Abstract

A new technique for dispersion mapping of low dispersion fibers is reported. A counter-colliding pump-probe power transfer is used to achieve localized four-photon mixing at arbitrary waveguide locations. By controlling the position and strength of the counter-colliding interaction, the entire waveguide length is scanned to obtain high-resolution dispersion map. The new technique is used to demonstrate meter-scale dispersion retrieval in highly nonlinear fibers for the first time.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, Q. Lin, G. P. Agrawal, "Record performance of a parametric amplifier constructed with highly-nonlinear fiber," Electron. Lett. 39, 838-839 (2003).
  2. J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P. O. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).
  3. S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, "Optical amplification and signal processing in highly nonlinear optical fiber," IEICE Trans. Electron. 5, 859-869 (2005).
  4. M. Karlsson, "Four wave mixing in fibers with randomly varying zero-dispersion wavelength," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 15, 2269-2275 (1998).
  5. M. Farahmand, M. de Sterke, "Parametric amplification in presence of dispersion fluctuations," Opt. Express 12, 136-142 (2004).
  6. F. Yaman, Q. Lin, R. Radic, G. P. Agrawal, "Impact of dispersion fluctuation on dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1292-1294 (2004).
  7. T. Okuno, T. Nakanishi, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, "Practical considerations for the application of highly nonlinear fibers," Optical Fiber Conference (2006) Paper OTuJ1.
  8. J. Gripp, L. F. Mollenauer, "Enhanced range for OTDR-like dispersion map measurements," Opt. Lett. 23, (1998).
  9. I. Brener, P. P. Mitra, D. J. Thomson, "High-resolution zero-dispersion wavelength fluctuation mapping in dispersion-shifted fiber," OFC 1998 (1998) ThR5.
  10. M. Eiselt, R. M. Jopson, R. H. Stolen, "Nondestructive position-resolved measurement of the zero-dispersion wavelength in an optical fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 135-143 (1997).
  11. M. González-Herráez, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, J. A. Méndez, "Retrieval of the zero-dispersion wavelength map of an optical fiber from measurement of its continuous-wave four-wave mixing efficiency," Opt. Lett. 27, 1546-1548 (2002).
  12. K. Inoue, "Four-wave mixing in an optical fiber in the zero-dispersion wavelength region," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 1553-1561 (1992).
  13. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).
  14. R. G. Smith, "Optical power handling capacity of low loss optical fibers as determined by stimulated Raman and Brillouin scattering," Appl. Opt. 11, (1972).
  15. M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, P. A. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).
  16. J. M. Chávez Boggio, H. L. Fragnito, "Simple four-wave-mixing-based method for measuring the ratio between the third- and fourth-order dispersion in optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 24, (2007).
  17. A. W. Snyder, J. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Springer-Verlag, 1983).
  18. W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C++: The Art of Scientific Computing (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2002).
  19. J. Nocedal, S. Wright, Numerical Optimization (Springer-Verlag, 2006).

2007 (1)

J. M. Chávez Boggio, H. L. Fragnito, "Simple four-wave-mixing-based method for measuring the ratio between the third- and fourth-order dispersion in optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 24, (2007).

2005 (1)

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, "Optical amplification and signal processing in highly nonlinear optical fiber," IEICE Trans. Electron. 5, 859-869 (2005).

2004 (2)

M. Farahmand, M. de Sterke, "Parametric amplification in presence of dispersion fluctuations," Opt. Express 12, 136-142 (2004).

F. Yaman, Q. Lin, R. Radic, G. P. Agrawal, "Impact of dispersion fluctuation on dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1292-1294 (2004).

2003 (1)

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, Q. Lin, G. P. Agrawal, "Record performance of a parametric amplifier constructed with highly-nonlinear fiber," Electron. Lett. 39, 838-839 (2003).

2002 (2)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P. O. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).

M. González-Herráez, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, J. A. Méndez, "Retrieval of the zero-dispersion wavelength map of an optical fiber from measurement of its continuous-wave four-wave mixing efficiency," Opt. Lett. 27, 1546-1548 (2002).

1998 (2)

M. Karlsson, "Four wave mixing in fibers with randomly varying zero-dispersion wavelength," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 15, 2269-2275 (1998).

J. Gripp, L. F. Mollenauer, "Enhanced range for OTDR-like dispersion map measurements," Opt. Lett. 23, (1998).

1997 (2)

M. Eiselt, R. M. Jopson, R. H. Stolen, "Nondestructive position-resolved measurement of the zero-dispersion wavelength in an optical fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 135-143 (1997).

M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, P. A. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).

1992 (1)

K. Inoue, "Four-wave mixing in an optical fiber in the zero-dispersion wavelength region," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 1553-1561 (1992).

1972 (1)

R. G. Smith, "Optical power handling capacity of low loss optical fibers as determined by stimulated Raman and Brillouin scattering," Appl. Opt. 11, (1972).

Appl. Opt. (1)

R. G. Smith, "Optical power handling capacity of low loss optical fibers as determined by stimulated Raman and Brillouin scattering," Appl. Opt. 11, (1972).

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, Q. Lin, G. P. Agrawal, "Record performance of a parametric amplifier constructed with highly-nonlinear fiber," Electron. Lett. 39, 838-839 (2003).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P. O. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

F. Yaman, Q. Lin, R. Radic, G. P. Agrawal, "Impact of dispersion fluctuation on dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1292-1294 (2004).

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, "Optical amplification and signal processing in highly nonlinear optical fiber," IEICE Trans. Electron. 5, 859-869 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

K. Inoue, "Four-wave mixing in an optical fiber in the zero-dispersion wavelength region," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 1553-1561 (1992).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

M. Karlsson, "Four wave mixing in fibers with randomly varying zero-dispersion wavelength," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 15, 2269-2275 (1998).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

M. Eiselt, R. M. Jopson, R. H. Stolen, "Nondestructive position-resolved measurement of the zero-dispersion wavelength in an optical fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 135-143 (1997).

M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, P. A. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

J. M. Chávez Boggio, H. L. Fragnito, "Simple four-wave-mixing-based method for measuring the ratio between the third- and fourth-order dispersion in optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 24, (2007).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (6)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

A. W. Snyder, J. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Springer-Verlag, 1983).

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C++: The Art of Scientific Computing (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2002).

J. Nocedal, S. Wright, Numerical Optimization (Springer-Verlag, 2006).

I. Brener, P. P. Mitra, D. J. Thomson, "High-resolution zero-dispersion wavelength fluctuation mapping in dispersion-shifted fiber," OFC 1998 (1998) ThR5.

T. Okuno, T. Nakanishi, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, "Practical considerations for the application of highly nonlinear fibers," Optical Fiber Conference (2006) Paper OTuJ1.

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