Abstract

We present a new scheme for a laser cooled Raman optical fiber amplifier. The heat generated in the process of Raman amplification (RA) is compensated for with laser cooling provided by anti-Stokes fluorescence of ytterbium ions doped in the core of the fiber. The device is pumped with two pump sources. One of the pump sources provides RA of the signal and does not interact with the ytterbium ions in the core; a second pump cools the fiber through anti-Stokes fluorescence of the Yb$^{3+}$ ions. The proper arrangement of Yb$^{3 +}$ distribution can provide athermal performance of the device.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. P. Pringsheim, "Zwei bemerkungen über den unterschied von lumineszenz und temperature-strahlung," Z. Phys. 57, 739-746 (1929).
  2. R. W. Wood, "Anti-stokes radiation of fluorescent liquids," Philos. Mag. 6, 310-317 (1928).
  3. R. I. Epstein, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, T. R. Gosnell, C. E. Mungan, "Observation of laser-induced fluorescent cooling of a solid," Nature (London) 377, 500-502 (1995).
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2009 (1)

A. J. Garcia-Adeva, R. Balda, J. Fernandez, "Upconversion cooling of Er-doped low-phonon fluorescent solids," Phys. Rev. B 79, 033110-1-033110-4 (2009).

2005 (1)

J. Thiede, J. Distel, S. R. Greenfield, R. I. Epstein, "Cooling to 208 K by optical refrigeration," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 154107-1-154107-4 (2005).

2004 (1)

B. Heeg, M. D. Stone, A. Khizhnyak, G. Rumbles, G. Mills, P. A. DeBarber, "Experimental demonstration of intracavity solid-state laser cooling of Yb$^{3 +}:{\rm ZrF}_{4}$-BaF$_{2}$-LaF$_{3}$-NaL glass," Phys. Rev. A 70, 021401-1-021401-4 (2004).

2001 (1)

D. C. Brown, H. J. Hoffman, "Thermal, stress, and thermo-optic effects in high average power double-clad silica fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 207-217 (2001).

2000 (2)

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Grekov, S. A. Sasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, A. N. Guryanov, V. E. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, E. M. Deliso, D. L. Butler, "1.3 $\mu$m Raman fiber amplifier," Proc. SPIE 4083, 101-109 (2000).

C. W. Hoyt, M. Sheik-Bahae, R. I. Epstein, B. C. Edwards, J. E. Anderson, "Observation of anti-Stokes fluorescence cooling in thulium-doped glass," Phy. Rev. Lett. 85, 3600-3603 (2000).

1999 (2)

T. R. Gosnell, "Laser cooling a solid by 65 K starting from room temperature," Opt. Lett. 24, 1041-1043 (1999).

B. C. Edwards, J. E. Anderson, R. I. Epstein, G. L. Mills, A. J. Mord, "Demonstration of a solid-state optical cooler: An approach to cryogenic refrigeration," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6489-6493 (1999).

1998 (1)

1995 (1)

R. I. Epstein, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, T. R. Gosnell, C. E. Mungan, "Observation of laser-induced fluorescent cooling of a solid," Nature (London) 377, 500-502 (1995).

1929 (1)

P. Pringsheim, "Zwei bemerkungen über den unterschied von lumineszenz und temperature-strahlung," Z. Phys. 57, 739-746 (1929).

1928 (1)

R. W. Wood, "Anti-stokes radiation of fluorescent liquids," Philos. Mag. 6, 310-317 (1928).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Thiede, J. Distel, S. R. Greenfield, R. I. Epstein, "Cooling to 208 K by optical refrigeration," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 154107-1-154107-4 (2005).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. C. Brown, H. J. Hoffman, "Thermal, stress, and thermo-optic effects in high average power double-clad silica fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 207-217 (2001).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. C. Edwards, J. E. Anderson, R. I. Epstein, G. L. Mills, A. J. Mord, "Demonstration of a solid-state optical cooler: An approach to cryogenic refrigeration," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6489-6493 (1999).

Nature (London) (1)

R. I. Epstein, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, T. R. Gosnell, C. E. Mungan, "Observation of laser-induced fluorescent cooling of a solid," Nature (London) 377, 500-502 (1995).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Philos. Mag. (1)

R. W. Wood, "Anti-stokes radiation of fluorescent liquids," Philos. Mag. 6, 310-317 (1928).

Phy. Rev. Lett. (1)

C. W. Hoyt, M. Sheik-Bahae, R. I. Epstein, B. C. Edwards, J. E. Anderson, "Observation of anti-Stokes fluorescence cooling in thulium-doped glass," Phy. Rev. Lett. 85, 3600-3603 (2000).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

B. Heeg, M. D. Stone, A. Khizhnyak, G. Rumbles, G. Mills, P. A. DeBarber, "Experimental demonstration of intracavity solid-state laser cooling of Yb$^{3 +}:{\rm ZrF}_{4}$-BaF$_{2}$-LaF$_{3}$-NaL glass," Phys. Rev. A 70, 021401-1-021401-4 (2004).

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. J. Garcia-Adeva, R. Balda, J. Fernandez, "Upconversion cooling of Er-doped low-phonon fluorescent solids," Phys. Rev. B 79, 033110-1-033110-4 (2009).

Proc. SPIE (1)

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Grekov, S. A. Sasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, A. N. Guryanov, V. E. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, E. M. Deliso, D. L. Butler, "1.3 $\mu$m Raman fiber amplifier," Proc. SPIE 4083, 101-109 (2000).

Z. Phys. (1)

P. Pringsheim, "Zwei bemerkungen über den unterschied von lumineszenz und temperature-strahlung," Z. Phys. 57, 739-746 (1929).

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