Abstract

Recently, optical phase modulation has been widely used in microwave photonics (MWP) systems, such as radio over fiber systems, photonic microwave filters, optical microwave and millimeter-wave signal generators, and optical subcarrier frequency up-converters. An optical phase-modulated signal can be converted to an intensity-modulated signal in a dispersive optical fiber. Due to the intrinsic nonlinearity of optical phase modulation, for linear applications such as microwave signal distribution and filtering, the modulation index should be kept small to minimize the unwanted modulation nonlinearity. However, for nonlinear applications such as microwave frequency multiplication and subcarrier frequency upconversion, the modulation index should be large to maximize the frequency multiplication and upconversion efficiency. In this paper, for the first time to our knowledge, we develop a thorough theoretical framework for the characterization of phase-modulation-based MWP systems, in which the phase modulation to intensity modulation conversion is realized using a dispersive fiber. Analytical models for the distributions of single-tone and two-tone microwave signals and for microwave frequency multiplication and subcarrier frequency upconversion are developed, which are verified by numerical simulations. The analytical models for single-tone and two-tone transmissions are further confirmed by experiments. The developed analytical models provide an accurate mathematical tool in designing phase-modulation-based MWP systems.

© 2009 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. A. J. Seeds, "Microwave photonics," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50, 877-887 (2002).
  2. B. M. Haas, T. E. Murphy, "A simple, linearized, phase-modulated analog optical transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 729-731 (2007).
  3. F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-optical bandpass microwave filter based on an electro-optic phase modulator," Opt. Exp. 12, 3814-3819 (2004).
  4. G. Ning, S. Aditya, P. Shum, L. H. Cheng, Y. D. Gong, C. Lu, "Tunable photonic microwave bandpass filter using phase modulation and a chirped fiber grating in a Sagnac loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1935-1937 (2005).
  5. J. Wang, F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-optical microwave bandpass filter with negative coefficients based on PM-IM conversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2176-21780 (2005).
  6. G. Qi, J. P. Yao, J. Seregelyi, C. Bélisle, S. Paquet, "Optical generation and distribution of continuously tunable millimeter-wave signals using an optical phase modulator," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2687-2695 (2005).
  7. J. P. Yao, G. Maury, Y. L. Guennec, B. Cabon, "All-optical subcarrier frequency conversion using an electrooptic phase modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2427-2429 (2005).
  8. Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, J. P. Yao, B. Cabon, "New optical microwave up-conversion solution in radio-over-fiber networks for 60 GHz wireless applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1277-1282 (2006).
  9. M. J. LaGasse, S. Thaniyavarn, "Bias-free high-dynamic-range phase-modulated fiber-optic link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 681-683 (1997).
  10. J. Marti, F. Ramo, V. Polo, M. Fuster, J. L. Corral, "Millimeter-wave signal generation and harmonic upconversion through PM-IM Conversion in Chirped Fiber Gratings," Fiber Integr. Opt. 19, 187-198 (2000).
  11. J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, G.-K. Chang, "DWDM optical millimeter-wave generation for radio-over-fiber using an optical phase modulator and an optical interleaver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1418-1420 (2006).
  12. F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "Investigation of phase modulator based all-optical bandpass microwave filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1721-1728 (2005).
  13. H. Chi, J. P. Yao, "Power distribution of phase-modulated microwave signals in a dispersive fiber-optic link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 315-317 (2008).
  14. G. E. Andrews, R. Askey, R. Roy, Special Functions (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2001).
  15. V. J. Urick, F. Bucholtz, P. S. Devgan, J. D. McKinney, K. J. Williams, "Phase modulation with interferometric detection as an alternative to intensity modulation with direct detection for analog-photonic links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 55, 1978-1985 (2007).

2008 (1)

H. Chi, J. P. Yao, "Power distribution of phase-modulated microwave signals in a dispersive fiber-optic link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 315-317 (2008).

2007 (2)

V. J. Urick, F. Bucholtz, P. S. Devgan, J. D. McKinney, K. J. Williams, "Phase modulation with interferometric detection as an alternative to intensity modulation with direct detection for analog-photonic links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 55, 1978-1985 (2007).

B. M. Haas, T. E. Murphy, "A simple, linearized, phase-modulated analog optical transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 729-731 (2007).

2006 (2)

Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, J. P. Yao, B. Cabon, "New optical microwave up-conversion solution in radio-over-fiber networks for 60 GHz wireless applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1277-1282 (2006).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, G.-K. Chang, "DWDM optical millimeter-wave generation for radio-over-fiber using an optical phase modulator and an optical interleaver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1418-1420 (2006).

2005 (5)

F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "Investigation of phase modulator based all-optical bandpass microwave filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1721-1728 (2005).

G. Ning, S. Aditya, P. Shum, L. H. Cheng, Y. D. Gong, C. Lu, "Tunable photonic microwave bandpass filter using phase modulation and a chirped fiber grating in a Sagnac loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1935-1937 (2005).

J. Wang, F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-optical microwave bandpass filter with negative coefficients based on PM-IM conversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2176-21780 (2005).

G. Qi, J. P. Yao, J. Seregelyi, C. Bélisle, S. Paquet, "Optical generation and distribution of continuously tunable millimeter-wave signals using an optical phase modulator," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2687-2695 (2005).

J. P. Yao, G. Maury, Y. L. Guennec, B. Cabon, "All-optical subcarrier frequency conversion using an electrooptic phase modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2427-2429 (2005).

2004 (1)

F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-optical bandpass microwave filter based on an electro-optic phase modulator," Opt. Exp. 12, 3814-3819 (2004).

2002 (1)

A. J. Seeds, "Microwave photonics," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50, 877-887 (2002).

2000 (1)

J. Marti, F. Ramo, V. Polo, M. Fuster, J. L. Corral, "Millimeter-wave signal generation and harmonic upconversion through PM-IM Conversion in Chirped Fiber Gratings," Fiber Integr. Opt. 19, 187-198 (2000).

1997 (1)

M. J. LaGasse, S. Thaniyavarn, "Bias-free high-dynamic-range phase-modulated fiber-optic link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 681-683 (1997).

Fiber Integr. Opt. (1)

J. Marti, F. Ramo, V. Polo, M. Fuster, J. L. Corral, "Millimeter-wave signal generation and harmonic upconversion through PM-IM Conversion in Chirped Fiber Gratings," Fiber Integr. Opt. 19, 187-198 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, G.-K. Chang, "DWDM optical millimeter-wave generation for radio-over-fiber using an optical phase modulator and an optical interleaver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1418-1420 (2006).

H. Chi, J. P. Yao, "Power distribution of phase-modulated microwave signals in a dispersive fiber-optic link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 315-317 (2008).

G. Ning, S. Aditya, P. Shum, L. H. Cheng, Y. D. Gong, C. Lu, "Tunable photonic microwave bandpass filter using phase modulation and a chirped fiber grating in a Sagnac loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1935-1937 (2005).

J. Wang, F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-optical microwave bandpass filter with negative coefficients based on PM-IM conversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2176-21780 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

B. M. Haas, T. E. Murphy, "A simple, linearized, phase-modulated analog optical transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 729-731 (2007).

M. J. LaGasse, S. Thaniyavarn, "Bias-free high-dynamic-range phase-modulated fiber-optic link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 681-683 (1997).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. P. Yao, G. Maury, Y. L. Guennec, B. Cabon, "All-optical subcarrier frequency conversion using an electrooptic phase modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2427-2429 (2005).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

V. J. Urick, F. Bucholtz, P. S. Devgan, J. D. McKinney, K. J. Williams, "Phase modulation with interferometric detection as an alternative to intensity modulation with direct detection for analog-photonic links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 55, 1978-1985 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

A. J. Seeds, "Microwave photonics," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50, 877-887 (2002).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, J. P. Yao, B. Cabon, "New optical microwave up-conversion solution in radio-over-fiber networks for 60 GHz wireless applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1277-1282 (2006).

F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "Investigation of phase modulator based all-optical bandpass microwave filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1721-1728 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

G. Qi, J. P. Yao, J. Seregelyi, C. Bélisle, S. Paquet, "Optical generation and distribution of continuously tunable millimeter-wave signals using an optical phase modulator," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2687-2695 (2005).

Opt. Exp. (1)

F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-optical bandpass microwave filter based on an electro-optic phase modulator," Opt. Exp. 12, 3814-3819 (2004).

Other (1)

G. E. Andrews, R. Askey, R. Roy, Special Functions (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2001).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.