Abstract

We demonstrate that the cross-gain compression (XGC) in a semiconductor optical amplifier can produce effective return to zero (RZ)-to-nonreturn to zero (NRZ) format conversion. This technique is experimentally investigated at 10 and 40Gbit/s. At 10 Gbit/s, the format adaptation allows for a very high pulsewidth increase, i.e., from 10 to 100 ps. The output 10 Gbit/s NRZ signal is transmitted on metro-like links with no chromatic dispersion compensation.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. M. W. Chbat, E. Grard, L. Berthelon, A. Jourdan, P. A. Perrier, A. Leclert, B. Landousies, A. Ramdane, N. Parnis, E. V. Jones, E. Limal, H. N. Poulsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, N. Flaarnning, D. Vercauteren, M. Puleo, E. Ciaramella, G. Marone, R. Hess, H. Melchior, W. V. Parys, P. M. Demeester, P. J. Gdsvang, T. Olsen, D. R. Hjelme, "Toward wide-scale all-optical transparent networking: The ACTS Optical Pan-European Network (OPEN) project," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1226-1244 (1998).
  2. K. Mishina, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, T. Miyahara, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, K. Motoshima, K. Kitayama, "NRZ-OOK-to-RZ-BPSK modulation-format conversion using SOA-MZI wavelength converter," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3751-3758 (2006).
  3. D. Norte, A. E. Willner, "Experimental demonstration of all-optical conversion between the RZ and NRZ data formats incorporating non inverting wavelength shifting leading to format transparency," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 712-714 (1996).
  4. X. Yang, A. Mishra, R. Manning, R. Webb, A. Ellis, "All-optical 42.6 Gbit/s NRZ to RZ format conversion by cross-phase modulation in single SOA," Electron. Lett. 43, 890-892 (2007).
  5. S. Park, L. H. Spiekman, M. Eiselt, J. M. Wiesenfeld, "Chirp consequences of all-optical RZ to NRZ conversion using cross-phase modulation in an active semiconductor photonic integrated circuit," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 233-235 (2000).
  6. S. Lee, K. Chow, C. Shu, "Spectral filtering from a cross-phase modulated signal for RZ to NRZ format and wavelength conversion," Opt. Exp. 13, 1710-1715 (2005).
  7. T. G. Silveira, A. Teixeira, G. T. Beleffi, D. Forin, P. Monteiro, H. Furukawa, N. Wada, "All-optical conversion from RZ to NRZ using gain-clamped SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 357-359 (2007).
  8. Y. Yu, X. Zhang, D. Huang, "All-Optical RZ-to-NRZ format conversion with a tunable fibre based delay interferometer," Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 706-709 (2006).
  9. L. Xu, B. C. Wang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical data format conversion between RZ and NRZ based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometric wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 308-310 (2003).
  10. Y. Yu, X. Zhang, D. Huang, "All-optical format conversion from CS-RZ to NRZ at 40 Gbit/s," Opt. Exp. 15, 5693-5698 (2007).
  11. S. H. Lee, K. K. Chow, C. Shu, "All-optical RZ-to-NRZ data format conversion using spectral broadening effect in a dispersion-shifted fiber," Opt. Commun. 263, 152-155 (2006).
  12. S. Bigo, E. Desurvire, B. Desruelle, "All-optical RZ-to-NRZ format conversion at 10 Gbit/s with nonlinear optical loop mirror," Electron. Lett. 30, 1868-1869 (1994).
  13. L. Banchi, M. Presi, A. D'Errico, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, "Effective all-optical RZ-to-NRZ conversion for transparent network gateways," OFC/NFOEC San DiegoCA (2009).
  14. G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, E. Ciaramella, "Cross-gain compression in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 915-921 (2007).
  15. T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).
  16. Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, Z. Shaoxian, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-free all-optical wavelength conversion at 160 Gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an optical bandpass filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 230-236 (2006).
  17. J. Dong, X. Zhang, S. Fu, J. Xu, P. Shum, D. Huang, "Ultrafast all-optical signal processing based on single semiconductor optical amplifier and optical filtering," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 770-778 (2008).
  18. M. L. Nielsen, J. Mork, "Bandwidth enhancement of SOA-based switches using optical filtering: Theory and experimental verification," Opt. Exp. 14, 1260-1265 (2006).
  19. G. Bosco, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, "An exact analysis of RZ versus NRZ sensitivity in ASE noise limited optical systems," Proc. 27th ECOC pp. 526-527.
  20. A. E. Willner, W. Shieh, "Optimal spectral and power parameters for all-optical wavelength shifting: Single stage, fanout, and cascad-ability," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 771-781 (1995).

2008 (1)

J. Dong, X. Zhang, S. Fu, J. Xu, P. Shum, D. Huang, "Ultrafast all-optical signal processing based on single semiconductor optical amplifier and optical filtering," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 770-778 (2008).

2007 (4)

Y. Yu, X. Zhang, D. Huang, "All-optical format conversion from CS-RZ to NRZ at 40 Gbit/s," Opt. Exp. 15, 5693-5698 (2007).

G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, E. Ciaramella, "Cross-gain compression in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 915-921 (2007).

X. Yang, A. Mishra, R. Manning, R. Webb, A. Ellis, "All-optical 42.6 Gbit/s NRZ to RZ format conversion by cross-phase modulation in single SOA," Electron. Lett. 43, 890-892 (2007).

T. G. Silveira, A. Teixeira, G. T. Beleffi, D. Forin, P. Monteiro, H. Furukawa, N. Wada, "All-optical conversion from RZ to NRZ using gain-clamped SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 357-359 (2007).

2006 (5)

Y. Yu, X. Zhang, D. Huang, "All-Optical RZ-to-NRZ format conversion with a tunable fibre based delay interferometer," Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 706-709 (2006).

K. Mishina, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, T. Miyahara, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, K. Motoshima, K. Kitayama, "NRZ-OOK-to-RZ-BPSK modulation-format conversion using SOA-MZI wavelength converter," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3751-3758 (2006).

S. H. Lee, K. K. Chow, C. Shu, "All-optical RZ-to-NRZ data format conversion using spectral broadening effect in a dispersion-shifted fiber," Opt. Commun. 263, 152-155 (2006).

M. L. Nielsen, J. Mork, "Bandwidth enhancement of SOA-based switches using optical filtering: Theory and experimental verification," Opt. Exp. 14, 1260-1265 (2006).

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, Z. Shaoxian, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-free all-optical wavelength conversion at 160 Gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an optical bandpass filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 230-236 (2006).

2005 (1)

S. Lee, K. Chow, C. Shu, "Spectral filtering from a cross-phase modulated signal for RZ to NRZ format and wavelength conversion," Opt. Exp. 13, 1710-1715 (2005).

2003 (1)

L. Xu, B. C. Wang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical data format conversion between RZ and NRZ based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometric wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 308-310 (2003).

2000 (1)

S. Park, L. H. Spiekman, M. Eiselt, J. M. Wiesenfeld, "Chirp consequences of all-optical RZ to NRZ conversion using cross-phase modulation in an active semiconductor photonic integrated circuit," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 233-235 (2000).

1998 (1)

M. W. Chbat, E. Grard, L. Berthelon, A. Jourdan, P. A. Perrier, A. Leclert, B. Landousies, A. Ramdane, N. Parnis, E. V. Jones, E. Limal, H. N. Poulsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, N. Flaarnning, D. Vercauteren, M. Puleo, E. Ciaramella, G. Marone, R. Hess, H. Melchior, W. V. Parys, P. M. Demeester, P. J. Gdsvang, T. Olsen, D. R. Hjelme, "Toward wide-scale all-optical transparent networking: The ACTS Optical Pan-European Network (OPEN) project," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1226-1244 (1998).

1996 (2)

D. Norte, A. E. Willner, "Experimental demonstration of all-optical conversion between the RZ and NRZ data formats incorporating non inverting wavelength shifting leading to format transparency," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 712-714 (1996).

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).

1995 (1)

A. E. Willner, W. Shieh, "Optimal spectral and power parameters for all-optical wavelength shifting: Single stage, fanout, and cascad-ability," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 771-781 (1995).

1994 (1)

S. Bigo, E. Desurvire, B. Desruelle, "All-optical RZ-to-NRZ format conversion at 10 Gbit/s with nonlinear optical loop mirror," Electron. Lett. 30, 1868-1869 (1994).

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Yu, X. Zhang, D. Huang, "All-Optical RZ-to-NRZ format conversion with a tunable fibre based delay interferometer," Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 706-709 (2006).

Electron. Lett. (2)

X. Yang, A. Mishra, R. Manning, R. Webb, A. Ellis, "All-optical 42.6 Gbit/s NRZ to RZ format conversion by cross-phase modulation in single SOA," Electron. Lett. 43, 890-892 (2007).

S. Bigo, E. Desurvire, B. Desruelle, "All-optical RZ-to-NRZ format conversion at 10 Gbit/s with nonlinear optical loop mirror," Electron. Lett. 30, 1868-1869 (1994).

IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

K. Mishina, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, T. Miyahara, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, K. Motoshima, K. Kitayama, "NRZ-OOK-to-RZ-BPSK modulation-format conversion using SOA-MZI wavelength converter," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3751-3758 (2006).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

M. W. Chbat, E. Grard, L. Berthelon, A. Jourdan, P. A. Perrier, A. Leclert, B. Landousies, A. Ramdane, N. Parnis, E. V. Jones, E. Limal, H. N. Poulsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, N. Flaarnning, D. Vercauteren, M. Puleo, E. Ciaramella, G. Marone, R. Hess, H. Melchior, W. V. Parys, P. M. Demeester, P. J. Gdsvang, T. Olsen, D. R. Hjelme, "Toward wide-scale all-optical transparent networking: The ACTS Optical Pan-European Network (OPEN) project," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1226-1244 (1998).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Dong, X. Zhang, S. Fu, J. Xu, P. Shum, D. Huang, "Ultrafast all-optical signal processing based on single semiconductor optical amplifier and optical filtering," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 770-778 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

T. G. Silveira, A. Teixeira, G. T. Beleffi, D. Forin, P. Monteiro, H. Furukawa, N. Wada, "All-optical conversion from RZ to NRZ using gain-clamped SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 357-359 (2007).

L. Xu, B. C. Wang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical data format conversion between RZ and NRZ based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometric wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 308-310 (2003).

D. Norte, A. E. Willner, "Experimental demonstration of all-optical conversion between the RZ and NRZ data formats incorporating non inverting wavelength shifting leading to format transparency," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 712-714 (1996).

S. Park, L. H. Spiekman, M. Eiselt, J. M. Wiesenfeld, "Chirp consequences of all-optical RZ to NRZ conversion using cross-phase modulation in an active semiconductor photonic integrated circuit," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 233-235 (2000).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

A. E. Willner, W. Shieh, "Optimal spectral and power parameters for all-optical wavelength shifting: Single stage, fanout, and cascad-ability," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 771-781 (1995).

G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, E. Ciaramella, "Cross-gain compression in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 915-921 (2007).

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, Z. Shaoxian, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-free all-optical wavelength conversion at 160 Gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an optical bandpass filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 230-236 (2006).

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. H. Lee, K. K. Chow, C. Shu, "All-optical RZ-to-NRZ data format conversion using spectral broadening effect in a dispersion-shifted fiber," Opt. Commun. 263, 152-155 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (3)

M. L. Nielsen, J. Mork, "Bandwidth enhancement of SOA-based switches using optical filtering: Theory and experimental verification," Opt. Exp. 14, 1260-1265 (2006).

S. Lee, K. Chow, C. Shu, "Spectral filtering from a cross-phase modulated signal for RZ to NRZ format and wavelength conversion," Opt. Exp. 13, 1710-1715 (2005).

Y. Yu, X. Zhang, D. Huang, "All-optical format conversion from CS-RZ to NRZ at 40 Gbit/s," Opt. Exp. 15, 5693-5698 (2007).

Other (2)

G. Bosco, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, "An exact analysis of RZ versus NRZ sensitivity in ASE noise limited optical systems," Proc. 27th ECOC pp. 526-527.

L. Banchi, M. Presi, A. D'Errico, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, "Effective all-optical RZ-to-NRZ conversion for transparent network gateways," OFC/NFOEC San DiegoCA (2009).

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