Abstract

Testing of integrated (guided-wave) optical component that uses cleaved facets for input/output coupling has to deal with spurious Fabry-Pérot cavity effects that can interfere heavily with observation and measurement of the behavior of the device. This paper demonstrates a technique that takes advantage of such interference for the reconstruction of the complete characteristics of a generic component. By studying a theoretical model of the system, a post-process computational tool is developed and verified through numerical testing. Starting from a single transmittance data set, the amplitude and phase of the transmission and reflection coefficients are reconstructed with considerable accuracy. Initial experimental testing demonstrates consistency in reconstructing the behavior of a real device.

© 2009 IEEE

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  21. E. Dulkeith, F. N. Xia, L. Schares, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, "Group index and group velocity dispersion in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires," Opt. Exp. 14, 3853-3863 (2006).
  22. M. Gnan, S. Thoms, D. S. Macintyre, R. M. De La Rue, M. Sorel, "Fabrication of low-loss photonic wires in silicon-on-insulator using hydrogen silsesquioxane electron-beam resist," Electron. Lett. 44, 115-116 (2008).
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2008 (1)

M. Gnan, S. Thoms, D. S. Macintyre, R. M. De La Rue, M. Sorel, "Fabrication of low-loss photonic wires in silicon-on-insulator using hydrogen silsesquioxane electron-beam resist," Electron. Lett. 44, 115-116 (2008).

2007 (3)

W. C. L. Hopman, H. J. W. M. Hoekstra, R. Dekker, L. Zhuang, R. M. de Ridder, "Far-field scattering microscopy applied to analysis of slow light, power enhancement, and delay times in uniform Bragg waveguide gratings," Opt. Exp. 15, 1851-1870 (2007).

A. Gomez-Iglesias, D. O'Brien, L. O'Faolain, A. Miller, T. F. Krauss, "Direct measurement of the group index of photonic crystal waveguides via Fourier transform spectral interferometry," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, (2007).

M. Gnan, I. Ntakis, P. Pottier, R. M. De La Rue, P. Bassi, "Systematic investigation of misalignment effects at junctions between feeder waveguide and photonic crystal channel waveguide," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 90-101 (2007).

2006 (7)

W. Liang, L. Yang, J. K. S. Poon, Y. Huang, K. J. Vahala, A. Yariv, "Transmission characteristics of a Fabry-perot etalon-microtoroid resonator coupled system," Opt. Lett. 31, 510-512 (2006).

E. Dulkeith, F. N. Xia, L. Schares, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, "Group index and group velocity dispersion in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires," Opt. Exp. 14, 3853-3863 (2006).

P. Velha, J. C. Rodier, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, D. Peyrade, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, "Ultra-high-reflectivity photonic-bandgap mirrors in a ridge SOI waveguide," New J. Phys. 8, 1-13 (2006).

A. Saynatjoki, M. Mulot, S. Arpiainen, J. Ahopelto, H. Lipsanen, "Characterization of photonic crystal waveguides using Fabry–Perot resonances," J. Opt. A-Pure Appl. Op. 8, (2006).

Y. A. Vlasov, S. J. McNab, "Coupling into the slow light mode in slab-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Lett. 31, 50-52 (2006).

M. Gnan, G. Bellanca, H. Chong, P. Bassi, R. M. De La Rue, "Modelling of photonic wire Bragg gratings," Opt. Quant. Electron. 38, 133-148 (2006).

S. Combrié, E. Weidner, A. De Rossi, S. Bansropun, S. Cassette, A. Talneau, H. Benisty, "Detailed analysis by Fabry–Perot method of slab photonic crystal line-defect waveguides and cavities in aluminium-free material system," Opt. Exp. 14, 7353-7361 (2006).

2005 (3)

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. I. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. I. Itabashi, H. Morita, "Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232-239 (2005).

M. L. Povinelli, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Slow-light, band-edge waveguides for tunable time delays," Opt. Exp. 13, 7145-7159 (2005).

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).

2004 (3)

W. Bogaerts, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Dumon, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, "Basic structures for photonic integrated circuits in silicon-on-insulator," Opt. Exp. 12, 1583-1591 (2004).

P. Lambkin, C. Percival, B. Corbett, "Reflectivity measurements of intracavity defects in laser diodes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 40, 10-17 (2004).

P. Lalanne, S. Mias, J. P. Hugonin, "Two physical mechanisms for boosting the quality factor to cavity volume ratio of photonic crystal microcavities," Opt. Exp. 12, 458-467 (2004).

2003 (3)

N. Moll, G. L. Bona, "Comparison of three-dimensional photonic crystal slab waveguides with two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides: Efficient butt coupling into these photonic crystal waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 4986-4991 (2003).

S. J. McNab, N. Moll, Y. A. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Exp. 11, 2927-2939 (2003).

V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, M. Lipson, "Nanotaper for compact mode conversion," Opt. Lett. 28, 1302-1304 (2003).

2001 (2)

T. E. Murphy, J. T. Hastings, H. I. Smith, "Fabrication and characterization of narrowband Bragg-reflection filters in silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1938-1942 (2001).

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, (2001).

1997 (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Gomez-Iglesias, D. O'Brien, L. O'Faolain, A. Miller, T. F. Krauss, "Direct measurement of the group index of photonic crystal waveguides via Fourier transform spectral interferometry," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, (2007).

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Gnan, S. Thoms, D. S. Macintyre, R. M. De La Rue, M. Sorel, "Fabrication of low-loss photonic wires in silicon-on-insulator using hydrogen silsesquioxane electron-beam resist," Electron. Lett. 44, 115-116 (2008).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron (1)

P. Lambkin, C. Percival, B. Corbett, "Reflectivity measurements of intracavity defects in laser diodes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 40, 10-17 (2004).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. I. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. I. Itabashi, H. Morita, "Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232-239 (2005).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

N. Moll, G. L. Bona, "Comparison of three-dimensional photonic crystal slab waveguides with two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides: Efficient butt coupling into these photonic crystal waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 4986-4991 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

T. E. Murphy, J. T. Hastings, H. I. Smith, "Fabrication and characterization of narrowband Bragg-reflection filters in silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1938-1942 (2001).

J. Opt. A-Pure Appl. Op. (1)

A. Saynatjoki, M. Mulot, S. Arpiainen, J. Ahopelto, H. Lipsanen, "Characterization of photonic crystal waveguides using Fabry–Perot resonances," J. Opt. A-Pure Appl. Op. 8, (2006).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Nature (1)

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).

New J. Phys. (1)

P. Velha, J. C. Rodier, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, D. Peyrade, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, "Ultra-high-reflectivity photonic-bandgap mirrors in a ridge SOI waveguide," New J. Phys. 8, 1-13 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (2)

S. J. McNab, N. Moll, Y. A. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Exp. 11, 2927-2939 (2003).

E. Dulkeith, F. N. Xia, L. Schares, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, "Group index and group velocity dispersion in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires," Opt. Exp. 14, 3853-3863 (2006).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Y. A. Vlasov, S. J. McNab, "Coupling into the slow light mode in slab-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Lett. 31, 50-52 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (5)

S. Combrié, E. Weidner, A. De Rossi, S. Bansropun, S. Cassette, A. Talneau, H. Benisty, "Detailed analysis by Fabry–Perot method of slab photonic crystal line-defect waveguides and cavities in aluminium-free material system," Opt. Exp. 14, 7353-7361 (2006).

W. Bogaerts, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Dumon, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, "Basic structures for photonic integrated circuits in silicon-on-insulator," Opt. Exp. 12, 1583-1591 (2004).

W. C. L. Hopman, H. J. W. M. Hoekstra, R. Dekker, L. Zhuang, R. M. de Ridder, "Far-field scattering microscopy applied to analysis of slow light, power enhancement, and delay times in uniform Bragg waveguide gratings," Opt. Exp. 15, 1851-1870 (2007).

P. Lalanne, S. Mias, J. P. Hugonin, "Two physical mechanisms for boosting the quality factor to cavity volume ratio of photonic crystal microcavities," Opt. Exp. 12, 458-467 (2004).

M. L. Povinelli, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Slow-light, band-edge waveguides for tunable time delays," Opt. Exp. 13, 7145-7159 (2005).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Quant. Electron. (1)

M. Gnan, G. Bellanca, H. Chong, P. Bassi, R. M. De La Rue, "Modelling of photonic wire Bragg gratings," Opt. Quant. Electron. 38, 133-148 (2006).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, (2001).

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