Abstract

We report an experimental and theoretical investigation of the four-wave mixing (FWM) process between a coherent signal light and an incoherent pump light in a highly nonlinear fiber. In the experiment, two main phenomena are observed: 1) the peak power of the spectrum of the coherent signal light decreases along the fiber rather than be amplified; 2) the spectrum of the coherent signal is broadened. A theory of the FWM process between incoherent pump and coherent signal is proposed by considering the incoherence of the pump which has amplitude and phase fluctuations. The theoretical results agree with the experimental results.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P. O. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).
  2. J. Toulouse, "Optical nonlinearities in fibers: Review, recent examples, and systems applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3625 (2005).
  3. K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, R. I. MacDonald, "CW three-wave mixing in single-mode optical fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5098 (1978).
  4. K. Inoue, "Four-wave mixing in an optical fiber in the zero-dispersion wavelength region," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 1553-1561 (1992).
  5. A. C. Sodre, J. M. C. Boggio, A. A. Rieznik, H. E. Hernandez-Figueroa, H. L. Fragnito, J. C. Knight, "Highly efficient generation of broadband cascaded four-wave mixing products," Opt. Exp. 16, 2816-2828 (2008).
  6. Y. Tian, P. Dong, C. Yang, "Polarization independent wavelength conversion in fibers using incoherent pumps," Opt. Exp. 16, 5493-5498 (2008).
  7. S. K. Korotky, P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, J. J. Veselka, "Efficient phase modulation scheme for suppressing stimulated Brillouin scattering," IOOC WD2-1.
  8. K. Shiraki, M. Ohashi, M. Tateda, "SBS threshold of a fiber with a Brillouin frequency shift distribution," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 50-57 (1996).
  9. Y. S. Jang, Y. C. Chung, "Four-wave mixing of incoherent light in a dispersion-shifted fiber using a spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 218-220 (1998).
  10. J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1458-1461 (1993).
  11. S. Gao, C. Yang, X. Xiao, Y. Tian, Z. You, G. Jin, "Wavelength conversion of spectrum-sliced broadband amplified spontaneous emission light by hybrid four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear, dispersion-shifted fibers," Opt. Exp. 14, 2873-2879 (2006).
  12. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).
  13. J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, 1985).

2008 (2)

A. C. Sodre, J. M. C. Boggio, A. A. Rieznik, H. E. Hernandez-Figueroa, H. L. Fragnito, J. C. Knight, "Highly efficient generation of broadband cascaded four-wave mixing products," Opt. Exp. 16, 2816-2828 (2008).

Y. Tian, P. Dong, C. Yang, "Polarization independent wavelength conversion in fibers using incoherent pumps," Opt. Exp. 16, 5493-5498 (2008).

2006 (1)

S. Gao, C. Yang, X. Xiao, Y. Tian, Z. You, G. Jin, "Wavelength conversion of spectrum-sliced broadband amplified spontaneous emission light by hybrid four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear, dispersion-shifted fibers," Opt. Exp. 14, 2873-2879 (2006).

2005 (1)

J. Toulouse, "Optical nonlinearities in fibers: Review, recent examples, and systems applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3625 (2005).

2002 (1)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P. O. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).

1998 (1)

Y. S. Jang, Y. C. Chung, "Four-wave mixing of incoherent light in a dispersion-shifted fiber using a spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 218-220 (1998).

1996 (1)

K. Shiraki, M. Ohashi, M. Tateda, "SBS threshold of a fiber with a Brillouin frequency shift distribution," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 50-57 (1996).

1993 (1)

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1458-1461 (1993).

1992 (1)

K. Inoue, "Four-wave mixing in an optical fiber in the zero-dispersion wavelength region," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 1553-1561 (1992).

1978 (1)

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, R. I. MacDonald, "CW three-wave mixing in single-mode optical fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5098 (1978).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. (1)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P. O. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Y. S. Jang, Y. C. Chung, "Four-wave mixing of incoherent light in a dispersion-shifted fiber using a spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 218-220 (1998).

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1458-1461 (1993).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, R. I. MacDonald, "CW three-wave mixing in single-mode optical fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5098 (1978).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

K. Inoue, "Four-wave mixing in an optical fiber in the zero-dispersion wavelength region," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 1553-1561 (1992).

J. Toulouse, "Optical nonlinearities in fibers: Review, recent examples, and systems applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3625 (2005).

K. Shiraki, M. Ohashi, M. Tateda, "SBS threshold of a fiber with a Brillouin frequency shift distribution," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 50-57 (1996).

Opt. Exp. (3)

A. C. Sodre, J. M. C. Boggio, A. A. Rieznik, H. E. Hernandez-Figueroa, H. L. Fragnito, J. C. Knight, "Highly efficient generation of broadband cascaded four-wave mixing products," Opt. Exp. 16, 2816-2828 (2008).

Y. Tian, P. Dong, C. Yang, "Polarization independent wavelength conversion in fibers using incoherent pumps," Opt. Exp. 16, 5493-5498 (2008).

S. Gao, C. Yang, X. Xiao, Y. Tian, Z. You, G. Jin, "Wavelength conversion of spectrum-sliced broadband amplified spontaneous emission light by hybrid four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear, dispersion-shifted fibers," Opt. Exp. 14, 2873-2879 (2006).

Other (3)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, 1985).

S. K. Korotky, P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, J. J. Veselka, "Efficient phase modulation scheme for suppressing stimulated Brillouin scattering," IOOC WD2-1.

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