Abstract

We demonstrate a very compact multifunctional photonic-crystal demultiplexer on high index contrast InP-membrane for coarse WDM applications. Polarization diversity is implemented using 2D-grating couplers. The performance of the device is evaluated using integrated p-i-n photodetectors. Polarization diversity from fiber to detector—without intermediate functional device—results in a minimal polarization dependent loss (PDL) of 0.2 dB. This value increases to 1.1 dB when including the photonic-crystal demultiplexer.

© 2009 IEEE

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2008 (2)

F. Van Laere, T. Stomeo, D. Taillaert, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, T. F. Krauss, R. Baets, "Efficient polarization diversity grating couplers in bonded InP-membrane," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 318-320 (2008).

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, H. Shinojima, S. Itabashi, "Silicon photonic circuit with polarization diversity," Opt. Express 16, 4872-4880 (2008).

2007 (12)

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Nature Photonics 1, 49-52 (2007).

M. T. Hill, Y. S. Oei YS, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. De Vries, P. J. Van Veldhoven, F. W. M. Van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. De Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S. H. Kwon, Y. H. Lee, R. Notzel, M. K. Smit, "Lasing in metallic-coated nanocavities," Nature Photon. 1, 589-594 (2007).

A. C. Tamboli, E. D. Haberer, R. Sharma, K. H. Lee, S. Nakamura, E. L. Hu, "Room-temperature continuous-wave lasing in GaN/InGaN microdisks," Nature Photon. 1, 61-64 (2007).

K. Srinivasan, O. Painter, "Linear and nonlinear optical spectroscopy of a strongly coupled microdisk-quantum dot system," Nature 450, 862-865 (2007).

F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, M. Ayre, J. Schrauwen, D. Taillaert, D. Van Thourhout, T. F. Krauss, R. Baets, "Compact and highly efficient grating couplers between optical fiber and nanophotonic waveguides," J. Lightw.Technol. 25, 151-156 (2007).

G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, M. K. Smit, "High efficiency Silicon-on-insultator grating coupler based on a polysilicon overlay," Opt. Express 14, (2007).

F. Van Laere, T. Claes, J. Schrauwen, S. Scheerlinck, W. Bogaerts, D. Taillaert, L. O'Faolain, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, "Compact focusing grating couplers for silicon-on-insulator integrated circuits," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1919-1921 (2007).

L. Martinelli, H. Benisty, O. Khayam, G. H. Duan, H. Heidrich, K. Janiak, "Analysis and optimization of compact demultiplexer monitor based on photonic crystal waveguide," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2385-2394 (2007).

L. Martinelli, H. Benisty, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, F. Pommereau, O. Legouézigou, G. H. Duan, "Impact of lithographic grid irregularity assessed on photonic crystal device selectivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 282-284 (2007).

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, H. I. Smith, "Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit," Nature Photon. 1, 57-60 (2007).

W. Bogaerts, D. Taillaert, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, "A polarization-diversity wavelength duplexer circuit in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires," Opt. Express 15, 1567-1578 (2007).

A. W. Fang, R. Jones, H. Park, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. J. Paniccia, J. E. Bowers, "Integrated AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent racetrack laser and photodetector," Opt. Express 15, 2315-2322 (2007).

2006 (7)

T. Niemi, L. H. Frandsen, K. K. Hede, A. Harpoth, P. I. Borel, M. Kristensen, "Wavelength-division demultiplexing using photonic crystal waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 226-228 (2006).

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, "Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 1, Regul. Pap. Brief Commun. Rev. Pap. 45, 6071-6077 (2006).

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, R. Baets, "Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires," J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 1394-1401 (2006).

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, S. He, "Design and fabrication of ultra-small overlapped AWG demultiplexer based on $\alpha$-Si nanowire waveguides," Electron. Lett. 42, 400-402 (2006).

G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, M. Smit, "Laser emission and photodetection in an InP/InGaAsP layer integrated on and coupled to a Silicon-on-Insulator waveguide circuit," Opt. Express 14, 8154-8159 (2006).

G. Roelkens, J. Brouckaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, M. Smit, "Adhesive bonding of InP/InGaAsP dies to processed silicon-on-insulator wafers using DVS-bis-benzocyclobutene," J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, G1015-G1019 (2006).

M. Settle, M. Salib, A. Michaeli, T. F. Krauss, "Low loss silicon on insulator photonic crystal waveguides made by 193 nm optical lithography," Opt. Express 14, 2440-2445 (2006).

2005 (3)

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, T. Baba, "Arrayed waveguide grating of 70$\, \times \,$60 $\mu$m$^{2}$ size based on Si photonic wire waveguides," Electron. Lett. 801-802 (2005).

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G. H. Duan, L. Legouezigou, O. Legoazigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101107- (2005).

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, H. Takano, B.-S. Song, Y. Takana, S. Noda, "Two-dimensional photonic-crystal-slab channel-drop filter with flat-top response," Opt. Express 13, 2512-2530 (2005).

2004 (3)

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, H. Ryu, "Waveguides, resonators, and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Express 12, 1551-1561 (2004).

Y. A. Vlasov, S. J. McNab, "Losses in single-mode silicon-on-insulator strip waveguides and bends," Opt. Express 12, 1622-1631 (2004).

Y. Barbarin, X. J. M. Leijtens, E. A. J. M. Bente, C. M. Louzao, J. R. Kooiman, M. K. Smit, "Extremely small AWG demultiplexer fabricated on InP by using a double-etch process," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2748-2480 (2004).

2003 (5)

V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, M. Lipson, "Nanotaper for compact mode conversion," Opt. Lett. 28, 1302-1304 (2003).

S. J. McNab, N. Moll, Y. A. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 11, 2927-2939 (2003).

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, "Photonic devices based on in-plane hetero photonic crystals," Science 300, 1537-1537 (2003).

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).

D. Taillaert, H. Chong, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, R. Baets, "A compact two-dimensional grating coupler used as a polarization splitter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1249-1251 (2003).

2002 (2)

T. Shoji, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, H. Morita, "Low loss mode size converter from 0.3 $\mu$m square Si wire waveguides to singlemode fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 1669-1670 (2002).

S. Olivier, H. Benisty, C. J. M. Smith, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, "Transmission properties of two-dimensional photonic crystal channel waveguides," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 171-181 (2002).

1999 (1)

H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, D. Labilloy, M. Rattier, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, R. M. De La Rue, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, D. Cassagne, "Optical and confinement properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 2063-2077 (1999).

1993 (1)

R. J. Deri, "Monolithic integration of optical waveguide circuitry with III–V photodetectors for advanced lightwave receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 1296-1313 (1993).

1980 (1)

H. C. Lefevre, "Single-mode fiber fractional wave devices and polarization controllers," Electron. Lett. 16, 778-780 (1980).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G. H. Duan, L. Legouezigou, O. Legoazigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101107- (2005).

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, S. He, "Design and fabrication of ultra-small overlapped AWG demultiplexer based on $\alpha$-Si nanowire waveguides," Electron. Lett. 42, 400-402 (2006).

Electron. Lett. (3)

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, T. Baba, "Arrayed waveguide grating of 70$\, \times \,$60 $\mu$m$^{2}$ size based on Si photonic wire waveguides," Electron. Lett. 801-802 (2005).

T. Shoji, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, H. Morita, "Low loss mode size converter from 0.3 $\mu$m square Si wire waveguides to singlemode fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 1669-1670 (2002).

H. C. Lefevre, "Single-mode fiber fractional wave devices and polarization controllers," Electron. Lett. 16, 778-780 (1980).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

L. Martinelli, H. Benisty, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, F. Pommereau, O. Legouézigou, G. H. Duan, "Impact of lithographic grid irregularity assessed on photonic crystal device selectivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 282-284 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Niemi, L. H. Frandsen, K. K. Hede, A. Harpoth, P. I. Borel, M. Kristensen, "Wavelength-division demultiplexing using photonic crystal waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 226-228 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Barbarin, X. J. M. Leijtens, E. A. J. M. Bente, C. M. Louzao, J. R. Kooiman, M. K. Smit, "Extremely small AWG demultiplexer fabricated on InP by using a double-etch process," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2748-2480 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

F. Van Laere, T. Claes, J. Schrauwen, S. Scheerlinck, W. Bogaerts, D. Taillaert, L. O'Faolain, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, "Compact focusing grating couplers for silicon-on-insulator integrated circuits," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1919-1921 (2007).

D. Taillaert, H. Chong, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, R. Baets, "A compact two-dimensional grating coupler used as a polarization splitter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1249-1251 (2003).

F. Van Laere, T. Stomeo, D. Taillaert, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, T. F. Krauss, R. Baets, "Efficient polarization diversity grating couplers in bonded InP-membrane," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 318-320 (2008).

J. Electrochem. Soc. (1)

G. Roelkens, J. Brouckaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, M. Smit, "Adhesive bonding of InP/InGaAsP dies to processed silicon-on-insulator wafers using DVS-bis-benzocyclobutene," J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, G1015-G1019 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

L. Martinelli, H. Benisty, O. Khayam, G. H. Duan, H. Heidrich, K. Janiak, "Analysis and optimization of compact demultiplexer monitor based on photonic crystal waveguide," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2385-2394 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol (1)

F. Van Laere, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, "Focusing polarization diversity grating couplers in silicon-on-insulator," J. Lightw. Technol .

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

R. J. Deri, "Monolithic integration of optical waveguide circuitry with III–V photodetectors for advanced lightwave receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 1296-1313 (1993).

H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, D. Labilloy, M. Rattier, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, R. M. De La Rue, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, D. Cassagne, "Optical and confinement properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 2063-2077 (1999).

J. Lightw.Technol. (1)

F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, M. Ayre, J. Schrauwen, D. Taillaert, D. Van Thourhout, T. F. Krauss, R. Baets, "Compact and highly efficient grating couplers between optical fiber and nanophotonic waveguides," J. Lightw.Technol. 25, 151-156 (2007).

J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, R. Baets, "Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires," J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 1394-1401 (2006).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 1, Regul. Pap. Brief Commun. Rev. Pap. (1)

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, "Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 1, Regul. Pap. Brief Commun. Rev. Pap. 45, 6071-6077 (2006).

Nature Photon. (1)

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, H. I. Smith, "Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit," Nature Photon. 1, 57-60 (2007).

Nature Photonics (1)

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Nature Photonics 1, 49-52 (2007).

Nature (2)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).

K. Srinivasan, O. Painter, "Linear and nonlinear optical spectroscopy of a strongly coupled microdisk-quantum dot system," Nature 450, 862-865 (2007).

Nature Photon. (2)

M. T. Hill, Y. S. Oei YS, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. De Vries, P. J. Van Veldhoven, F. W. M. Van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. De Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S. H. Kwon, Y. H. Lee, R. Notzel, M. K. Smit, "Lasing in metallic-coated nanocavities," Nature Photon. 1, 589-594 (2007).

A. C. Tamboli, E. D. Haberer, R. Sharma, K. H. Lee, S. Nakamura, E. L. Hu, "Room-temperature continuous-wave lasing in GaN/InGaN microdisks," Nature Photon. 1, 61-64 (2007).

Opt. Express (1)

G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, M. Smit, "Laser emission and photodetection in an InP/InGaAsP layer integrated on and coupled to a Silicon-on-Insulator waveguide circuit," Opt. Express 14, 8154-8159 (2006).

Opt. Express (9)

G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, M. K. Smit, "High efficiency Silicon-on-insultator grating coupler based on a polysilicon overlay," Opt. Express 14, (2007).

S. J. McNab, N. Moll, Y. A. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 11, 2927-2939 (2003).

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, H. Ryu, "Waveguides, resonators, and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Express 12, 1551-1561 (2004).

Y. A. Vlasov, S. J. McNab, "Losses in single-mode silicon-on-insulator strip waveguides and bends," Opt. Express 12, 1622-1631 (2004).

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, H. Takano, B.-S. Song, Y. Takana, S. Noda, "Two-dimensional photonic-crystal-slab channel-drop filter with flat-top response," Opt. Express 13, 2512-2530 (2005).

M. Settle, M. Salib, A. Michaeli, T. F. Krauss, "Low loss silicon on insulator photonic crystal waveguides made by 193 nm optical lithography," Opt. Express 14, 2440-2445 (2006).

W. Bogaerts, D. Taillaert, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, "A polarization-diversity wavelength duplexer circuit in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires," Opt. Express 15, 1567-1578 (2007).

A. W. Fang, R. Jones, H. Park, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. J. Paniccia, J. E. Bowers, "Integrated AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent racetrack laser and photodetector," Opt. Express 15, 2315-2322 (2007).

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, H. Shinojima, S. Itabashi, "Silicon photonic circuit with polarization diversity," Opt. Express 16, 4872-4880 (2008).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Olivier, H. Benisty, C. J. M. Smith, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, "Transmission properties of two-dimensional photonic crystal channel waveguides," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 171-181 (2002).

Proc. OFC 2007 (1)

G. Masini, G. Capellini, J. Witzens, C. Gunn, "A four-channel, 10 Gbps monolithic optical receiver in 130 nm CMOS with integrated Ge waveguide photodetectors," Proc. OFC 2007 PDP31.

Proc. OFC 2008 (1)

F. Van Laere, T. Stomeo, M. Ayre, C. Cambournac, H. Benisty, D. Van Thourhout, T. F. Krauss, R. Baets, "Multifunctional photonic crystal compact demux-detector on InP," Proc. OFC 2008 OThM5.

Science (1)

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, "Photonic devices based on in-plane hetero photonic crystals," Science 300, 1537-1537 (2003).

Other (1)

P. R. A. Binetti, X. J. M. Leijtens, M. Nikoufard, T. de Vries, Y. S. Oei, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, C. Lagahe, R. Orobtchouk, C. Seassal, J. Van Campenhout, D. Van Thourhout, P. J. van Veldhoven, R. Notzel, M. K. Smit, "InP-based membrane photodetectors for optical interconnects to Si," Proc. IEEE LEOS Int. Conf. Group IV Photonics (2007).

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