Abstract

A large mode area Yb-doped rod-type photonic crystal fiber design with a low refractive index ring in the core is proposed to provide an improved suppression of the first higher-order mode compared to the case of uniform core doping, in a way which is more robust against fluctuations in the refractive index value. After applying a scalar step-index model for a first parameter optimization of the proposed design, a full-vector modal solver based on the finite element method has been exploited to analyze the guided mode overlap and effective area for the most promising fibers identified. Finally, a spatial and spectral amplifier model has been considered to study the gain competition among the fundamental and the first higher-order mode guided in the Yb-doped rod-type fibers. Results have demonstrated the effectiveness of the low refractive index ring in suppressing the higher-order mode, thus providing an effectively single-mode behavior for the rod-type fibers.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic-crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).
  2. F. Poli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, Photonic Crystal Fibers. Properties and Applications (Springer, 2007).
  3. K. Furusawa, A. Malinowski, J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D. J. Richardson, "Cladding pumped ytterbium-doped fiber laser with holey inner and outer cladding," Opt. Exp. 9, 714-720 (2001).
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  5. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, "Endlessly single mode photonic crystal fibre," Opt. Lett. 22, 961-963 (1997).
  6. J. Limpert, N. Deguil-Robin, I. Manek-Honninger, F. Salin, F. Roser, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tunnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, C. Jakobsen, "High-power rod-type photonic crystal fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 13, 1055-1058 (2005).
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2009 (1)

F. Poli, A. Cucinotta, D. Passaro, S. Selleri, J. Lægsgaard, J. Broeng, "Rare-earth doped rod-type PCFs," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron. (2009).

2008 (2)

F. Röser, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, "94 W 980 nm high brightness Yb-doped fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 16, 17310-17318 (2008).

J. Boullet, Y. Zaouter, R. Desmarchelier, M. Cazaux, F. Salin, J. Saby, R. Bello-Doua, E. Cormier, "High power ytterbium-doped rod-type three-level photonic crystal fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 16, 17891-17902 (2008).

2006 (2)

J. Limpert, O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, A. Tünnermann, S. Ermeneux, P. Yvernault, F. Salin, "Extended single-mode photonic crystal fiber lasers," Opt. Exp. 14, 2715-2720 (2006).

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic-crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).

2005 (1)

J. Limpert, N. Deguil-Robin, I. Manek-Honninger, F. Salin, F. Roser, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tunnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, C. Jakobsen, "High-power rod-type photonic crystal fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 13, 1055-1058 (2005).

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

A. Cucinotta, F. Poli, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, "Amplification properties of Er$ ^{3+}$-doped photonic crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 782-788 (2003).

2001 (1)

K. Furusawa, A. Malinowski, J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D. J. Richardson, "Cladding pumped ytterbium-doped fiber laser with holey inner and outer cladding," Opt. Exp. 9, 714-720 (2001).

1997 (2)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 33, 1049-1056 (1997).

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, "Endlessly single mode photonic crystal fibre," Opt. Lett. 22, 961-963 (1997).

IEEE J. Quant. Electron. (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 33, 1049-1056 (1997).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron. (1)

F. Poli, A. Cucinotta, D. Passaro, S. Selleri, J. Lægsgaard, J. Broeng, "Rare-earth doped rod-type PCFs," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron. (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

A. Cucinotta, F. Poli, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, "Amplification properties of Er$ ^{3+}$-doped photonic crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 782-788 (2003).

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic-crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (5)

K. Furusawa, A. Malinowski, J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D. J. Richardson, "Cladding pumped ytterbium-doped fiber laser with holey inner and outer cladding," Opt. Exp. 9, 714-720 (2001).

J. Limpert, N. Deguil-Robin, I. Manek-Honninger, F. Salin, F. Roser, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tunnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, C. Jakobsen, "High-power rod-type photonic crystal fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 13, 1055-1058 (2005).

J. Limpert, O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, A. Tünnermann, S. Ermeneux, P. Yvernault, F. Salin, "Extended single-mode photonic crystal fiber lasers," Opt. Exp. 14, 2715-2720 (2006).

F. Röser, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, "94 W 980 nm high brightness Yb-doped fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 16, 17310-17318 (2008).

J. Boullet, Y. Zaouter, R. Desmarchelier, M. Cazaux, F. Salin, J. Saby, R. Bello-Doua, E. Cormier, "High power ytterbium-doped rod-type three-level photonic crystal fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 16, 17891-17902 (2008).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (3)

F. Poli, D. Passaro, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, J. Lægsgaard, J. Broeng, "Guided mode cutoff in rare-earth doped rod-type PCF," Proc. ECOC 2008 BrusselsBelgium (2008) paper P.1.7.

K. P. Hansen, C. B. Olausson, J. Broeng, K. Mattson, M. D. Nielsen, T. Nikolajsen, P. M. W. Skovgaard, M. H. Sørensen, M. Denninger, C. Jakobsen, H. R. Simonsen, "Airclad fiber laser technology," Proc. Photonic West (2008).

F. Poli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, Photonic Crystal Fibers. Properties and Applications (Springer, 2007).

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