Abstract

In this paper, we analyze the performance of polarization-diversity receivers employing maximum-likelihood sequence estimation (MLSE) to combat the effects of polarization mode dispersion (PMD) for both the intensity-modulation direct detection (IMDD) and duobinary modulation formats at 43 Gb/s. We propose and study several parametric branch metrics, showing that the use of MLSE receivers based on polarization diversity with appropriate branch metrics allows to cancel out the high penalty incurred by standard MLSE receivers in the presence of PMD.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. H. Bulow, F. Buchali, A. Klekamp, "Electronic dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 158-167 (2008).
  2. O. E. Agazzi, M. R. Hueda, H. S. Carrer, D. E. Crivelli, "Maximum-likelihood sequence estimation in dispersive optical channels," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 749-763 (2005).
  3. T. Foggi, E. Forestieri, G. Colavolpe, G. Prati, "Maximum-likelihood sequence detection with closed-form metrics in OOK optical systems impaired by GVD," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3073-3087 (2006).
  4. N. Alic, G. C. Papen, R. E. Saperstein, R. Jiang, C. Marki, Y. Fainman, S. Radic, P. A. Andrekson, "Experimental demonstration of 10 Gb/s NRZ extended dispersion-limited reach over 600 km-SMF link without optical dispersion compensation," Opt. Fiber Commun. AnaheimCA (2006) paper OWB7.
  5. P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, J. Prat, R. Killey, S. Savory, "Branch metrics for effective long-haul MLSE," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. CannesFrance (2006) paper We2.5.
  6. S. Chandrasekhar, "Performance of MLSE receiver in a dispersion-managed experiment at 10.7 Gb/s under non-linear transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2448-2450 (2006).
  7. M. R. Hueda, D. E. Crivelli, H. S. Carrer, "Performance of MLSE-based receivers in lightwave systems with nonlinear dispersion and amplified spontaneous emission noise," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM (2004) pp. 299-303.
  8. P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, M. Visintin, S. J. Savory, Y. Benlachtar, P. Bayvel, R. I. Killey, "MLSE-EDC versus optical dispersion compensation in a single-channel SPM-limited 800 km link at 10 Gb/s," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. BerlinGermany (2007).
  9. F. Buchali, G. Thielecke, H. Bulow, "Viterbi equalizer for mitigation of distortions from chromatic dispersion and PMD at 10 Gb/s," Opt. Fiber Commun. Los AngelesCA (2004) paper MF85.
  10. J. M. Gené, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, H. Kogelnik, "Simultaneous compensation of polarization mode dispersion and chromatic dispersion using electronic signal processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1735-1741 (2007).
  11. T. Kupfer, J. Whiteaway, S. Langenbach, "PMD compensation using electronic equalization particular maximum likelihood sequence estimation," Opt. Fiber Commun. AnaheimCA (2007) paper OMH1.
  12. A. O. Lima, I. T. Lima, T. Adali, Jr.C. R. Menyuk, "A novel polarization diversity receiver for PMD mitigation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 465-467 (2002).
  13. S. Benedetto, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, "Direct detection of optical digital transmission based on polarization shift keying modulation," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 13, 531-542 (1995).
  14. D. Penninckx, M. Chbat, L. Pierre, J.-P. Thiery, "The Phase-shaped Binary Transmission (PSBT): A new technique to transmit far beyond the chromatic dispersion limit," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (1996) pp. 173-176.
  15. T. Kupfer, C. Dorschky, M. Ene, S. Langenbach, "Measurement of the performance of 16-states MLSE digital equalizer with different optical modulation formats," Opt. Fiber Commun. San DiegoCA (2008) paper PDP13.
  16. G. J. Foschini, C. D. Poole, "Statistical theory of polarization dispersion in single mode .bers," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1439-1456 (1991).
  17. S. Benedetto, P. Poggiolini, "Theory of polarization shift keying modulation," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 708-721 (1992).
  18. W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in C: The Art of Scientific Computing (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1992).
  19. J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 1989).
  20. M. R. Hueda, D. E. Crivelli, H. S. Carrer, O. E. Agazzi, "Parametric estimation of IM/DD optical channels using new closed-form approximations of the signal PDF," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 957-975 (2007).
  21. M. Franceschini, G. Ferrari, R. Raheli, F. Meli, A. Castoldi, "Post-detection nonlinear distortion for efficient MLSD in optical links," Opt. Express 15, 11750-11755 (2007).
  22. G. Bosco, P. Poggiolini, M. Visintin, "Performance analysis of MLSE receivers based on the square-root metric," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2098-2109 (2008).
  23. J. N. Damask, Polarization Optics in Telecommunications (Springer-Verlag, 2004).
  24. G. Colavolpe, T. Foggi, E. Forestieri, G. Prati, "Multilevel optical modulations with closed-form optimal metrics for MLSE receiver insensitive to GVD and PMD," Opt. Fiber Commun. San DiegoCA (2008) paper JWA57.
  25. A. Papoulis, Probability, Random Variables, and Stochastic Processes (McGraw-Hill, 1991) pp. 329.
  26. C. D. Poole, D. L. Favin, "Polarization-mode dispersion measurement based on transmission spectra through a polarizer," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 917-929 (1994).

2008 (2)

H. Bulow, F. Buchali, A. Klekamp, "Electronic dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 158-167 (2008).

G. Bosco, P. Poggiolini, M. Visintin, "Performance analysis of MLSE receivers based on the square-root metric," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2098-2109 (2008).

2007 (3)

M. R. Hueda, D. E. Crivelli, H. S. Carrer, O. E. Agazzi, "Parametric estimation of IM/DD optical channels using new closed-form approximations of the signal PDF," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 957-975 (2007).

M. Franceschini, G. Ferrari, R. Raheli, F. Meli, A. Castoldi, "Post-detection nonlinear distortion for efficient MLSD in optical links," Opt. Express 15, 11750-11755 (2007).

J. M. Gené, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, H. Kogelnik, "Simultaneous compensation of polarization mode dispersion and chromatic dispersion using electronic signal processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1735-1741 (2007).

2006 (2)

T. Foggi, E. Forestieri, G. Colavolpe, G. Prati, "Maximum-likelihood sequence detection with closed-form metrics in OOK optical systems impaired by GVD," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3073-3087 (2006).

S. Chandrasekhar, "Performance of MLSE receiver in a dispersion-managed experiment at 10.7 Gb/s under non-linear transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2448-2450 (2006).

2005 (1)

O. E. Agazzi, M. R. Hueda, H. S. Carrer, D. E. Crivelli, "Maximum-likelihood sequence estimation in dispersive optical channels," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 749-763 (2005).

2002 (1)

A. O. Lima, I. T. Lima, T. Adali, Jr.C. R. Menyuk, "A novel polarization diversity receiver for PMD mitigation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 465-467 (2002).

1995 (1)

S. Benedetto, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, "Direct detection of optical digital transmission based on polarization shift keying modulation," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 13, 531-542 (1995).

1994 (1)

C. D. Poole, D. L. Favin, "Polarization-mode dispersion measurement based on transmission spectra through a polarizer," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 917-929 (1994).

1992 (1)

S. Benedetto, P. Poggiolini, "Theory of polarization shift keying modulation," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 708-721 (1992).

1991 (1)

G. J. Foschini, C. D. Poole, "Statistical theory of polarization dispersion in single mode .bers," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1439-1456 (1991).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

S. Benedetto, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, "Direct detection of optical digital transmission based on polarization shift keying modulation," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 13, 531-542 (1995).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

A. O. Lima, I. T. Lima, T. Adali, Jr.C. R. Menyuk, "A novel polarization diversity receiver for PMD mitigation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 465-467 (2002).

S. Chandrasekhar, "Performance of MLSE receiver in a dispersion-managed experiment at 10.7 Gb/s under non-linear transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2448-2450 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

S. Benedetto, P. Poggiolini, "Theory of polarization shift keying modulation," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 708-721 (1992).

J. Lightw. Technol. (8)

G. J. Foschini, C. D. Poole, "Statistical theory of polarization dispersion in single mode .bers," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1439-1456 (1991).

J. M. Gené, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, H. Kogelnik, "Simultaneous compensation of polarization mode dispersion and chromatic dispersion using electronic signal processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1735-1741 (2007).

H. Bulow, F. Buchali, A. Klekamp, "Electronic dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 158-167 (2008).

O. E. Agazzi, M. R. Hueda, H. S. Carrer, D. E. Crivelli, "Maximum-likelihood sequence estimation in dispersive optical channels," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 749-763 (2005).

T. Foggi, E. Forestieri, G. Colavolpe, G. Prati, "Maximum-likelihood sequence detection with closed-form metrics in OOK optical systems impaired by GVD," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3073-3087 (2006).

G. Bosco, P. Poggiolini, M. Visintin, "Performance analysis of MLSE receivers based on the square-root metric," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2098-2109 (2008).

M. R. Hueda, D. E. Crivelli, H. S. Carrer, O. E. Agazzi, "Parametric estimation of IM/DD optical channels using new closed-form approximations of the signal PDF," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 957-975 (2007).

C. D. Poole, D. L. Favin, "Polarization-mode dispersion measurement based on transmission spectra through a polarizer," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 917-929 (1994).

Opt. Express (1)

Other (13)

J. N. Damask, Polarization Optics in Telecommunications (Springer-Verlag, 2004).

G. Colavolpe, T. Foggi, E. Forestieri, G. Prati, "Multilevel optical modulations with closed-form optimal metrics for MLSE receiver insensitive to GVD and PMD," Opt. Fiber Commun. San DiegoCA (2008) paper JWA57.

A. Papoulis, Probability, Random Variables, and Stochastic Processes (McGraw-Hill, 1991) pp. 329.

N. Alic, G. C. Papen, R. E. Saperstein, R. Jiang, C. Marki, Y. Fainman, S. Radic, P. A. Andrekson, "Experimental demonstration of 10 Gb/s NRZ extended dispersion-limited reach over 600 km-SMF link without optical dispersion compensation," Opt. Fiber Commun. AnaheimCA (2006) paper OWB7.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, J. Prat, R. Killey, S. Savory, "Branch metrics for effective long-haul MLSE," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. CannesFrance (2006) paper We2.5.

M. R. Hueda, D. E. Crivelli, H. S. Carrer, "Performance of MLSE-based receivers in lightwave systems with nonlinear dispersion and amplified spontaneous emission noise," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM (2004) pp. 299-303.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, M. Visintin, S. J. Savory, Y. Benlachtar, P. Bayvel, R. I. Killey, "MLSE-EDC versus optical dispersion compensation in a single-channel SPM-limited 800 km link at 10 Gb/s," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. BerlinGermany (2007).

F. Buchali, G. Thielecke, H. Bulow, "Viterbi equalizer for mitigation of distortions from chromatic dispersion and PMD at 10 Gb/s," Opt. Fiber Commun. Los AngelesCA (2004) paper MF85.

T. Kupfer, J. Whiteaway, S. Langenbach, "PMD compensation using electronic equalization particular maximum likelihood sequence estimation," Opt. Fiber Commun. AnaheimCA (2007) paper OMH1.

D. Penninckx, M. Chbat, L. Pierre, J.-P. Thiery, "The Phase-shaped Binary Transmission (PSBT): A new technique to transmit far beyond the chromatic dispersion limit," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (1996) pp. 173-176.

T. Kupfer, C. Dorschky, M. Ene, S. Langenbach, "Measurement of the performance of 16-states MLSE digital equalizer with different optical modulation formats," Opt. Fiber Commun. San DiegoCA (2008) paper PDP13.

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in C: The Art of Scientific Computing (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1992).

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 1989).

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