Abstract

This paper is a tutorial reviewing research and development performed over the last few years to extend the reach of passive optical networks using technology such as optical amplifiers.

© 2009 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. Broadband Optical Access Networks and Fiber-to-the-Home: Systems Technologies and Deployment Strategies (Wiley, 2006).
  2. A. Cauvin, A. Tofanelli, J. Lorentzen, J. Brannan, A. Templin, T. Park, K. Saito, "Common technical specification of the G-PON system among major worldwide access carriers," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 34-40 (2006).
  3. ACTS Project AC050:Photonics Local Access Network (PLANET) .
  4. D. S. Forrester, A. M. Hill, R. A. Lobbett, S. F. Carter, "39.81 Gbit/s 43.8 million way WDM broadcast network with 527 km range," Electron. Lett. 27, (1991).
  5. K. Suzuki, Y. Foukada, D. Nesset, R. Davey, "Amplified gigabit PON systems," J. Optical Networking 6, 422-433 (2007).
  6. R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, Y. Zuiderveld, "DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 29-32 (2006).
  7. T. J. Whitley, "A review of recent system demonstrations incorporating 1.3-$\mu{\hbox {m}}$ praseodymium-doped fluoride fiber amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 744-760 (1995).
  8. Y. Fukada, T. Nakanishi, K.-I. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, M. Tsubokawa, "Gain-clamp light auto level control (GCL-ALC) technique for gain-controllable burst-mode PON amplifying repeater," Proc. OFC-NFOEC 2008 .
  9. A. E. Kelly, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2674-2676 (2000).
  10. Amphotonix Model OPA-18-N-S-FA .
  11. R. Seifert, Gigabit Ethernet: Technology and Applications for High-Speed LANs (Addison-Wesley, 1998) pp. 89.
  12. Data Sheet, “Motorola AXS2200 GPON Optical Line Terminal” Motorola Inc. (2007).
  13. D. Grossman, "Experience with a field-deployable amplified GPON," Proc. OFC-NFOEC 2008 Workshop .
  14. K. Solehmainen, "Erbium doped waveguides fabricated with atomic layer deposition method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 194-196 (2004).
  15. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 2002) pp. 261.
  16. M. Rasztovits-Wiech, "Optical amplification in 10 Gbit/s PONs," Proc. NOC2008 (2008).
  17. D. Nesset, "Demonstration of 100 km reach amplified PONs with upstream bit-rates of 2.5 Gbit/s and 10 Gbit/s," Proc. ECOC 2004 (2004).
  18. D. Nesset, "10 Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110 km reach, PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC," Proc. ECOC 2005 (2005).
  19. H. Choi, "High power gain-clamped EDFAs with flat gain," Proc. OFC 2001 (2001).
  20. M. van Deventer, O. Konig, "Unimpaired transmission through a bidirectional erbium-doped fiber amplifier near lasing threshold," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1078-1080 (1995).
  21. G. Talli, "Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN," Proc. NOC2007 (2007) pp. 493-500.
  22. M. Rasztovits-Wiech, "10/2.5 Gbps demonstration in extra-large PON prototype," Proc. ECOC 2007 (2007).
  23. E. Hugues-Salas, "A 2.5 Gb/s edge-detecting burst-mode receiver for GPON access networks," Proc. OFC 2007 .
  24. R. Davey, "Progress in IST project PIEMAN towards a 10 Gbit/s, multi-wavelength long reach PON," Proc. BroadBand Europe Conf. (2006) pp. 1-6.
  25. B. Thomsen, "10 Gb/s AC-coupled digital burst-mode optical receiver," Proc. OFC 2007 .
  26. S. Nishihara, "A 10.3125-Gbit/s SiGe BiCMOS burst-mode 3R receiver for 10 G-EPON systems," Proc. OFC 2007 .
  27. P. Vetter, "MUSE: Challenges to integrate the multi-disciplinary field of BB access in one project," Proc. ECOC 2007 (2007).
  28. M. Rasztovits-Wiech, "Bidirectional EDFA for future extra large passive optical networks," Proc. ECOC 2006 (2006).
  29. M. Rasztovits-Wiech, "10/2.5 Gbps demonstration in extra-large PON prototype," Proc. ECOC 2007 (2007).
  30. M. Rasztovits-Wiech, "Realization of an XL-PON prototype," Proc. BroadBand Europe Conf. (2007).
  31. D. B. Payne, R. P. Davey, "The future of fibre access systems," BT Technol. J. 20, 104-114 (2002).
  32. G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "Hybrid DWDM-TDM long reach PON for next generation optical access," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2827-2834 (2006).
  33. S. Lee, S. Mun, M. Kim, C. H. Lee, "Demonstration of a long reach DWDM PON for consolidation of metro and access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 271-276 (2007).
  34. D. K. Hunter, Z. Lu, T. H. Gilfedder, "Protection of long-reach PON traffic through router database synchronization," J. Optical Networking 6, 535-549 (2007).

2007 (3)

K. Suzuki, Y. Foukada, D. Nesset, R. Davey, "Amplified gigabit PON systems," J. Optical Networking 6, 422-433 (2007).

S. Lee, S. Mun, M. Kim, C. H. Lee, "Demonstration of a long reach DWDM PON for consolidation of metro and access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 271-276 (2007).

D. K. Hunter, Z. Lu, T. H. Gilfedder, "Protection of long-reach PON traffic through router database synchronization," J. Optical Networking 6, 535-549 (2007).

2006 (3)

G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "Hybrid DWDM-TDM long reach PON for next generation optical access," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2827-2834 (2006).

R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, Y. Zuiderveld, "DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 29-32 (2006).

A. Cauvin, A. Tofanelli, J. Lorentzen, J. Brannan, A. Templin, T. Park, K. Saito, "Common technical specification of the G-PON system among major worldwide access carriers," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 34-40 (2006).

2004 (1)

K. Solehmainen, "Erbium doped waveguides fabricated with atomic layer deposition method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 194-196 (2004).

2002 (1)

D. B. Payne, R. P. Davey, "The future of fibre access systems," BT Technol. J. 20, 104-114 (2002).

2000 (1)

A. E. Kelly, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2674-2676 (2000).

1995 (2)

M. van Deventer, O. Konig, "Unimpaired transmission through a bidirectional erbium-doped fiber amplifier near lasing threshold," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1078-1080 (1995).

T. J. Whitley, "A review of recent system demonstrations incorporating 1.3-$\mu{\hbox {m}}$ praseodymium-doped fluoride fiber amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 744-760 (1995).

1991 (1)

D. S. Forrester, A. M. Hill, R. A. Lobbett, S. F. Carter, "39.81 Gbit/s 43.8 million way WDM broadcast network with 527 km range," Electron. Lett. 27, (1991).

BT Technol. J. (1)

D. B. Payne, R. P. Davey, "The future of fibre access systems," BT Technol. J. 20, 104-114 (2002).

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. S. Forrester, A. M. Hill, R. A. Lobbett, S. F. Carter, "39.81 Gbit/s 43.8 million way WDM broadcast network with 527 km range," Electron. Lett. 27, (1991).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Solehmainen, "Erbium doped waveguides fabricated with atomic layer deposition method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 194-196 (2004).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

A. Cauvin, A. Tofanelli, J. Lorentzen, J. Brannan, A. Templin, T. Park, K. Saito, "Common technical specification of the G-PON system among major worldwide access carriers," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 34-40 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

A. E. Kelly, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2674-2676 (2000).

M. van Deventer, O. Konig, "Unimpaired transmission through a bidirectional erbium-doped fiber amplifier near lasing threshold," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1078-1080 (1995).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "Hybrid DWDM-TDM long reach PON for next generation optical access," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2827-2834 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

S. Lee, S. Mun, M. Kim, C. H. Lee, "Demonstration of a long reach DWDM PON for consolidation of metro and access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 271-276 (2007).

R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, Y. Zuiderveld, "DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 29-32 (2006).

T. J. Whitley, "A review of recent system demonstrations incorporating 1.3-$\mu{\hbox {m}}$ praseodymium-doped fluoride fiber amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 744-760 (1995).

J. Optical Networking (1)

D. K. Hunter, Z. Lu, T. H. Gilfedder, "Protection of long-reach PON traffic through router database synchronization," J. Optical Networking 6, 535-549 (2007).

J. Optical Networking (1)

K. Suzuki, Y. Foukada, D. Nesset, R. Davey, "Amplified gigabit PON systems," J. Optical Networking 6, 422-433 (2007).

Other (22)

ACTS Project AC050:Photonics Local Access Network (PLANET) .

Amphotonix Model OPA-18-N-S-FA .

R. Seifert, Gigabit Ethernet: Technology and Applications for High-Speed LANs (Addison-Wesley, 1998) pp. 89.

Data Sheet, “Motorola AXS2200 GPON Optical Line Terminal” Motorola Inc. (2007).

D. Grossman, "Experience with a field-deployable amplified GPON," Proc. OFC-NFOEC 2008 Workshop .

G. Talli, "Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN," Proc. NOC2007 (2007) pp. 493-500.

M. Rasztovits-Wiech, "10/2.5 Gbps demonstration in extra-large PON prototype," Proc. ECOC 2007 (2007).

E. Hugues-Salas, "A 2.5 Gb/s edge-detecting burst-mode receiver for GPON access networks," Proc. OFC 2007 .

R. Davey, "Progress in IST project PIEMAN towards a 10 Gbit/s, multi-wavelength long reach PON," Proc. BroadBand Europe Conf. (2006) pp. 1-6.

B. Thomsen, "10 Gb/s AC-coupled digital burst-mode optical receiver," Proc. OFC 2007 .

S. Nishihara, "A 10.3125-Gbit/s SiGe BiCMOS burst-mode 3R receiver for 10 G-EPON systems," Proc. OFC 2007 .

P. Vetter, "MUSE: Challenges to integrate the multi-disciplinary field of BB access in one project," Proc. ECOC 2007 (2007).

M. Rasztovits-Wiech, "Bidirectional EDFA for future extra large passive optical networks," Proc. ECOC 2006 (2006).

M. Rasztovits-Wiech, "10/2.5 Gbps demonstration in extra-large PON prototype," Proc. ECOC 2007 (2007).

M. Rasztovits-Wiech, "Realization of an XL-PON prototype," Proc. BroadBand Europe Conf. (2007).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 2002) pp. 261.

M. Rasztovits-Wiech, "Optical amplification in 10 Gbit/s PONs," Proc. NOC2008 (2008).

D. Nesset, "Demonstration of 100 km reach amplified PONs with upstream bit-rates of 2.5 Gbit/s and 10 Gbit/s," Proc. ECOC 2004 (2004).

D. Nesset, "10 Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110 km reach, PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC," Proc. ECOC 2005 (2005).

H. Choi, "High power gain-clamped EDFAs with flat gain," Proc. OFC 2001 (2001).

Y. Fukada, T. Nakanishi, K.-I. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, M. Tsubokawa, "Gain-clamp light auto level control (GCL-ALC) technique for gain-controllable burst-mode PON amplifying repeater," Proc. OFC-NFOEC 2008 .

Broadband Optical Access Networks and Fiber-to-the-Home: Systems Technologies and Deployment Strategies (Wiley, 2006).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.