Abstract

In this paper, we study three types of jammers, namely, pulse-jammer, partial-band jammer, and follower-jammer, in a typical fiber-optic-based spectrally phase-encoded optical code division multiple-access (SPE-OCDMA) system. We analyze, mathematically, the effects of the aforementioned jammers on the performance of an SPE-OCDMA system for two scenarios, namely, ideal noiseless channel with an ideal optimum receiver and an ultrahigh-speed nonlinear receiver based on two-photon-absorption (TPA) in a noisy channel. Also, for each of the above cases, two types of modulation, namely, on–off keying (OOK) and two-code keying $(2{\rm CK})$ are investigated and their system performances are compared. It is shown that under certain conditions, the system performance can be dramatically degraded due to the jamming signals; also, systems using $2{\rm CK}$ modulation show a better resistance and performance when compared to systems using OOK modulation.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. J. A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, "Coherent ultrashort light pulse code-division multiple access communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 478-491 (1990).
  2. S. Etemad, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, J. Young, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, P. Delfyett, C. Price, T. Turpin, "Spectrally efficient optical CDMA using coherent phase-frequency coding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 929-931 (2005).
  3. R. P. Scott, W. Cong, K. Li, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, S. J. B. Yoo, "Demonstration of an errorfree 4/spl times/10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2186-2188 (2004).
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  5. T. Shake, "Security performance of optical CDMA against eavesdropping," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 655-670 (2005).
  6. T. Shake, "Confidentiality performance spectral-phase-encoded optical CDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1652-1663 (2005).
  7. Z. Jiang, D. Learid, A. M. Weiner, "Experimental investigation of security issues in O-CDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4228-4234 (2006).
  8. A. M. Weiner, Z. Jiang, D. Learid, "Spectrally phase encoded OCDMA [invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 728-755 (2007).
  9. X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, K. Kitayama, "Coherent OCDMA system using DPSK data format with balanced detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 826-828 (2006).
  10. J. A. Salehi, "Emerging optical CDMA communication systems and data networks [invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 1138-1178 (2007).
  11. K. Jamshidi, J. A. Salehi, "Performance analysis of spectral-phase-encoded optical CDMA system using two-photon-absorption receiver structure for asynchronous and slot-level synchronous transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1638-1645 (2007).
  12. K. Jamshidi, J. A. Salehi, "Statistical analysis of coherent ultrashort light pulse CDMA with multiple optical amplifiers using additive noise model," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1842-1851 (2005).
  13. M. Rochette, A. Rusch, "Spectral efficiency of OCDMA systems with coherent pulse sources," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1033-1038 (2005).
  14. M. K. Simon, J. K. Omura, R. A. Scholtz, B. K. Levitt, Spread Spectrum Communications (Computer Science, 1985).
  15. K. Jamshidi, J. A. Salehi, "Statistical characterization and bit-error rate analysis of lightwave systems with optical amplification using two-photon-absorption receiver structures," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1302-1316 (2006).
  16. Z. Zheng, A. M. Weiner, J. H. Marsh, M. M. Karkhanechi, "Ultrafast optical thresholding based on two-photon absorption GaAs waveguide photodetectors," IEEE Photon. Technol., Lett. 9, 493-495 (1997).
  17. Z. Zheng, H. Sardesai, C. C. Chang, S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, J. H. Marsh, M. M. Karkhanechi, "Nonlinear detection of spectrally coded ultrashort pulse by two-photon absorption GaAs photodetectors," Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt. (CLEO) (1998) pp. 97-98.

2007 (3)

K. Jamshidi, J. A. Salehi, "Performance analysis of spectral-phase-encoded optical CDMA system using two-photon-absorption receiver structure for asynchronous and slot-level synchronous transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1638-1645 (2007).

A. M. Weiner, Z. Jiang, D. Learid, "Spectrally phase encoded OCDMA [invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 728-755 (2007).

J. A. Salehi, "Emerging optical CDMA communication systems and data networks [invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 1138-1178 (2007).

2006 (3)

K. Jamshidi, J. A. Salehi, "Statistical characterization and bit-error rate analysis of lightwave systems with optical amplification using two-photon-absorption receiver structures," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1302-1316 (2006).

X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, K. Kitayama, "Coherent OCDMA system using DPSK data format with balanced detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 826-828 (2006).

Z. Jiang, D. Learid, A. M. Weiner, "Experimental investigation of security issues in O-CDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4228-4234 (2006).

2005 (5)

K. Jamshidi, J. A. Salehi, "Statistical analysis of coherent ultrashort light pulse CDMA with multiple optical amplifiers using additive noise model," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1842-1851 (2005).

M. Rochette, A. Rusch, "Spectral efficiency of OCDMA systems with coherent pulse sources," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1033-1038 (2005).

S. Etemad, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, J. Young, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, P. Delfyett, C. Price, T. Turpin, "Spectrally efficient optical CDMA using coherent phase-frequency coding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 929-931 (2005).

T. Shake, "Security performance of optical CDMA against eavesdropping," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 655-670 (2005).

T. Shake, "Confidentiality performance spectral-phase-encoded optical CDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1652-1663 (2005).

2004 (1)

R. P. Scott, W. Cong, K. Li, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, S. J. B. Yoo, "Demonstration of an errorfree 4/spl times/10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2186-2188 (2004).

1997 (1)

Z. Zheng, A. M. Weiner, J. H. Marsh, M. M. Karkhanechi, "Ultrafast optical thresholding based on two-photon absorption GaAs waveguide photodetectors," IEEE Photon. Technol., Lett. 9, 493-495 (1997).

1990 (1)

J. A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, "Coherent ultrashort light pulse code-division multiple access communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 478-491 (1990).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

S. Etemad, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, J. Young, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, P. Delfyett, C. Price, T. Turpin, "Spectrally efficient optical CDMA using coherent phase-frequency coding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 929-931 (2005).

R. P. Scott, W. Cong, K. Li, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, S. J. B. Yoo, "Demonstration of an errorfree 4/spl times/10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2186-2188 (2004).

X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, K. Kitayama, "Coherent OCDMA system using DPSK data format with balanced detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 826-828 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol., Lett. (1)

Z. Zheng, A. M. Weiner, J. H. Marsh, M. M. Karkhanechi, "Ultrafast optical thresholding based on two-photon absorption GaAs waveguide photodetectors," IEEE Photon. Technol., Lett. 9, 493-495 (1997).

J. Lightw. Technol. (8)

J. A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, "Coherent ultrashort light pulse code-division multiple access communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 478-491 (1990).

K. Jamshidi, J. A. Salehi, "Statistical characterization and bit-error rate analysis of lightwave systems with optical amplification using two-photon-absorption receiver structures," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1302-1316 (2006).

K. Jamshidi, J. A. Salehi, "Performance analysis of spectral-phase-encoded optical CDMA system using two-photon-absorption receiver structure for asynchronous and slot-level synchronous transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1638-1645 (2007).

K. Jamshidi, J. A. Salehi, "Statistical analysis of coherent ultrashort light pulse CDMA with multiple optical amplifiers using additive noise model," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1842-1851 (2005).

M. Rochette, A. Rusch, "Spectral efficiency of OCDMA systems with coherent pulse sources," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1033-1038 (2005).

T. Shake, "Security performance of optical CDMA against eavesdropping," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 655-670 (2005).

T. Shake, "Confidentiality performance spectral-phase-encoded optical CDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1652-1663 (2005).

Z. Jiang, D. Learid, A. M. Weiner, "Experimental investigation of security issues in O-CDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4228-4234 (2006).

J. Opt. Netw. (2)

Other (3)

R. A. Poisol, Modern Communications Jamming Principles and Techniques (Artech House, 2004).

M. K. Simon, J. K. Omura, R. A. Scholtz, B. K. Levitt, Spread Spectrum Communications (Computer Science, 1985).

Z. Zheng, H. Sardesai, C. C. Chang, S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, J. H. Marsh, M. M. Karkhanechi, "Nonlinear detection of spectrally coded ultrashort pulse by two-photon absorption GaAs photodetectors," Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt. (CLEO) (1998) pp. 97-98.

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