Abstract

Optical packet switching (OPS) has been considered to be a promising paradigm to support a wide range of applications with different time-varying and high bandwidth demands for future optical metropolitan area networks (MANs). In this paper, we present the design of an experimental optical-header processing and access control system (OPACS) for an OPS wavelength-division multiplexing metro slotted-ring network. On the slotted ring, each control header is in-band time-division-multiplexed with its corresponding payload within a slot. OPACS enables the optical headers across all parallel wavelengths to be efficiently received, modified, and retransmitted by means of a wavelength–time conversion technique. Moreover, OPACS embodies a versatile medium access control (MAC) scheme, referred to as the distributed multigranularity and multiwindow reservation (DMGWR) mechanism, which is particularly advantageous for traffic of high and varying loads and burstiness. Basically, DMGWR requires each node to make reservation requests prior to transmissions while maintaining a distributed queue for ensuring fair access of bandwidth. By “multigranularity,” each node can make a reservation of multiple slots at a time. By “multiwindow,” each node is allowed to have multiple outstanding reservations within the window size. From simulation results that pit the OPACS network against two other existing networks, we show that the OPACS network outperforms these networks with respect to throughput, access delay, and fairness under various traffic patterns. Experimental results demonstrate that all optical headers are removed and combined with the data in a fully synchronous manner, justifying the viability of the system.

© 2009 IEEE

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  21. H. Teimoori, J. Topomondzo, C. Ware, D. Erasme, "Optical packet header processing using time-to-wavelength mapping in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2149-2158 (2007).
  22. A. Bianco, D. Cuda, J. Finochietto, F. Neri, "Multi-metaring protocol: Fairness in optical packet ring networks," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. (ICC) (2007) pp. 2348-2352.
  23. J. Indulska, J. Richards, "A comparative simulation study of protocols for a bus WDM architecture," Proc. IEEE Singapore Int. Conf. Netw. (1995) pp. 251-255.
  24. Distributed Queue Dual Bus (DQDB) Subnetwork of a Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) IEEE Standard 802.6 (1990).
  25. W. Fischer, K. Meier-Hellstern, "The Markov-modulated poisson process (MMPP) cookbook," Perform. Eval. 18, 149-171 (1993).

2008 (2)

M. Yuang, Y. Lin, S. Lee, I. Chao, B. Lo, P. Tien, C. Chien, J. Chen, C. Wei, "HOPSMAN: An experimental testbed system for a 10-Gb/s optical packet-switched WDM metro ring network," IEEE Commun. Mag. 46, 158-166 (2008).

F. Liu, Y. Su, "DPSK/FSK hybrid modulation format and analysis of its nonlinear performance," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 357-364 (2008).

2007 (1)

H. Teimoori, J. Topomondzo, C. Ware, D. Erasme, "Optical packet header processing using time-to-wavelength mapping in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2149-2158 (2007).

2005 (3)

T. Kawanishi, K. Higuma, T. Fujita, J. Ichikawa, T. Sakamoto, S. Shinada, M. Izutsu, "High speed optical FSK modulator for optical packet labeling," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 87-94 (2005).

C. Linardakis, H. Leligou, A. Stavdas, J. Angelopoulos, "Using explicit reservations to arbitrate access to a metropolitan system of slotted interconnected rings combining TDMA and WDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1576-1585 (2005).

G. Chang, J. Yu, A. Chowdhury, Y. Yeo, "Optical carrier suppression and separation label-switching techniques," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3372-3387 (2005).

2004 (3)

M. Herzog, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, "Metropolitan area packet-switched WDM networks: A survey on ring systems," IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts. 6, 2-20 (2004).

A. Carena, V. Feo, J. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, P. Poggiolini, "RingO: An experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1561-1571 (2004).

Y. Lin, M. Yuang, S. Lee, W. Way, "Using superimposed ASK label in a 10-Gb/s multihop all-optical label swapping system," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 351-361 (2004).

2003 (3)

N. Chi, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, P. Jeppesen, "Transmission and transparent wavelength conversion of an optically label signal using ASK/DPSK orthogonal modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 760-762 (2003).

M. Ohm, J. Speidel, "Quaternary optical ASK-DPSK and receivers with direct detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 159-161 (2003).

I. White, M. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, L. Kazovsky, "A summary of the HORNET project: A next-generation metropolitan area network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1478-1494 (2003).

2002 (2)

K. Bengi, H. As, "Efficient QoS support in a slotted multihop WDM metro ring network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 216-227 (2002).

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, G. Guekos, "All-optical packet address and payload separation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1728-1730 (2002).

2001 (1)

B. Mukherjee, "WDM optical communication networks; progress and challenges," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1810-1824 (2001).

2000 (3)

G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, B. Olsson, D. Blumenthal, "Optical SCM data extraction using a fiber-loop mirror for WDM network systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 897-899 (2000).

Y. Lin, W. Way, G. Chang, "A novel optical label swapping technique using erasable optical single-sideband subcarrier label," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1088-1091 (2000).

D. Wonglumsom, I. White, K. Shrikhande, M. Rogge, S. Gemelos, F. An, Y. Fukashiro, M. Avenarius, L. Kazovsky, "Experimental demonstratoion of an access point for HORNET-A packet-over-WDM multiple-access MAN," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1709-1717 (2000).

1998 (1)

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz., I. Andonovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Dorgeuille, A. Dupas, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J. Simon, L. Zucchelli, "Transparent optical packet switching: The European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

1993 (1)

W. Fischer, K. Meier-Hellstern, "The Markov-modulated poisson process (MMPP) cookbook," Perform. Eval. 18, 149-171 (1993).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

M. Yuang, Y. Lin, S. Lee, I. Chao, B. Lo, P. Tien, C. Chien, J. Chen, C. Wei, "HOPSMAN: An experimental testbed system for a 10-Gb/s optical packet-switched WDM metro ring network," IEEE Commun. Mag. 46, 158-166 (2008).

IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts. (1)

M. Herzog, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, "Metropolitan area packet-switched WDM networks: A survey on ring systems," IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts. 6, 2-20 (2004).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (4)

B. Mukherjee, "WDM optical communication networks; progress and challenges," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1810-1824 (2001).

I. White, M. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, L. Kazovsky, "A summary of the HORNET project: A next-generation metropolitan area network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1478-1494 (2003).

K. Bengi, H. As, "Efficient QoS support in a slotted multihop WDM metro ring network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 216-227 (2002).

A. Carena, V. Feo, J. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, P. Poggiolini, "RingO: An experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1561-1571 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, G. Guekos, "All-optical packet address and payload separation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1728-1730 (2002).

G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, B. Olsson, D. Blumenthal, "Optical SCM data extraction using a fiber-loop mirror for WDM network systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 897-899 (2000).

Y. Lin, W. Way, G. Chang, "A novel optical label swapping technique using erasable optical single-sideband subcarrier label," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1088-1091 (2000).

N. Chi, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, P. Jeppesen, "Transmission and transparent wavelength conversion of an optically label signal using ASK/DPSK orthogonal modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 760-762 (2003).

M. Ohm, J. Speidel, "Quaternary optical ASK-DPSK and receivers with direct detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 159-161 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol. (8)

F. Liu, Y. Su, "DPSK/FSK hybrid modulation format and analysis of its nonlinear performance," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 357-364 (2008).

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz., I. Andonovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Dorgeuille, A. Dupas, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J. Simon, L. Zucchelli, "Transparent optical packet switching: The European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

Y. Lin, M. Yuang, S. Lee, W. Way, "Using superimposed ASK label in a 10-Gb/s multihop all-optical label swapping system," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 351-361 (2004).

T. Kawanishi, K. Higuma, T. Fujita, J. Ichikawa, T. Sakamoto, S. Shinada, M. Izutsu, "High speed optical FSK modulator for optical packet labeling," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 87-94 (2005).

D. Wonglumsom, I. White, K. Shrikhande, M. Rogge, S. Gemelos, F. An, Y. Fukashiro, M. Avenarius, L. Kazovsky, "Experimental demonstratoion of an access point for HORNET-A packet-over-WDM multiple-access MAN," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1709-1717 (2000).

C. Linardakis, H. Leligou, A. Stavdas, J. Angelopoulos, "Using explicit reservations to arbitrate access to a metropolitan system of slotted interconnected rings combining TDMA and WDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1576-1585 (2005).

H. Teimoori, J. Topomondzo, C. Ware, D. Erasme, "Optical packet header processing using time-to-wavelength mapping in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2149-2158 (2007).

G. Chang, J. Yu, A. Chowdhury, Y. Yeo, "Optical carrier suppression and separation label-switching techniques," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3372-3387 (2005).

Perform. Eval. (1)

W. Fischer, K. Meier-Hellstern, "The Markov-modulated poisson process (MMPP) cookbook," Perform. Eval. 18, 149-171 (1993).

Other (5)

M. Yuang, Y. Wang, Y. Lin, "A novel medium access control and processing system for a packet-switched WDM metro ring network," Proc. IEEE Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. (OFC) (2008) pp. 1-3.

A. Bianco, D. Cuda, J. Finochietto, F. Neri, "Multi-metaring protocol: Fairness in optical packet ring networks," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. (ICC) (2007) pp. 2348-2352.

J. Indulska, J. Richards, "A comparative simulation study of protocols for a bus WDM architecture," Proc. IEEE Singapore Int. Conf. Netw. (1995) pp. 251-255.

Distributed Queue Dual Bus (DQDB) Subnetwork of a Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) IEEE Standard 802.6 (1990).

J. Lu, L. Kleinrock, "A WDMA protocol for multichannel DQDB networks," Proc. IEEE Global Commun. Conf. (GLOBECOM) (1993) pp. 149-153.

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