Abstract

The influence of chromatic dispersion on continuous-wave (CW)-pumped supercontinuum (SC) generation in kilometer-long standard fibers is experimentally investigated. We perform our study by means of a tunable, high-power fiber ring laser pumping a dispersion-shifted fiber in the wavelength range of small and medium anomalous dispersion. Our results show that, at low input powers, chromatic dispersion plays a dominant role on nonlinear pump spectral broadening, giving rise to a broader spectrum when pumping just above the zero-dispersion wavelength of the fiber. At higher input powers, however, the width of the generated SC spectrum is mostly due to the Raman effect, hence more independent of the value of the chromatic dispersion coefficient. We show that, in this case, the optimum pumping wavelengths for SC generation are not so close to the zero-dispersion wavelength of the fiber as in the previous case. In these conditions, as the chromatic dispersion grows, we can obtain square-shaped and high-power density spectra, which seem extremely promising for applications in optical coherence tomography.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography for ultra high resolution in vivo imaging," Nat. Biotechnol. 21, 1361-1367 (2003).
  2. P. L. Hsiung, Y. Chen, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, C. J. S. de Matos, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, V. P. Gapontsev, "Optical coherence tomography using a continuous-wave, high power, Raman continuum light source," Opt. Express 12, 5287-5295 (2004).
  3. C. J. S. D. Matos, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, "Temporal and noise characteristics of continuous-wave-pumped continuum generation in holey fibers around 1300 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2706-2708 (2004).
  4. S. Martin-Lopez, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, A. Carrasco-Sanz, F. Vanholsbeeck, S. Coen, H. Fernandez, J. Solis, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, "Broadband spectrally flat and high power density light source for fibre sensing purposes," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1014-1019 (2006).
  5. M. Prabhu, A. Taniguhci, S. Hirose, J. Lu, M. Musha, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, "Supercontinuum generation using Raman fiber laser," Appl. Phys. B—Lasers O. 77, 205-210 (2003).
  6. M. Gonzalez-Herraez, S. Martin-Lopez, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, P. R. Horche, "Supercontinuum generation using a continuous-wave Raman fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 226, 323-328 (2003).
  7. P. A. Champert, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, "1.5–2.0 $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ multiwatt continuum generation in dispersion-shifted fiber by use of high-power continuous-wave fiber source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2445-2447 (2004).
  8. A. K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, C. G. Jorgensen, "High-power supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear, dispersion-shifted fibers by use of a continuous-wave Raman fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 2163-2165 (2004).
  9. T. Sylvestre, A. Vedadi, H. Maillotte, F. Vanholsbeeck, S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation using continuous-wave multiwavelength pumping and dispersion management," Opt. Lett. 31, 2036-2038 (2006).
  10. L. Abrardi, S. Martin-Lopez, A. Carrasco-Sanz, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, "Optimized all-fiber supercontinuum source at 1.3 $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ generated in a stepwise dispersion-decreasing-fiber arrangement," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 2098-2012 (2007).
  11. A. Mussot, E. Lantz, H. Maillotte, T. Sylvestre, C. Finot, S. Pitois, "Spectral broadening of a partially coherent CW laser beam in single-mode optical fibers," Opt. Express 12, 2838-2843 (2004).
  12. F. Vanholsbeeck, S. Martin-Lopez, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, S. Coen, "The role of pump incoherence in continuous-wave supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 13, 6615-6625 (2005).
  13. S. M. Kobtsev, S. V. Smirnov, "Modelling of high-power supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear dispersion shifted fibers at CW pump," Opt. Express 13, 6912-6918 (2005).
  14. M. H. Frosz, O. Bang, A. Bjarklev, "Soliton collision and Raman gain regimes in continuous-wave pumped supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 14, 9391-9407 (2006).
  15. M. N. Islam, G. Sucha, I. Bar-Joseph, M. Wegener, J. P. Gordon, D. S. Chemla, "Femtosecond distributed soliton spectrum in fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 6, 1149-1158 (1989).
  16. N. Korneev, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, M. Bello-Jim´nez, A. Flores-Rosas, "Initial development of supercontinuum in fibers with anomalous dispersion pumped by nanosecond-long pulses," Opt. Express 16, 2636-2645 (2008).
  17. S. Martin-Lopez, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, A. Carrasco, "Experimental investigation of the effect of pump incoherence on nonlinear pump spectral broadening and continuous-wave supercontinuum generation," Opt. Lett. 31, 3477-3479 (2006).
  18. A. Hasegawa, "Generation of a train of soliton pulses by induced modulation instability in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 9, 288-290 (1984).
  19. F. M. Mitschke, L. F. Mollenauer, "Discovery of the soliton self-frequency shift," Opt. Lett. 11, 659-661 (1986).
  20. J. P. Gordon, "Theory of soliton self-frequency shift," Opt. Lett. 11, 662-664 (1986).
  21. J. N. Kutz, C. Lynga, B. J. Eggleton, "Enhanced supercontinuum generation through dispersion-management," Opt. Express 13, 3989-3998 (2005).
  22. B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puleo, E. Vezzoni, "Phase-shift technique for measurement of chromatic dispersion in optical fibers using LEDs," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1509-1515 (1982).
  23. M. Artiglia, E. Ciaramella, B. Sordo, "Using modulation instability to determine Kerr coefficient in optical fibers," Electron. Lett. 31, 1012-1013 (1995).
  24. C. Mazzali, D. F. Grosz, H. L. Fragnito, "Simple method for measuring dispersion and nonlinear coefficient near the zero-dispersion wavelength of optical fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 251-253 (1999).
  25. J. Fatome, S. Pitois, G. Millot, "Measurement of nonlinear and chromatic dispersion parameters of optical fibers using modulation instability," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 243-250 (2006).
  26. A. Carrasco-Sanz, F. Rodriguez-Barrios, P. Corredera, S. Martin-Lopez, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, M. L. Hernanz, "An integrating sphere radiometer as a solution for high power calibrations in fiber optics," Metrologia 43, 145-150 (2006).
  27. N. Akhmediev, M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
  28. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).
  29. K. Tai, A. Tomita, J. L. Jewell, A. Hasegawa, "Generation of subpicosecond solitonlike optical pulses at 0.3 THz repetition rate by induced modulation instability," Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 236-238 (1986).
  30. Y. Kodama, A. Hasegawa, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 510-524 (1987).
  31. A. V. Husakou, J. Hermann, "Supercontinuum generation, four-wave mixing, and fission of higher-order solitons in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 19, 2171-2182 (2002).
  32. J. Hermann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. J. Russel, G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901.1-173901.4 (2002).
  33. G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. L. M. Kaivola, "Enhanced bandwidth of supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 12, 3471-3480 (2004).
  34. M. H. Frosz, P. Falk, O. Bang, "The role of the second zero-dispersion wavelength in generation of supercontinua and bright-bright soliton-pairs across the zero-dispersion wavelength," Opt. Express 13, 6181-6192 (2005).
  35. K. M. Hilligsøe, H. N. Paulsen, J. Thøgersen, S. R. Keiding, J. J. Larsen, "Initial steps of supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 20, 1887-1893 (2003).
  36. I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, V. Degiorgio, "Dispersive waves generation by solitons in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Express 12, 124-135 (2004).
  37. P. K. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, Y. C. Lee, "Radiation by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 426-439 (1990).
  38. R. Stolen, E. Ippen, "Raman gain in glass optical waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 276-278 (1973).
  39. E. A. Golovchenko, P. V. Mamyshev, A. N. Pilipetskii, E. M. Dianov, "Numerical analysis of the Raman spectrum evolution and soliton pulse generation in single-mode fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 8, 1626-1632 (1991).
  40. D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, B. jalali, "Optical rogue waves," Nature 450, 1054-1057 (2008).
  41. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, B. J. Eggleton, "Harnessing and control of optical rogue waves in supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 16, 3644-3651 (2008).
  42. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
  43. R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer, 2002).

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

L. Abrardi, S. Martin-Lopez, A. Carrasco-Sanz, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, "Optimized all-fiber supercontinuum source at 1.3 $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ generated in a stepwise dispersion-decreasing-fiber arrangement," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 2098-2012 (2007).

2006 (7)

S. Martin-Lopez, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, A. Carrasco, "Experimental investigation of the effect of pump incoherence on nonlinear pump spectral broadening and continuous-wave supercontinuum generation," Opt. Lett. 31, 3477-3479 (2006).

M. H. Frosz, O. Bang, A. Bjarklev, "Soliton collision and Raman gain regimes in continuous-wave pumped supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 14, 9391-9407 (2006).

S. Martin-Lopez, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, A. Carrasco-Sanz, F. Vanholsbeeck, S. Coen, H. Fernandez, J. Solis, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, "Broadband spectrally flat and high power density light source for fibre sensing purposes," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1014-1019 (2006).

T. Sylvestre, A. Vedadi, H. Maillotte, F. Vanholsbeeck, S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation using continuous-wave multiwavelength pumping and dispersion management," Opt. Lett. 31, 2036-2038 (2006).

J. Fatome, S. Pitois, G. Millot, "Measurement of nonlinear and chromatic dispersion parameters of optical fibers using modulation instability," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 243-250 (2006).

A. Carrasco-Sanz, F. Rodriguez-Barrios, P. Corredera, S. Martin-Lopez, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, M. L. Hernanz, "An integrating sphere radiometer as a solution for high power calibrations in fiber optics," Metrologia 43, 145-150 (2006).

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).

2005 (4)

2004 (7)

A. Mussot, E. Lantz, H. Maillotte, T. Sylvestre, C. Finot, S. Pitois, "Spectral broadening of a partially coherent CW laser beam in single-mode optical fibers," Opt. Express 12, 2838-2843 (2004).

P. A. Champert, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, "1.5–2.0 $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ multiwatt continuum generation in dispersion-shifted fiber by use of high-power continuous-wave fiber source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2445-2447 (2004).

A. K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, C. G. Jorgensen, "High-power supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear, dispersion-shifted fibers by use of a continuous-wave Raman fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 2163-2165 (2004).

P. L. Hsiung, Y. Chen, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, C. J. S. de Matos, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, V. P. Gapontsev, "Optical coherence tomography using a continuous-wave, high power, Raman continuum light source," Opt. Express 12, 5287-5295 (2004).

C. J. S. D. Matos, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, "Temporal and noise characteristics of continuous-wave-pumped continuum generation in holey fibers around 1300 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2706-2708 (2004).

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. L. M. Kaivola, "Enhanced bandwidth of supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 12, 3471-3480 (2004).

I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, V. Degiorgio, "Dispersive waves generation by solitons in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Express 12, 124-135 (2004).

2003 (4)

K. M. Hilligsøe, H. N. Paulsen, J. Thøgersen, S. R. Keiding, J. J. Larsen, "Initial steps of supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 20, 1887-1893 (2003).

M. Prabhu, A. Taniguhci, S. Hirose, J. Lu, M. Musha, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, "Supercontinuum generation using Raman fiber laser," Appl. Phys. B—Lasers O. 77, 205-210 (2003).

M. Gonzalez-Herraez, S. Martin-Lopez, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, P. R. Horche, "Supercontinuum generation using a continuous-wave Raman fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 226, 323-328 (2003).

J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography for ultra high resolution in vivo imaging," Nat. Biotechnol. 21, 1361-1367 (2003).

2002 (2)

A. V. Husakou, J. Hermann, "Supercontinuum generation, four-wave mixing, and fission of higher-order solitons in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 19, 2171-2182 (2002).

J. Hermann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. J. Russel, G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901.1-173901.4 (2002).

1999 (1)

C. Mazzali, D. F. Grosz, H. L. Fragnito, "Simple method for measuring dispersion and nonlinear coefficient near the zero-dispersion wavelength of optical fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 251-253 (1999).

1995 (2)

M. Artiglia, E. Ciaramella, B. Sordo, "Using modulation instability to determine Kerr coefficient in optical fibers," Electron. Lett. 31, 1012-1013 (1995).

N. Akhmediev, M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).

1991 (1)

E. A. Golovchenko, P. V. Mamyshev, A. N. Pilipetskii, E. M. Dianov, "Numerical analysis of the Raman spectrum evolution and soliton pulse generation in single-mode fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 8, 1626-1632 (1991).

1990 (1)

P. K. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, Y. C. Lee, "Radiation by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 426-439 (1990).

1989 (1)

M. N. Islam, G. Sucha, I. Bar-Joseph, M. Wegener, J. P. Gordon, D. S. Chemla, "Femtosecond distributed soliton spectrum in fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 6, 1149-1158 (1989).

1987 (1)

Y. Kodama, A. Hasegawa, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 510-524 (1987).

1986 (3)

K. Tai, A. Tomita, J. L. Jewell, A. Hasegawa, "Generation of subpicosecond solitonlike optical pulses at 0.3 THz repetition rate by induced modulation instability," Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 236-238 (1986).

F. M. Mitschke, L. F. Mollenauer, "Discovery of the soliton self-frequency shift," Opt. Lett. 11, 659-661 (1986).

J. P. Gordon, "Theory of soliton self-frequency shift," Opt. Lett. 11, 662-664 (1986).

1984 (1)

1982 (1)

B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puleo, E. Vezzoni, "Phase-shift technique for measurement of chromatic dispersion in optical fibers using LEDs," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1509-1515 (1982).

1973 (1)

R. Stolen, E. Ippen, "Raman gain in glass optical waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 276-278 (1973).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. J. S. D. Matos, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, "Temporal and noise characteristics of continuous-wave-pumped continuum generation in holey fibers around 1300 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2706-2708 (2004).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Tai, A. Tomita, J. L. Jewell, A. Hasegawa, "Generation of subpicosecond solitonlike optical pulses at 0.3 THz repetition rate by induced modulation instability," Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 236-238 (1986).

Appl. Phys. B—Lasers O. (1)

M. Prabhu, A. Taniguhci, S. Hirose, J. Lu, M. Musha, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, "Supercontinuum generation using Raman fiber laser," Appl. Phys. B—Lasers O. 77, 205-210 (2003).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Stolen, E. Ippen, "Raman gain in glass optical waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 276-278 (1973).

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Artiglia, E. Ciaramella, B. Sordo, "Using modulation instability to determine Kerr coefficient in optical fibers," Electron. Lett. 31, 1012-1013 (1995).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

L. Abrardi, S. Martin-Lopez, A. Carrasco-Sanz, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, "Optimized all-fiber supercontinuum source at 1.3 $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ generated in a stepwise dispersion-decreasing-fiber arrangement," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 2098-2012 (2007).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puleo, E. Vezzoni, "Phase-shift technique for measurement of chromatic dispersion in optical fibers using LEDs," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1509-1515 (1982).

Y. Kodama, A. Hasegawa, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 510-524 (1987).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

C. Mazzali, D. F. Grosz, H. L. Fragnito, "Simple method for measuring dispersion and nonlinear coefficient near the zero-dispersion wavelength of optical fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 251-253 (1999).

P. A. Champert, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, "1.5–2.0 $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ multiwatt continuum generation in dispersion-shifted fiber by use of high-power continuous-wave fiber source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2445-2447 (2004).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (3)

M. N. Islam, G. Sucha, I. Bar-Joseph, M. Wegener, J. P. Gordon, D. S. Chemla, "Femtosecond distributed soliton spectrum in fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 6, 1149-1158 (1989).

A. V. Husakou, J. Hermann, "Supercontinuum generation, four-wave mixing, and fission of higher-order solitons in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 19, 2171-2182 (2002).

E. A. Golovchenko, P. V. Mamyshev, A. N. Pilipetskii, E. M. Dianov, "Numerical analysis of the Raman spectrum evolution and soliton pulse generation in single-mode fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 8, 1626-1632 (1991).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

K. M. Hilligsøe, H. N. Paulsen, J. Thøgersen, S. R. Keiding, J. J. Larsen, "Initial steps of supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 20, 1887-1893 (2003).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

S. Martin-Lopez, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, A. Carrasco-Sanz, F. Vanholsbeeck, S. Coen, H. Fernandez, J. Solis, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, "Broadband spectrally flat and high power density light source for fibre sensing purposes," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1014-1019 (2006).

Metrologia (1)

A. Carrasco-Sanz, F. Rodriguez-Barrios, P. Corredera, S. Martin-Lopez, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, M. L. Hernanz, "An integrating sphere radiometer as a solution for high power calibrations in fiber optics," Metrologia 43, 145-150 (2006).

Nat. Biotechnol. (1)

J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography for ultra high resolution in vivo imaging," Nat. Biotechnol. 21, 1361-1367 (2003).

Nature (1)

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, B. jalali, "Optical rogue waves," Nature 450, 1054-1057 (2008).

Opt. Express (2)

A. Mussot, E. Lantz, H. Maillotte, T. Sylvestre, C. Finot, S. Pitois, "Spectral broadening of a partially coherent CW laser beam in single-mode optical fibers," Opt. Express 12, 2838-2843 (2004).

S. M. Kobtsev, S. V. Smirnov, "Modelling of high-power supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear dispersion shifted fibers at CW pump," Opt. Express 13, 6912-6918 (2005).

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

J. Fatome, S. Pitois, G. Millot, "Measurement of nonlinear and chromatic dispersion parameters of optical fibers using modulation instability," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 243-250 (2006).

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Gonzalez-Herraez, S. Martin-Lopez, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, P. R. Horche, "Supercontinuum generation using a continuous-wave Raman fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 226, 323-328 (2003).

Opt. Express (9)

P. L. Hsiung, Y. Chen, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, C. J. S. de Matos, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, V. P. Gapontsev, "Optical coherence tomography using a continuous-wave, high power, Raman continuum light source," Opt. Express 12, 5287-5295 (2004).

M. H. Frosz, O. Bang, A. Bjarklev, "Soliton collision and Raman gain regimes in continuous-wave pumped supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 14, 9391-9407 (2006).

F. Vanholsbeeck, S. Martin-Lopez, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, S. Coen, "The role of pump incoherence in continuous-wave supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 13, 6615-6625 (2005).

N. Korneev, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, M. Bello-Jim´nez, A. Flores-Rosas, "Initial development of supercontinuum in fibers with anomalous dispersion pumped by nanosecond-long pulses," Opt. Express 16, 2636-2645 (2008).

J. N. Kutz, C. Lynga, B. J. Eggleton, "Enhanced supercontinuum generation through dispersion-management," Opt. Express 13, 3989-3998 (2005).

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, B. J. Eggleton, "Harnessing and control of optical rogue waves in supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 16, 3644-3651 (2008).

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. L. M. Kaivola, "Enhanced bandwidth of supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 12, 3471-3480 (2004).

M. H. Frosz, P. Falk, O. Bang, "The role of the second zero-dispersion wavelength in generation of supercontinua and bright-bright soliton-pairs across the zero-dispersion wavelength," Opt. Express 13, 6181-6192 (2005).

I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, V. Degiorgio, "Dispersive waves generation by solitons in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Express 12, 124-135 (2004).

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Hermann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. J. Russel, G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901.1-173901.4 (2002).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

N. Akhmediev, M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

P. K. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, Y. C. Lee, "Radiation by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 426-439 (1990).

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).

Other (2)

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer, 2002).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

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