Abstract

This paper presents the design and evaluation of our optical broadcast-and-select wavelength-routed network architecture that uses a centralized multicarrier light source (C-MCLS). The large number of optical carriers/wavelengths generated by the C-MCLS are distributed to all edge nodes (ENs), which select and modulate wavelengths to realize upstream transmission. To utilize wavelengths efficiently, we introduce a framework for wavelength allocation and selection (WAS). Both static and dynamic schemes are adopted for WAS and their implementations are shown. By using fixed or tunable band pass filters and periodic arrayed waveguide grating demultiplexers, wavelengths are selected and utilized by ENs in a static or dynamic manner. After considering the design parameters used in the implementations, wavelength allocation procedures are described. We evaluate the cost, power consumption and network performance of the proposed network. Numerical results show that it offers greatly reduced cost and power consumption compared to the conventional one when the number of required access wavelengths at EN becomes large. We delineate its applicable areas through cost comparisons. Blocking probabilities of static and dynamic schemes are analyzed to evaluate network performance. Numerical results show that by choosing appropriate design parameters, the dynamic scheme offers about 25% increase in admissible offered load under the specified blocking probability, compared to the static scheme. This indicates that the dynamic scheme makes the proposed network more robust against traffic fluctuations.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. K.-I. Kitayama, T. Miki, T. Morioka, H. Tsushima, M. Koga, K. Mori, S. Araki, K.-I. Sato, H. Onaka, S. Namiki, T. Aoyama, "Photonic network R&D activities in Japan-current activities and future perspectives," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3404-3418 (2005).
  2. G. Keiser, Optical Communications Essentials (McGraw-Hill, 2003) pp. 93-99.
  3. J. Baliga, K. Hinton, R. S. Tucker, "Energy consumption of the internet," Proc. COIN-ACOFT2007 (2007).
  4. S. N. Roy, "Energy logic: A road map to reducing energy consumption in telecommunications networks," INTELEC2008 San DiegoCA (2008).
  5. C. Bianco, F. Cucchietti, G. Griffa, "Energy consumption trends in the next generation access network—A telco perspective," INTELEC2007 RomeItaly (2007).
  6. D. Michlovic, "Powering the fiber information network," INTELEC2008 San DiegoCA (2008).
  7. J. Baliga, R. Ayre, W. V. Sorin, K. Hinton, R. S. Tucker, "Energy consumption in access networks," OFC/NFOEC2008 San DiegoCA (2008).
  8. H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, K.-I. Sato, "More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 36, 2089-2090 (2000).
  9. E. Yamada, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, K. Jinguji, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, T. Morioka, "106 channel $\times$ 10 Gbit/s, 640 km DWDM transmission with 25 GHz spacing with supercontinuum multicarrier source," Electron. Lett. 37, 1534-1536 (2001).
  10. K. Mori, K. Sato, H. Takara, T. Ohara, "Supercontinuum lightwave source generating 50 GHz spaced optical ITU grid seamlessly over S-, C- and L-bands," Electron. Lett. 39, 544-546 (2003).
  11. H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, "Over 1000 km DWDM transmission with supercontinuum multicarrier source," Electron. Lett. 39, 1078-1079 (2003).
  12. Y. Miyagawa, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, H. Takara, "Over-10000-channel 2.5 GHz-spaced ultra-dense WDM light source," Electron. Lett. 42, 655-657 (2006).
  13. H. Takara, T. Ohara, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, T. Morioka, "Field demonstration of over 1000-channel DWDM transmission with supercontinuum multicarrier source," Electron. Lett. 41, 270-271 (2005).
  14. T. Ohara, H. Takara, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, T. Morioka, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, "Over-1000-channel ultradense WDM transmission with supercontinnum multicarrier source," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2311-2317 (2006).
  15. C. Williamson, "Internet traffic measurement," Internet Computing 5, 70-74 (2001).
  16. Y. Cai, M. Matsuura, E. Oki, N. Kishi, T. Miki, "Optical broadcast-and-select network architecture with centralized multicarrier light source," IEICE Electron. Express 5, 796-801 (2008).
  17. B. Mukherjee, Optical WDM Networks (Springer, 2006) pp. 59–66, 319-322.
  18. I. Kaminow, T. Li, Optical Fiber Telecommunications (OFT) IV B—Systems and Impairments (Academic, 2002) pp. 329-403.
  19. A. A. M. Saleh, J. M. Simmons, "Architectural principles of optical regional and metropolitan access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 2431-2448 (1999).
  20. S. Keshav, An Engineering Approach to Computer Networking (Addison-Wesley, 1997) pp. 215-217.
  21. F. P. Kelly, A. Maulloo, D. Tan, "Rate control for communication networks: Shadow prices, proportional fairness and stability," J. Oper. Res. Soc. 49, 237-252 (1998).
  22. R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective (Morgan Kaufumann, 1998) pp. 292-294.
  23. H. Zang, J. P. Jue, B. Mukherjee, "A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks," Opt. Networks Mag. 1, 4760- (2000).
  24. R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, "Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking 3, 489-500 (1995).

2008

Y. Cai, M. Matsuura, E. Oki, N. Kishi, T. Miki, "Optical broadcast-and-select network architecture with centralized multicarrier light source," IEICE Electron. Express 5, 796-801 (2008).

2006

Y. Miyagawa, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, H. Takara, "Over-10000-channel 2.5 GHz-spaced ultra-dense WDM light source," Electron. Lett. 42, 655-657 (2006).

T. Ohara, H. Takara, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, T. Morioka, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, "Over-1000-channel ultradense WDM transmission with supercontinnum multicarrier source," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2311-2317 (2006).

2005

H. Takara, T. Ohara, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, T. Morioka, "Field demonstration of over 1000-channel DWDM transmission with supercontinuum multicarrier source," Electron. Lett. 41, 270-271 (2005).

K.-I. Kitayama, T. Miki, T. Morioka, H. Tsushima, M. Koga, K. Mori, S. Araki, K.-I. Sato, H. Onaka, S. Namiki, T. Aoyama, "Photonic network R&D activities in Japan-current activities and future perspectives," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3404-3418 (2005).

2003

K. Mori, K. Sato, H. Takara, T. Ohara, "Supercontinuum lightwave source generating 50 GHz spaced optical ITU grid seamlessly over S-, C- and L-bands," Electron. Lett. 39, 544-546 (2003).

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, "Over 1000 km DWDM transmission with supercontinuum multicarrier source," Electron. Lett. 39, 1078-1079 (2003).

2001

C. Williamson, "Internet traffic measurement," Internet Computing 5, 70-74 (2001).

E. Yamada, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, K. Jinguji, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, T. Morioka, "106 channel $\times$ 10 Gbit/s, 640 km DWDM transmission with 25 GHz spacing with supercontinuum multicarrier source," Electron. Lett. 37, 1534-1536 (2001).

2000

H. Zang, J. P. Jue, B. Mukherjee, "A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks," Opt. Networks Mag. 1, 4760- (2000).

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, K.-I. Sato, "More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 36, 2089-2090 (2000).

1999

A. A. M. Saleh, J. M. Simmons, "Architectural principles of optical regional and metropolitan access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 2431-2448 (1999).

1998

F. P. Kelly, A. Maulloo, D. Tan, "Rate control for communication networks: Shadow prices, proportional fairness and stability," J. Oper. Res. Soc. 49, 237-252 (1998).

1995

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, "Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking 3, 489-500 (1995).

Electron. Lett.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, K.-I. Sato, "More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 36, 2089-2090 (2000).

E. Yamada, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, K. Jinguji, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, T. Morioka, "106 channel $\times$ 10 Gbit/s, 640 km DWDM transmission with 25 GHz spacing with supercontinuum multicarrier source," Electron. Lett. 37, 1534-1536 (2001).

K. Mori, K. Sato, H. Takara, T. Ohara, "Supercontinuum lightwave source generating 50 GHz spaced optical ITU grid seamlessly over S-, C- and L-bands," Electron. Lett. 39, 544-546 (2003).

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, "Over 1000 km DWDM transmission with supercontinuum multicarrier source," Electron. Lett. 39, 1078-1079 (2003).

Y. Miyagawa, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, H. Takara, "Over-10000-channel 2.5 GHz-spaced ultra-dense WDM light source," Electron. Lett. 42, 655-657 (2006).

H. Takara, T. Ohara, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, T. Morioka, "Field demonstration of over 1000-channel DWDM transmission with supercontinuum multicarrier source," Electron. Lett. 41, 270-271 (2005).

IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, "Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking 3, 489-500 (1995).

IEICE Electron. Express

Y. Cai, M. Matsuura, E. Oki, N. Kishi, T. Miki, "Optical broadcast-and-select network architecture with centralized multicarrier light source," IEICE Electron. Express 5, 796-801 (2008).

Internet Computing

C. Williamson, "Internet traffic measurement," Internet Computing 5, 70-74 (2001).

J. Lightw. Technol.

A. A. M. Saleh, J. M. Simmons, "Architectural principles of optical regional and metropolitan access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 2431-2448 (1999).

T. Ohara, H. Takara, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, T. Morioka, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, "Over-1000-channel ultradense WDM transmission with supercontinnum multicarrier source," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2311-2317 (2006).

K.-I. Kitayama, T. Miki, T. Morioka, H. Tsushima, M. Koga, K. Mori, S. Araki, K.-I. Sato, H. Onaka, S. Namiki, T. Aoyama, "Photonic network R&D activities in Japan-current activities and future perspectives," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3404-3418 (2005).

J. Oper. Res. Soc.

F. P. Kelly, A. Maulloo, D. Tan, "Rate control for communication networks: Shadow prices, proportional fairness and stability," J. Oper. Res. Soc. 49, 237-252 (1998).

Opt. Networks Mag.

H. Zang, J. P. Jue, B. Mukherjee, "A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks," Opt. Networks Mag. 1, 4760- (2000).

Other

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective (Morgan Kaufumann, 1998) pp. 292-294.

S. Keshav, An Engineering Approach to Computer Networking (Addison-Wesley, 1997) pp. 215-217.

B. Mukherjee, Optical WDM Networks (Springer, 2006) pp. 59–66, 319-322.

I. Kaminow, T. Li, Optical Fiber Telecommunications (OFT) IV B—Systems and Impairments (Academic, 2002) pp. 329-403.

G. Keiser, Optical Communications Essentials (McGraw-Hill, 2003) pp. 93-99.

J. Baliga, K. Hinton, R. S. Tucker, "Energy consumption of the internet," Proc. COIN-ACOFT2007 (2007).

S. N. Roy, "Energy logic: A road map to reducing energy consumption in telecommunications networks," INTELEC2008 San DiegoCA (2008).

C. Bianco, F. Cucchietti, G. Griffa, "Energy consumption trends in the next generation access network—A telco perspective," INTELEC2007 RomeItaly (2007).

D. Michlovic, "Powering the fiber information network," INTELEC2008 San DiegoCA (2008).

J. Baliga, R. Ayre, W. V. Sorin, K. Hinton, R. S. Tucker, "Energy consumption in access networks," OFC/NFOEC2008 San DiegoCA (2008).

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