Abstract

We have theoretically and experimentally investigated polarization insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion for polarization multiplexing signal based on orthogonal pump four-wave mixing in nonlinear optical fiber. After wavelength conversion based on 1 km high-nonlinear optical fiber with polarization insensitivity, the power penalties of 2.5 Gbit/s optical OOK intensity and 10 Gbit/s differential phase-shift keying orthogonal signals are less than 0.5 and 0.8 dB, respectively.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. A. E. Kelly, D. D. Marcenac, D. Nesset, "40 Gbit/s wavelength conversion over 24.6 nm using FWM in a semiconductor optical amplifier with an optimized MQW active region," Electron. Lett. 33, 2123-2124 (1997).
  2. W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, L. Rau, H. F. Chou, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Raman-enhanced regenerative ultrafast all-optical fiber XPM wavelength converter," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1105-1115 (2005).
  3. J. Yu, X. Zheng, C. Peucheret, A. Clausen, H. Poulsen, P. Jeppesen, "All-optical wavelength conversion of short pulses and NRZ signals based on a nonlinear optical loop mirror," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1007-1017 (2000).
  4. C. Porzi, A. Bogoni, L. Poti, G. Contestabile, "Polarization and wavelength-independent time-division demultiplexing based on copolarized-pumps FWM in an SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 633-635 (2005).
  5. J. Yu, Z. Jia, Y. K. Yeo, G. K. Chang, "Spectrally non-inverting wavelength conversion based on FWM in HNL-DSF and its application in label switching optical network," Proc. 25th ECOC (2005) pp. 32-35.
  6. J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Jia, X. Sang, Z. Zhou, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, "Wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing in high-nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber using a dual-pump configuration," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2851-2858 (2006).
  7. J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).
  8. J. H. Lee, "All-optical signal processing devices based on holey fibers," IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 327-334 (2005).
  9. S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, "Optical amplification and signal processing in highly nonlinear optical fiber," IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 859-869 (2005).
  10. M. P. Fok, C. Shu, D. J. Blumenthal, "40-Gb/s polarization multiplexed RZ-DPSK signal wavelength conversion using a 32-cm bismuth-oxide nonlinear fiber," presented at the CLEO-IQEC (2007).
  11. W. Astar, A. S. Lenihan, G. M. Carter, "Polarization-insensitive wavelength conversion by FWM in a highly nonlinear PCF of polarization-scrambled 10-Gb/s RZ-OOK and RZ-DPSK signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1676-1678 (2007).
  12. S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, G. Ishikawa, H. Ooi, J. G. Nielsen, C. Sonne, "Simultaneous wavelength conversion and optical phase conjugation of 200 Gbit/s (5$\,\times\,$40 Gbit/s) WDM signal using a highly nonlinear fiber four-wave mixing," Proc. ECOE (1997) pp. 1525-1529.
  13. J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, Z. Jia, L. Chen, J.-G. Yu, G. K. Chang, "Polarization-insensitive all-optical upconversion for seamless integration optical core/metro/access networks with ROF systems based on a dual-pump FWM scheme," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2605-2611 (2009).
  14. R. M. Jopson, R. E. Tench, "Polarization-independent phase conjugation of lightwave signals," Electron. Lett. 29, 2216-2217 (1993).
  15. K. Inoue, "Polarization independent wavelength conversion using fiber four-wave mixing with two orthogonal pump lights of different frequencies," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1916-1920 (1994).
  16. K. K. Y. Wong, M. Marhic, K. Uesaka, L. Kazovsky, "Polarization-independent two-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 911-913 (2002).
  17. S. Radic, C. J. Mckinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, Q. Lin, G. P. Agrawal, "Record performance of parametric amplifier constructed with highly nonlinear fibre," Electron. Lett. 39, 838-839 (2003).
  18. Y. Wang, C. Y. Yu, T. Luo, L. S. Yan, Z. Q. Pan, A. E. Willner, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion and wavelength multicasting using orthogonal polarized fiber FWM," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3331-3338 (2005).
  19. J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Zhou, "Reducing polarization sensitivity for all-optical wavelength conversion of the optical packets based on FWM in HNL-DSF using co-polarized pump scheme," Opt. Commun. 260, 522-527 (2006).
  20. T. Hasegawa, K. Inouc, K. Oda, "Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 947-949 (1993).
  21. K. K. Y. Wong, M. Marhic, K. Uesaka, L. Kazovsky, "Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1506-1508 (2002).
  22. K. Uesaka, K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, L. G. Kazovsky, "Polarization-insensitive wavelength exchange in highly-nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2002) Paper ThY3.
  23. T. Tanemura, K. Katoh, K. Kikuchi, "Polarization-insensitive asymmetric four-wave mixing using circularly polarized pumps in a twisted fiber," Opt. Exp. 13, 7497-7505 (2005).
  24. K. Inoue, "Polarization effect on four-wave mixing efficiency in a single mode fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 883-894 (1992).
  25. J. Yu, X. Zheng, F. Liu, A. Buxens, P. Jeppesen, "Simultaneous realization wavelength conversion and signal regeneration using nonlinear optical loop mirror," Opt. Commun. 175, 173-177 (2000).
  26. C. J. McKinstrie, H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, S. Radic, A. V. Kanaev, "Four-wave mixing in fibers with random birefringence," Opt. Exp. 12, 2033-2055 (2004).
  27. M. Jinno, "All optical signal regularizing/regeneration using a nonlinear fiber Sagnac interferometer switch with signal-clock walk-off," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1649-1659 (1994).
  28. J. Yu, P. Jeppesen, S. N. Knudsen, "80 Gbit/s pulsewidth-maintained wavelength conversion based on a HNL DSF-NOLM including transmission over 80 km of conventional SMF," Electron. Lett. 37, 577-579 (2001).
  29. M. Jinno, M. Abe, "All-optical regenerator based on nonlinear fiber Sagnac interferometer," Electron. Lett. 28, 1350-1352 (1992).
  30. G. P. Agrawal, The Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).
  31. J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, "Wavelength conversion based on copolarized pumps generated by optical carrier suppression," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 392-394 (2009).
  32. K. K. Y. Wong, "Polarization-interleaved WDM signals in a fiber optical parametric amplifier with orthogonal pumps," Opt. Exp. 15, 56-61 (2007).
  33. J. B. Jensen, T. Tokle, C. Peucheret, P. Jeppesen, "Transmission of multilevel 60 Gbit/s polarization multiplexed RZ-D8PSK using only 10 Gbit/s equipment," presented at the OFC 2007 AnaheimCA Paper OWM4.
  34. C. J. Mckinstrie, H. Kogelnik, L. Schenato, "Four-wave mixing in a rapidly-spun fiber," Opt. Exp. 14, 8516-8534 (2006).
  35. M. Huang, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4$\,\times\,$112 Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals," Optics Exp. 16, 21161-21169 (2008).
  36. J. Yu, M. Huang, "Wavelength conversion of optically labeled 112 Gb/s polarization-multiplexed RZ-QPSK packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1977-1979 (2008).

2009 (2)

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, Z. Jia, L. Chen, J.-G. Yu, G. K. Chang, "Polarization-insensitive all-optical upconversion for seamless integration optical core/metro/access networks with ROF systems based on a dual-pump FWM scheme," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2605-2611 (2009).

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, "Wavelength conversion based on copolarized pumps generated by optical carrier suppression," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 392-394 (2009).

2008 (2)

M. Huang, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4$\,\times\,$112 Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals," Optics Exp. 16, 21161-21169 (2008).

J. Yu, M. Huang, "Wavelength conversion of optically labeled 112 Gb/s polarization-multiplexed RZ-QPSK packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1977-1979 (2008).

2007 (2)

K. K. Y. Wong, "Polarization-interleaved WDM signals in a fiber optical parametric amplifier with orthogonal pumps," Opt. Exp. 15, 56-61 (2007).

W. Astar, A. S. Lenihan, G. M. Carter, "Polarization-insensitive wavelength conversion by FWM in a highly nonlinear PCF of polarization-scrambled 10-Gb/s RZ-OOK and RZ-DPSK signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1676-1678 (2007).

2006 (3)

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Zhou, "Reducing polarization sensitivity for all-optical wavelength conversion of the optical packets based on FWM in HNL-DSF using co-polarized pump scheme," Opt. Commun. 260, 522-527 (2006).

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Jia, X. Sang, Z. Zhou, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, "Wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing in high-nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber using a dual-pump configuration," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2851-2858 (2006).

C. J. Mckinstrie, H. Kogelnik, L. Schenato, "Four-wave mixing in a rapidly-spun fiber," Opt. Exp. 14, 8516-8534 (2006).

2005 (6)

Y. Wang, C. Y. Yu, T. Luo, L. S. Yan, Z. Q. Pan, A. E. Willner, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion and wavelength multicasting using orthogonal polarized fiber FWM," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3331-3338 (2005).

T. Tanemura, K. Katoh, K. Kikuchi, "Polarization-insensitive asymmetric four-wave mixing using circularly polarized pumps in a twisted fiber," Opt. Exp. 13, 7497-7505 (2005).

J. H. Lee, "All-optical signal processing devices based on holey fibers," IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 327-334 (2005).

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, "Optical amplification and signal processing in highly nonlinear optical fiber," IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 859-869 (2005).

W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, L. Rau, H. F. Chou, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Raman-enhanced regenerative ultrafast all-optical fiber XPM wavelength converter," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1105-1115 (2005).

C. Porzi, A. Bogoni, L. Poti, G. Contestabile, "Polarization and wavelength-independent time-division demultiplexing based on copolarized-pumps FWM in an SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 633-635 (2005).

2004 (1)

C. J. McKinstrie, H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, S. Radic, A. V. Kanaev, "Four-wave mixing in fibers with random birefringence," Opt. Exp. 12, 2033-2055 (2004).

2003 (1)

S. Radic, C. J. Mckinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, Q. Lin, G. P. Agrawal, "Record performance of parametric amplifier constructed with highly nonlinear fibre," Electron. Lett. 39, 838-839 (2003).

2002 (3)

K. K. Y. Wong, M. Marhic, K. Uesaka, L. Kazovsky, "Polarization-independent two-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 911-913 (2002).

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).

K. K. Y. Wong, M. Marhic, K. Uesaka, L. Kazovsky, "Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1506-1508 (2002).

2001 (1)

J. Yu, P. Jeppesen, S. N. Knudsen, "80 Gbit/s pulsewidth-maintained wavelength conversion based on a HNL DSF-NOLM including transmission over 80 km of conventional SMF," Electron. Lett. 37, 577-579 (2001).

2000 (2)

J. Yu, X. Zheng, F. Liu, A. Buxens, P. Jeppesen, "Simultaneous realization wavelength conversion and signal regeneration using nonlinear optical loop mirror," Opt. Commun. 175, 173-177 (2000).

J. Yu, X. Zheng, C. Peucheret, A. Clausen, H. Poulsen, P. Jeppesen, "All-optical wavelength conversion of short pulses and NRZ signals based on a nonlinear optical loop mirror," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1007-1017 (2000).

1997 (1)

A. E. Kelly, D. D. Marcenac, D. Nesset, "40 Gbit/s wavelength conversion over 24.6 nm using FWM in a semiconductor optical amplifier with an optimized MQW active region," Electron. Lett. 33, 2123-2124 (1997).

1994 (2)

K. Inoue, "Polarization independent wavelength conversion using fiber four-wave mixing with two orthogonal pump lights of different frequencies," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1916-1920 (1994).

M. Jinno, "All optical signal regularizing/regeneration using a nonlinear fiber Sagnac interferometer switch with signal-clock walk-off," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1649-1659 (1994).

1993 (2)

R. M. Jopson, R. E. Tench, "Polarization-independent phase conjugation of lightwave signals," Electron. Lett. 29, 2216-2217 (1993).

T. Hasegawa, K. Inouc, K. Oda, "Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 947-949 (1993).

1992 (2)

M. Jinno, M. Abe, "All-optical regenerator based on nonlinear fiber Sagnac interferometer," Electron. Lett. 28, 1350-1352 (1992).

K. Inoue, "Polarization effect on four-wave mixing efficiency in a single mode fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 883-894 (1992).

Electron. Lett. (5)

A. E. Kelly, D. D. Marcenac, D. Nesset, "40 Gbit/s wavelength conversion over 24.6 nm using FWM in a semiconductor optical amplifier with an optimized MQW active region," Electron. Lett. 33, 2123-2124 (1997).

R. M. Jopson, R. E. Tench, "Polarization-independent phase conjugation of lightwave signals," Electron. Lett. 29, 2216-2217 (1993).

S. Radic, C. J. Mckinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, Q. Lin, G. P. Agrawal, "Record performance of parametric amplifier constructed with highly nonlinear fibre," Electron. Lett. 39, 838-839 (2003).

J. Yu, P. Jeppesen, S. N. Knudsen, "80 Gbit/s pulsewidth-maintained wavelength conversion based on a HNL DSF-NOLM including transmission over 80 km of conventional SMF," Electron. Lett. 37, 577-579 (2001).

M. Jinno, M. Abe, "All-optical regenerator based on nonlinear fiber Sagnac interferometer," Electron. Lett. 28, 1350-1352 (1992).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Inoue, "Polarization effect on four-wave mixing efficiency in a single mode fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 883-894 (1992).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (7)

C. Porzi, A. Bogoni, L. Poti, G. Contestabile, "Polarization and wavelength-independent time-division demultiplexing based on copolarized-pumps FWM in an SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 633-635 (2005).

W. Astar, A. S. Lenihan, G. M. Carter, "Polarization-insensitive wavelength conversion by FWM in a highly nonlinear PCF of polarization-scrambled 10-Gb/s RZ-OOK and RZ-DPSK signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1676-1678 (2007).

T. Hasegawa, K. Inouc, K. Oda, "Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 947-949 (1993).

K. K. Y. Wong, M. Marhic, K. Uesaka, L. Kazovsky, "Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1506-1508 (2002).

K. K. Y. Wong, M. Marhic, K. Uesaka, L. Kazovsky, "Polarization-independent two-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 911-913 (2002).

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, "Wavelength conversion based on copolarized pumps generated by optical carrier suppression," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 392-394 (2009).

J. Yu, M. Huang, "Wavelength conversion of optically labeled 112 Gb/s polarization-multiplexed RZ-QPSK packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1977-1979 (2008).

IEICE Trans. Electron. (2)

J. H. Lee, "All-optical signal processing devices based on holey fibers," IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 327-334 (2005).

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, "Optical amplification and signal processing in highly nonlinear optical fiber," IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 859-869 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (7)

W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, L. Rau, H. F. Chou, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Raman-enhanced regenerative ultrafast all-optical fiber XPM wavelength converter," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1105-1115 (2005).

J. Yu, X. Zheng, C. Peucheret, A. Clausen, H. Poulsen, P. Jeppesen, "All-optical wavelength conversion of short pulses and NRZ signals based on a nonlinear optical loop mirror," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1007-1017 (2000).

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Jia, X. Sang, Z. Zhou, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, "Wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing in high-nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber using a dual-pump configuration," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2851-2858 (2006).

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, Z. Jia, L. Chen, J.-G. Yu, G. K. Chang, "Polarization-insensitive all-optical upconversion for seamless integration optical core/metro/access networks with ROF systems based on a dual-pump FWM scheme," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2605-2611 (2009).

Y. Wang, C. Y. Yu, T. Luo, L. S. Yan, Z. Q. Pan, A. E. Willner, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion and wavelength multicasting using orthogonal polarized fiber FWM," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3331-3338 (2005).

K. Inoue, "Polarization independent wavelength conversion using fiber four-wave mixing with two orthogonal pump lights of different frequencies," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1916-1920 (1994).

M. Jinno, "All optical signal regularizing/regeneration using a nonlinear fiber Sagnac interferometer switch with signal-clock walk-off," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1649-1659 (1994).

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. Yu, X. Zheng, F. Liu, A. Buxens, P. Jeppesen, "Simultaneous realization wavelength conversion and signal regeneration using nonlinear optical loop mirror," Opt. Commun. 175, 173-177 (2000).

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Zhou, "Reducing polarization sensitivity for all-optical wavelength conversion of the optical packets based on FWM in HNL-DSF using co-polarized pump scheme," Opt. Commun. 260, 522-527 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (4)

C. J. McKinstrie, H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, S. Radic, A. V. Kanaev, "Four-wave mixing in fibers with random birefringence," Opt. Exp. 12, 2033-2055 (2004).

T. Tanemura, K. Katoh, K. Kikuchi, "Polarization-insensitive asymmetric four-wave mixing using circularly polarized pumps in a twisted fiber," Opt. Exp. 13, 7497-7505 (2005).

K. K. Y. Wong, "Polarization-interleaved WDM signals in a fiber optical parametric amplifier with orthogonal pumps," Opt. Exp. 15, 56-61 (2007).

C. J. Mckinstrie, H. Kogelnik, L. Schenato, "Four-wave mixing in a rapidly-spun fiber," Opt. Exp. 14, 8516-8534 (2006).

Optics Exp. (1)

M. Huang, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4$\,\times\,$112 Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals," Optics Exp. 16, 21161-21169 (2008).

Other (6)

J. B. Jensen, T. Tokle, C. Peucheret, P. Jeppesen, "Transmission of multilevel 60 Gbit/s polarization multiplexed RZ-D8PSK using only 10 Gbit/s equipment," presented at the OFC 2007 AnaheimCA Paper OWM4.

K. Uesaka, K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, L. G. Kazovsky, "Polarization-insensitive wavelength exchange in highly-nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2002) Paper ThY3.

G. P. Agrawal, The Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, G. Ishikawa, H. Ooi, J. G. Nielsen, C. Sonne, "Simultaneous wavelength conversion and optical phase conjugation of 200 Gbit/s (5$\,\times\,$40 Gbit/s) WDM signal using a highly nonlinear fiber four-wave mixing," Proc. ECOE (1997) pp. 1525-1529.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, Y. K. Yeo, G. K. Chang, "Spectrally non-inverting wavelength conversion based on FWM in HNL-DSF and its application in label switching optical network," Proc. 25th ECOC (2005) pp. 32-35.

M. P. Fok, C. Shu, D. J. Blumenthal, "40-Gb/s polarization multiplexed RZ-DPSK signal wavelength conversion using a 32-cm bismuth-oxide nonlinear fiber," presented at the CLEO-IQEC (2007).

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