Abstract

In this paper, we demonstrated a signed chromatic dispersion (CD) monitoring method of 10 GHz nonreturn-to-zero differential phase-shift keying (NRZ-DPSK) and return-to-zero differential phase-shift keying (RZ-DPSK) signals by using asynchronous delay-tap sampling and an imperfect tuned delay interferometer. This method could monitor not only the value but also the polarity of residual CD. The demodulated signals show amplitude shoulders on the rising edge or the trailing edge with CD accumulation. Delay-tap sampling scatter plots could reflect this signal distortion by a unique characteristic and realize the signed CD monitoring. The monitoring range can be up to ${\pm}400$ and ${\pm}720$ ps/nm for NRZ-DPSK and RZ-DPSK signals, respectively. Simulation and experimental results are also proposed.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. Z. Li, C. Lu, Y. Wang, G. Li, "In-service signal quality monitoring and multi-impairment discrimination based on asynchronous amplitude histogram evaluation for NRZ-DPSK systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1998-2000 (2005).
  2. Z. Li, G. Li, "In-line performance monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals using asynchronous amplitude histogram evaluation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 472-474 (2006).
  3. B. Kozicki, O. Takuya, T. Hidehiko, "Optical performance monitoring of phase modulated signals using asynchronous amplitude histogram analysis," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1353-1361 (2008).
  4. C. Dorrer, "Monitoring of optical signals from constellation diagrams measured with linear optical sampling," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 313-321 (2006).
  5. Y. Lizé, L. Christen, J. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. Willner, R. Kashyap, "Independent and simultaneous monitoring of chromatic and polarization mode dispersion in OOK and DPSK transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
  6. K. Tsai, W. Way, "Chromatic-dispersion monitoring using an optical delay-and-add filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3737-3747 (2005).
  7. Z. Pan, Y. Wang, Y. Song, R. Motaghian, S. Havstad, A. Willner, "Monitoring chromatic dispersion and PMD impairments in optical differential phase-shift keyed (DPSK) systems," Tech. Dig. Opt. Fiber Commun. (OFC 2003) pp. 402-403.
  8. N. Liu, W. Zhong, Y. Wen, Z. Li, "New transmitter configuration for subcarrier multiplexed DPSK systems and its application to chromatic dispersion monitoring," Opt. Exp. 15, 839-844 (2007).
  9. J. Yang, L. Zhang, X. Wu, O. Yilmaz, B. Zhang, A. Willner, "All-optical chromatic dispersion monitoring for phase-modulated signals utilizing cross-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1642-1644 (2008).
  10. J. Zhao, C. Lu, Z. H. Li, H. Y. Tam, P. K. A. Wai, "Optical signal monitoring of DPSK signals using RF power detection," Proc. Opto-Electron. Commun. Conf. (OECC) (2008) pp. 1-2.
  11. W. Chen, F. Buchali, X. Yi, W. Shieh, J. Evans, R. Tucker, "Chromatic dispersion and PMD mitigation at 10 Gb/s using viterbi equalization for DPSK and DQPSK modulation formats," Opt. Exp. 15, 5271-5276 (2007).
  12. T. Anderson, S. D. Dods, K. Clarke, J. Bedo, A. Kowalczyk, "Multi-impairment monitoring for photonic network," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC 2007) pp. 1-2.
  13. B. Kozicki, A. Maruta, K. Kitayama, "Experimental demonstration of optical performance monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals using delay-tap sampling method," Opt. Exp. 16, 3566-3576 (2008).
  14. H. Kawakami, E. Yoshida, H. Hubota, Y. Miyamoto, "Novel signed chromatic dispersion monitoring technique based on asymmetric waveform distortion in DQPSK receiver," Proc. OECC (2008) pp. 1-2.
  15. A. Campillo, "Chromatic dispersion monitoring technique based on phase sensitive detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1241-1243 (2005).

2008 (3)

B. Kozicki, O. Takuya, T. Hidehiko, "Optical performance monitoring of phase modulated signals using asynchronous amplitude histogram analysis," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1353-1361 (2008).

J. Yang, L. Zhang, X. Wu, O. Yilmaz, B. Zhang, A. Willner, "All-optical chromatic dispersion monitoring for phase-modulated signals utilizing cross-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1642-1644 (2008).

B. Kozicki, A. Maruta, K. Kitayama, "Experimental demonstration of optical performance monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals using delay-tap sampling method," Opt. Exp. 16, 3566-3576 (2008).

2007 (3)

N. Liu, W. Zhong, Y. Wen, Z. Li, "New transmitter configuration for subcarrier multiplexed DPSK systems and its application to chromatic dispersion monitoring," Opt. Exp. 15, 839-844 (2007).

W. Chen, F. Buchali, X. Yi, W. Shieh, J. Evans, R. Tucker, "Chromatic dispersion and PMD mitigation at 10 Gb/s using viterbi equalization for DPSK and DQPSK modulation formats," Opt. Exp. 15, 5271-5276 (2007).

Y. Lizé, L. Christen, J. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. Willner, R. Kashyap, "Independent and simultaneous monitoring of chromatic and polarization mode dispersion in OOK and DPSK transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).

2006 (2)

C. Dorrer, "Monitoring of optical signals from constellation diagrams measured with linear optical sampling," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 313-321 (2006).

Z. Li, G. Li, "In-line performance monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals using asynchronous amplitude histogram evaluation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 472-474 (2006).

2005 (3)

Z. Li, C. Lu, Y. Wang, G. Li, "In-service signal quality monitoring and multi-impairment discrimination based on asynchronous amplitude histogram evaluation for NRZ-DPSK systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1998-2000 (2005).

K. Tsai, W. Way, "Chromatic-dispersion monitoring using an optical delay-and-add filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3737-3747 (2005).

A. Campillo, "Chromatic dispersion monitoring technique based on phase sensitive detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1241-1243 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

Z. Li, C. Lu, Y. Wang, G. Li, "In-service signal quality monitoring and multi-impairment discrimination based on asynchronous amplitude histogram evaluation for NRZ-DPSK systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1998-2000 (2005).

Z. Li, G. Li, "In-line performance monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals using asynchronous amplitude histogram evaluation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 472-474 (2006).

Y. Lizé, L. Christen, J. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. Willner, R. Kashyap, "Independent and simultaneous monitoring of chromatic and polarization mode dispersion in OOK and DPSK transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).

J. Yang, L. Zhang, X. Wu, O. Yilmaz, B. Zhang, A. Willner, "All-optical chromatic dispersion monitoring for phase-modulated signals utilizing cross-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1642-1644 (2008).

A. Campillo, "Chromatic dispersion monitoring technique based on phase sensitive detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1241-1243 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

K. Tsai, W. Way, "Chromatic-dispersion monitoring using an optical delay-and-add filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3737-3747 (2005).

B. Kozicki, O. Takuya, T. Hidehiko, "Optical performance monitoring of phase modulated signals using asynchronous amplitude histogram analysis," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1353-1361 (2008).

C. Dorrer, "Monitoring of optical signals from constellation diagrams measured with linear optical sampling," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 313-321 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (3)

N. Liu, W. Zhong, Y. Wen, Z. Li, "New transmitter configuration for subcarrier multiplexed DPSK systems and its application to chromatic dispersion monitoring," Opt. Exp. 15, 839-844 (2007).

W. Chen, F. Buchali, X. Yi, W. Shieh, J. Evans, R. Tucker, "Chromatic dispersion and PMD mitigation at 10 Gb/s using viterbi equalization for DPSK and DQPSK modulation formats," Opt. Exp. 15, 5271-5276 (2007).

B. Kozicki, A. Maruta, K. Kitayama, "Experimental demonstration of optical performance monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals using delay-tap sampling method," Opt. Exp. 16, 3566-3576 (2008).

Other (4)

H. Kawakami, E. Yoshida, H. Hubota, Y. Miyamoto, "Novel signed chromatic dispersion monitoring technique based on asymmetric waveform distortion in DQPSK receiver," Proc. OECC (2008) pp. 1-2.

T. Anderson, S. D. Dods, K. Clarke, J. Bedo, A. Kowalczyk, "Multi-impairment monitoring for photonic network," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC 2007) pp. 1-2.

Z. Pan, Y. Wang, Y. Song, R. Motaghian, S. Havstad, A. Willner, "Monitoring chromatic dispersion and PMD impairments in optical differential phase-shift keyed (DPSK) systems," Tech. Dig. Opt. Fiber Commun. (OFC 2003) pp. 402-403.

J. Zhao, C. Lu, Z. H. Li, H. Y. Tam, P. K. A. Wai, "Optical signal monitoring of DPSK signals using RF power detection," Proc. Opto-Electron. Commun. Conf. (OECC) (2008) pp. 1-2.

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