki, A. Kato, "The impact and implication of the growth in residential user-to-user traffic," Proc. ACM/SIGCOMM (2006) pp. 207-218.
  6. M. P. McGarry, M. Reisslein, M. Maier, "WDM ethernet passive optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 15-22 (2006).
  7. A. J. Keating, D. D. Sampson, "Reduction of excess intensity noise in spectrum-sliced incoherent light for WDM applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 53-61 (1999).
  8. C. Arellano, C. Bock, J. Prat, K.-D. Langer, "RSOA-based optical network units for WDM-PON," Proc. OFC (2006).
  9. S.-B. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, I. K. Yun, J. S. Lee, Y. K. Oh, Y. J. Oh, "Colorless operation of WDM-PON employing uncooled spectrum-sliced reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 248-250 (2007).
  10. E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, "Low-cost WDM passive optical network with directly-modulated self-seeding reflective SOA," IEEE Electron. Lett. 42, 299-301 (2006).
  11. E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, "Directly modulated self-seeding reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers as colorless transmitters in wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 67-74 (2007).
  12. H.-C. Kwon, Y.-Y. Won, S.-K. Han, "A self-seeded reflective SOA-based optical network unit for optical beat interference robust WDM/SCM-PON link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1852-1854 (2006).
  13. N. Nadarajah, K. L. Lee, A. Nirmalathas, "Upstream access and local area networking in passive optical networks using self-seeded reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1559-1561 (2007).
  14. A. Ghazisaeidi, F. Vacondio, A. Bononi, L. A. Rusch, "SOA intensity noise suppression in spectrum sliced systems: A multicanonical Monte Carlo simulator of extremely low BER," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2667-2677 (2009).
  15. W. Mathlouthi, F. Vacondio, L. A. Rusch, "High-bit-rate dense SS-WDM PON using SOA-based noise reduction with a novel balanced detection," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 5045-5055 (2009).
  16. W. Mathlouthi, P. Lemieux, L. A. Rusch, "Optimal SOA-based noise reduction schemes for incoherent spectrum-sliced PONs," Proc. ECOC (2006).
  17. F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, T. Soret, N. Genay, R. Brenot, "Demonstration of a RSOA-based wavelength remodulation scheme in 1.25 Gbit/s bidirectional hybrid WDM-TDM PON," Proc. OFC (2006).
  18. H. Takesue, T. Sugie, "Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM networks with centralized light sources," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2546-2556 (2003).
  19. J. M. Oh, S. G. Koo, D. Lee, S.-J. Park, "Enhancement of the performance of a reflective SOA-based hybrid WDM/TDM PON system with a remotely pumped erbium-doped fiber amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 144-149 (2008).
  20. A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "Noise suppression of incoherent light using a gain-saturated SOA: Implications for spectrum-sliced WDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2399-2409 (2005).
  21. M. D. Vaughn, D. Kozischek, D. Meis, A. Bosckovic, R. E. Wagner, "Value of reach-and-split ratio increase in FTTH access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2617-2622 (2004).
  22. J.-M. Kang, S.-K. Han, "A novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up- and down-link using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 502-504 (2006).
  23. G. W. Yoffe, P. A. Krug, F. Ouellette, D. A. Thorncraft, "Passive temperature-compensating package for optical fiber gratings," J. Appl. Opt. 34, 6859-6861 (1995).
  24. B. Sklar, Digital Communications: Fundamentals and Applications (Prentice Hall, 2001).
  25. A. B. Carlson, P. B. Crilly, J. C. Rutledge, Communication Systems: An Introduction to Signals and Noise in Electrical Communication (McGraw Hill, 2001).
  26. M. R. Mokhtar, C. S. Goh, S. A. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, "Fibre Bragg grating compression-tuned over 110 nm," IEEE Electron. Lett. 39, 509-510 (2003).

2009 (2)

A. Ghazisaeidi, F. Vacondio, A. Bononi, L. A. Rusch, "SOA intensity noise suppression in spectrum sliced systems: A multicanonical Monte Carlo simulator of extremely low BER," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2667-2677 (2009).

W. Mathlouthi, F. Vacondio, L. A. Rusch, "High-bit-rate dense SS-WDM PON using SOA-based noise reduction with a novel balanced detection," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 5045-5055 (2009).

2008 (2)

J. M. Oh, S. G. Koo, D. Lee, S.-J. Park, "Enhancement of the performance of a reflective SOA-based hybrid WDM/TDM PON system with a remotely pumped erbium-doped fiber amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 144-149 (2008).

P. W. Shumate, "Fiber-to-the-home: 1977-2007," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1093-1103 (2008).

2007 (3)

S.-B. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, I. K. Yun, J. S. Lee, Y. K. Oh, Y. J. Oh, "Colorless operation of WDM-PON employing uncooled spectrum-sliced reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 248-250 (2007).

E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, "Directly modulated self-seeding reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers as colorless transmitters in wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 67-74 (2007).

N. Nadarajah, K. L. Lee, A. Nirmalathas, "Upstream access and local area networking in passive optical networks using self-seeded reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1559-1561 (2007).

2006 (6)

S. Kaneko, J.-I. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, A. Ohki, M. Sugo, S. Kamei, "Scalability of spectrum-sliced DWDM transmission and its expansion using forward error correction," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1295-1301 (2006).

J.-M. Kang, S.-K. Han, "A novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up- and down-link using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 502-504 (2006).

H.-C. Kwon, Y.-Y. Won, S.-K. Han, "A self-seeded reflective SOA-based optical network unit for optical beat interference robust WDM/SCM-PON link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1852-1854 (2006).

E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, "Low-cost WDM passive optical network with directly-modulated self-seeding reflective SOA," IEEE Electron. Lett. 42, 299-301 (2006).

C.-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).

M. P. McGarry, M. Reisslein, M. Maier, "WDM ethernet passive optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 15-22 (2006).

2005 (1)

A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "Noise suppression of incoherent light using a gain-saturated SOA: Implications for spectrum-sliced WDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2399-2409 (2005).

2004 (1)

M. D. Vaughn, D. Kozischek, D. Meis, A. Bosckovic, R. E. Wagner, "Value of reach-and-split ratio increase in FTTH access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2617-2622 (2004).

2003 (2)

H. Takesue, T. Sugie, "Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM networks with centralized light sources," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2546-2556 (2003).

M. R. Mokhtar, C. S. Goh, S. A. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, "Fibre Bragg grating compression-tuned over 110 nm," IEEE Electron. Lett. 39, 509-510 (2003).

1999 (1)

A. J. Keating, D. D. Sampson, "Reduction of excess intensity noise in spectrum-sliced incoherent light for WDM applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 53-61 (1999).

1995 (1)

G. W. Yoffe, P. A. Krug, F. Ouellette, D. A. Thorncraft, "Passive temperature-compensating package for optical fiber gratings," J. Appl. Opt. 34, 6859-6861 (1995).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

M. P. McGarry, M. Reisslein, M. Maier, "WDM ethernet passive optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 15-22 (2006).

IEEE Electron. Lett. (2)

E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, "Low-cost WDM passive optical network with directly-modulated self-seeding reflective SOA," IEEE Electron. Lett. 42, 299-301 (2006).

M. R. Mokhtar, C. S. Goh, S. A. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, "Fibre Bragg grating compression-tuned over 110 nm," IEEE Electron. Lett. 39, 509-510 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

S.-B. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, I. K. Yun, J. S. Lee, Y. K. Oh, Y. J. Oh, "Colorless operation of WDM-PON employing uncooled spectrum-sliced reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 248-250 (2007).

J.-M. Kang, S.-K. Han, "A novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up- and down-link using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 502-504 (2006).

H.-C. Kwon, Y.-Y. Won, S.-K. Han, "A self-seeded reflective SOA-based optical network unit for optical beat interference robust WDM/SCM-PON link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1852-1854 (2006).

N. Nadarajah, K. L. Lee, A. Nirmalathas, "Upstream access and local area networking in passive optical networks using self-seeded reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1559-1561 (2007).

J. Appl. Opt. (1)

G. W. Yoffe, P. A. Krug, F. Ouellette, D. A. Thorncraft, "Passive temperature-compensating package for optical fiber gratings," J. Appl. Opt. 34, 6859-6861 (1995).

J. Lightw. Technol. (11)

A. Ghazisaeidi, F. Vacondio, A. Bononi, L. A. Rusch, "SOA intensity noise suppression in spectrum sliced systems: A multicanonical Monte Carlo simulator of extremely low BER," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2667-2677 (2009).

W. Mathlouthi, F. Vacondio, L. A. Rusch, "High-bit-rate dense SS-WDM PON using SOA-based noise reduction with a novel balanced detection," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 5045-5055 (2009).

H. Takesue, T. Sugie, "Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM networks with centralized light sources," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2546-2556 (2003).

J. M. Oh, S. G. Koo, D. Lee, S.-J. Park, "Enhancement of the performance of a reflective SOA-based hybrid WDM/TDM PON system with a remotely pumped erbium-doped fiber amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 144-149 (2008).

A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "Noise suppression of incoherent light using a gain-saturated SOA: Implications for spectrum-sliced WDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2399-2409 (2005).

M. D. Vaughn, D. Kozischek, D. Meis, A. Bosckovic, R. E. Wagner, "Value of reach-and-split ratio increase in FTTH access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2617-2622 (2004).

E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, "Directly modulated self-seeding reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers as colorless transmitters in wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 67-74 (2007).

A. J. Keating, D. D. Sampson, "Reduction of excess intensity noise in spectrum-sliced incoherent light for WDM applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 53-61 (1999).

S. Kaneko, J.-I. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, A. Ohki, M. Sugo, S. Kamei, "Scalability of spectrum-sliced DWDM transmission and its expansion using forward error correction," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1295-1301 (2006).

P. W. Shumate, "Fiber-to-the-home: 1977-2007," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1093-1103 (2008).

C.-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).

Other (7)

K. Cho, K. Fukuda, H. Esaki, A. Kato, "The impact and implication of the growth in residential user-to-user traffic," Proc. ACM/SIGCOMM (2006) pp. 207-218.

A. Girard, FTTx PON Technology and Testing Electro-Optical Engineering Inc.Quebec CityCanada (2005) ISBN 1-55342-006-3.

C. Arellano, C. Bock, J. Prat, K.-D. Langer, "RSOA-based optical network units for WDM-PON," Proc. OFC (2006).

W. Mathlouthi, P. Lemieux, L. A. Rusch, "Optimal SOA-based noise reduction schemes for incoherent spectrum-sliced PONs," Proc. ECOC (2006).

F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, T. Soret, N. Genay, R. Brenot, "Demonstration of a RSOA-based wavelength remodulation scheme in 1.25 Gbit/s bidirectional hybrid WDM-TDM PON," Proc. OFC (2006).

B. Sklar, Digital Communications: Fundamentals and Applications (Prentice Hall, 2001).

A. B. Carlson, P. B. Crilly, J. C. Rutledge, Communication Systems: An Introduction to Signals and Noise in Electrical Communication (McGraw Hill, 2001).

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