Abstract

This paper proposes and analyzes a quadrature duobinary modulation format with coherent detection for high-spectral efficiency wavelength-division-multiplexing transmission systems at 112 Gb/s per channel. A practical system design of a dual polarization quadrature duobinary (DP-QDB) format with coherent heterodyne detection is analyzed and compared with the DP-differential quadrature phase-shift keying format for feasibility of 112 Gb/s transmission. Using simulation analysis, we show that the relatively narrow spectrum of quadrature duobinary modulation provides an effective practical means for realizing high-spectral efficiency transmission, approaching the theoretical limit of 4 bits/s/Hz, while also providing excellent tolerance to optical filter cascades for a robust optical networking functionality.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, H. Song, A. Adamiecki, S. Corteselli, A. H. Gnauck, D. A. Fishman, C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, T. J. Xia, G. Wellbrock, W. Lee, B. Basch, T. Kawanishi, K. Higuma, Y. Painchaud, "100-Gb/s DQPSK transmission: From laboratory experiments to field trials," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3388-3402 (2008).
  2. C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 64-72 (2008).
  3. D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, E. Gottwald, E. D. Schmidt, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "DQPSK modulation for robust optical transmission," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2008) pp. 1-3.
  4. A. H. Gnauck, G. Charlet, P. Tran, P. J. Winzer, C. R. Doerr, J. C. Centanni, E. C. Burrows, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, K. Higuma, "25.6-Tb/s WDM transmission of polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK signals," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 79-84 (2008).
  5. S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, "Experimental investigation of system impairments in polarization multiplexed 107-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2008) pp. 1-3.
  6. H. Kim, G. Lee, H. Lee, S. K. Kim, I. Kang, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, "On the use of 2.5-Gb/s Mach–Zehnder modulators to generate 10-Gb/s optical duobinary signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2577-2579 (2004).
  7. A. Lender, "The duobinary technique for high-speed data transmission," IEEE Trans. Commun. Electron. CE-82, 214-218 (1963).
  8. T. Ono, Y. Yano, K. Fukuchi, T. Ito, H. Yamazaki, M. Yamaguchi, K. Emura, "Characteristics of optical duobinary signals in terabit/s capacity, high-spectral efficiency WDM systems," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 788-797 (1998).
  9. K. Yonenaga, S. Kuwano, "Dispersion tolerant optical transmission system using duobinary transmitter and binary receiver," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1530-1537 (1997).
  10. D. Penninckx, M. Chbat, L. Pierre, J.-P. Thierry, "The phase-shaped binary transmission (PSBT): A new technique to transmit far beyond the chromatic dispersion limit," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 259-261 (1997).
  11. G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, "Quantum limit of direct-detection receivers using duobinary transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 102-104 (2003).
  12. S. K. Ibrahim, S. Bhandare, R. Noé, "20-Gb/s quaternary intensity modulation based on duobinary modulation with unequal amplitude in two polarizations," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1482-1484 (2006).
  13. K. Kikuchi, Y. Ishikawa, K. Katoh, "Coherent demodulation of optical quadrature duobinary signal with spectral efficiency of 4 bit/s/Hz per polarization," ECOC BerlinGermany (2007) Paper 9.3.4.
  14. E. Ip, A. P. T. Lau, D. J. F. Barros, J. M. Kahn, "Coherent detection in optical fiber systems," Opt. Exp. 16, 753-791 (2008).
  15. I. Lyubomirsky, "Coherent detection for optical duobinary communication systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 868-870 (2006).
  16. J. G. Proakis, M. Salehi, Communication Systems Engineering (Prentice-Hall, 1994).
  17. T. Pfau, S. Hoffmann, O. Adamczyk, R. Peveling, V. Herath, M. Porrmann, R. Noé, "Coherent optical communication: Towards realtime systems at 40 Gbit/s and beyond," Opt. Exp. 16, 866-872 (2008).
  18. M. Frankel, "Network implications of optical compensation and digital signal processing for coherent and non-coherent receiver designs," IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topicals Newport BeachCA (2009) Paper MC3.1.
  19. J. R. Barry, J. M. Kahn, "Carrier synchronization for homodyne and heterodyne detection of optical quadriphase-shift keying," IEEE J. Lightw. Tech. 10, 1939-1951 (1992).
  20. C. Wree, D. Becker, D. Mohr, A. Joshi, "Measured noise performance for heterodyne detection of 10-Gb/s OOK and DPSK," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 15-17 (2007).
  21. A. H. Gnauck, J. Sinsky, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, "Linear microwave-domain dispersion compensation of 10-Gb/s signals using heterodyne detection," OFC/NFOEC AnaheimCA (2005) Paper PDP31.
  22. A. Umbach, G. Unterbörsch, H.-G. Bach, C. Schubert, R. H. Derksen, J. H. Sinsky, "Photoreceivers for 100Gbit/s applications," Proc. IEEE/LEOS Summer Top. Meetings (2007) pp. 258-259.
  23. I. Lyubomirsky, C.-C. Chien, "Ideal duobinary generating filter for optically amplified systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 598-600 (2006).
  24. I. Lyubomirsky, C.-C. Chien, "Tailoring the duobinary pulse shape for optimum performance," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3732-3736 (2005).
  25. L. Zong, J. Veselka, H. Sardesai, M. Frankel, "Influence of filter shape and bandwidth on 44 Gb/s DQPSK systems," OFC/NFOEC (2009).

2008 (5)

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, H. Song, A. Adamiecki, S. Corteselli, A. H. Gnauck, D. A. Fishman, C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, T. J. Xia, G. Wellbrock, W. Lee, B. Basch, T. Kawanishi, K. Higuma, Y. Painchaud, "100-Gb/s DQPSK transmission: From laboratory experiments to field trials," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3388-3402 (2008).

C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 64-72 (2008).

A. H. Gnauck, G. Charlet, P. Tran, P. J. Winzer, C. R. Doerr, J. C. Centanni, E. C. Burrows, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, K. Higuma, "25.6-Tb/s WDM transmission of polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK signals," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 79-84 (2008).

E. Ip, A. P. T. Lau, D. J. F. Barros, J. M. Kahn, "Coherent detection in optical fiber systems," Opt. Exp. 16, 753-791 (2008).

T. Pfau, S. Hoffmann, O. Adamczyk, R. Peveling, V. Herath, M. Porrmann, R. Noé, "Coherent optical communication: Towards realtime systems at 40 Gbit/s and beyond," Opt. Exp. 16, 866-872 (2008).

2007 (1)

C. Wree, D. Becker, D. Mohr, A. Joshi, "Measured noise performance for heterodyne detection of 10-Gb/s OOK and DPSK," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 15-17 (2007).

2006 (3)

I. Lyubomirsky, C.-C. Chien, "Ideal duobinary generating filter for optically amplified systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 598-600 (2006).

I. Lyubomirsky, "Coherent detection for optical duobinary communication systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 868-870 (2006).

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Bhandare, R. Noé, "20-Gb/s quaternary intensity modulation based on duobinary modulation with unequal amplitude in two polarizations," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1482-1484 (2006).

2005 (1)

I. Lyubomirsky, C.-C. Chien, "Tailoring the duobinary pulse shape for optimum performance," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3732-3736 (2005).

2004 (1)

H. Kim, G. Lee, H. Lee, S. K. Kim, I. Kang, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, "On the use of 2.5-Gb/s Mach–Zehnder modulators to generate 10-Gb/s optical duobinary signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2577-2579 (2004).

2003 (1)

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, "Quantum limit of direct-detection receivers using duobinary transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 102-104 (2003).

1998 (1)

T. Ono, Y. Yano, K. Fukuchi, T. Ito, H. Yamazaki, M. Yamaguchi, K. Emura, "Characteristics of optical duobinary signals in terabit/s capacity, high-spectral efficiency WDM systems," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 788-797 (1998).

1997 (2)

K. Yonenaga, S. Kuwano, "Dispersion tolerant optical transmission system using duobinary transmitter and binary receiver," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1530-1537 (1997).

D. Penninckx, M. Chbat, L. Pierre, J.-P. Thierry, "The phase-shaped binary transmission (PSBT): A new technique to transmit far beyond the chromatic dispersion limit," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 259-261 (1997).

1992 (1)

J. R. Barry, J. M. Kahn, "Carrier synchronization for homodyne and heterodyne detection of optical quadriphase-shift keying," IEEE J. Lightw. Tech. 10, 1939-1951 (1992).

1963 (1)

A. Lender, "The duobinary technique for high-speed data transmission," IEEE Trans. Commun. Electron. CE-82, 214-218 (1963).

IEEE J. Lightw. Tech. (1)

J. R. Barry, J. M. Kahn, "Carrier synchronization for homodyne and heterodyne detection of optical quadriphase-shift keying," IEEE J. Lightw. Tech. 10, 1939-1951 (1992).

IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, H. Song, A. Adamiecki, S. Corteselli, A. H. Gnauck, D. A. Fishman, C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, T. J. Xia, G. Wellbrock, W. Lee, B. Basch, T. Kawanishi, K. Higuma, Y. Painchaud, "100-Gb/s DQPSK transmission: From laboratory experiments to field trials," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3388-3402 (2008).

C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 64-72 (2008).

A. H. Gnauck, G. Charlet, P. Tran, P. J. Winzer, C. R. Doerr, J. C. Centanni, E. C. Burrows, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, K. Higuma, "25.6-Tb/s WDM transmission of polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK signals," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 79-84 (2008).

T. Ono, Y. Yano, K. Fukuchi, T. Ito, H. Yamazaki, M. Yamaguchi, K. Emura, "Characteristics of optical duobinary signals in terabit/s capacity, high-spectral efficiency WDM systems," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 788-797 (1998).

K. Yonenaga, S. Kuwano, "Dispersion tolerant optical transmission system using duobinary transmitter and binary receiver," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1530-1537 (1997).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (7)

D. Penninckx, M. Chbat, L. Pierre, J.-P. Thierry, "The phase-shaped binary transmission (PSBT): A new technique to transmit far beyond the chromatic dispersion limit," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 259-261 (1997).

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, "Quantum limit of direct-detection receivers using duobinary transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 102-104 (2003).

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Bhandare, R. Noé, "20-Gb/s quaternary intensity modulation based on duobinary modulation with unequal amplitude in two polarizations," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1482-1484 (2006).

C. Wree, D. Becker, D. Mohr, A. Joshi, "Measured noise performance for heterodyne detection of 10-Gb/s OOK and DPSK," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 15-17 (2007).

H. Kim, G. Lee, H. Lee, S. K. Kim, I. Kang, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, "On the use of 2.5-Gb/s Mach–Zehnder modulators to generate 10-Gb/s optical duobinary signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2577-2579 (2004).

I. Lyubomirsky, "Coherent detection for optical duobinary communication systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 868-870 (2006).

I. Lyubomirsky, C.-C. Chien, "Ideal duobinary generating filter for optically amplified systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 598-600 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Commun. Electron. (1)

A. Lender, "The duobinary technique for high-speed data transmission," IEEE Trans. Commun. Electron. CE-82, 214-218 (1963).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

I. Lyubomirsky, C.-C. Chien, "Tailoring the duobinary pulse shape for optimum performance," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3732-3736 (2005).

Opt. Exp. (2)

T. Pfau, S. Hoffmann, O. Adamczyk, R. Peveling, V. Herath, M. Porrmann, R. Noé, "Coherent optical communication: Towards realtime systems at 40 Gbit/s and beyond," Opt. Exp. 16, 866-872 (2008).

E. Ip, A. P. T. Lau, D. J. F. Barros, J. M. Kahn, "Coherent detection in optical fiber systems," Opt. Exp. 16, 753-791 (2008).

Other (8)

M. Frankel, "Network implications of optical compensation and digital signal processing for coherent and non-coherent receiver designs," IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topicals Newport BeachCA (2009) Paper MC3.1.

L. Zong, J. Veselka, H. Sardesai, M. Frankel, "Influence of filter shape and bandwidth on 44 Gb/s DQPSK systems," OFC/NFOEC (2009).

J. G. Proakis, M. Salehi, Communication Systems Engineering (Prentice-Hall, 1994).

A. H. Gnauck, J. Sinsky, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, "Linear microwave-domain dispersion compensation of 10-Gb/s signals using heterodyne detection," OFC/NFOEC AnaheimCA (2005) Paper PDP31.

A. Umbach, G. Unterbörsch, H.-G. Bach, C. Schubert, R. H. Derksen, J. H. Sinsky, "Photoreceivers for 100Gbit/s applications," Proc. IEEE/LEOS Summer Top. Meetings (2007) pp. 258-259.

K. Kikuchi, Y. Ishikawa, K. Katoh, "Coherent demodulation of optical quadrature duobinary signal with spectral efficiency of 4 bit/s/Hz per polarization," ECOC BerlinGermany (2007) Paper 9.3.4.

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, "Experimental investigation of system impairments in polarization multiplexed 107-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2008) pp. 1-3.

D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, E. Gottwald, E. D. Schmidt, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "DQPSK modulation for robust optical transmission," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2008) pp. 1-3.

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